1. Articles from Carol Y. Cheung

    1-24 of 57 1 2 3 »
    1. Retinal imaging in Alzheimer’s disease

      Retinal imaging in Alzheimer’s disease

      Identifying biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) will accelerate the understanding of its pathophysiology, facilitate screening and risk stratification, and aid in developing new therapies. Developments in non-invasive retinal imaging technologies, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography and digital retinal photography, have provided a means to study neuronal and vascular structures in the retina in people with AD. Both qualitative and quantitative measurements from these retinal imaging technologies (eg, thinning of peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer, inner retinal layer, and choroidal layer, reduced capillary density, abnormal vasodilatory response) have been shown to be associated with cognitive function impairment and ...

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    2. Associations between thinner retinal neuronal layers and suboptimal brain structural integrity: Are the eyes a window to the brain?

      Associations between thinner retinal neuronal layers and suboptimal brain structural integrity: Are the eyes a window to the brain?

      We investigated the extent to which measures of retinal neuronal thickness capture variability in the structural integrity of the brain in a large population-based cohort followed from birth to midlife. Using data from the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study (n=1037; analytic n=828, aged 45 years), we specifically tested for associations between optical coherence tomography-measured retinal neuronal layers and MRI-measured structural brain integrity. We found that Study members who had thinner retinal neuronal layers had thinner average cortex, smaller total cortical surface area, smaller subcortical grey matter volumes, larger volume of white matter hyperintensities as well as older ...

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    3. Three-Dimensional Multi-Task Deep Learning Model to Detect Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy and Myopic Features From Optical Coherence Tomography Scans: A Retrospective Multi-Centre Study

      Three-Dimensional Multi-Task Deep Learning Model to Detect Glaucomatous Optic Neuropathy and Myopic Features From Optical Coherence Tomography Scans: A Retrospective Multi-Centre Study

      Purpose: We aim to develop a multi-task three-dimensional (3D) deep learning (DL) model to detect glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) and myopic features (MF) simultaneously from spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) volumetric scans. Methods: Each volumetric scan was labelled as GON according to the criteria of retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thinning, with a structural defect that correlated in position with the visual field defect (i.e., reference standard). MF were graded by the SDOCT en face images, defined as presence of peripapillary atrophy (PPA), optic disc tilting, or fundus tessellation. The multi-task DL model was developed by ResNet with output ...

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    4. Clinically relevant factors associated with a binary outcome of diabetic macular ischaemia: an OCTA study

      Clinically relevant factors associated with a binary outcome of diabetic macular ischaemia: an OCTA study

      Aims We investigated the demographic, ocular, diabetes-related and systemic factors associated with a binary outcome of diabetic macular ischaemia (DMI) as assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) evaluation of non-perfusion at the level of the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) in a cohort of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Materials and methods 617 patients with DM were recruited from July 2015 to December 2020 at the Chinese University of Hong Kong Eye Centre. Image quality assessment (gradable or ungradable for assessing DMI) and DMI evaluation (presence or absence of DMI) were assessed at the level ...

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    5. A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      Background Diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains limited. We assessed whether compensating the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness for multiple demographic and anatomical factors as well as the combination of macular layers improves the detection of MCI and AD. Methods This cross-sectional study of 62 AD ( n  = 92 eyes), 108 MCI ( n  = 158 eyes), and 55 cognitively normal control ( n  = 86 eyes) participants. Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) thickness was extracted. Circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) measurement was compensated for several ocular factors. Thickness ...

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    6. A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      Background: Diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains limited. We assessed whether compensating the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness for multiple demographic and anatomical factors as well as the combination of macular layers improves the detection of MCI and AD. Methods: This cross-sectional study of 62 AD (n = 92 eyes), 108 MCI (n = 158 eyes), and 55 cognitively normal control (n = 86 eyes) participants. Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) thickness was extracted. Circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) measurement was compensated for several ocular factors. Thickness ...

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    7. Optical coherence tomography angiography metrics predict normal tension glaucoma progression

      Optical coherence tomography angiography metrics predict normal tension glaucoma progression

      Purpose: To prospectively determine the relationship between optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) metrics and visual field (VF) progression in eyes with normal tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: Prospective, cohort study conducted from January 2017 to October 2021. OCTA metrics at the peripapillary region (circumpapillary vessel density (cpVD), vessel diameter index (VDI) and fractal dimension (FD) in the radial superficial capillary network), and the macular region (macular vessel density, foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, FAZ circularity and macular FD in superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP)), were investigated and measured by a customized MATLAB program. VF was evaluated semiannually ...

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    8. Relationship between macular intercapillary area measured by optical coherence tomography angiography and central visual field sensitivity in normal tension glaucoma

      Relationship between macular intercapillary area measured by optical coherence tomography angiography and central visual field sensitivity in normal tension glaucoma

      Purpose To investigate the relationship of macular intercapillary area (ICA) with macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness and central visual field sensitivity (CVFS) in normal tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods Seventy-eight early NTG eyes, 33 moderate-to-severe NTG eyes and 75 normal control eyes were cross-sectional evaluated. All participants underwent swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A; DRI-OCT, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan). A customised MATLAB program was used to quantify macular OCT-A metrics at central 3×3 mm macular region including vascular density (VD), foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, 10 largest ICA including FAZ area (ICA10_IncFAZ) and excluding FAZ area (ICA10_ExcFAZ). Generalised estimating ...

