1. Articles from Hong Jiang

    1-17 of 17
    1. Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for intereye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multicenter international study at 11 sites, optical coherence tomography was measured for patients and healthy controls as part of the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium. High‐ and low‐contrast acuity were also collected in a subset ...

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    2. Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for inter‐eye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell+inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Background Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multi‐center international study at 11 sites, optical coherence tomography was measured for patients and healthy controls as part of the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium. High‐ and low‐contrast acuity were also collected ...

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    3. Quantitative analysis of conjunctival microvasculature imaged using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Quantitative analysis of conjunctival microvasculature imaged using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Background The goal was to quantitatively analyze the bulbar conjunctival microvascular density using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and compare it to the vessel density using functional slit-lamp biomicroscopy (FSLB). Methods Temporal bulbar conjunctiva of 20 eyes (10 healthy subjects) was imaged using both OCTA and FSLB. Image processing was performed including equalization, de-noising, thresholding, and skeletonization. The vessel density was measured by fractal analysis (box counting, Dbox) and pixel counting (%). Results Vessel density (Dbox) of the bulbar conjunctiva obtained using OCTA was 1.28 ± 0.01 Dbox, which was significantly lower than the result (1.32 ± 0.01 Dbox ...

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    4. Altered Macular Microvasculature in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer Disease

      Altered Macular Microvasculature in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer Disease

      Background: The goal of the present study was to analyze the macular microvacular network in mild cognitive impirment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD). Methods: Twelve patients with AD and 19 patients with MCI were recruited together with 21 cognitively normal controls with a similar range of ages. Optical coherence tomography angiography was used to image the retinal microvascular network at the macular region, including retinal vascular network (RVN), superficial vascular plexus (SVP), and deep vascular plexus (DVP). Fractal analysis (box counting, D box ) representing the microvascular density was performed in different annular zones and quadrantal sectors. The macular ganglion cell ...

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    5. Long scan depth optical coherence tomography on imaging accommodation: impact of enhanced axial resolution, signal-to-noise ratio and speed

      Long scan depth optical coherence tomography on imaging accommodation: impact of enhanced axial resolution, signal-to-noise ratio and speed

      Background Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was a useful tool to study accommodation in human eye, but the maximum image depth is limited due to the decreased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this study, improving optical resolutions, speeds and the SNR were achieved by custom built SD-OCT, and the evaluation of the impact of the improvement during accommodation was investigated. Methods Three systems with different spectrometer designs, including two Charge Coupled Device (CCD) cameras and one Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Transistor (CMOS) camera, were tested. We measured the point spread functions of a mirror at different positions to obtain the axial resolution ...

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    6. Altered birefringence of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer in multiple sclerosis measured by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Altered birefringence of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer in multiple sclerosis measured by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Background The retina has been used to study the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis (MS). Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thinning has been suggested as an ocular biomarker of neurodegeneration in MS. The goal of this project was to determine the birefringence of the pRNFL by measuring the fiber birefringence using polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT). Methods Sixty-six MS patients without history of optic neuritis (age: 39.9 ± 11.0 yrs. old, 53 females and 13 males) and 66 age- and gender-matched normal controls (age: 40.7 ± 11.4 yrs. old) were recruited. Custom built PS-OCT was used to ...

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    7. The measurement repeatability using different partition methods of intraretinal tomographic thickness maps in healthy human subjects

      The measurement repeatability using different partition methods of intraretinal tomographic thickness maps in healthy human subjects

      Purpose: To determine the repeatability and profiles with different partition methods in intraretinal thickness layers in healthy human subjects, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: A custom-built ultrahigh-resolution OCT was used to acquire three-dimensional volume of the macula in 20 healthy subjects. The dataset was acquired twice using the macular cube 512×128 protocol in an area of 6×6 mm 2 centered on the fovea. Commercially available segmentation software (Orion™) was used to segment the dataset into thickness maps of six intraretinal layers. The coefficient of repeatability and intraclass coefficient of correlation (ICC) were analyzed using hemispheric zoning and ...

