1. Articles from Hui Li

    1-22 of 22
    1. Morphological characteristics of zebrafish's yolk sac for malformation based on orthogonal-polarization-gating optical coherence tomography

      Morphological characteristics of zebrafish's yolk sac for malformation based on orthogonal-polarization-gating optical coherence tomography

      In this study, an automatic algorithm combining an ellipsoid approximation and U-net has been presented for characterization of a zebrafish's yolk sac The polarization-difference-balanced-detection image of zebrafish was obtained based on orthogonal-polarization-gating optical coherence tomography and used to segment the yolk sac region. And ellipsoid can approximate the shape of the three-dimensional yolk sac, and the multiple parameters of volume and the three principal axes (k, l and m) can be used to quantify the yolk sac. In addition, the multiple parameters of two principal axes (l and m) and volume can distinguish the malformation from the normal controlled ...

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    2. Quantitative assessment of vascular features in port wine stains through optical coherence tomography angiography

      Quantitative assessment of vascular features in port wine stains through optical coherence tomography angiography

      Background: Vascular lesions such as port wine stains (PWS) lead to facial and psychological problems, which require careful and precise treatments. The key point of treating PWS is to selectively destroy the abnormal blood vessels. Hence, the in vivo monitoring of targeted vessels is crucial. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), an emerging label-free imaging tool, facilitates the evaluation of skin structure and vasculature at a high resolution. In this study, we utilised OCTA to capture the structural and vascular morphology in patients with PWS. Moreover, we quantitatively characterised the morphological features of different types of PWS. Methods: This observational clinical ...

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    3. Evaluation of retinal vascular density and related factors in youth myopia without maculopathy using OCTA

      Evaluation of retinal vascular density and related factors in youth myopia without maculopathy using OCTA

      To evaluate the retinal vascular flow density changes of myopic eyes of young adults using optical coherence tomography angiography and the factors affecting these changes. In this cross-sectional study, 90 eyes of 45 participants were analyzed and divided into three groups: mild, moderate, and high myopia (without pathological changes). Macular and radial peripapillary capillary flow densities were measured using optical coherence tomography angiography. Their relationships with the axial length, the spherical equivalent of the refractive error, and age were analyzed using analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multivariate linear regression analysis. Superficial and deep macular vascular densities were ...

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    4. Quantitative analysis of vascular changes during photoimmunotherapy using speckle variance optical coherence tomography (SV-OCT)

      Quantitative analysis of vascular changes during photoimmunotherapy using speckle variance optical coherence tomography (SV-OCT)

      Near-infrared (NIR) photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is an emerging cancer therapy based on a monoclonal antibody and phthalocyanine dye conjugate. Direct tumor necrosis and immunogenic cell death occur during NIR irradiation. However, the alteration of tumor blood vessels and blood volume inside the blood vessels induced by the NIR-PIT process is still unknown. In our study, a speckle variance (SV) algorithm combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology was applied to monitor the change of blood vessels and the alterations of the blood volume inside the blood vessels during and after NIR-PIT treatment. Vascular density and the measurable diameter of the lumen ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography angiography characteristics of acute retinal arterial occlusion

      Optical coherence tomography angiography characteristics of acute retinal arterial occlusion

      Background To characterize the vascular changes in eyes within the acute phase of retinal arterial occlusion (RAO) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) imaging. Methods This was a retrospective, observational study. Nineteen patients with RAO (symptom onset within 7 days) and 19 age and sex-matched normal control individuals were included. A comprehensive ophthalmic examination and OCT-A examination were conducted for all the patients. Results The vessel density of the superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), and area with a width of 300 μm around the FAZ (FD-300) was significantly reduced in RAO patients compared with that in the ...

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    6. Reform and practice of optical coherence tomography (OCT) system-driven teaching for optoelectronic instrument principle and design

      Reform and practice of optical coherence tomography (OCT) system-driven teaching for optoelectronic instrument principle and design

      Optoelectronic instrument principle and design includes the optical, mechanical, electrical and count modules for one system. We change traditional mode of customary specialty course design for only taking the cell design ability into account. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can provide high-resolution 3D imaging system and wide application for tissue in vivo. In this work, we carry out OCT system– driven teaching into execution in the course design teaching, and decompose OCT system into four modules for teaching progress. The reform is not only cultivating student design ability based on OCT system exploitation, improving the engineering ability, but also help scientific ...

