1. Articles from Alex Cable

    1-20 of 20
    1. Microscope-Integrated Intraoperative Ultrahigh-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography for Widefield Retinal and Anterior Segment Imaging

      Microscope-Integrated Intraoperative Ultrahigh-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography for Widefield Retinal and Anterior Segment Imaging

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the feasibility of retinal and anterior segment intraoperative widefield imaging using an ultrahigh-speed, swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) surgical microscope attachment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prototype post-objective SS-OCT using a 1,050-nm wavelength, 400 kHz A-scan rate, vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) light source was integrated to a commercial ophthalmic surgical microscope after the objective. Each widefield OCT data set was acquired in 3 seconds (1,000 × 1,000 A-scans, 12 × 12 mm 2 for retina and 10 × 10 mm 2 for anterior segment). RESULTS: Intraoperative SS-OCT was performed in 20 eyes of 20 patients ...

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    2. Cycloid scanning for wide field optical coherence tomography endomicroscopy and angiography in vivo

      Cycloid scanning for wide field optical coherence tomography endomicroscopy and angiography in vivo

      Devices that perform wide field-of-view (FOV) precision optical scanning are important for endoscopic assessment and diagnosis of luminal organ disease such as in gastroenterology. Optical scanning for in vivo endoscopic imaging has traditionally relied on one or more proximal mechanical actuators, limiting scan accuracy and imaging speed. There is a need for rapid and precise two-dimensional (2D) microscanning technologies to enable the translation of benchtop scanning microscopies to in vivo endoscopic imaging. We demonstrate a new cycloid scanner in a tethered capsule for ultrahigh speed, side-viewing optical coherence tomography (OCT) endomicroscopy in vivo . The cycloid capsule incorporates two scanners: a ...

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    3. Applicability, usability, and limitations of murine embryonic imaging with optical coherence tomography and optical projection tomography

      Applicability, usability, and limitations of murine embryonic imaging with optical coherence tomography and optical projection tomography

      We present an analysis of imaging murine embryos at various embryonic developmental stages (embryonic day 9.5, 11.5, and 13.5) by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical projection tomography (OPT). We demonstrate that while OCT was capable of rapid high-resolution live 3D imaging, its limited penetration depth prevented visualization of deeper structures, particularly in later stage embryos. In contrast, OPT was able to image the whole embryos, but could not be used in vivo because the embryos must be fixed and cleared. Moreover, the fixation process significantly altered the embryo morphology, which was quantified by the volume of ...

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    4. Ultrahigh speed en face OCT capsule for endoscopic imaging

      Ultrahigh speed en face OCT capsule for endoscopic imaging

      Depth resolved and en face OCT visualization in vivo may have important clinical applications in endoscopy. We demonstrate a high speed, two-dimensional (2D) distal scanning capsule with a micromotor for fast rotary scanning and a pneumatic actuator for precision longitudinal scanning. Longitudinal position measurement and image registration were performed by optical tracking of the pneumatic scanner. The 2D scanning device enables high resolution imaging over a small field of view and is suitable for OCT as well as other scanning microscopies. Large field of view imaging for screening or surveillance applications can also be achieved by proximally pulling back or ...

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    5. Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT

      Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is a functional extension of conventional OCT and can assess depth-resolved tissue birefringence in addition to intensity. Most existing PS-OCT systems are relatively complex and their clinical translation remains difficult. We present a simple and robust all-fiber PS-OCT system based on swept source technology and polarization depth-encoding. Polarization multiplexing was achieved using a polarization maintaining fiber. Polarization sensitive signals were detected using fiber based polarization beam splitters and polarization controllers were used to remove the polarization ambiguity. A simplified post-processing algorithm was proposed for speckle noise reduction relaxing the demand for phase stability. We ...

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    6. Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a 1310 nm VCSEL light source

      Swept source optical coherence microscopy using a 1310 nm VCSEL light source

      We demonstrate high speed, swept source optical coherence microscopy (OCM) using a MEMS tunable vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) light source. The light source had a sweep rate of 280 kHz, providing a bidirectional axial scan rate of 560 kHz. The sweep bandwidth was 117 nm centered at 1310 nm, corresponding to an axial resolution of 13.1 µm in air, corresponding to 8.1 µm (9.6 µm spectrally shaped) in tissue. Dispersion mismatch from different objectives was compensated numerically, enabling magnification and field of view to be easily changed. OCM images were acquired with transverse resolutions between 0 ...

