1. Articles from Keishi Ohtani

    1-6 of 6
    1. Reproducibility of optical coherence tomography airway imaging

      Reproducibility of optical coherence tomography airway imaging

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising imaging technique to evaluate small airway remodeling. However, the short-term insertion-reinsertion reproducibility of OCT for evaluating the same bronchial pathway has yet to be established. We evaluated 74 OCT data sets from 38 current or former smokers twice within a single imaging session. Although the overall insertion-reinsertion airway wall thickness (WT) measurement coefficient of variation (CV) was moderate at 12%, much of the variability between repeat imaging was attributed to the observer; CV for repeated measurements of the same airway (intra-observer CV) was 9%. Therefore, reproducibility may be improved by introduction of automated ...

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    2. Bronchial thermoplasty in asthma: 2-year follow-up using optical coherence tomography

      Bronchial thermoplasty in asthma: 2-year follow-up using optical coherence tomography

      Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a novel, nonpharmacological procedure for treatment of severe asthma. Recently, the Asthma Intervention Research 2 clinical trial demonstrated asthmatics had fewer hospitalisations following BT, which persisted 5 years after therapy [1]. However, it is well recognised that asthma is a heterogeneous disease with distinct asthma phenotypes and, not surprisingly, not all asthmatics in that trial benefited from BT [2].

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    3. Validation of Airway Wall Measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography in Porcine Airways

      Validation of Airway Wall Measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography in Porcine Airways

      Examining and quantifying changes in airway morphology is critical for studying longitudinal pathogenesis and interventions in diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Here we present fiber-optic optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a nondestructive technique to precisely and accurately measure the 2-dimensional cross-sectional areas of airway wall substructure divided into the mucosa (WA muc ), submucosa (WA sub ), cartilage (WA cart ), and the airway total wall area (WAt). Porcine lung airway specimens were dissected from freshly resected lung lobes (N = 10). Three-dimensional OCT imaging using a fiber-optic rotary-pullback probe was performed immediately on airways greater than 0.9 mm ...

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    4. In vivo lung microvasculature visualized in three dimensions using fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography

      In vivo lung microvasculature visualized in three dimensions using fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography

      For the first time, the use of fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography (CDOCT) to map in vivo the three-dimensional (3-D) vascular network of airway segments in human lungs is demonstrated. Visualizing the 3-D vascular network in the lungs may provide new opportunities for detecting and monitoring lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer. Our CDOCT instrument employs a rotary fiber-optic probe that provides simultaneous two-dimensional (2-D) real-time structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and CDOCT imaging at frame rates up to 12.5 frames per second. Controlled pullback of the probe allows 3-D vascular mapping ...

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    5. Frontiers in Bronchoscopic Imaging

      Frontiers in Bronchoscopic Imaging
      Bronchoscopy is a minimally-invasive method for diagnosis of diseases of the airways and the lung parenchyma. Standard bronchoscopy uses the reflectance/scattering properties of white light from tissue to examine the macroscopic appearance of airways. It does not exploit the full spectrum of the optical properties of bronchial tissues. Advances in optical imaging such as optical coherence tomography (OCT), confocal endomicroscopy, autofluorescence imaging and laser Raman spectroscopy are at the forefront to allow in-vivo high resolution probing of the microscopic structure, biochemical compositions and even molecular alterations in disease states. OCT can visualize cellular and extracellular structures at and below ...
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    6. Outcome of Photodynamic Therapy Using NPe6 for Bronchogenic Carcinomas in Central Airways >1.0 cm in Diameter

      Outcome of Photodynamic Therapy Using NPe6 for Bronchogenic Carcinomas in Central Airways >1.0 cm in Diameter
      Purpose: Most centrally located early lung cancers (CLELC) <1.0 cm in diameter do not invade beyond the bronchial cartilage, and photodynamic therapy (PDT) with Photofrin is currently recommended as a treatment option for such lesions. NPe6 is a second-generation photosensitizer, and because it has a longer absorption band (664 nm) than Photofrin (630 nm), we hypothesized that NPe6-PDT would exert a strong antitumor effect against cancer lesions >1.0 cm in diameter, which are assumed to involve extracartilaginous invasion and to be unsuitable for treatment with Photofrin-PDT. Experimental Design: Between June 2004 and December 2008, 75 patients (91 lesions) with CLELC underwent NPe6-PDT after the extent of their tumors had been assessed by fluorescence bronchoscopy for photodynamic diagnosis and tumor depth had been assessed by optical coherence tomography. Results: Seventy cancer lesions ≤1.0 cm in diameter and 21 lesions >1.0 cm in diameter were identified, and the complete response rate was 94.0% (66 of 70) and ...
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    1-6 of 6
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (5 articles) Stephen Lam
    2. (4 articles) Pierre M. Lane
    3. (3 articles) British Columbia Cancer Agency
    4. (3 articles) University of British Columbia
    5. (3 articles) Harvey O. Coxson
    6. (3 articles) Abbot
    7. (2 articles) Tokyo Medical University
    8. (1 articles) Ryerson University
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    10. (1 articles) Victor X. D. Yang
    11. (1 articles) Jikei University School of Medicine
    12. (1 articles) Macquarie University
    13. (1 articles) Medical University of Vienna
    14. (1 articles) University of Florence
    15. (1 articles) National Institutes of Health
    16. (1 articles) Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
    17. (1 articles) Giacomo Savini
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    Outcome of Photodynamic Therapy Using NPe6 for Bronchogenic Carcinomas in Central Airways >1.0 cm in Diameter Frontiers in Bronchoscopic Imaging In vivo lung microvasculature visualized in three dimensions using fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography Validation of Airway Wall Measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography in Porcine Airways Bronchial thermoplasty in asthma: 2-year follow-up using optical coherence tomography Reproducibility of optical coherence tomography airway imaging Heterogeneity of Neointimal Healing Following Biodegradable-polymer Drug-Eluting Coronary Stent Implantation Swept-source and multimodal OCT technologies offer clinical advantages Early vascular response of ultra-thin bioresorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents assessed by optical frequency domain imaging: the EVALUATION study OCT, OCTA show promise in screening for DR Improved Diagnostic Imaging of Brain Tumors by Multimodal Microscopy and Deep Learning Thromboembolic or atherosclerotic? Optical coherence tomography in determining the cause of myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation