1. Articles from francesco bandello

    1-24 of 89 1 2 3 4 »
    1. Appearance of cysts and capillary non perfusion areas in diabetic macular edema using two different OCTA devices

      Appearance of cysts and capillary non perfusion areas in diabetic macular edema using two different OCTA devices

      The aim of this paper was to distinguish the appearance of cysts and non-perfusion areas (NPAs) in diabetic macular edema (DME) using two different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) devices. In this study, patients underwent OCTA using the AngioVue XR Avanti Spectral Domain (SD) OCTA and the PLEX Elite 9000 Swept-Source (SS) OCTA. Foveal and extrafoveal regions of interest (ROI), defined as any area with an altered flow signal comparing to the surrounding retina, were selected in superficial and deep capillary plexus (SCP and DCP). ROI reflectivity were classified as hypo-reflective or hyper-reflective. Foveal ROI were analyzed to detect suspended ...

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    2. OCTA characterisation of microvascular retinal alterations in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy

      OCTA characterisation of microvascular retinal alterations in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy

      Purpose This study aimed to describe the characteristics of microvascular retinal alterations in eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) employing optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) analysis. Methods We collected data from 472 eyes with chronic CSC from 336 patients who had OCTA obtained. Each OCTA image was graded by two readers to assess the presence of microvascular retinal alterations, including regions of vascular rarefaction/retinal hypoperfusion, enlargement of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and presence of telangiectasias or microaneurysms. Volume spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans were obtained through the macula and the OCT was correlated with the ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetes: A review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetes: A review

      Diabetic retinopathy is a common diabetes complication representing a heavy burden in terms of visual impairment and heath expenditure. Optical coherence tomography angiography is a relatively new imaging method and has proven to be a powerful tool in the analysis of diabetic retinopathy common features, including microaneurysms, intraretinal microvascular abnormalities, or neovascularization, as well as in research field, challenging the gold standard of fluorescein angiography. Many studies underlined the vascular impairment observed through optical coherence tomography angiography and its typical parameters such as vessel length density, foveal avascular zone, and fractal dimension. Choriocapillaris involvement in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy ...

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    4. Choroidal thickness and the retinal ganglion cell complex in chronic Leberʼs hereditary optic neuropathy: a prospective study using swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Choroidal thickness and the retinal ganglion cell complex in chronic Leberʼs hereditary optic neuropathy: a prospective study using swept-source optical coherence tomography

      Background/Objectives Choroidal thinning has been suggested in Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). No study has been conducted of the choroid in relation to the retinal ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (RGC-IPL). We sought to measure choroidal thickness in chronic LHON and to correlate thickness changes with the RGC-IPL. Subjects/Methods Chronic LHON, 11778 mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation, patients (26 eyes; mean age: 35.1 ± 16.1 years) were prospectively recruited at Doheny Eye Center, University of California Los Angeles from March 2016 to July 2017. Age-matched healthy controls (27 eyes; mean age: 32.4 ± 11.1 years) were enroled ...

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    5. Multimodal evaluation of central and peripheral alterations in Stargardt disease: a pilot study

      Multimodal evaluation of central and peripheral alterations in Stargardt disease: a pilot study

      Background The clinical phenotype of Stargardt disease (STGD) can be extremely heterogeneous, with variable macular and peripheral retinal involvement. The study aim was to correlate peripheral ultrawide field (UWF) involvement with macular alterations, as assessed by structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA), in order to identify potentially different phenotypes. Methods The study involved patients with STGD and healthy controls. We performed a complete ophthalmologic assessment and multimodal imaging, including OCT, OCTA, fundus autofluorescence and UWF imaging. Patients with STGD were subdivided according to the peripheral involvement. OCT and OCTA quantitative parameters were analysed. The main outcome of ...

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    6. An optical coherence tomography-based grading of diabetic maculopathy proposed by an international expert panel: The European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology classification

      An optical coherence tomography-based grading of diabetic maculopathy proposed by an international expert panel: The European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology classification

      Aims: To present an authoritative, universal, easy-to-use morphologic classification of diabetic maculopathy based on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: The first draft of the project was developed based on previously published classifications and a literature search regarding the spectral domain optical coherence tomography quantitative and qualitative features of diabetic maculopathy. This draft was sent to an international panel of retina experts for a first revision. The panel met at the European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology headquarters in Lugano, Switzerland, and elaborated the final document. Results: Seven tomographic qualitative and quantitative features are taken into account and scored ...

