1. Articles from Yoshiaki Yasuno

    1-24 of 144 1 2 3 4 5 6 »
    1. Accurately motion-corrected Lissajous OCT with multi-type image registration

      Accurately motion-corrected Lissajous OCT with multi-type image registration

      Passive motion correction methods for optical coherence tomography (OCT) use image registration to estimate eye movements. To improve motion correction, a multi-image cross-correlation that employs spatial features in different image types is introduced. Lateral motion correction using en face OCT and OCT-A projections on Lissajous-scanned OCT data is applied. Motion correction using OCT-A projection of whole depth and OCT amplitude, OCT logarithmic intensity, and OCT maximum intensity projections were evaluated in retinal imaging with 76 patients. The proposed method was compared with motion correction using OCT-A projection of whole depth. The comparison shows improvements in the image quality of motion-corrected ...

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    2. Optical coherence tomography-based tissue dynamics imaging for longitudinal and drug response evaluation of tumor spheroids

      Optical coherence tomography-based tissue dynamics imaging for longitudinal and drug response evaluation of tumor spheroids

      We present optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based tissue dynamics imaging method to visualize and quantify tissue dynamics such as subcellular motion based on statistical analysis of rapid-time-sequence OCT signals at the same location. The analyses include logarithmic intensity variance (LIV) method and two types of OCT correlation decay speed analysis (OCDS). LIV is sensitive to the magnitude of the signal fluctuations, while OCDSs including early- and late-OCDS (OCDS e and OCDS l , respectively) are sensitive to the fast and slow tissue dynamics, respectively. These methods were able to visualize and quantify the longitudinal necrotic process of a human breast adenocarcinoma ...

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    3. Quantitative multi-contrast in vivo mouse imaging with polarization diversity optical coherence tomography and angiography

      Quantitative multi-contrast in vivo mouse imaging with polarization diversity optical coherence tomography and angiography

      Retinal microvasculature and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) play vital roles in maintaining the health and metabolic activity of the eye. Visualization of these retina structures is essential for pre-clinical studies of vision-robbing diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We have developed a quantitative multi-contrast polarization diversity OCT and angiography (QMC-PD-OCTA) system for imaging and visualizing pigment in the RPE using degree of polarization uniformity (DOPU), along with flow in the retinal capillaries using OCT angiography (OCTA). An adaptive DOPU averaging kernel was developed to increase quantifiable values from visual data, and QMC en face images permit simultaneous visualization ...

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    4. Depth‐resolved investigation of multiple optical properties and wrinkle morphology in eye‐corner areas with multi‐contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Depth‐resolved investigation of multiple optical properties and wrinkle morphology in eye‐corner areas with multi‐contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Background Multi‐contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM‐OCT) can provide quantitative depth‐resolved local optical properties by improving the measurement algorithm. Materials and methods We examined the relationship between depth‐resolved local optical properties of eye‐corner skin measured by JM‐OCT and corresponding wrinkle morphology of aged women (n = 21; age range, 71.7 ± 1.7 years). Wrinkle morphology was analyzed by measuring the surface topography of three‐dimensional replicas. The same regions were measured three‐dimensionally by JM‐OCT, and the local optical properties at each depth were computed. Results Birefringence (BR) and mean wrinkle depth ...

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    5. Depth-resolved investigation of multiple optical properties and wrinkle morphology in eye-corner areas with multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Depth-resolved investigation of multiple optical properties and wrinkle morphology in eye-corner areas with multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Background: Multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) can provide quantitative depth-resolved local optical properties by improving the measurement algorithm. Materials and methods: We examined the relationship between depth-resolved local optical properties of eye-corner skin measured by JM-OCT and corresponding wrinkle morphology of aged women (n = 21; age range, 71.7 ± 1.7 years). Wrinkle morphology was analyzed by measuring the surface topography of three-dimensional replicas. The same regions were measured three-dimensionally by JM-OCT, and the local optical properties at each depth were computed. Results: Birefringence (BR) and mean wrinkle depth correlated significantly at a depth of 88.2-138.6 ...

