1. Articles from Xiaohui Xu

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    1. Optical Coherence Tomography Evaluation of Carotid Artery Stenosis and Stenting in Patients With Previous Cervical Radiotherapy

      Optical Coherence Tomography Evaluation of Carotid Artery Stenosis and Stenting in Patients With Previous Cervical Radiotherapy

      Objectives: Cervical radiotherapy can lead to accelerated carotid artery stenosis, increased incidence of stroke, and a higher rate of in-stent restenosis in irradiated patients. Our objective was to reveal the morphological characteristics of radiation-induced carotid stenosis (RICS) and the stent-vessel interactions in patients with previous cervical radiotherapy by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Materials and methods: Between November 2017 and March 2019, five patients with a history of cervical radiotherapy were diagnosed with severe carotid artery stenosis and underwent carotid artery stenting (CAS). OCT was conducted before and immediately after the carotid stent implantation. Two patients received OCT evaluation of carotid ...

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    2. Identification of Symptomatic Carotid Artery Plaque: A Three-Item Scale Combined Angiography With Optical Coherence Tomography

      Identification of Symptomatic Carotid Artery Plaque: A Three-Item Scale Combined Angiography With Optical Coherence Tomography

      Introduction: Symptomatic carotid disease conveys a high risk of recurrent stroke. Plaque morphology and specific plaque characteristics are associated with the risk of stroke. This study aimed to evaluate the detailed plaque features by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and develop a simple scale combining clinical indicators, digital subtraction angiography (DSA), and OCT imaging markers to identify symptomatic carotid plaque. Methods: Carotid plaques from consecutive patients who underwent carotid OCT imaging between June 2017 and June 2021 were evaluated. Clinical characteristics, DSA, and OCT data were compared between the symptomatic and asymptomatic groups. Logistic regression was performed to identify the factors ...

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    3. Superficial Calcification With Rotund Shape Is Associated With Carotid Plaque Rupture: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Superficial Calcification With Rotund Shape Is Associated With Carotid Plaque Rupture: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background: Plaque rupture is an important etiology for symptomatic carotid stenosis. The role of calcification in the plaque vulnerability has been controversial. We aimed to detect the geometric features of calcifications in carotid plaque and to examine its association with plaque rupture. Methods: Optical coherence tomography assessment of carotid plaque was performed in 88 patients. Calcification shape was evaluated through quantitative measurements of the long and short axis, area size, circumference, calcification arc, and longitudinal length. Calcification location was analyzed through the distance to the lumen. Furthermore, we developed idealized fluid-structure interaction models to investigate the association of calcification shape ...

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    4. Optical coherence tomography evaluation of vertebrobasilar artery stenosis: case series and literature review

      Optical coherence tomography evaluation of vertebrobasilar artery stenosis: case series and literature review

      Background Intracranial vertebrobasilar artery stenosis is an important cause of ischemic stroke. With its high resolution, intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides detailed assessment of vessel wall features. It is widely applied to identify high-risk plaque in the cardiovascular system, but its use in the intracranial artery has been limited. Objective To explore, in this pilot study, the usefulness of OCT in imaging of the intracranial artery wall. Methods Between November 2017 and July 2018, four patients with severe intracranial vertebrobasilar artery stenosis were enrolled for preintervention OCT evaluation of the lesion artery. Stenosis was present in the basilar artery ...

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    5. Cholesterol Crystals are Associated with Carotid Plaque Vulnerability: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Cholesterol Crystals are Associated with Carotid Plaque Vulnerability: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Objective: Vulnerable carotid plaque is associated with cerebrovascular events. Cholesterol crystals are often seen in the atherosclerotic plaques. However, the potential role of cholesterol crystals in carotid plaques destabilization is unknown. We aimed to identify the association between cholesterol crystals and carotid plaque vulnerability. Methods: Optical coherence tomography assessment of carotid plaque was performed in 95 patients. Clinical characteristics and plaque morphology were examined. The differences in plaque characteristics (thrombus, calcification, neovascularization, and macrophage accumulations) and clinical parameters (age, symptom, coronary heart disease, total cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein) between patients with or without cholesterol crystals were analyzed with multivariate ...

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    6. Experimental research and observation of the skin response of mice with a second-degree scald duringirradiation by a CO 2 laser

      Experimental research and observation of the skin response of mice with a second-degree scald duringirradiation by a CO 2 laser

      Second-degree scalding is a common dermatological injury. Inappropriate treatment methods in clinical practice always produce scarring, and can lead to skin cancer and other complications in the longer term. In this study optical coherence tomography (OCT) combined with a skin detector was used to monitor the response of second-degree scalded skin tissue irradiated by a CO2 laser. The process of treatment of second-degree scalding was systematically studied from the perspective of tissue optics. The OCT signal intensity was stronger within the whole recovery period in the experimental group undergoing CO2 laser treatment, and the attenuation coefficient (μt) returned ...

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    7. Optical characters and texture maps of skin and the aging mechanism by use of multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Optical characters and texture maps of skin and the aging mechanism by use of multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Cutaneous aging is a complicated biological process affecting different constituents of skin, which can be divided into two types: the chronological aging and the photo-aging. The two cutaneous aging processes often co-exist accompanying with each other. The effects are often overlapped including changes in epithelium and dermis. The degeneration of collagen is a major factor in dermal alteration with aging. In this study, multiphoton microscopy (MPM) with its high resolution imaging and optical coherence tomography (OCT) with its depth resolved imaging were used to study the anti-aging dermatology in vivo. It was attempted to make the optical parameter and texture ...

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    1-7 of 7
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (4 articles) Nanjing University of Science and Technology
    2. (1 articles) Capital Medical University
    3. (1 articles) Fujian Normal University
    4. (1 articles) Mount Sinai School of Medicine
    5. (1 articles) Tokyo Medical & Dental University
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    Optical characters and texture maps of skin and the aging mechanism by use of multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography Experimental research and observation of the skin response of mice with a second-degree scald duringirradiation by a CO 2 laser Cholesterol Crystals are Associated with Carotid Plaque Vulnerability: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study Optical coherence tomography evaluation of vertebrobasilar artery stenosis: case series and literature review Superficial Calcification With Rotund Shape Is Associated With Carotid Plaque Rupture: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study Identification of Symptomatic Carotid Artery Plaque: A Three-Item Scale Combined Angiography With Optical Coherence Tomography Optical Coherence Tomography Evaluation of Carotid Artery Stenosis and Stenting in Patients With Previous Cervical Radiotherapy Diagnostic accuracy of OCTA and OCT for myopic choroidal neovascularisation: a systematic review and meta-analysis Intraoperative Use of Wide-Field Optical Coherence Tomography to Evaluate Tissue Microstructure in the Oral Cavity and Oropharynx Assessment of optic disk by disk damage likelihood scale staging using slit-lamp biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography in diagnosing primary open-angle glaucoma Central macular thickness and subfoveal choroidal thickness changes on spectral domain optical coherence tomography after cataract surgery in pediatric population Anterior segment optical coherence tomography characteristics and management of a unique spectrum of foreign bodies in the cornea and anterior chamber