1. Articles from Osamu Kurihara

    1-18 of 18
    1. Predictors of Rapid Plaque Progression: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Predictors of Rapid Plaque Progression: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Objectives This study sought to identify morphological predictors of rapid plaque progression. Background Two patterns of plaque progression have been described: slow linear progression and rapid step-wise progression. The former pattern will cause stable angina when the narrowing reaches a critical threshold, whereas the latter pattern may lead to acute coronary syndromes or sudden cardiac death. Methods Patients who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging during the index procedure and follow-up angiography with a minimum interval of 6 months were selected. Nonculprit lesions with a diameter stenosis of ≥30% on index angiography were assessed. Lesion progression was defined as a ...

      Read Full Article
    2. Spatial Distribution of Vulnerable Plaques: Comprehensive In Vivo Coronary Plaque Mapping

      Spatial Distribution of Vulnerable Plaques: Comprehensive In Vivo Coronary Plaque Mapping

      Objectives The authors performed a comprehensive analysis on the distribution of coronary plaques with different phenotypes from our 3-vessel optical coherence tomography (OCT) database. Background Previous pathology studies demonstrated that thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) is localized in specific segments of the epicardial coronary arteries. A detailed description of in vivo coronary plaques of various phenotypes has not been reported. Methods OCT images of all 3 coronary arteries in 131 patients were analyzed every 1 mm to assess plaque phenotype and features of vulnerability. In addition, plaques were divided into tertiles according to percent area stenosis (%AS). Results Among 534 plaques identified ...

      Read Full Article
    3. High Spatial Endothelial Shear Stress Gradient Independently Predicts Site of Acute Coronary Plaque Rupture and Erosion

      High Spatial Endothelial Shear Stress Gradient Independently Predicts Site of Acute Coronary Plaque Rupture and Erosion

      Aims To investigate local haemodynamics in the setting of acute coronary plaque rupture and erosion. Methods and Results Intracoronary optical coherence tomography performed in 37 patients with acute coronary syndromes caused by plaque rupture (n = 19) or plaque erosion (n = 18) was used for 3D reconstruction and computational fluid dynamic simulation. Endothelial shear stress (ESS), spatial ESS gradient (ESSG), and oscillatory shear index (OSI) were compared between plaque rupture and erosion through mixed-effects logistic regression. Lipid, calcium, macrophages, layered plaque, and cholesterol crystals were also analysed. By multivariable analysis, only high ESSG (odds ratio [OR] 5.29, 95% confidence interval ...

      Read Full Article
    4. Relation of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level to Plaque Rupture

      Relation of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level to Plaque Rupture

      Statin therapy reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), inflammation, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We investigated the association between LDL-C and statin therapy on the prevalence of plaque rupture (PR). Patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent optical coherence tomography imaging of the culprit lesion were divided into 4 groups based on LDL-C level and statin use (Group 1: LDL-C ≤ 100 without statin; Group 2; LDL-C ≤ 100 with statin; Group 3: LDL-C >100 with statin; Group 4: LDL-C >100 without statin), and the prevalence of PR was compared between the groups. Among 896 patients, PR was diagnosed in 444 (49.6%) patients ...

      Read Full Article
    5. Circadian variations in pathogenesis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an optical coherence tomography study

      Circadian variations in pathogenesis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an optical coherence tomography study

      Previous studies have reported a circadian variation in the onset of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, underlying mechanisms for the circadian variation have not been fully elucidated. We investigated the relationship between onset of STEMI and the underlying pathology using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Patients with a diagnosis of STEMI were selected from a multicenter OCT registry. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on the estimated time of onset (00:00–05:59, 06:00–11:59, 12:00–17:59, or 18:00–23:59). Underlying pathologies of MI (plaque rupture, plaque erosion, and calcified plaque) were ...