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    7. In vivo, label-free, three-dimensional quantitative imaging of kidney microcirculation using Doppler optical coherence tomography

      In vivo, label-free, three-dimensional quantitative imaging of kidney microcirculation using Doppler optical coherence tomography
      Doppler optical coherence tomography (DOCT) is a functional extension of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and is currently being employed in several clinical arenas to quantify blood flow in vivo. In this study, the objective was to investigate the feasibility of DOCT to image kidney microcirculation, specifically, glomerular blood flow. DOCT is able to capture three-dimensional (3D) data sets consisting of a series of cross-sectional images in real time, which enables label-free and non-destructive quantification of glomerular blood flow. The kidneys of adult, male Munich–Wistar rats were exposed through laparotomy procedure after being anesthetized. Following exposure of the kidney beneath ...
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    8. Doppler optical coherence tomography for imaging of brain hemodynamics

      Doppler optical coherence tomography for imaging of brain hemodynamics

      Advanced microscopic techniques enable depth-resolved imaging of changes in blood flow during brain activation. ptical imaging has become an important tool in neuroscience research.1 Using methods such as optical intrinsic signal imaging (OISI), laser-Doppler imaging, and laser-speckle imaging, investigators can record changes in blood flow and blood volume in the brain, as well as alterations in blood oxygen concentration, in response to different types of stimulation. By measuring these changes, they can gain deeper insight into the functioning of the brain, which in turn can contribute to better understanding of a range of behaviors and conditions. However, these techniques ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography of Human Kidney

      Optical Coherence Tomography of Human Kidney
      Purpose To determine histopathological status of living human kidneys in real time and a noninvasive fashion would be a significant advancement in renal disease diagnosis. Recently we reported that optical coherence tomography has the requisite high spatial resolution to noninvasively determine histopathological changes in rodent kidneys with μm scale resolution. We established whether optical coherence tomography could 1) effectively penetrate the connective tissue capsule surrounding human kidneys, 2) provide a global survey of the human renal surface and 3) determine histopathological changes in human renal microstructure. Materials and Methods Using a high speed optical coherence tomography system equipped with a ...
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    10. Ultrahigh-speed volumetric ophthalmic OCT imaging at 800nm and 1050nm

      Ultrahigh-speed volumetric ophthalmic OCT imaging at 800nm and 1050nm
      The performance and imaging characteristics of ultrahigh speed ophthalmic optical coherence tomography (OCT) are investigated. In vivo imaging results are obtained at 850nm and 1050nm using different configurations of spectral and swept source / Fourier domain OCT. A spectral / Fourier domain instrument using a high speed CMOS linescan camera with SLD light source centered at 850nm achieves speeds of ~91,000 axial scans per second with ~3µm axial resolution in tissue. A spectral / Fourier domain instrument using an InGaAs linescan camera with SLD light source centered at 1050nm achieves ~47,000 axial scans per second with ~7µm resolution in tissue. A ...
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    11. Investigation of pore structure and cell distribution in EH-PEG hydrogel scaffold using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence microscopy

      Investigation of pore structure and cell distribution in EH-PEG hydrogel scaffold using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence microscopy
      Macroporous EH-PEG hydrogels fabricated by porogen-leaching method are characterized by optical coherence tomography (OCT). High-resolution OCT visualizes the microstructures of the engineered tissue scaffolds in threedimensions. It also enables subsequent image processing to investigate several key morphological design parameters for macroporous scaffolds. Image processing algorithms are then presented to automatically quantify the pore size, porosity, and pore interconnectivity. The results indicated that those parameters highly depend on the porogen size. Further, fluorescence imaging was conducted to monitor the population of labeled human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) loaded on the surface of the scaffolds. The results revealed the hMSCs' viability as ...
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    12. Co-registered optical coherence tomography and fluorescence molecular imaging for simultaneous morphological and molecular imaging

      Abstract. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides high-resolution, cross-sectional imaging of tissue microstructure in situ and in real time, while fluorescence molecular imaging (FMI) enables the visualization of basic molecular processes. There is a great deal of interest in combining these two modalities so that the tissue's structural and molecular information can be obtained simultaneously. This could greatly benefit biomedical applications such as detecting early diseases and monitoring therapeutic interventions. In this research, an optical system that combines OCT and FMI was developed. The system demonstrated that it could co-register en face OCT and FMI images with a 2.4 ...
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    13. Automated quantification of microstructural dimensions of the human kidney using optical coherence tomography (OCT)

      Automated quantification of microstructural dimensions of the human kidney using optical coherence tomography (OCT)
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a rapidly emerging imaging modality that can non-invasively provide cross-sectional, highresolution images of tissue morphology in situ and in real-time. We previously demonstrated that OCT is capable of visualizing characteristic kidney anatomic structures, including blood vessels, uriniferous tubules,glomeruli, and renal capsules on a Munich–Wistar rat model. Because the viability of a donor kidney is closely correlated with its tubular morphology, and a large amount of image datasets are expected when using OCT to scan the entire kidney to provide a global assessment of its viability, it is necessary to develop automatic image analysis ...
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    14. Ultrahigh speed spectral/Fourier domain OCT imaging in ophthalmology

      Ultrahigh speed Spectral/Fourier domain ophthalmic OCT imaging at 70,000-312,500 axial scans per second is demonstrated using a high speed CMOS camera at 800 nm. Comparative imaging results of the fovea illustrate the performance tradeoffs between different imaging speeds and spectrometer configurations. Dense 3D volumetric acquisitions show minimal motion artifacts when acquired at 250,000 axial scans per second. The porous structure of the lamina cribrosa is shown in en face images extracted from a dense volumetric acquisition of the optical nerve head acquired at 106, 382 axial scans per second. Rapid repeated volume imaging (4D-OCT) shows blood ...
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    15. Three-dimensional coregistered optical coherence tomography and line-scanning fluorescence laminar optical tomography