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    7. The Bruno Lumbroso Lecture at the 7th International Congress on OCT Angiography

      The Bruno Lumbroso Lecture at the 7th International Congress on OCT Angiography

      Dear Colleagues: As you know, the International Congress on OCT Angiography, En Face OCT and Advances in OCT that Professor Bruno Lumbroso initiated few years ago will be in its 7th Year this December 2019 in Rome. Certainly, this global Congress has become one of the most successful, most-attended, and most educational meetings in the field of retinal imaging. Every December during the past six years, more than 1,000 of us have enjoyed spending few days in Rome learning the latest advances in retinal imaging, from OCT to OCTA to adaptive optics to microperimetry, among others, and meeting new ...

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    8. Vascular Patterns in Retinitis Pigmentosa on Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Vascular Patterns in Retinitis Pigmentosa on Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Background: Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) represents a retinal dystrophy with an extremely complex pathogenesis further worsened by the impairment of the retinal vascular supply. The main goal of this study was to identify different vascular patterns in RP, by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: A total of 32 RP patients (16 males, 50%; mean age 45.93 ± 11.4) and 32 healthy age-matched controls (16 males, 50%; age 42.8 ± 11.2). High resolution OCT and OCTA images were obtained from all participants. Several quantitative parameters were extracted both from structural OCT and OCTA images. A post-hoc analysis ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography Parameters as Predictors of Treatment Response to Eplerenone in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

      Optical Coherence Tomography Parameters as Predictors of Treatment Response to Eplerenone in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

      Purpose : To present data on clinical response to eplerenone over a 1-year period in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), and to evaluate optical coherence tomography (OCT) variables as predictors of treatment response at 3- and 12-month follow-up visits. Methods : Patients with acute or chronic CSC treated with eplerenone were retrospectively included. Clinical and imaging characteristics were recorded at baseline and at the 3-month and 12-month follow-up visits. Changes from baseline in quantitative measurements were calculated at each follow-up. Logistic regression analysis was computed to correlate clinical and OCT parameters at baseline with response to treatment at 3 and 12 ...

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    10. MULTIMODAL IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF SYPHILITIC CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION

      MULTIMODAL IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF SYPHILITIC CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION

      Purpose: To report a rare case of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) developed 2 years after successful treatment of ocular syphilis , identified by optical coherence tomography angiography . Methods: Case report. Results: A 31-year-old man with a history of syphilitic chorioretinitis developed a CNV 2 years after clinical remission of the infection. Structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography were helpful in providing detailed evidence of an extrafoveal CNV in an easy and noninvasive way. In comparison, the identification of CNV on fluorescein angiography was difficult because of the retinal blood barrier breakdown and intense choroidal background fluorescence for diffuse ...

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    11. Prognostic role of optical coherence tomography after switch to dexamethasone in diabetic macular edema

      Prognostic role of optical coherence tomography after switch to dexamethasone in diabetic macular edema

      Aims To analyze the visual outcome after early switch to dexamethasone (DEX) in eyes with diabetic macular edema previously treated with ranibizumab (RNB), based on structural spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) features. Methods Retrospective study of data from 28 eyes which underwent a loading dose of three monthly RNB injections and were then shifted to DEX implant injection. SD-OCT analysis was performed before switch to DEX (week 12, 12W) according to the presence of integrity of ellipsoid zone (EZ) and external limiting membrane (ELM), disorganization of retinal inner layers (DRIL), and quantity of hyper-reflective spots (HRS). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA ...

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    12. Correspondence: Impact of Binarization Thresholding and Brightness/Contrast Adjustment Methodology on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Quantification

      Correspondence: Impact of Binarization Thresholding and Brightness/Contrast Adjustment Methodology on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Quantification

      We read with interest the article by Mehta and colleagues titled “Impact of Binarization Thresholding and Brightness/Contrast Adjustment Methodology on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Quantification.” 1 The authors tested 5 methods to binarize optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) en face angiocubes at the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and choriocapillaris (CC) on a small cohort of healthy subjects. They found significant differences among the methods for the parameters studied, and the differences were more pronounced at the CC level.

