1. Articles from Masahiro Yamanari

    1-24 of 47 1 2 »
    1. Optical coherence tomography using polarization information

      Optical coherence tomography using polarization information

      The optical coherence tomography includes a processor, wherein the processor is configured to: vectorize the Jones matrix and then convert the vectorized Jones matrix into an expanded matrix; calculate at least an eigenvalue and at least an eigenvector of the expanded matrix by performing an eigenvalue decomposition to the expanded matrix; and estimate the polarization characteristic of the subject by using at least an eigenvalue and at least an eigenvector of the Jones matrix acquired based on the at least eigenvalue and the at least eigenvector of the expanded matrix.

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    2. Optical tomographic device capable of acquiring a plurality of tomographic images

      Optical tomographic device capable of acquiring a plurality of tomographic images

      Provided is an optical tomographic device for simultaneously acquiring a plurality of tomographic images at a same position in a subject without narrowing a depthwise measurement range. A measurement light generator generates at least two measurement lights with different optical path lengths, superimposes the at least two measurement lights, radiates the resultant light to a subject, and splits reflected light reflected from the subject into at least two reflected lights. A reference light generator generates at least two reference lights with different optical path lengths. An interfering light generator combines the at least two reflected lights and the at least ...

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    3. Estimation of Jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using Cloude-Pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Estimation of Jones matrix, birefringence and entropy using Cloude-Pottier decomposition in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Estimation of polarimetric parameters has been a fundamental issue to assess biological tissues that have form birefringence or polarization scrambling in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). We present a mathematical framework to provide a maximum likelihood estimation of the target covariance matrix and its incoherent target decomposition to estimate a Jones matrix of a dominant scattering mechanism, called Cloude-Pottier decomposition, thereby deriving the phase retardation and the optic axis of the sample. In addition, we introduce entropy that shows the randomness of the polarization property. Underestimation of the entropy at a low sampling number is mitigated by asymptotic quasi maximum ...

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    4. Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT for birefringence imaging of the anterior eye segment

      Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT for birefringence imaging of the anterior eye segment

      We demonstrate a prototype system of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) designed for clinical studies of the anterior eye segment imaging. The system can measure Jones matrices of the sample with depth-multiplexing of two orthogonal incident polarizations and polarization-sensitive detection. An optical clock is generated using a quadrature modulator and a logical circuit to double the clock frequency. Systematic artifacts in measured Jones matrices are theoretically analyzed and numerically compensated using signals at the surface of the sample. Local retardation images of filtering blebs after trabeculectomy show improved visualization of subconjunctival tissue, sclera, and scar tissue of the bleb wall ...

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    5. Scleral birefringence as measured by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography and ocular biometric parameters of human eyes in vivo

      Scleral birefringence as measured by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography and ocular biometric parameters of human eyes in vivo

      The relationship between scleral birefringence and biometric parameters of human eyes in vivo is investigated. Scleral birefringence near the limbus of 21 healthy human eyes was measured using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography. Spherical equivalent refractive error, axial eye length, and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured in all subjects. IOP and scleral birefringence of human eyes in vivo was found to have statistically significant correlations ( r = −0.63, P = 0.002). The slope of linear regression was −2.4 × 10 −2 deg/μm/mmHg. Neither spherical equivalent refractive error nor axial eye length had significant correlations with scleral birefringence. To evaluate ...

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    6. Comparison of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography and combining a rotating Scheimpflug camera with a Placido topography system for forme fruste keratoconus diagnosis

      Comparison of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography and combining a rotating Scheimpflug camera with a Placido topography system for forme fruste keratoconus diagnosis

      Objective To evaluate the ability of parameters measured by three-dimensional (3D) corneal and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (CAS-OCT) and a rotating Scheimpflug camera combined with a Placido topography system (Scheimpflug camera with topography) to discriminate between normal eyes and forme fruste keratoconus. Methods Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients with keratoconus, 25 eyes of 25 patients with forme fruste keratoconus and 128 eyes of 128 normal subjects were evaluated. Anterior and posterior keratometric parameters (steep K, flat K, average K), elevation, topographic parameters, regular and irregular astigmatism (spherical, asymmetry, regular and higher-order astigmatism) and five pachymetric parameters (minimum, minimum–median ...

