1. Articles from Honglian Xiong

    1-12 of 12
    1. Automatic Segmentation and Measurement of Choroid Layer in High Myopia for OCT Imaging Using Deep Learning

      Automatic Segmentation and Measurement of Choroid Layer in High Myopia for OCT Imaging Using Deep Learning

      Automatic segmentation and measurement of the choroid layer is useful in studying of related fundus diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy and high myopia. However, most algorithms are not helpful for choroid layer segmentation due to its blurred boundaries and complex gradients. Therefore, this paper aimed to propose a novel choroid segmentation method that combines image enhancement and attention-based dense (AD) U-Net network. The choroidal images obtained from optical coherence tomography (OCT) are pre-enhanced by algorithms that include flattening, filtering, and exponential and linear enhancement to reduce choroid-independent information. Experimental results obtained from 800 OCT B-scans of the choroid layers from ...

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    2. Deep learning-based signal-independent assessment of macular avascular area on 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography angiogram in diabetic retinopathy: a comparison to instrument-embedded software

      Deep learning-based signal-independent assessment of macular avascular area on 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography angiogram in diabetic retinopathy: a comparison to instrument-embedded software

      Synopsis: A deep-learning-based macular extrafoveal avascular area (EAA) on a 6×6 mm optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiogram is less dependent on the signal strength and shadow artefacts, providing better diagnostic accuracy for diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity than the commercial software measured extrafoveal vessel density (EVD). Aims: To compare a deep-learning-based EAA to commercial output EVD in the diagnostic accuracy of determining DR severity levels from 6×6 mm OCT angiography (OCTA) scans. Methods: The 6×6 mm macular OCTA scans were acquired on one eye of each participant with a spectral-domain OCTA system. After excluding the central 1 mm ...

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    3. Three-dimensional color camera based on optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional color camera based on optical coherence tomography

      We propose a 3D color camera to record the moving objects image based on optical coherence tomography (OCT). A precise surface topography map of the object is acquired by OCT, to which, a color image acquired by a CCD, is fused. During OCT scanning, adjacent color images are cross-correlated to compute the offset position of the moving object. The offset position is applied to the OCT to tracking scan the moving object. A 3D topography algorithm is to reconstruct surface topography maps. The affine transform and similarity model are used to match the 2D color image to the surface topography ...

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    4. Automated segmentation of retinal fluid volumes from structural and angiographic optical coherence tomography using deep learning

      Automated segmentation of retinal fluid volumes from structural and angiographic optical coherence tomography using deep learning

      Purpose: We proposed a deep convolutional neural network (CNN), named Retinal Fluid Segmentation Network (ReF-Net) to segment volumetric retinal fluid on optical coherence tomography (OCT) volume. Methods: 3 × 3-mm OCT scans were acquired on one eye by a 70-kHz OCT commercial AngioVue system (RTVue-XR; Optovue, Inc.) from 51 participants in a clinical diabetic retinopathy (DR) study (45 with retinal edema and 6 healthy controls). A CNN with U-Net-like architecture was constructed to detect and segment the retinal fluid. Cross-sectional OCT and angiography (OCTA) scans were used for training and testing ReF-Net. The effect of including OCTA data for retinal fluid ...

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    5. Monitoring skin photodamage using quantitative optical coherence tomography

      Monitoring skin photodamage using quantitative optical coherence tomography
      Noninvasive, real-time imaging technology assists UV light therapy of skin diseases and facilitates reduction of the associated photodamage. In clinical medicine, 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) combined with ultraviolet A (UVA; 320–400nm) (PUVA) therapy is an effective and widely used treatment for several types of dermatose, including psoriasis, mycosis fungoides, and vitiligo. However, many studies have shown that PUVA has both potent mutagenic and carcinogenic effects and also immunosuppressive consequences. The latter can allow tumor development or changes to the immune function in both immuno-suppressed and healthy individuals.1,2 Long-term PUVA therapy significantly increases the risk of skin-cancer development.3,4
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    6. Quantitative optical coherence tomography of skin lesions induced by different ultraviolet B sources

      Quantitative optical coherence tomography of skin lesions induced by different ultraviolet B sources

      Ultraviolet B (UVB) has been widely used in dermatological phototherapy. Narrowband UVB (NB-UVB), with a peak at 311 nm, is considered to be more effective than broadband UVB (BB-UVB). However, the safety of NB-UVB is controversial. In this study, we first introduced optical coherence tomography (OCT), a novel, non-invasive in vivo imaging technology, to assess the effect of NB-UVB and BB-UVB on skin. Balb/c mice dorsal skin was exposed with increasing UVB doses (1MED, 3MEDs and 5MEDs), and then OCT images of the tissues were obtained by an OCT system with 1310 nm central wavelength. Quantitative parameters (skin thickness ...