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    13. Early response to the treatment of choroidal neovascularization complicating central serous chorioretinopathy: a OCT-angiography study

      Early response to the treatment of choroidal neovascularization complicating central serous chorioretinopathy: a OCT-angiography study

      Purpose To analyze the quantitative and qualitative early changes of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) after treatment using optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A). Methods Charts of consecutive patients with diagnosis of chronic CSC complicated by CNV were retrospectively reviewed. Included patients were divided in photodynamic therapy (PDT) or aflibercept group on the basis of the treatment received (half-fluence PDT or aflibercept 2.0 mg/0.05 ml intravitreal injection). Main outcome measures included the changes between baseline and 1-month follow-up in CNV vessel density (VD) and area on OCT-A images after thresholding and binarization. Results A ...

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    14. New imaging systems in diabetic retinopathy

      New imaging systems in diabetic retinopathy

      Various imaging modalities are of significant utility in the screening, grading, treatment, and follow-up of the different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema. Color stereographic photography, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been the gold standard for DR imaging for years. Besides these tools, newer technologies are gaining validation and popularity, such as fundus autofluorescence and OCT angiography. Furthermore, widefield retinography and ultra-widefield retinography have been introduced for a more comprehensive evaluation of the medium-far and very-far retinal peripheries, which is crucial for the assessment of the diverse manifestations of the disease. The aim of ...

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    15. Vascular Alterations Revealed With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography In Patients With Choroideremia

      Vascular Alterations Revealed With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography In Patients With Choroideremia

      Purpose: Choroideremia is a rare degenerative retinal disease that causes incurable blindness. It occurs as a result of the deficiency of the X-linked CHM gene, which encodes the Rab escort protein 1 (REP1). Gene therapy has been developed to treat CHM using adeno-associated viral vectors and is currently undergoing clinical trials. Expression of the CHM gene is ubiquitous throughout the retina, and it is therefore important to identify which retinal layers are affected in the disease process. The purpose of this study was to assess in particular the choriocapillaris using optical coherence tomography angiography because this layer is difficult to ...

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    16. Subretinal pseudocyst: A novel optical coherence tomography finding in age-related macular degeneration

      Subretinal pseudocyst: A novel optical coherence tomography finding in age-related macular degeneration

      Purpose: To report the presence of a new structural optical coherence tomography finding, namely, subretinal pseudocysts, in a patient affected by age-related macular degeneration. Methods: Case report including multimodal imaging discussion. Case Report: We report a case of a 77-year-old woman affected by age-related macular degeneration from 7 years. Best corrected visual acuity was counting fingers and 20/40 in the right and left eye, respectively. The left eye was affected by type 1 macular neovascularization treated by 34 intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (22 ranibizumab and 12 aflibercept injections). Interestingly, structural optical coherence tomography showed the persistence ...

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    17. Progression of Diabetic Microaneurysms According to the Internal Reflectivity on Structural Optical Coherence Tomography and Visibility on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Progression of Diabetic Microaneurysms According to the Internal Reflectivity on Structural Optical Coherence Tomography and Visibility on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose To investigate the progression of diabetic microaneurysms (MAs) according to the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) characteristics and to evaluate their influence on the retinal extracellular fluid accumulation at 1 year follow-up in patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). Design Prospective, observational case series. Methods Fourteen patients with NPDR underwent SD-OCT and OCTA at the baseline and at 1 year follow-up. For all the selected MAs the visibility, the changes of internal reflectivity, graded as hyporeflective, moderate, or hyperreflective, and the extracellular fluid accumulation surrounding each MA on SD-OCT at 1 year were evaluated. The ...

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    18. Inner Retinal Layer and Outer Retinal Layer Findings after Macular Hole Surgery Assessed by means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Inner Retinal Layer and Outer Retinal Layer Findings after Macular Hole Surgery Assessed by means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Aim . To summarize the spectrum of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) features after full-thickness macular hole (MH) repair surgery. Methods . A PubMed engine search was carried out using the terms “Macular Hole,” “Optical Coherence Tomography,” and “Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.” All reports published in English up to October 2018, irrespective of their publication status, were included. Tomographic signs analyzed were divided according to the involved portion of the retina in “inner retinal layers” and “external retinal layers.” Despite predominantly involving the inner retinal layers, cystoid macular edema (CME) has been treated as a separate entity. Finally, report ...