      Read Full Article
    6. Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion

      Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion

      As the degree of luminal narrowing increases, shear stress increases, and high shear stress is known to activate platelets. However, the relationship between the degree of luminal narrowing and the composition of thrombus in patients with plaque erosion has not been studied. A total of 148 patients with plaque erosion and thrombus detected by optical coherence tomography were divided into tertiles based on the minimum lumen area (MLA) at the culprit lesion. Thrombus was categorized as platelet-rich or fibrin-rich. Among 148 patients, 50 (34%) were in the mild stenosis group, 49 (33%) were in the moderate stenosis group, and 49 ...

      Read Full Article
    7. Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings: Layered versus non‐layered culprit lesions

      Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings: Layered versus non‐layered culprit lesions

      Objectives This study aimed to investigate the vascular response of lesions with a layered phenotype. Background Recent studies have shown that layered plaques at culprit lesions detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) have greater plaque burden and more inflammatory features than non‐layered plaques. Methods This is a retrospective observational study. A total of 193 target lesions from 193 patients [100 patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and 93 with stable angina pectoris (SAP)] who had undergone OCT imaging of the culprit lesion both before and after stenting were included. Layered plaques were identified by OCT as plaques with layers ...

      Read Full Article
    8. Predictors for layered coronary plaques: an optical coherence tomography study

      Predictors for layered coronary plaques: an optical coherence tomography study

      Healed coronary plaques, morphologically characterized by a layered pattern, are signatures of previous plaque disruption and healing. Recent optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies showed that layered plaque is associated with vascular vulnerability. However, factors associated with layered plaques have not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors for layered plaque at the culprit plaques and at non-culprit plaques. Patients with coronary artery disease who underwent pre-intervention OCT imaging of the culprit lesion were included. Layered plaques were defined as plaques with one or more layers of different optical density and a clear demarcation from underlying components ...

      Read Full Article
    9. COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

      COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

      Background Recently, three subtypes of calcified plaques at the culprit lesion were reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS): eruptive calcified nodule, superficial calcific sheet, and calcified protrusion. Methods A total of 157 patients with ACS and calcified plaque at the culprit lesion were selected from our database. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings at index procedure and after stent implantation were compared among the three subgroups. Results In the final analysis, 92 cases were included. Pre-procedural OCT showed eruptive calcified nodules in 20 (21.7%) cases, superficial calcific sheets in 66 (71.7%), and calcified protrusion in 6 (6 ...

      Read Full Article
    10. Comprehensive In Vivo Coronary Plaque Mapping: A 3-Vessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Comprehensive In Vivo Coronary Plaque Mapping: A 3-Vessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background Previous pathology studies demonstrated that thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) is localized in specific segments of the epicardial coronary arteries. A detailed description of in vivo coronary plaques of various phenotypes has not been reported. Objectives We performed a comprehensive analysis on the distribution of coronary plaques with different phenotypes from our 3-vessel optical coherence tomography (OCT) database. Methods OCT images of all 3 coronary arteries in 131 patients were analyzed every 1 mm to assess plaque phenotype and features of vulnerability. In addition, plaques were divided into tertiles according to percent area stenosis (%AS). Results Among 534 plaques identified in ...

      Read Full Article
    11. Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings among three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome

      Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings among three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome

      Objectives To compare the postprocedural optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings and in‐hospital outcomes among the three subtypes of calcified plaques: eruptive calcified nodules, superficial calcific sheet, and calcified protrusion. Background Recently, three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques were reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). How these subtypes respond to stenting is unknown. Methods ACS patients with calcified plaque at the culprit lesion were selected from our database. OCT findings at baseline and after stent implantation were compared. Results In the final analysis, 87 cases were included. Preprocedural OCT showed eruptive calcified nodules in 19 (21.8%) cases ...

