1. Articles from Jeff Fingler

    1-12 of 12
    1. Phase variance optical coherence microscopy for label-free imaging of the developing vasculature in zebrafish embryos

      Phase variance optical coherence microscopy for label-free imaging of the developing vasculature in zebrafish embryos

      A phase variance optical coherence microscope (pvOCM) has been created to image blood flow in the microvasculature of zebrafish embryos, without the use of exogenous labels. The pvOCM imaging system has axial and lateral resolutions of 2.8    μ m 2.8  μm in tissue and imaging depth of more than 100    μ m 100  μm . Images of 2 to 5 days postfertilization zebrafish embryos identified the detailed anatomical structure based on OCM intensity contrast. Phase variance contrast offered visualization of blood flow in the arteries, veins, and capillaries. The pvOCM images of the vasculature were confirmed by direct comparisons with fluorescence ...

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    2. Label-free imaging of developing vasculature in zebrafish with phase variance optical coherence microscopy

      Label-free imaging of developing vasculature in zebrafish with phase variance optical coherence microscopy

      A phase variance optical coherence microscope (pvOCM) has been created to visualize blood flow in the vasculature of zebrafish embryos, without using exogenous labels. The pvOCM imaging system has axial and lateral resolutions of 2 μm in tissue, and imaging depth of more than 100 μm. Imaging of 2–5 days post-fertilization zebrafish embryos identified the detailed structures of somites, spinal cord, gut and notochord based on intensity contrast. Visualization of the blood flow in the aorta, veins and intersegmental vessels was achieved with phase variance contrast. The pvOCM vasculature images were confirmed with corresponding fluorescence microscopy of a zebrafish ...

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    3. Detection of PED vascularization using phase-variance OCT angiography

      Detection of PED vascularization using phase-variance OCT angiography

      Purpose: To demonstrate the use of phase-variance optical coherence tomography (PV-OCT) angiography for detection of pigment epithelial detachment (PED) vascularization in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients and methods: Patients with PEDs and exudative AMD were evaluated by the Retina Services at the University of California, Davis, and the University of California, San Francisco. Each subject underwent fluorescein angiography and structural optical coherence tomography (OCT). Phase-variance OCT analysis was used to create angiographic images of the retinal and choroidal vasculature. PV-OCT-generated B-scans were superimposed on structural OCT B-scans to allow easy identification of perfused vascular structures. Results: Three patients with vascularized ...

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    4. Phase-Variance Optical Coherence Tomography: A New Technique for Noninvasive Angiography

      Phase-Variance Optical Coherence Tomography: A New Technique for Noninvasive Angiography

      Purpose Phase-variance optical coherence tomography (PV-OCT) provides volumetric imaging of the retinal vasculature without the need for intravenous injection of a fluorophore. We compare images from PV-OCT and fluorescein angiography (FA) for normal individuals and patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic retinopathy. Design This is an evaluation of a diagnostic technology. Participants Four patients underwent comparative retinovascular imaging using FA and PV-OCT. Imaging was performed on 1 normal individual, 1 patient with dry AMD, 1 patient with exudative AMD, and 1 patient with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. Methods Fluorescein angiography imaging was performed using a Topcon Corp (Tokyo, Japan ...

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    5. Optical imaging of the chorioretinal vasculature in the living human eye

      Optical imaging of the chorioretinal vasculature in the living human eye

      Detailed visualization of microvascular changes in the human retina is clinically limited by the capabilities of angiography imaging, a 2D fundus photograph that requires an intravenous injection of fluorescent dye. Whereas current angiography methods enable visualization of some retinal capillary detail, they do not adequately reveal the choriocapillaris or other microvascular features beneath the retina. We have developed a noninvasive microvascular imaging technique called phase-variance optical coherence tomography (pvOCT), which identifies vasculature three dimensionally through analysis of data acquired with OCT systems. The pvOCT imaging method is not only capable of generating capillary perfusion maps for the retina, but it ...

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    6. Visualization of human retinal and choroidal vascular networks with phase-variance optical coherence tomography

      Visualization of human retinal and choroidal vascular networks with phase-variance optical coherence tomography

      We present in vivo noninvasive retinal and choroidal perfusion maps with phase-variance optical coherence tomography (pvOCT). We acquired a pvOCT volumetric data set of a normal subject and visualized blood circulation in the retina and the choroid. En face projection views of the retina as well as the choroid were generated from a manually segmented volumetric data set. In addition, the processed pvOCT images were compared to current standard imaging modalities used for retinal and choroidal vasculature visualization in clinical settings, including fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA).

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    7. Visualization of human retinal capillary networks: a comparison of intensity, speckle-variance and phase-variance optical coherence tomography

      Visualization of human retinal capillary networks: a comparison of intensity, speckle-variance and phase-variance optical coherence tomography

      We evaluate methods to visualize human retinal micro-circulation in vivo by standard intensity-based optical coherence tomography (OCT), speckle-variance optical coherence tomography (svOCT), and phase-variance optical coherence tomography (pvOCT). En face projection views created from the same volumetric data set of the human retina using all three data processing methods are created and compared. Additionally we used support vector machine (SVM) based semi-automatic segmentation to generate en face projection views of individual retinal layers. The layers include: first, the whole inner retina (from the nerve fiber layer to the outer nuclear layer), and second, from the ganglion cell layer to the ...