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    8. Vertical and Horizontal Corneal Epithelial Thickness Profile Using Ultra-High Resolution and Long Scan Depth Optical Coherence Tomography

      Vertical and Horizontal Corneal Epithelial Thickness Profile Using Ultra-High Resolution and Long Scan Depth Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose To determine the vertical and horizontal thickness profiles of the corneal epithelium in vivo using ultra-long scan depth and ultra-high resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Methods A SD-OCT was developed with an axial resolution of ~3.3 µm in tissue and an extended scan depth. Forty-two eyes of 21 subjects were imaged twice. The entire horizontal and vertical corneal epithelial thickness profiles were evaluated. The coefficient of repeatability (CoR) and intraclass correlation (ICC) of the tests and interobserver variability were analyzed. Results The full width of the horizontal epithelium was detected, whereas part of the superior epithelium ...

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    9. Whole eye axial biometry during accommodation using ultra-long scan depth optical coherence tomography

      Whole eye axial biometry during accommodation using ultra-long scan depth optical coherence tomography

      Purpose To investigate changes of whole eye axial biometry during accommodation using ultra-long scan depth optical coherence tomography (UL-OCT). Design Prospective, observational case series. Methods Twenty-one adult subjects were enrolled. Using UL-OCT, the left eye of each subject was imaged with relaxed (0 D) and accommodative stimuli (+6 D). Full eye biometry included central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness, vitreous length and axial length (AL). Results During accommodation (+6 D), the axial biometry of the whole eye changed significantly. Compared to the rest state, ACD at the accommodative state decreased significantly from 3.128 ± 0.305 ...

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    10. Axial Biometry of the Entire Eye Using Ultra-Long Scan Depth Optical Coherence Tomography

      Axial Biometry of the Entire Eye Using Ultra-Long Scan Depth Optical Coherence Tomography

      Purpose To assess the repeatability of axial biometry of the entire eye using ultra-long scan depth optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to investigate the agreement with IOLMaster measurements (Carl Zeiss Meditec). Design Prospective, observational case series. Methods There were 37 adult subjects enrolled in group 1 and 12 adult subjects enrolled in group 2. Using ultra-long scan depth OCT, the left eyes of these groups were measured in 2 separate sessions. The images were processed by a manual method and custom-developed automatic software. A model eye was imaged for verification. The subjects in group 2 were imaged using ultra-long scan ...

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    11. Ultra-high resolution and long scan depth optical coherence tomography with full-phase detection for imaging the ocular surface

      Ultra-high resolution and long scan depth optical coherence tomography with full-phase detection for imaging the ocular surface

      We used a unique combination of four state-of-the-art technologies to achieve a high performance spectral domain optical coherence tomography system suitable for imaging the entire ocular surface. An ultra-high resolution, extended depth range, full-phase interferometry, and high-speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor transistor camera detection provided unprecedented performance for the precise quantification of a wide range of the ocular surface. We demonstrated the feasibility of this approach by obtaining high-speed and high-resolution images of a model eye beyond the corneal–scleral junction. Surfaces determined from the images with a segmentation algorithm demonstrated excellent accuracy and precision.

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    12. Versatile optical coherence tomography for imaging the human eye

      Versatile optical coherence tomography for imaging the human eye

      We demonstrated the feasibility of a CMOS-based spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) for versatile ophthalmic applications of imaging the corneal epithelium, limbus, ocular surface, contact lens, crystalline lens, retina, and full eye in vivo. The system was based on a single spectrometer and an alternating reference arm with four mirrors. A galvanometer scanner was used to switch the reference beam among the four mirrors, depending on the imaging application. An axial resolution of 7.7 μm in air, a scan depth of up to 37.7 mm in air, and a scan speed of up to 70,000 A-lines per second ...

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    13. Simultaneous real-time imaging of the ocular anterior segment including the ciliary muscle during accommodatio

      Simultaneous real-time imaging of the ocular anterior segment including the ciliary muscle during accommodatio

      We demonstrated a novel approach of imaging the anterior segment including the ciliary muscle using combined and synchronized two spectral domain optical coherence tomography devices (SD-OCT). In one SD-OCT, a Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Transistor (CMOS) camera and an alternating reference arm was used to image the anterior segment from the cornea to the lens. Another SD-OCT for imaging the ciliary muscle was equipped with a light source with a center wavelength of 1,310 nm and a bandwidth of 75 nm. Repeated measurements were performed under relaxed and 4.00 D accommodative stimulus states in six eyes from 6 subjects. We ...