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    7. Comparison of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography and combining a rotating Scheimpflug camera with a Placido topography system for forme fruste keratoconus diagnosis

      Comparison of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography and combining a rotating Scheimpflug camera with a Placido topography system for forme fruste keratoconus diagnosis

      Objective To evaluate the ability of parameters measured by three-dimensional (3D) corneal and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (CAS-OCT) and a rotating Scheimpflug camera combined with a Placido topography system (Scheimpflug camera with topography) to discriminate between normal eyes and forme fruste keratoconus. Methods Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients with keratoconus, 25 eyes of 25 patients with forme fruste keratoconus and 128 eyes of 128 normal subjects were evaluated. Anterior and posterior keratometric parameters (steep K, flat K, average K), elevation, topographic parameters, regular and irregular astigmatism (spherical, asymmetry, regular and higher-order astigmatism) and five pachymetric parameters (minimum, minimum–median ...

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    8. Keratoconus diagnosis using anterior segment polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Keratoconus diagnosis using anterior segment polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Purpose: To investigate the tissue properties of keratoconic corneas and normal control in vivo by using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) and evaluate early keratoconus by the area under the receiver-operating curve and Mahalanobis distances analysis. Methods: Thirty one eyes of 20 patients with keratoconus, seven eyes of four patients with keratoconus suspect, and 25 eyes of 25 normal subjects were investigated by PS-OCT and corneal and anterior segment (CAS)-OCT. Average of en face phase retardation of the posterior surface of the cornea, curvature, videokeratographic parameters, regular and irregular astigmatism, pachymetry map, and elevation were measured. The AROC of ...

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    9. Optical Rheology of Porcine Sclera by Birefringence Imaging

      Optical Rheology of Porcine Sclera by Birefringence Imaging

      Purpose To investigate a relationship between birefringence and elasticity of porcine sclera ex vivo using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Methods Elastic parameters and birefringence of 19 porcine eyes were measured. Four pieces of scleral strips which were parallel to the limbus, with a width of 4 mm, were dissected from the optic nerve head to the temporal side of each porcine eye. Birefringence of the sclera was measured with a prototype PS-OCT. The strain and force were measured with a uniaxial material tester as the sample was stretched with a speed of 1.8 mm/min after preconditioning. A ...

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    10. Passive component based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization imaging

      Passive component based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography for Doppler and polarization imaging

      We present a fiber based multifunctional Jones matrix swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) system for Doppler and polarization imaging. Jones matrix measurement without using active components such as electro-optic modulators is realized by incident polarization multiplexing based on independent delay of two orthogonal polarization states and polarization diversity detection. In addition to polarization sensitivity, this system measures Doppler flow without extra hardware for phase stabilized SS-OCT detection. An eighth-wave plate was measured to demonstrate the polarization detection accuracy. The optic nerve head of a retina was measured in vivo. Detailed vasculature and birefringent structures were investigated simultaneously.

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    11. Office based multi-functional anterior eye segment optical coherence tomography

      Office based multi-functional anterior eye segment optical coherence tomography

      An office based Doppler and polarization sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography (Doppler-PS-SS-OCT) was developed for diagnosis and evaluation of abnormalities of anterior eye segment in clinic. A healthy eye was measured in vivo by the Doppler PS-OCT. The results showed that the Doppler PS-OCT may have potential to identify blood vessels and discriminate fibrous tissues in abnormalities, such as scarring in bleb, and scleral inflammation.