      Three-dimensional coregistered optical coherence tomography and line-scanning fluorescence laminar optical tomography
      We present a combined optical coherence tomography (OCT) and line-scanning fluorescence laminar optical tomography (FLOT) system. This hybrid system enables coregistered structural and molecular imaging in 3D with 10–100 um resolution and millimeter-scale imaging depth. Experimental results on a capillary phantom with fluorescence dye Cy5.5 using an OCT/FLOT imaging system have been demonstrated.
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    16. Combining optical coherence tomography with fluorescence molecular imaging: towards simultaneous morphology and molecular imaging

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides high-resolution, cross-sectional imaging of tissue microstructure in situ and in real-time, while fluorescence molecular imaging (FMI) enables the visualization of basic molecular processes. There are great interests in combining these two modalities so that the tissue's structural and molecular information can be obtained simultaneously. This could greatly benefit biomedical applications such as detecting early diseases and monitoring therapeutic interventions. In this research, a new optical system that combines OCT and FMI was developed. The system demonstrated that it could co-register en face OCT and FMI images with a 2.4 x 2.4 mm ...
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    17. Non-invasive in vivo optical biopsy of skin after fractional microablative laser treatment

      We have demonstrated that the 1.3 m Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography (SS-OCT) may be used in vivo in a non invasive manner to analyze the characteristics of microablative injuries produced by fractional laser treatments. We have found that the depth of the ablative columns depended approximately linearly on the pulse energy ranging from 180±20 m for 5 mJ laser pulses to 420±60 m for 20 mJ pulses.
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    18. Ultrahigh speed spectral/Fourier domain ophthalmic OCT imaging

      Ultrahigh speed spectral / Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging using a CMOS line scan camera with acquisition rates of 70,000 - 312,500 axial scans per second is investigated. Several design configurations are presented to illustrate trade-offs between acquisition speed, sensit ... [Proc. SPIE 7163, 716307 (2009)] published Wed Feb 18, 2009.
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    19. Live imaging of blood flow in mammalian embryos using Doppler swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Live imaging of blood flow in mammalian embryos using Doppler swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Studying hemodynamic changes during early mammalian embryonic development is critical for further advances in prevention, diagnostics, and treatment of congenital cardiovascular (CV) birth defects and diseases. Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been shown to provide sensitive measurements of blood flow in avian and amphibian embryos. We combined Doppler swept-source optical coherence tomography (DSS-OCT) and live mouse embryo culture to analyze blood flow dynamics in early embryos. SS-OCT structural imaging was used for the reconstruction of embryo morphology and the orientation of blood vessels, which is required for calculating flow velocity from the Doppler measurements. Spatially and temporally resolved blood ...

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    20. Ultrahigh speed Spectral / Fourier domain OCT ophthalmic imaging at 70,000 to 312,500 axial scans per second

      Ultrahigh speed Spectral / Fourier domain OCT ophthalmic imaging at 70,000 to 312,500 axial scans per second
      We demonstrate ultrahigh speed spectral / Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) using an ultrahigh speed CMOS line scan camera at rates of 70,000 - 312,500 axial scans per second. Several design configurations are characterized to illustrate trade-offs between acquisition speed, ... [Opt. Express 16, 15149-15169 (2008)]
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    1-20 of 20
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (20 articles) Alex E. Cable
    2. (20 articles) Thorlabs
    3. (14 articles) James Y. Jiang
    4. (10 articles) Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    5. (10 articles) James G. Fujimoto
    6. (9 articles) Benjamin M. Potsaid
    7. (7 articles) University of Maryland
    8. (7 articles) Yu Chen
    9. (5 articles) Vivek J. Srinivasan
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    Ultrahigh speed Spectral / Fourier domain OCT ophthalmic imaging at 70,000 to 312,500 axial scans per second Live imaging of blood flow in mammalian embryos using Doppler swept-source optical coherence tomography Three-dimensional coregistered optical coherence tomography and line-scanning fluorescence laminar optical tomography Automated quantification of microstructural dimensions of the human kidney using optical coherence tomography (OCT) Investigation of pore structure and cell distribution in EH-PEG hydrogel scaffold using optical coherence tomography and fluorescence microscopy Ultrahigh-speed volumetric ophthalmic OCT imaging at 800nm and 1050nm Optical Coherence Tomography of Human Kidney Doppler optical coherence tomography for imaging of brain hemodynamics Cooperative low-rank models for removing stripe noise from OCTA images MS-CAM: Multi-Scale Class Activation Maps for Weakly-supervised Segmentation of Geographic Atrophy Lesions in SD-OCT Images Attention-guided 3D-CNN Framework for Glaucoma Detection and Structural-Functional Association using Volumetric Images Machine Learning Techniques for Ophthalmic Data Processing: A Review