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    14. Retinal oximetry using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography

      Retinal oximetry using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography

      Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the repeatability of retinal oximetry using slit-lamp adapted ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (SL-UHR-OCT). Methods: SL-UHR-OCT was developed and fringe patterns were obtained for a major retinal artery and a major retinal vein. A-scans at the central wavelengths of 805 nm and 855 nm were analyzed for calculating optical density ratios (ODRs), from which the percentage oxygen saturation was calculated. Measurements were made on two occasions for each person. Repeatability and coefficients of repeatability were calculated. Results: The mean ODRs of the artery were 0.79 ± 0.86 and 0.88 ± 0 ...

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    15. Quantitative analysis of the intraretinal layers and optic nerve head using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative analysis of the intraretinal layers and optic nerve head using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography

      This study is designed to test the repeatability of the quantitative analysis of intraretinal layer thickness and cup-disc ratio of the optic nerve head using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT). Group A, containing 23 eyes of 12 healthy subjects, was imaged twice and group B, containing eight eyes of four subjects, was imaged three times. Intraretinal layers were segmented manually and the cup-to-disc ratio of the optic nerve head was analyzed. Custom-built automatic segmentation software was also used to segment a set of images for comparison. A total of nine intraretinal layers were visualized and extracted manually. With group ...

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    16. Broadband superluminescent diode–based ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography for ophthalmic imaging

      Broadband superluminescent diode–based ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography for ophthalmic imaging

      Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with ultrahigh resolution can be used to measure precise structures in the context of ophthalmic imaging. We designed an ultrahigh resolution SD-OCT system based on broadband superluminescent diode (SLD) as the light source. An axial resolution of 2.2 μm in tissue, a scan depth of 1.48 mm, and a high sensitivity of 93 dB were achieved by the spectrometer designed. The ultrahigh-resolution SD-OCT system was employed to image the human cornea and retina with a cross-section image of 2048 × 2048 pixels. Our research demonstrated that ultrahigh -resolution SD-OCT can be achieved using ...

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    17. Detection of Magnetic Particles in Live DBA/2J Mouse Eyes Using Magnetomotive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Detection of Magnetic Particles in Live DBA/2J Mouse Eyes Using Magnetomotive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Objectives: To demonstrate in vivo molecular imaging of the eye using spectral-domain magnetomotive optical coherence tomography (MMOCT).Methods: A custom-built, high-speed, and high-resolution MMOCT was developed for imaging magnetic particle-coupled molecules in living mouse eyes by applying an external dynamic magnetic field gradient during optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanning. The magnetomotive signals were tested in vitro by scanning magnetic beads embedded within an agarose gel (1.5%) and in vivo in the anterior segment of a mouse eye.Results: Cross-sectional OCT images of the gel and the anterior segment of the eye were acquired by regular OCT structural scanning. Magnetomotive ...

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    1-17 of 17
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    1. (15 articles) Jianhua Wang
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    Detection of Magnetic Particles in Live DBA/2J Mouse Eyes Using Magnetomotive Optical Coherence Tomography Broadband superluminescent diode–based ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography for ophthalmic imaging Quantitative analysis of the intraretinal layers and optic nerve head using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography Retinal oximetry using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography Simultaneous real-time imaging of the ocular anterior segment including the ciliary muscle during accommodatio Versatile optical coherence tomography for imaging the human eye Ultra-high resolution and long scan depth optical coherence tomography with full-phase detection for imaging the ocular surface Axial Biometry of the Entire Eye Using Ultra-Long Scan Depth Optical Coherence Tomography Vertical and Horizontal Corneal Epithelial Thickness Profile Using Ultra-High Resolution and Long Scan Depth Optical Coherence Tomography The measurement repeatability using different partition methods of intraretinal tomographic thickness maps in healthy human subjects AI-Assisted In Situ Detection of Human Glioma Infiltration Using a Novel Computational Method for Optical Coherence Tomography Motorized capsule for shadow-free OCT imaging and synchronous beam control