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    7. Single camera spectral domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on orthogonal channels by time divided detection

      Single camera spectral domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on orthogonal channels by time divided detection

      We demonstrate a simple polarization-sensitive spectral-domain optical coherence tomography implement by using a single line-scan camera based on time divided detection. Two light shutters were placed on the dual assembly reference arm that provides a divided detection between the orthogonal vertical and horizontal polarized lights. The relative reflectivity and the retardance information were available by recombining the two orthogonal polarization images. This system can be employed to implement high speed polarization-sensitive OCT images.

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    8. A method to improve the measurement stability of scattering coefficients in lip with optical coherence tomography

      A method to improve the measurement stability of scattering coefficients in lip with optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive imaging technique that provides real-time two- and three-dimensional images of scattering tissues with micrometer resolution. Scattering coefficient is estimated based on the slope of OCT dependent of depth. However, stability of the OCT signal slope is dependent on tissue heterogeneity. Our work is to provide a method of combining post-processing Fourier filtration with automatic identification of fitting range to reduce the effect of tissue heterogeneity on scattering coefficient, and used for noninvasive monitoring of glucose concentration in lip. Axial and lateral resolutions of OCT are 20 μm and 15 μm respectively. OCT images ...

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    9. In vivo noninvasive measurement of preprandial and postprandial blood glucose using optical coherence tomography

      In vivo noninvasive measurement of preprandial and postprandial blood glucose using optical coherence tomography

      Blood glucose concentration measurement is essential for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes. However, conventional glucose measurement methods are invasive and not suitable for real-time monitoring. This study demonstrated a noninvasive blood glucose measurement method using optical coherence tomography to image human lip in vivo. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive and depth-resolved technique capable of acquiring tissue structure images in real time. Human lip has very thin skin and is full of blood vessels, which is appropriate for noninvasive glucose measurement. To verify the feasibility of OCT for glucose concentration monitoring, two groups of OCT imaging data were ...

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    10. Imaging Spinal Structures With Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Imaging Spinal Structures With Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Impact Statement: We investigate polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) to obtain both intensity and polarization contrast images of in vivo and ex vivo spinal structures like subcutaneous fat, supraspinous ligament, interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum, dura, and spinal cord in a piglet model. The PS-OCT can provide enhanced contrast characteristic structures compared to the intensity OCT; therefore it has the potential for guidance in spine interventional procedures. Abstract: We investigate polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) to obtain both intensity and polarization contrast images of in vivo and ex vivo spinal structures like subcutaneous fat, supraspinous ligament, interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum, dura ...

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    11. Detection and analysis of multi-dimensional pulse wave based on optical coherence tomography

      Detection and analysis of multi-dimensional pulse wave based on optical coherence tomography

      Pulse diagnosis is an important method of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). Doctors diagnose the patients’ physiological and pathological statuses through the palpation of radial artery for radial artery pulse information. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an useful tool for medical optical research. Current conventional diagnostic devices only function as a pressure sensor to detect the pulse wave,which can just partially reflect the doctors feelings and lost large amounts of useful information. In this paper, the microscopic changes of the surface skin above radial artery had been studied in the form of images based on OCT. The deformation of surface ...

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    12. Optical coherence tomography examination of hair

      Optical coherence tomography examination of hair

      Human hair is a keratinous tissue composed mostly of flexible keratin, which can form a complex architecture consisting of distinct compartments or units (e.g. hair bulb, inner root sheath, shaft). Variations in hair shaft morphology can reflect ethnical diversity, but may also indicate internal diseases, nutritional deficiency, or hair and scalp disorders. Hair shaft abnormalities in cross section and diameter, as well as ultramorphological characterization and follicle shapes, might be visualized non-invasively by high-speed 2D and 3D optical coherence tomography (OCT). In this study, swept source OCT (ThorLabs) was used to examine human hair. Preliminary results showed that the ...