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    6. Bulk-phase-error correction for phase-sensitive signal processing of optical coherence tomography

      Bulk-phase-error correction for phase-sensitive signal processing of optical coherence tomography

      We present a numerical phase stabilization method for phase-sensitive signal processing of optical coherence tomography (OCT). This method removes the bulk phase error caused by the axial bulk motion of the sample and the environmental perturbation during volumetric acquisition. In this method, the partial derivatives of the phase error are computed along both fast and slow scanning directions, so that the vectorial gradient field of the phase error is given. Then, the phase error is estimated from the vectorial gradient field by a newly developed line integration method; a smart integration path method. The performance of this method was evaluated ...

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    7. Optical coherence tomography interpreted by diffractive optics: A-scan image formation with wavelength-scale diffraction gratings as samples

      Optical coherence tomography interpreted by diffractive optics: A-scan image formation with wavelength-scale diffraction gratings as samples

      Seeking a detailed investigation of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography, electromagnetic numerical simulation of optical coherence tomography is carried out assuming deep diffraction gratings, some of which are in the resonance domain, as a sample to be measured. This is an approach from diffractive optics, and its simplification of the problem makes analysis more focused on its fundamental nature. The combination of the two disciplines provides previously unnoticed issues such as detection of a structure that does not exist.

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    8. Polarization-sensitive optical coherence elastography

      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence elastography

      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence elastography (PS-OCE) is developed for improved tissue discrimination. It integrates Jones matrix-based PS-optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) with compression OCE. The method simultaneously measures the OCT intensity, attenuation coefficient, birefringence, and microstructural deformation (MSD) induced by tissue compression. Ex vivo porcine aorta and esophagus tissues were investigated by PS-OCE and histological imaging. The tissue properties measured by PS-OCE are shown as cross-sectional images and a three-dimensional (3-D) depth-trajectory plot. In this trajectory plot, the average attenuation coefficient, birefringence, and MSD were computed at each depth, and the trajectory in the depth direction was plotted in a 3-D feature ...

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    9. Evaluation of Retinal Pigment Epithelium Layer Change in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease With Multicontrast Optical Coherence Tomography

      Evaluation of Retinal Pigment Epithelium Layer Change in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease With Multicontrast Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose : Clinical evaluation of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) change is important for the therapeutic management of chronic Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. We evaluated long-term change in the RPE layer in VKH disease, using near-infrared (NIR; 817 nm) images and autofluorescence images at 488 nm (short-wavelength [SW]-AF) and 785 nm (NIR-AF), and compared those images with images from multicontrast optical coherence tomography (MC-OCT). MC-OCT is capable of simultaneous measurement of OCT angiography, polarization-sensitive OCT, and standard OCT. Methods : We evaluated 24 eyes of 12 patients with chronic VKH disease. RPE changes were assessed using NIR, NIR-AF, SW-AF, and MC-OCT imaging performed ...

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    10. Multi-scale and -contrast sensorless adaptive optics optical coherence tomography

      Multi-scale and -contrast sensorless adaptive optics optical coherence tomography

      Background: The roles of the retinal microvasculature and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in maintaining the health and metabolic activity of the retina lend great clinical value to their high-resolution visualization. Methods: By integrating polarization diversity detection (PDD) into multi-scale and -contrast sensorless adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (MSC-SAO-OCT), we have developed a novel multi-contrast SAO OCT system for imaging pigment in the RPE as well as flow in the retinal capillaries using OCT angiography (OCTA). Aberration correction was performed based on the image quality using transmissive deformable optical elements. Results: MSC-SAO-OCTA imaging was performed at multiple fields-of-view (FOVs) with ...

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    11. Clinical prototype of pigment and flow imaging optical coherence tomography for posterior eye investigation

      Clinical prototype of pigment and flow imaging optical coherence tomography for posterior eye investigation

      Measurements of the randomness of polarization (RP) obtained using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) are applied in several applications, and RP is attractive for posterior eye imaging. The addition of RP without retardation requires a minimal extension to standard OCT; therefore, we developed a prototype OCT system with a simplified scheme for RP measurement. A compact polarization-diversity receiver module is the only required hardware extension to a standard OCT system. All components were packed into the retinal scanning head. The degree-of-polarization uniformity and complex-decorrelation based OCT angiography were calculated using noise-corrected algorithms that accounted for the depth-dependent noise power. The ...