      Read Full Article
    12. Characteristics of non-culprit plaques in acute coronary syndrome patients with layered culprit plaque

      Characteristics of non-culprit plaques in acute coronary syndrome patients with layered culprit plaque

      Aims  Layered plaques represent signs of previous plaque destabilization. A recent study showed that acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with layered culprit plaque have more vulnerability at the culprit lesion and systemic inflammation. We aimed to compare the characteristics of non-culprit plaques between patients with or without layered plaque at the culprit lesion. We also evaluated the characteristics of layered non-culprit plaques, irrespective of culprit plaque phenotype. Methods and results We studied ACS patients who had undergone pre-intervention optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. The number of non-culprit lesions was evaluated on coronary angiogram and morphological characteristics of plaques were studied ...

      Read Full Article
    13. Angiographic features of patients with coronary plaque erosion

      Angiographic features of patients with coronary plaque erosion

      Background Although an in vivo diagnosis of coronary plaque erosion has become possible by optical coherence tomography (OCT), angiographic characteristics of erosion have not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the angiographic features of plaque erosion in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). Methods Patients with NSTE-ACS who underwent OCT of the culprit lesion were collected at 11 institutions from 6 countries. Patients were classified as erosion or non-erosion based on OCT images. Angiographic features of both groups were compared. Results Among 494 cases with NSTE-ACS, 242 had plaque erosion and 252 had non-erosion ...

      Read Full Article
    14. Postprandial Hyperchylomicronemia and Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma in Nonculprit Lesions A Multivessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Postprandial Hyperchylomicronemia and Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma in Nonculprit Lesions A Multivessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Objective— Although postprandial hypertriglyceridemia can be a risk factor for coronary artery disease, the extent of its significance remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the postprandial lipid profiles rigorously estimated with the meal tolerance test and the presence of lipid-rich plaque, such as thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), in the nonculprit lesion. Approach and Results— A total of 30 patients with stable coronary artery disease who underwent a multivessel examination using optical coherence tomography during catheter intervention for the culprit lesion were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with TCFA (fibrous cap thickness ≤65 µm) in ...

      Read Full Article
    15. Postprandial Hyperchylomicronemia and Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma in Non-culprit Lesions: a Multivessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Postprandial Hyperchylomicronemia and Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma in Non-culprit Lesions: a Multivessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Objective: Although postprandial hypertriglyceridemia potentially plays a role as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), details of its significance remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the postprandial lipid profiles rigorously estimated with the meal tolerance test and the presence of lipid-rich plaque, such as thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), in the non-culprit lesion. Methods: Thirty patients with stable CAD who underwent a multivessel study using optical coherence tomography during catheter intervention for the culprit lesion were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups: those with or without TCFA (fibrous cap thickness ≤65 μm) in the non-culprit ...

      Read Full Article
    16. Identification of high-risk plaques associated with peri-procedural myocardial injury following elective percutaneous coronary intervention: Assessment by high-sensitivity troponin-T measurements and optical coherence tomography

      Identification of high-risk plaques associated with peri-procedural myocardial injury following elective percutaneous coronary intervention: Assessment by high-sensitivity troponin-T measurements and optical coherence tomography

      A worse prognosis of peri-procedural myocardial injury (PMI) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been reported in patients displaying an isolated elevation of cardiac troponin-T (TnT) or troponin-I . Highly sensitive assay for TnT (hs-TnT) is newly developed, permitting measurement of TnT than those measurable limit with conventional assays . Thus, procedural changes in TnT values following PCI using the hs-TnT assay may identify more minute myocardial injury. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) with high-resolution images (≈15μm) allows detailed information such as fibrous cap thickness, and lipid distribution of the atherosclerotic plaque in vivo . Therefore, this study has focused on precise assessments ...

      Read Full Article
    17. Deceived incidence of acute coronary syndrome by measurement of FFR: Diagnostic gap of vulnerable plaque between physiology and morphology

      Deceived incidence of acute coronary syndrome by measurement of FFR: Diagnostic gap of vulnerable plaque between physiology and morphology

      A 67-year-old male was admitted because of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). An emergent coronary angiography showed a total occlusion in the left anterior descending artery, and a stent was deployed. Moderate lesion stenosis was found in the right coronary artery (RCA). Fractional flow reserve indicated 0.96, and percutaneous coronary intervention was not performed. Six months later, the patient visited an emergency room due to AMI. Angiograms showed a patency of the previous stent and progressed stenosis with filling delay of the RCA. Protruding red thrombi and plaque disruption of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) were identified by optical coherence tomography. Mild ...