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    12. Automated detection of chorio-scleral interface using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automated detection of chorio-scleral interface using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      A polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography based automated algorithm for segmentation of the chorio-scleral interface is presented. The algorithm employs a two-step segmentation approach. At first, local birefringence based segmentation with low precision is performed to roughly distinguish the choroid and sclera. Successively, a depth oriented slope fitting to phase retardation is applied in both the choroid and sclera. The interface is determined as the cross-point of the two phase retardation slope lines. The algorithm shows potential for functional, objective, and volumetric choroid thickness measurement

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    13. Automated phase retardation oriented segmentation of chorio-scleral interface by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automated phase retardation oriented segmentation of chorio-scleral interface by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      An automated chorio-scleral interface (CSI) detection algorithm based on polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is presented. This algorithm employs a two-step scheme based on the phase retardation variation detected by PS-OCT. In the first step, a rough CSI segmentation is implemented to distinguish the choroid and sclera by using depth-oriented second derivative of the phase retardation. Second, the CSI is further finely defined as the intersection of lines fitted to the phase retardation in the choroid and sclera. This algorithm challenges the current back-scattering intensity based CSI segmentation approaches that are not fully based on anatomical and morphological evidence ...

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    14. Dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography for birefringence-artifact-free vasculature imaging

      Dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography for birefringence-artifact-free vasculature imaging
      Dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography (DB-OCA) enables high-speed, high-sensitivity blood flow imaging. However, birefringence of biological tissues is an obstacle to vasculature imaging. Here, the influence of polarization and birefringence on DB-OCA imaging was analyzed. A DB-OCA system without birefringence artifact has been developed by introducing a Faraday rotator. The performance was confirmed in vitro using chicken muscle and in vivo using the human eye. Birefringence artifacts due to birefringent tissues were suppressed. Micro-vasculatures in the lamina cribrosa and nerve fiber layer of human eyes were visualized in vivo. High-speed and high-sensitivity micro-vasculature imaging involving birefringent tissues is available with ...
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    15. In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      In vivo evaluation of human skin anisotropy by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      We performed an in vivo three-dimensional analysis of anisotropic changes in the dermal birefringence of mechanically deformed human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). The papillary-dermal birefringence of the forehead increased significantly when the skin was shrunk parallel to the body axis, and decreased significantly when the skin was shrunk perpendicular to the body axis. En-face images of the papillary-dermal birefringence revealed variations among individual subjects, and that both shrinking parallel to and stretching in perpendicular to the body axis promoted the formation of macro rope-like birefringent domains. We found that PS-OCT is useful for understanding anisotropic properties of ...
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    16. Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography
      A Monte-Carlo-based phase retardation estimator is developed to correct the systematic error in phase retardation measurement by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Recent research has revealed that the phase retardation measured by PS-OCT has a distribution that is neither symmetric nor centered at the true value. Hence, a standard mean estimator gives us erroneous estimations of phase retardation, and it degrades the performance of PS-OCT for quantitative assessment. In this paper, the noise property in phase retardation is investigated in detail by Monte-Carlo simulation and experiments. A distribution transform function is designed to eliminate the systematic error by using ...
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    17. Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Birefringence measurement of cornea and anterior segment by office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      We present a case series of cornea and anterior segment disorders investigated by an office-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Blebs of glaucoma patients treated by trabeculectomy, and corneas of keratoconus and keratoplasty patients were measured by PS-OCT. Birefringence formations in trabeculectomy bleb were measured in 1 control eye and 3 eyes of trabeculectomy model rabbits. Polarization insensitive scattering OCT and the depth-resolved birefringence were measured simultaneously by PS-OCT. Abnormal birefringence was observed in keratoconus cases with advanced thinning and with a rupture of Descemet’s membrane. The graft-host interface of the keratoplasty case showed abnormal birefringence. The appearance of ...
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    18. Complex Conjugate Resolved Retinal Imaging by One-micrometer Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Using an Electro-optical Phase Modulator

      Complex Conjugate Resolved Retinal Imaging by One-micrometer Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Using an Electro-optical Phase Modulator
      Full-range spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with a 1-μm band light source is shown here. The phase of the reference beam is continuously stepped while the probing beam scans the sample laterally (B-scan). The two dimensional spectral interferogram obtained is processed by a Fourier transform method to obtain a complex spectrum leading to a full-range OCT image. A detailed mathematical explanation of the complex conjugate resolving method utilized is provided. The system’s measurement speed was 7.96 kHz, the measured axial resolution was 9.6 μm in air and the maximum sensitivity 99.4 dB. To demonstrate the ...
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    19. Comprehensive in vivo micro-vascular imaging of the human eye by dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography

