1. Articles from Chia-Kai Chang

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    1. Feature of The Week 03/26.2017: Segmentation of nucleus and cytoplasm of a single cell in 3D tomogram using OCT

      Feature of The Week 03/26.2017: Segmentation of nucleus and cytoplasm of a single cell in 3D tomogram using OCT

      uclear-to-cytoplasmic (N/C) ratio is an effective feature to distinguish cancer cells from their normal counterparts. In conventional cytopathology, cells printed or smeared on a glass slide were stained and then evaluated by two-dimensional (2D) images through light microscopy. A random rayburst sampling (RRBS) framework was developed to detect the nucleus and cell membrane boundaries in three-dimensional (3D) space. Raw images were acquired through a full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) system with submicron resolution—i.e. 0.8 µm in lateral and 0.9 µm in axial direction. The near isometric resolution enables 3D segmentation of nucleus and cell membrane ...

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    2. Segmentation of nucleus and cytoplasm of a single cell in three-dimensional tomogram using optical coherence tomography

      Segmentation of nucleus and cytoplasm of a single cell in three-dimensional tomogram using optical coherence tomography

      A random rayburst sampling (RRBS) framework was developed to detect the nucleus and cell membrane boundaries in three-dimensional (3-D) space. Raw images were acquired through a full-field optical coherence tomography system with submicron resolution—i.e., 0.8    μ m 0.8  μm in lateral and 0.9    μ m 0.9  μm in axial directions. The near-isometric resolution enables 3-D segmentation of a nucleus and cell membrane for determining the volumetric nuclear-to-cytoplasmic (N/C) ratio of a single cell. The RRBS framework was insensitive to the selection of seeds and image pixel noise. The robustness of the RRBS framework was verified ...

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    3. Feature Of The Week 9/28/14: National Taiwan University Reports on Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field OCT

      Feature Of The Week 9/28/14: National Taiwan University Reports on Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field OCT

      All living things are made of cells. Most living organisms are single cells; others, such as human bodies, are vast multicellular cities with an aggregation of more than 10 billion cells. Non-invasive and high speed imaging of cells and tissues with sub-micron resolution could help unveil functions of living organisms, and facilitate disease/cancer diagnosis, new drug development, etc. Such an imaging modality is one of the key technologies to detect disease and cancer in the early stage so that the ever-escalating medical cost could be controlled. At the same time, biomedical discovery often originated from technology advancement. Optical coherence ...

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    4. Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field optical coherence tomography

      Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field optical coherence tomography

      With a Gaussian-like broadband light source from high brightness Ce 3+ :YAG single-clad crystal fiber, a full-field optical coherence tomography using a home-designed Mirau objective realized high quality images of in vivo and excised skin tissues. With a 40 × silicone-oil-immersion Mirau objective, the achieved spatial resolutions in axial and lateral directions were 0.9 and 0.51 μm, respectively. Such a high spatial resolution enables the separation of lamellar structure of the full epidermis in both the cross-sectional and en face planes. The number of layers of stratum corneum and its thickness were quantitatively measured. This label free and non-invasive ...

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    5. Mirau-based full-field time-domain optical coherence tomography using Ce3+ :YAG crystal fiber light source

      Mirau-based full-field time-domain optical coherence tomography using Ce3+ :YAG crystal fiber light source

      Based on single-objective construction utilizing high brightness Ce 3+ :YAG single-clad crystal fiber light source, this Mirau-based full-field time-domain optical coherence tomography with circular polarization incident light represents deeper penetration in scattering medium. Using objective-changeable ability of home-designed Mirau objective, this system provides different applications, like biological tissue and single cells, by different spatial resolution with corresponding dynamics. High quality image relying on less ghost image and near common-path interference was demonstrated under this compact and power-stable system.

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    6. Feature Of The Week 10/21/12: Cell Death Detection by Quantitative Three-Dimensional Single-Cell Tomography

      Feature Of The Week 10/21/12: Cell Death Detection by Quantitative Three-Dimensional Single-Cell Tomography


      The aim of cancer therapies is mainly to stop cell proliferation or induce cell death. Cell death regulation is important for normal development and homeostasis. Cancer cells escape from death signals and continue their abnormal proliferation. Therefore, the ability to induce death in cancer cells has been a crucial biomarker for the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents. However, individual cancer cells, even from the same population, vary greatly in their response to cell death stimuli. Measuring the response at the single-cell levels provide further pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics information, which aids drug development and regimen design. Developing a microscopic technology with non-invasive ...

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    7. Cell death detection by quantitative three-dimensional single-cell tomography

      Cell death detection by quantitative three-dimensional single-cell tomography

      Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (UR-OCT) has been used for the first time to our knowledge to study single-cell basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in vitro. This noninvasive, in situ, label-free technique with deep imaging depth enables three-dimensional analysis of scattering properties of single cells with cellular spatial resolution. From three-dimensional UR-OCT imaging, live and dead BCC cells can be easily identified based on morphological observation. We developed a novel method to automatically extract characteristic parameters of a single cell from data volume, and quantitative comparison and parametric analysis were performed. The results demonstrate the capability of UR-OCT to detect cell death ...

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    8. Microstructural and microspectral characterization of a vertically aligned liquid crystal display panel

      Microstructural and microspectral characterization of a vertically aligned liquid crystal display panel
      e microstructural and microspectral characteristics of a vertically aligned liquid crystal display (VA-LCD) panel were obtained noninvasively for the first time. With 1 μm axial and 2 μm transversal resolutions, the cell gap profile beneath the patterned thin-film transistor of the VA-LCD panel can clearly be resolved. The thicknesses of the multiple thin-film layers and the embedded defects can also be unveiled. As far as spectral response is concerned, the light transmittance at the layer boundaries can be estimated from the measured reflectance, which is crucial information for the design of a highly transmissive panel. The color shift of the ...
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    1-8 of 8
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    Microstructural and microspectral characterization of a vertically aligned liquid crystal display panel Cell death detection by quantitative three-dimensional single-cell tomography Feature Of The Week 10/21/12: Cell Death Detection by Quantitative Three-Dimensional Single-Cell Tomography Mirau-based full-field time-domain optical coherence tomography using Ce3+ :YAG crystal fiber light source Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field optical coherence tomography Feature Of The Week 9/28/14: National Taiwan University Reports on Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field OCT Segmentation of nucleus and cytoplasm of a single cell in three-dimensional tomogram using optical coherence tomography Feature of The Week 03/26.2017: Segmentation of nucleus and cytoplasm of a single cell in 3D tomogram using OCT New insights from non-invasive imaging: from prospection of skin photodamages to training with mobile application Short-sighted woman assumes debilitating headaches mean she needs new glasses but discovers she has multiple sclerosis Shedding light on the impact of microplastics on lentil seedling growth Comparison of radial peripapillary capillary density results of individuals with and without Helicobacter pylori infection