      Read Full Article
    18. Six-month follow-up evaluation for everolimus-eluting stents by intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Comparison with paclitaxel-eluting stents

      Six-month follow-up evaluation for everolimus-eluting stents by intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Comparison with paclitaxel-eluting stents
      Background Although several clinical trials have shown the superior efficacy and safety of second-generation everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in comparison with first-generation paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES), the differences in the vascular healing process between EES and PES in a human coronary artery during an early stage are unknown. Methods A prospective optical coherence tomography (OCT) observation was performed for 25 EES in 21 patients and 27 PES in 21 patients at 6months after implantation. Cross-sections within single-stent segments were analyzed at intervals of 1mm. The neointimal (NI) thickness on each strut was measured. Uncovered struts (NI thickness=0μm), malapposed struts, NI area ...
      Read Full Article
    1-18 of 18
  1. Categories

    1. Applications:

      Art, Cardiology, Dentistry, Dermatology, Developmental Biology, Gastroenterology, Gynecology, Microscopy, NDE/NDT, Neurology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Other Non-Medical, Otolaryngology, Pulmonology, Urology
    2. Business News:

      Acquisition, Clinical Trials, Funding, Other Business News, Partnership, Patents
    3. Technology:

      Broadband Sources, Probes, Tunable Sources
    4. Miscellaneous:

      Jobs & Studentships, Student Theses, Textbooks
  2. Topics in the News

    1. (13 articles) Harvard University
    2. (13 articles) Massachusetts General Hospital
    3. (13 articles) Ik-Kyung Jang
    4. (12 articles) Hang Lee
    5. (11 articles) Masamichi Takano
    6. (9 articles) Nippon Medical School
    7. (9 articles) Tsunenari Soeda
    8. (9 articles) Taishi Yonetsu
    9. (8 articles) Nara Medical University
    10. (8 articles) Yoshiyasu Minami
    11. (1 articles) UCLA
    12. (1 articles) University of Groningen
    13. (1 articles) University of Wisconsin
    14. (1 articles) University of St. Andrews
    15. (1 articles) Duke University
    16. (1 articles) Kishan Dholakia
    17. (1 articles) Cynthia A. Toth
    18. (1 articles) Optovue
    19. (1 articles) Leica
    20. (1 articles) Heidelberg Engineering
  3. Popular Articles

  4. Picture Gallery

    Six-month follow-up evaluation for everolimus-eluting stents by intracoronary optical coherence tomography: Comparison with paclitaxel-eluting stents Deceived incidence of acute coronary syndrome by measurement of FFR: Diagnostic gap of vulnerable plaque between physiology and morphology Identification of high-risk plaques associated with peri-procedural myocardial injury following elective percutaneous coronary intervention: Assessment by high-sensitivity troponin-T measurements and optical coherence tomography Postprandial Hyperchylomicronemia and Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma in Non-culprit Lesions: a Multivessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study Postprandial Hyperchylomicronemia and Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma in Nonculprit Lesions A Multivessel Optical Coherence Tomography Study Angiographic features of patients with coronary plaque erosion COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings: Layered versus non‐layered culprit lesions High Spatial Endothelial Shear Stress Gradient Independently Predicts Site of Acute Coronary Plaque Rupture and Erosion Predictors of Rapid Plaque Progression: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study Long-Term Arterial Remodeling After Bioresorbable Scaffold Implantation 4-Year Follow-up of Quantitative Coronary Angiography, Histology and Optical Coherence Tomography Visualization of Bacterial Colonization and Cellular Layers in a Gut-on-a-Chip System Using Optical Coherence Tomography