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    7. In vitro study of ultrasound and different-concentration glycerolinduced changes in human skin optical attenuation assessed with optical coherence tomography

      In vitro study of ultrasound and different-concentration glycerolinduced changes in human skin optical attenuation assessed with optical coherence tomography

      Previous studies have demonstrated the ultrasound-induced skin optical clearing enhancement with topical application of 60% glycerol (G) on in vitro porcine skin and in vivo human skin. Our purpose was to find the relation between the effect of optical skin clearing and different concentrations of glycerol and to find more effective ultrasound-glycerol combinations on optical skin clearing. The enhancement effect of ultrasound [Sonophoresis (SP) delivery] in combination with 40% G, 60% G, and 80% G on in vitro human skin optical clearing was investigated. Light imaging depths of skin were measured using optical coherence tomography. Different concentrations of glycerol and ...

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    8. Synergistic Effect of Ultrasound and Thiazone–PEG 400 on Human Skin Optical Clearing In Vivo

      Synergistic Effect of Ultrasound and Thiazone–PEG 400 on Human Skin Optical Clearing In Vivo

      In this paper, we propose a new physical method in combination with mixed solution of thiazone and polyethylene glycol 400 (thiazone PEG 400 solution) penetration into tissue to assess the skin optical clearing. Four treatments were performed: (1) control group (C); (2) polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400); (3) 0.25% thiazone (0.25%T); (4) 0.25% thiazone and 5-min ultrasound (0.25%T/SP). The diffuse reflectance spectra and imaging depth of human skin in vivo at different times were measured by spectroscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The optical clearing efficacy of skin was qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. The ...

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    9. Quantitative analysis on PUVA-induced skin photodamages using optical coherence tomography

      Psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA) therapy is a very important clinical treatment of skin diseases such as vitiligo and psoriasis, but associated with an increased risk of skin photodamages especially photoaging. Since skin biopsy alters the original skin morphology and always requires an iatrogenic trauma, optical coherence tomography (OCT) appears to be a promising technique to study skin damage in vivo. In this study, the Balb/c mice had 8-methoxypsralen (8-MOP) treatment prior to UVA radiation was used as PUVA-induced photo-damaged modal. The OCT imaging of photo-damaged group (modal) and normal group (control) in vivo was obtained of mice ...
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    10. Assessment of the effect of narrowband UVB and broadband UVB on mice skin using optical coherence tomography

      Ultraviolet B (UVB) has been used in dermatological phototherapy widely. Narrowband UVB (NB-UVB), with a peak at 311nm, is considered more effective than broadband UVB (BB-UVB). However, the safety of NB-UVB is controversial. Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a novel, non-invasive and depth-resolved imaging technology, is a useful tool for detection of the skin structure in vivo. This study assessed the effect of NB-UVB and BB-UVB on the skin using OCT for the first time. In this study, Balb/c mouse model was surveyed by an OCT system with 1310 nm central wavelength. The two UVB sources were applied on mice ...
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    11. Application of hyperosmotic agent to determine gastric cancer with optical coherence tomography ex vivo in mice

      Noninvasive tumor imaging could lead to the early detection and timely treatment of cancer. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been reported as an ideal diagnostic tool for distinguishing tumor tissues from normal tissues based on structural imaging. In this study, the capability of OCT for functional imaging of normal and tumor tissues based on time- and depth-resolved quantification of the permeability of biomolecules through these tissues is investigated. The orthotopic graft model of gastric cancer in nude mice is used, normal and tumor tissues from the gastric wall are imaged, and a diffusion of 20% aqueous solution of glucose in ...
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    12. Potential ability of hematoporphyrin to enhance an optical coherence tomographic image of gastric cancer in vivo in mice

      Abstract. An ideal diagnostic system for the tumor tissues should be able to detect and define the location of tumor tissues and the early development of malignant diseases. There is great need for enhancement of imaging ability to tumor tissues. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used in detection and location of varied tumor tissues. In order to improve the sensitivity and specificity of an OCT image, hematoporphyrin as a new type of contrast agent was used in this study. The orthotopic graft model of gastric cancer in nude mice was used. The image formations of the tumor tissues without and ...

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    1-12 of 12
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    Synergistic Effect of Ultrasound and Thiazone–PEG 400 on Human Skin Optical Clearing In Vivo In vitro study of ultrasound and different-concentration glycerolinduced changes in human skin optical attenuation assessed with optical coherence tomography Quantitative optical coherence tomography of skin lesions induced by different ultraviolet B sources Monitoring skin photodamage using quantitative optical coherence tomography Automated segmentation of retinal fluid volumes from structural and angiographic optical coherence tomography using deep learning Three-dimensional color camera based on optical coherence tomography Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomography in Idiopathic Macular Epiretinal Membrane Surgery Quantitative approaches in multimodal fundus imaging: State of the art and future perspectives Non-cystic macular thickening on optical coherence tomography as an alternative to fluorescein angiography for predicting retinal vascular leakage in early stages of uveitis Self-supervised patient-specific features learning for OCT image classification Accurate In Vivo Bowman's Thickness Measurement Using Mirau Ultrahigh Axial Resolution Line Field Optical Coherence Tomography Optical coherence tomography reveals retinal thinning in schizophrenia spectrum disorders