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    12. Machine-learning based segmentation of the optic nerve head using multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography with semi-automatic training dataset generation

      Machine-learning based segmentation of the optic nerve head using multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography with semi-automatic training dataset generation

      A pixel-by-pixel tissue classification framework using multiple contrasts obtained by Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) is demonstrated. The JM-OCT is an extension of OCT that provides OCT, OCT angiography, birefringence tomography, degree-of-polarization uniformity tomography, and attenuation coefficient tomography, simultaneously. The classification framework consists of feature engineering, k -means clustering that generates a training dataset, training of a tissue classifier using the generated training dataset, and tissue classification by the trained classifier. The feature engineering process generates synthetic features from the primary optical contrasts obtained by JM-OCT. The tissue classification is performed in the feature space of the engineered features ...

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    13. Pixel-wise segmentation of severely pathologic retinal pigment epithelium and choroidal stroma using multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Pixel-wise segmentation of severely pathologic retinal pigment epithelium and choroidal stroma using multi-contrast Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Tissue segmentation of retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) is widely used in ophthalmic diagnosis. However, its performance in severe pathologic cases is still insufficient. We propose a pixel-wise segmentation method that uses the multi-contrast measurement capability of Jones matrix OCT (JM-OCT). This method is applicable to both normal and pathologic retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and choroidal stroma. In this method, “features,” which are sensitive to specific tissues of interest, are synthesized by combining the multi-contrast images of JM-OCT, including attenuation coefficient, degree-of-polarization-uniformity, and OCT angiography. The tissue segmentation is done by simple thresholding of the feature. Compared with conventional segmentation ...

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    14. Comparison of intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images for filtering blebs using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Comparison of intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images for filtering blebs using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) allows the recording of depth-resolved polarimetric measurements. It has been reported that phase retardation and local birefringence images can noninvasively detect fibrotic area in blebs after glaucoma surgery. Evaluation of scar fibrosis in blebs is important not only for predicting bleb function, but also for planning revision trabeculectomy. Herein, we characterize the intensity, phase retardation, and local birefringence images of blebs using PS-OCT. A total of 85 blebs from 85 patients who had undergone trabeculectomy were examined. Both phase retardation and local birefringence images detected fibrotic changes in blebs after glaucoma surgery. Phase retardation images ...

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    15. Simultaneous tissue birefringence and deformation measurement by polarization sensitive optical coherence elastography with active compression

      Simultaneous tissue birefringence and deformation measurement by polarization sensitive optical coherence elastography with active compression

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) measures tissue birefringence, while optical coherence elastography (OCE) reveals the mechanical property of the tissue. Since both birefringence and mechanical properties are associated with tissue microstructures such as collagen, simultaneous PS-OCT and OCE measurement will provide useful insight for the tissue microstructures. In this paper, we present a combined PS-OCT and OCE technique. The PS-OCT is based on Jones matrix OCT theory. It measures a tomography of Jones matrix. Birefringence tomography is then deduced from the Jones matrix. The OCE is obtained with active tissue compression. The tissue compression was performed by a ring ...

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    16. Objective evaluation of choroidal melanin contents with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Objective evaluation of choroidal melanin contents with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      We non-invasively evaluated choroidal melanin contents in human eyes with PS-OCT. We calculated the percentage area of low DOPU in the choroidal interstitial stroma for Vogt-Koyanagi- Harada disease with sunset glow fundus, without sunset glow fundus, control group and tessellated fundus with high myopia. The mean percentage area of low DOPU in the sunset group was significantly lower than the other groups. PS-OCT provides an in vivo objective evaluation of choroidal melanin loss in vivo human eyes.

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    17. Eye-motion-corrected optical coherence tomography angiography using Lissajous scanning

      Eye-motion-corrected optical coherence tomography angiography using Lissajous scanning

      To correct eye motion artifacts in en face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) images, a Lissajous scanning method with subsequent software-based motion correction is proposed. The standard Lissajous scanning pattern is modified to be compatible with OCT-A and a corresponding motion correction algorithm is designed. The effectiveness of our method was demonstrated by comparing en face OCT-A images with and without motion correction. The method was further validated by comparing motion-corrected images with scanning laser ophthalmoscopy images, and the repeatability of the method was evaluated using a checkerboard image. A motion-corrected en face OCT-A image from a blinking case is ...

