1. Articles from Hans Erik Bøtker

    1-3 of 3
    1. Plaque Burden Influences Accurate Classification of Fibrous Cap Atheroma by In-Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography in a Porcine Model of Advanced Coronary Atherosclerosis

      Plaque Burden Influences Accurate Classification of Fibrous Cap Atheroma by In-Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography in a Porcine Model of Advanced Coronary Atherosclerosis

      Aims: In-vivo validation of coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) against histology and the effects of plaque burden (PB) on plaque classification remain unreported. We investigated this in a porcine model with human-like coronary atherosclerosis. Methods and results: Five female Yucatan D374Y-PCSK9 transgenic hypercholesterolemic mini-pigs were implanted with a coronary shear-modifying stent to induce advanced atherosclerosis. OCT frames (n=201) were obtained 34 weeks after implantation. Coronary arteries were perfusion-fixed, serially sectioned and co-registered with OCT using a validated algorithm. Lesions were adjudicated using the Virmani classification and PB assessed from histology. OCT had a high sensitivity, but modest specificity (92 ...

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    2. Inducing Persistent Flow Disturbances Accelerates Atherogenesis and Promotes Thin Cap Fibroatheroma Development in D374Y-PCSK9 Hypercholesterolemic Minipigs

      Inducing Persistent Flow Disturbances Accelerates Atherogenesis and Promotes Thin Cap Fibroatheroma Development in D374Y-PCSK9 Hypercholesterolemic Minipigs

      Background— Although disturbed flow is thought to play a central role in the development of advanced coronary atherosclerotic plaques, no causal relationship has been established. We evaluated whether inducing disturbed flow would cause the development of advanced coronary plaques, including thin cap fibroatheroma. Methods and Results— D374Y -PCSK9 hypercholesterolemic minipigs (n=5) were instrumented with an intracoronary shear-modifying stent (SMS). Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography was obtained at baseline, immediately poststent, 19 weeks, and 34 weeks, and used to compute shear stress metrics of disturbed flow. At 34 weeks, plaque type was assessed within serially collected histological sections and coregistered to ...

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    3. First In Vivo Demonstration of Coronary Edema in Culprit Lesion of Patient With Acute Coronary Syndrome by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

      First In Vivo Demonstration of Coronary Edema in Culprit Lesion of Patient With Acute Coronary Syndrome by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
      Atherosclerosis is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory disease causing multiple lesions in the intima of large and medium-sized arteries. 1 A minority of atherosclerotic lesions referred to as vulnerable plaques (VPs) may suddenly precipitate thrombosis, leading to life-threatening events such as acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. The most common VP is the rupture-prone type, also known as thin-cap fibroatheromas, which are characterized by a large necrotic core with a thin and inflamed fibrous cap, outward remodeling mitigating luminal obstruction, neovascularization, plaque hemorrhage, adventitial inflammation, and a “spotty” pattern of calcifications. 2 Among these features, inflammation and angiogenesis are believed to ...
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    1-3 of 3
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    1. (2 articles) Royal Brompton Hospital
    2. (2 articles) Aarhus University
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    First In Vivo Demonstration of Coronary Edema in Culprit Lesion of Patient With Acute Coronary Syndrome by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Inducing Persistent Flow Disturbances Accelerates Atherogenesis and Promotes Thin Cap Fibroatheroma Development in D374Y-PCSK9 Hypercholesterolemic Minipigs Plaque Burden Influences Accurate Classification of Fibrous Cap Atheroma by In-Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography in a Porcine Model of Advanced Coronary Atherosclerosis Trojan-Horse Diameter-Reducible Nanotheranostics for Macroscopic/Microscopic Imaging-Monitored Chemo-Antiangiogenic Therapy Thickness of retinal pigment epithelium–Bruch’s membrane complex in adult Chinese using optical coherence tomography Interocular symmetry of optical coherence tomography parameters in healthy children and adolescents Fluorescein Leakage and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Features of Microaneurysms in Diabetic Retinopathy Cross-free in both lateral and axial directions Fourier-domain full-field optical coherence tomography Microperimetry, Humphrey field analyzer, and optical coherence tomography in detecting glaucoma: a comparative performance study Scanning optimization of an electrothermally-actuated MEMS mirror for applications in optical coherence tomography endoscopy Near-infrared active superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for magnetomotive optical coherence tomography imaging and magnetic hyperthermia therapeutic applications Optical Coherence Tomography Identifies Visual Pathway Involvement Earlier than Visual Function Tests in Children with MRI-Verified Optic Pathway Gliomas