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    19. Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Assessment Of Fellow Eyes In Coats Disease

      Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Assessment Of Fellow Eyes In Coats Disease

      Purpose: To assess foveal and parafoveal vasculature at superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus, and choriocapillaris using optical coherence tomography angiography in the fellow eyes of patients with Coats disease . Methods: Observational and prospective case series. Thirteen patients with unilateral Coats and 14 healthy age- and sex-matched controls were consecutively recruited at Manchester Royal Eye Hospital and the Department of Ophthalmology of San Raffaele Hospital. Both groups underwent complete ophthalmologic examination, including optical coherence tomography angiography (Topcon Corp) 3 mm × 3 mm scans. Images were imported into ImageJ software and binarized; foveal avascular zone area was manually outlined and ...

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    20. SWEPT-SOURCE AND SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY VERSUS DYE ANGIOGRAPHY IN THE MEASUREMENT OF TYPE 1 NEOVASCULARIZATION

      SWEPT-SOURCE AND SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY VERSUS DYE ANGIOGRAPHY IN THE MEASUREMENT OF TYPE 1 NEOVASCULARIZATION

      Purpose: To compare the area of Type 1 neovascularization in patients with age-related macular degeneration calculated on spectral domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD-OCTA), swept-source OCTA, and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Methods: Cross-sectional study enrolling patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration with Type 1 neovascularization . During the same visit, ICGA (Spectralis HRA, Heidelberg, Germany), 3 × 3-mm or 6 × 6-mm SD-OCTA (CIRRUS AngioPlex model 5000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc, Dublin, OH), and 3 × 3-mm or 6 × 6-mm swept-source OCTA (Plex Elite 9000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc) were performed. Neovascularization areas were compared among the three instruments. The degree of consistency between ...

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    21. Choroidal Neovascularization in Torpedo Maculopathy Assessed on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Choroidal Neovascularization in Torpedo Maculopathy Assessed on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Torpedo maculopathy is characterized by a congenital, unilateral, and torpedo-shaped chorioretinal lesion with unclear pathogenesis and evolution. Although the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) characteristics have already been defined in literature, the authors describe for the first time the presence of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) on the temporal edge of this lesion in a 36-year-old woman with a history of altered visual field in her left eye. The authors' investigation supports the hypothesis of an aberrant choroidal circulation underlying the pathogenesis of this condition, and proves the advantage conferred by OCTA in CNV detection over the other angiographic techniques.

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    22. En Face Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Primary Vitreoretinal Lymphoma

      En Face Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Primary Vitreoretinal Lymphoma

      The authors report a case of a female patient affected by primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) showing retinal involvement. In particular, multiple subretinal hyperreflective infiltrates were found on optical coherence tomography (OCT). These alterations appeared hyperautofluorescent on fundus autofluorescence images. Interestingly, they also appeared hyperreflective on OCT angiography images. This case report underlined the high utility of OCT-based methodologies in accurately detecting and describing PVRL features.

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    23. Comparison of methods to quantify macular and peripapillary vessel density in optical coherence tomography angiography

      Comparison of methods to quantify macular and peripapillary vessel density in optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To compare macular and peripapillary vessel density values calculated on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) images with different algorithms, elaborate conversion formula, and compare the ability to discriminate healthy from affected eyes. Methods Cross-sectional study of healthy subjects, patients with diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma patients (44 eyes in each group). Vessel density in the macular superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), and the peripapillary radial capillary plexus (RCP) were calculated with seven previously published algorithms. Systemic differences, diagnostic properties, reliability, and agreement of the methods were investigated. Results Healthy eyes exhibited higher vessel density values in all ...

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    24. Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy Imaged With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy Imaged With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      The authors present a case of a 29-year-old man who presented to the Department of Ophthalmology at their institution to complete a peripheral laser treatment in his left eye for familial exudative vitreoretinopathy complicated by tractional macular edema.

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    1. (80 articles) Francesco Bandello
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