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    18. Generation and optimization of superpixels as image processing kernels for Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Generation and optimization of superpixels as image processing kernels for Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Jones matrix-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (JM-OCT) simultaneously measures optical intensity, birefringence, degree of polarization uniformity, and OCT angiography. The statistics of the optical features in a local region, such as the local mean of the OCT intensity, are frequently used for image processing and the quantitative analysis of JM-OCT. Conventionally, local statistics have been computed with fixed-size rectangular kernels. However, this results in a trade-off between image sharpness and statistical accuracy. We introduce a superpixel method to JM-OCT for generating the flexible kernels of local statistics. A superpixel is a cluster of image pixels that is formed by ...

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    19. Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography

      Introduction to the feature issue on the 25 year anniversary of optical coherence tomography

      This feature issue commemorates the approximately 25 year history of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), one of the most successful biophotonic technologies. While OCT has technological origins traceable to ultrafast laser development and fiber optic system test instrumentation of the 1980’s, innovations in low coherence interferometry for optical ranging and imaging for biomedical applications in the U.S., Europe and Japan by the early 1990’s led to coinage of the now widely known term OCT in 1991 [1]. As discussed in the following cited Invited Review and Invited Research articles in this issue, remarkable strides have since been made ...

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    20. Multi-contrast imaging of human posterior eye by Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      Multi-contrast imaging of human posterior eye by Jones matrix optical coherence tomography

      A multi-contrast imaging of pathologic posterior eyes is demonstrated by Jones matrix optical coherence tomography (Jones matrix OCT). The Jones matrix OCT provides five tomographies, which includes scattering, local attenuation, birefringence, polarization uniformity, and optical coherence angiography, by a single scan. The hardware configuration, algorithms of the Jones matrix OCT as well as its application to ophthalmology is discussed.

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    21. Noise-bias and polarization-artifact corrected optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori intensity estimation

      Noise-bias and polarization-artifact corrected optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori intensity estimation

      We propose using maximum a-posteriori (MAP) estimation to improve the image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in polarization diversity (PD) optical coherence tomography. PD-detection removes polarization artifacts, which are common when imaging highly birefringent tissue or when using a flexible fiber catheter. However, dividing the probe power to two polarization detection channels inevitably reduces the SNR. Applying MAP estimation to PD-OCT allows for the removal of polarization artifacts while maintaining and improving image SNR. The effectiveness of the MAP-PD method is evaluated by comparing it with MAP-non-PD, intensity averaged PD, and intensity averaged non-PD methods. Evaluation was conducted in vivo with human ...

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    22. Three-dimensional eye motion correction by Lissajous scan optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional eye motion correction by Lissajous scan optical coherence tomography

      A three-dimensional optical coherence tomography imaging method based on Lissajous scanning is presented. This method was designed to correct eye motion in OCT images. A Lissajous scanning pattern, which has a trajectory that frequently overlaps with itself, is adopted as the OCT scanning protocol to obtain measurement data. Eye motion artifacts are then corrected automatically by software. By comparing the images without and with motion correction, we show the effectiveness of our method. We performed an experiment and compared the results obtained by our method with the ground truths to verify its validity. The experimental results showed that our method ...

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    23. Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography – a review [Invited]

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography – a review [Invited]

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is now a well-established modality for high-resolution cross-sectional and three-dimensional imaging of transparent and translucent samples and tissues. Conventional, intensity based OCT, however, does not provide a tissue-specific contrast, causing an ambiguity with image interpretation in several cases. Polarization sensitive (PS) OCT draws advantage from the fact that several materials and tissues can change the light’s polarization state, adding an additional contrast channel and providing quantitative information. In this paper, we review basic and advanced methods of PS-OCT and demonstrate its use in selected biomedical applications.

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    24. High contrast and polarization-artifact-free optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori estimation

      High contrast and polarization-artifact-free optical coherence tomography by maximum a-posteriori estimation

      We propose a maximum a-posteriori (MAP) intensity estimator to improve the image contrast of polarization diversity (PD)-OCT imaging to achieve high contrast polarization-artifact-free images. The MAP estimator compensates for the inevitable reduction of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in PD-OCT caused by the splitting of power into two polarization detection channels. It also has low noise-offset in low intensity regions such as the vitreous. This method is applied to posterior eye images, and shows high-contrast, polarization-artifact-free images. This method also enables attenuation coefficient imaging with finer differentiation of attenuation levels.

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    1-24 of 144 1 2 3 4 5 6 »
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