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    13. Observation and analysis on skin cancer induced by UVB irradiation using optical coherence tomography

      Observation and analysis on skin cancer induced by UVB irradiation using optical coherence tomography

      Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are the prevalent skin cancers, which have a quite high incidence in the white race. In recent years, however, their incidences have been increasing in the yellow race, resulting in a great threat to the public health. According to researches, chronics UVB irradiation (280nm~320nm) is the major culprit of skin cancer in humans. In our study, the model of UVB induced skin cancer was established firstly. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) combined with the histopathology was exploited to monitor the morphologic and histological changes of the process of UVB induced skin ...

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    14. Experimental research and observation of the skin response of mice with a second-degree scald duringirradiation by a CO 2 laser

      Experimental research and observation of the skin response of mice with a second-degree scald duringirradiation by a CO 2 laser

      Second-degree scalding is a common dermatological injury. Inappropriate treatment methods in clinical practice always produce scarring, and can lead to skin cancer and other complications in the longer term. In this study optical coherence tomography (OCT) combined with a skin detector was used to monitor the response of second-degree scalded skin tissue irradiated by a CO2 laser. The process of treatment of second-degree scalding was systematically studied from the perspective of tissue optics. The OCT signal intensity was stronger within the whole recovery period in the experimental group undergoing CO2 laser treatment, and the attenuation coefficient (μt) returned ...

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    15. Simultaneous determination of the tissue light scattering coefficient and Brownian diffusion coefficient using optical coherence tomography

      Simultaneous determination of the tissue light scattering coefficient and Brownian diffusion coefficient using optical coherence tomography

      Diseased tissue has different optical properties and dynamic behaviors from normal tissue, and this can be exploited for diagnostics and therapeutics. We present a model for simultaneously estimating the optical scattering coefficient and Brownian diffusion coefficient of superficial biological tissue. This theoretical model predicts that the U-quadratic distribution approximates the Lorentzian power spectrum due to the Brownian motion, when the frequency width of integration is much less than the power spectrum linewidth. Furthermore, it shows that the logarithmic intensity of all calculated wavelet frequencies is linearly dependent on the scattering coefficient and the standard deviation of the Doppler frequency shift ...

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    16. Optical features for chronological aging and photoaging skin by optical coherence tomography

      Optical features for chronological aging and photoaging skin by optical coherence tomography

      Abstract  The characteristics of skins in different aging processes were obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) single scattering model, and their optical parameters were analyzed quantitatively. Significant differences were found in epidermis thickness and attenuation coefficients in chronological aging skins and photonaging skins. These parameters can be served as indicators of skin type as well as the progress of aging. These results are valuable to the study of aging skin, and they could further help to understand the mechanism of aging.

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    17. Optical characters and texture maps of skin and the aging mechanism by use of multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Optical characters and texture maps of skin and the aging mechanism by use of multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Cutaneous aging is a complicated biological process affecting different constituents of skin, which can be divided into two types: the chronological aging and the photo-aging. The two cutaneous aging processes often co-exist accompanying with each other. The effects are often overlapped including changes in epithelium and dermis. The degeneration of collagen is a major factor in dermal alteration with aging. In this study, multiphoton microscopy (MPM) with its high resolution imaging and optical coherence tomography (OCT) with its depth resolved imaging were used to study the anti-aging dermatology in vivo. It was attempted to make the optical parameter and texture ...