      Comprehensive in vivo micro-vascular imaging of the human eye by dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography
      Comprehensive angiography provides insight into the diagnosis of vascular-related diseases. However, complex microvascular networks of unstable in vivo organs such as the eye require micron-scale resolution in three dimensions and a high sampling rate to access a wide area as maintaining the high resolution. Here, we introduce dual-beam-scan Doppler optical coherence angiography (OCA) as a label-free comprehensive ophthalmic angiography that satisfies theses requirements. In addition to high resolution and high imaging speed, high sensitivity to motion for detecting tiny blood flow of microvessels is achieved by detecting two time-delayed signals with scanning of two probing beams separated on a sample ...
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    20. Visibility of trabecular meshwork by standard and polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Visibility of trabecular meshwork by standard and polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography
      Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is known to be advantageous because of its additional tissue-specific contrast of the anterior eye. So far, this advantage has been shown only qualitatively. We evaluate the improved visibility afforded by 3-D PS corneal and anterior eye segment OCT (PS-CAS-OCT) in visualizing the trabecular meshwork (TM) based on statistical evidences. A total of 31 normal subjects participated in this study. The anterior eye segments of both the eyes of the subjects are scanned using a custom-made PS-CAS-OCT and the standard-scattering OCT (S-OCT) and polarization-sensitive phase-retardation OCT (P-OCT) images are obtained. Three graders grade the visibility ...
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    21. Full-range polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography by simultaneous transversal and spectral modulation

      Full-range polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography by simultaneous transversal and spectral modulation
      Polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography (PS-SS-OCT) is used to measure three-dimensional phase-retardation images of birefringent biological tissue in vivo. PS-SS-OCT with continuous source polarization modulation is used to multiplex the incident states of polarization in the signal frequency of each A-scan. Although it offers the advantage of measurement speed that is as high as that of standard SS-OCT, its disadvantage is low axial measurement range. To overcome this drawback, we employed the B-M-mode scan (BM-scan) method, which removes complex conjugate ambiguity by applying phase modulation along the transversal scanning direction. Since polarization modulation and BM-scan are applied in different scanning ...
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    22. Simultaneous high-resolution retinal imaging and high-penetration choroidal imaging by one-micrometer adaptive optics optical coherence tomography

      Simultaneous high-resolution retinal imaging and high-penetration choroidal imaging by one-micrometer adaptive optics optical coherence tomography
      Adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (AO-OCT) provides three-dimensional high-isotropic-resolution retinal images in vivo. We developed AO-OCT with a 1.03-μm probing beam and demonstrated high-penetration, high-resolution retinal imaging. Axial scans are acquired with a speed of 47,000 lines/s. AO closed loop is configured with a single deformable mirror. Seven eyes of 7 normal subjects were examined. Signal enhancement was found for all subjects. A rippled interface between nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell layer, boundary between ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer, and chorioscleral interface were identified. Simultaneous high-resolution and high-penetration choroidal imaging may be useful for ...
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    23. High-sensitive blood flow imaging of the retina and choroid by using double-beam optical coherence angiography

      High-sensitive blood flow imaging of the retina and choroid by using double-beam optical coherence angiography
      Wide-field and high-sensitive Doppler optical coherence angiography of the posterior human eye has been demonstrated. High-sensitive phase-resolved spectral-domain optical coherence tomography using the superluminescent diode with the central wavelength of 840 nm and bandwidth of 50 nm (FWHM) is developed. Two OCT signals with a time separation are acquired simultaneously with double sampling beams divided by using a Wollaston prism and a polarization-sensitive spectrometer consisting of two line scan cameras. The total power of two beams on the cornea is 700 µW. The line scan rate of cameras is 27 kHz and each OCT channel has the sensitivity of 93 ...
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    1-24 of 47 1 2 »
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    1. (46 articles) Masahiro Yamanari
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