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    8. Noninvasive Imaging of the Foveal Avascular Zone with High-Speed, Phase-Variance Optical Coherence Tomography

      Noninvasive Imaging of the Foveal Avascular Zone with High-Speed, Phase-Variance Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose. To demonstrate the application of phase-variance optical coherence tomography (pvOCT) for contrast agent–free in vivo imaging of volumetric retinal microcirculation in the human foveal region and for extraction of foveal avascular zone dimensions. Methods. A custom-built, high-speed Fourier-domain OCT retinal imaging system was used to image retinas of two healthy subjects and eight diabetic patients. Through the acquisition of multiple B-scans for each scan location, phase differences between consecutive scans were extracted and used for phase-variance contrast, identifying motion signals from within blood vessels and capillaries. The en face projection view of the inner retinal layers segmented out ...

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    9. In vivo volumetric imaging of human retinal circulation with phase-variance optical coherence tomography

      In vivo volumetric imaging of human retinal circulation with phase-variance optical coherence tomography
      We present in vivo volumetric images of human retinal micro-circulation using Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (Fd-OCT) with the phase-variance based motion contrast method. Currently fundus fluorescein angiography (FA) is the standard technique in clinical settings for visualizing blood circulation of the retina. High contrast imaging of retinal vasculature is achieved by injection of a fluorescein dye into the systemic circulation. We previously reported phase-variance optical coherence tomography (pvOCT) as an alternative and non-invasive technique to image human retinal capillaries. In contrast to FA, pvOCT allows not only noninvasive visualization of a two-dimensional retinal perfusion map but also volumetric morphology of ...
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    10. Visualization of human retinal micro-capillaries with phase contrast high-speed optical coherence tomography

      Visualization of human retinal micro-capillaries with phase contrast high-speed optical coherence tomography

      We present high-speed Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (Fd-OCT) with the phase variance based motion contrast method for visualizing retinal micro-circulation in vivo. This technique allows non-invasive visualization of a two-dimensional retinal perfusion map and concurrent volumetric morphology of retinal microvasculature with high sensitivity. The high-speed acquisition rate at 125kHz A-scans enables reduction of motion artifacts with increased scanning area if compared to previously reported results. Several scanning schemes with different sampling densities and scanning areas are evaluated to find optimal parameters for in vivo imaging. In order to evaluate this technique, we compare OCT micro-capillary imaging using the phase variance ...

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    11. Volumetric microvascular imaging of human retina using optical coherence tomography with a novel motion contrast technique

      Volumetric microvascular imaging of human retina using optical coherence tomography with a novel motion contrast technique
      Phase variance-based motion contrast imaging is demonstrated using a spectral domain optical coherence tomography system for the in vivo human retina. This contrast technique spatially identifies locations of motion within the retina primarily associated with vasculature. Histogrambased noise analysis of the motion contrast images was used to reduce the motion noise created by transverse eye motion. En face summation images created from the 3D motion contrast data are presented with segmentation of selected retinal layers to provide non-invasive vascular visualization comparable to currently used invasive angiographic imaging. This motion contrast technique has demonstrated the ability to visualize resolutionlimited vasculature independent ...
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    12. Phase-Contrast OCT Imaging of Transverse Flows in the Mouse Retina and Choroid

      PURPOSE. To test the hypothesis that a novel phase-contrast optical coherence tomography (OCT) system can image retinal and choroidal vessels in the living mouse. METHODS. A high-speed spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) system, which measures the reflections for the entire depth of the retina at once with each axial scan (A-scan), was developed for mouse retinal imaging. Acquiring multiple A-scans over a transverse line across the mouse retina offers a two-dimensional cross-sectional image (B-scan); several neighboring B-scans can be assembled into a three-dimensional OCT image. To visualize mobility and transverse flow in retinal vessels, the statistical variance of phase ...
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    1-12 of 12
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (12 articles) Scott E. Fraser
    2. (9 articles) California Institute of Technology
    3. (9 articles) Daniel M. Schwartz
    4. (9 articles) Robert J. Zawadzki
    5. (9 articles) John S. Werner
    6. (8 articles) UC Davis
    7. (8 articles) Dae Yu Kim
    8. (7 articles) UCSF
    9. (4 articles) Susanna S. Park
    10. (3 articles) University of Southern California
    11. (1 articles) Heidelberg Engineering
    12. (1 articles) Topcon Medical Systems
    13. (1 articles) Carl Zeiss Meditec
    14. (1 articles) Zeiss Cirrus HD-OCT
    15. (1 articles) Heidelberg Spectralis
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    Volumetric microvascular imaging of human retina using optical coherence tomography with a novel motion contrast technique Visualization of human retinal micro-capillaries with phase contrast high-speed optical coherence tomography In vivo volumetric imaging of human retinal circulation with phase-variance optical coherence tomography Noninvasive Imaging of the Foveal Avascular Zone with High-Speed, Phase-Variance Optical Coherence Tomography Visualization of human retinal capillary networks: a comparison of intensity, speckle-variance and phase-variance optical coherence tomography Visualization of human retinal and choroidal vascular networks with phase-variance optical coherence tomography Optical imaging of the chorioretinal vasculature in the living human eye Phase-Variance Optical Coherence Tomography: A New Technique for Noninvasive Angiography Detection of PED vascularization using phase-variance OCT angiography Agreement Between Three Optical Coherence Tomography Devices to Assess the Insertion Distance and Thickness of Horizontal Rectus Muscles Neoatherosclerosis in the Iliac Artery Stent ― Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography and Intravascular Ultrasound ― Distinguishing features of acute Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease and acute central serous chorioretinopathy on optical coherence tomography angiography and en face optical coherence tomography imaging