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    18. Monitoring the process of tissue healing of rat skin in vivo after laser irradiation based on optical coherence tomography

      Monitoring the process of tissue healing of rat skin in vivo after laser irradiation based on optical coherence tomography
      It is imperative to evaluate the tissue wound healing response after laser irradiation so as to develop effective devices for this clinical indication, and evaluate the thermal damage degree to take appropriate treatment. In our research, we prepare 6 white rat (approximately 2 months old, weight :28±2g). Each rat was injected intraperitoneally a single dose of 2% pentobarbital sodium. After the rat was anesthetized, the two side of the rats' back were denuded and antisepsised a standardized. An Er:YAG laser (2940nm, 2.5J/cm2, single spot, 4 times) was irradiated on rat skin in vivo, and the skin ...
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    19. Monitoring collagen remodeling on opto-thermal response of photoaged skin irradiated by Er:YAG laser with optical coherence tomography

      Monitoring collagen remodeling on opto-thermal response of photoaged skin irradiated by Er:YAG laser with optical coherence tomography

      The Optical Coherence Tomography technology was used to perform noninvasive cross-sectional imaging of internal structures in photoaged mouse skin irradiated by Er:YAG laser. The mice were irradiated chronically with a steady dose of ultraviolet irradiation. Various laser light doses were irradiated on the back skins of the photoaged mouse. An OCT was used to observe the process of the collagen remodeling in dermis. The relationship between optical characteristic parameter such as attenuation coefficient and light dose was discovered. The total attenuation coefficient increased when the light dose increased. Our findings showed that Er:YAG laser could be used for ...

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    20. Combined optical coherence tomography based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel principle and histology of mouse skin

      Combined optical coherence tomography based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel principle and histology of mouse skin

      Noninvasive measurement technique to obtain tissue optical properties such as the scattering coefficient µs and the anisotropy factor g using optical coherence tomography (OCT) scattering model which based on the Extended Huygens-Fresnel principle is developed in our paper. Older and younger mouse-skin are as animal model to compare its scattering coefficient µs and the anisotropy factor g, the outcome shows that scattering coefficient µs is increased with the age of mouse-skin. Furthermore, we have made age's mouse-skin into H.E stain slices; the result of its morphology is consistent with the OCT imaging and OCT-EHF principle. All of that ...

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    21. Speckle imaging by combination of mathematical morphology and contrast ratio

      Speckle imaging by combination of mathematical morphology and contrast ratio

      This paper reports a combined speckle and polarization-difference approach for imaging absorbing inhomogeneities embedded in optical scattering medium. Mathematical morphological operation has been used to suppress the speckle coarse grains and reconstruct the position of the absorbing inhomogeneities embedded in turbid medium. Moreover, we quantify the scattering coefficient of the background medium using the average granulometric size. Then the local speckle contrast ratio is applied to enhance the edges of absorbing objects.

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    22. Collagen remodeling in photo-thermal damaged skin with optical coherence tomography and multiphoton microscopy

      Cutaneous photo-thermal damage is the common damages in clinical medicine; it is a complex and dynamic process that follows an orderly sequence of events. The sequence can be roughly divided into three distinct, yet sequentially overlapping phases-inflammation, granulation tissue formation, and tissue remodeling. Characteristic structural changes associated with each phase could provide a basis for photo-thermal damage assessment with imaging technologies. Monitoring the skin tissue response during the skin after irradiated by laser and tracing the process of skin remodeling would help to understand the mechanism of photo-thermal. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and multiphoton microscopy (MPM) imaging were used to ...

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    1-22 of 22
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    1. (14 articles) Fujian Normal University
    2. (2 articles) University of Maryland
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    Speckle imaging by combination of mathematical morphology and contrast ratio Combined optical coherence tomography based on the extended Huygens-Fresnel principle and histology of mouse skin Monitoring the process of tissue healing of rat skin in vivo after laser irradiation based on optical coherence tomography Monitoring collagen remodeling on opto-thermal response of photoaged skin irradiated by Er:YAG laser with optical coherence tomography Optical characters and texture maps of skin and the aging mechanism by use of multiphoton microscopy and optical coherence tomography Optical features for chronological aging and photoaging skin by optical coherence tomography Simultaneous determination of the tissue light scattering coefficient and Brownian diffusion coefficient using optical coherence tomography Experimental research and observation of the skin response of mice with a second-degree scald duringirradiation by a CO 2 laser Optical coherence tomography examination of hair New insights from non-invasive imaging: from prospection of skin photodamages to training with mobile application Short-sighted woman assumes debilitating headaches mean she needs new glasses but discovers she has multiple sclerosis Shedding light on the impact of microplastics on lentil seedling growth