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    9. Optical Coherence Tomography Classification Systems for Diabetic Macular Edema and Their Associations With Visual Outcome and Treatment Responses

      Optical Coherence Tomography Classification Systems for Diabetic Macular Edema and Their Associations With Visual Outcome and Treatment Responses

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an invaluable imaging tool in detecting and assessing diabetic macular edema (DME). Over the past decade, there have been different proposed OCT-based classification systems for DME. In this review, we present an update of spectral-domain OCT (SDOCT)-based DME classifications over the past 5 years. In addition, we attempt to summarize the proposed OCT qualitative and quantitative parameters from different classification systems in relation to disease severity, risk of progression, and treatment outcome. Although some OCT-based measurements were found to have prognostic value on visual outcome, there has been a lack of consensus or guidelines ...

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    10. The Application of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Systemic Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis

      The Application of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Systemic Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis

      Objective: Multiple studies have compared various optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters in participants with systemic hypertension vs. controls and have presented discordant findings. We conducted a meta-analysis to pool together data from different studies to generate an overall effect size and find out whether OCTA parameter(s) significantly differed in participants with systemic hypertension as compared to controls. Methods: We conducted a literature search through a search of electronic databases to identify studies before 19 June 2021, which compared OCTA parameters in non-diabetic participants with systemic hypertension vs. controls. If the OCTA parameter had a minimum number of 3 ...

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    11. A multi-task deep-learning system for assessment of diabetic macular ischemia on optical coherence tomography angiography images

      A multi-task deep-learning system for assessment of diabetic macular ischemia on optical coherence tomography angiography images

      Purpose: We aimed to develop and test a deep-learning (DL) system to perform image quality and diabetic macular ischemia (DMI) assessment on OCTA images. Methods: This study included 7,194 OCTA images with diabetes mellitus for training and primary validation, and 960 images from three independent datasets for external testing. A trinary classification for image quality assessment and presence or absence of DMI for DMI assessment were labelled on all OCTA images. Two DenseNet-161 models were built for both tasks for OCTA images of superficial and deep capillary plexus, respectively. External testing was performed on three unseen datasets in which ...

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    12. Deep Learning-Based Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Analysis: An Updated Summary

      Deep Learning-Based Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Analysis: An Updated Summary

      Deep learning (DL) is a subset of artificial intelligence based on deep neural networks. It has made remarkable breakthroughs in medical imaging, particularly for image classification and pattern recognition. In ophthalmology, there are rising interests in applying DL methods to analyze optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images. Studies showed that OCT and OCTA image evaluation by DL algorithms achieved good performance for disease detection, prognosis prediction, and image quality control, suggesting that the incorporation of DL technology could potentially enhance the accuracy of disease evaluation and the efficiency of clinical workflow. However, substantial issues, such ...

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    13. A Multitask Deep-Learning System to Classify Diabetic Macular Edema for Different Optical Coherence Tomography Devices: A Multicenter Analysis

      A Multitask Deep-Learning System to Classify Diabetic Macular Edema for Different Optical Coherence Tomography Devices: A Multicenter Analysis

      OBJECTIVE Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the primary cause of vision loss among individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM). We developed, validated, and tested a deep learning (DL) system for classifying DME using images from three common commercially available optical coherence tomography (OCT) devices. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We trained and validated two versions of a multitask convolution neural network (CNN) to classify DME (center-involved DME [CI-DME], non-CI-DME, or absence of DME) using three-dimensional (3D) volume scans and 2D B-scans, respectively. For both 3D and 2D CNNs, we used the residual network (ResNet) as the backbone. For the 3D CNN, we ...

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    14. Comparison of choroidal thickness measurements between spectral domain optical coherence tomography and swept source optical coherence tomography in children

      Comparison of choroidal thickness measurements between spectral domain optical coherence tomography and swept source optical coherence tomography in children

      Choroidal thickness is associated with many ocular conditions, interchangeability among different generations of optical coherence tomography is therefore important for both research purpose and clinical application. Hence, we compared choroidal thickness measurements between spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in healthy paediatric eyes. A total of 114 children from the population-based Hong Kong Children Eye Study with mean age of 7.38 ± 0.82 years were included. Choroidal thickness of the right eye was measured by both devices. The central foveal choroidal thickness (CFCT) measured by SD-OCT and SS-OCT was 273.24 ± 54.29 μm ...

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    15. Understanding Visual Acuity Outcomes After Retinal Detachment Repair by Assessing Photoreceptor Integrity on Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Understanding Visual Acuity Outcomes After Retinal Detachment Repair by Assessing Photoreceptor Integrity on Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      The annual incidence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is approximately 18 to 22 per 100 000 population1,2 and reported techniques for reattaching the retina include pneumatic retinopexy (PnR), scleral buckle, and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Recently, it has become increasingly common to repair a retinal detachment using vitrectomy and gas, given the higher anatomical success rate of this procedure. However, the Pneumatic Retinopexy Versus Vitrectomy for the Management of Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment Outcomes Randomized Trial (PIVOT) showed that even though the anatomical success of PnR is lower than that of PPV, visual acuity outcomes were better and rates ...

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    16. Characterization of macular choroid in normal-tension glaucoma: a swept-source optical coherence tomography study

      Characterization of macular choroid in normal-tension glaucoma: a swept-source optical coherence tomography study

      Purpose: To investigate the features of the small-to-medium (choriocapillaris and Sattler's layer) and large (Haller's layer) sized vessel layers of the macular choroid in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) patients using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Methods: We conducted an observational cross-sectional study in 234 NTG eyes from 134 patients, and 203 normal eyes from 109 non-glaucomatous control subjects. We used Image J to segment the choroidal layer and then a Python script to measure the average macular choroidal thickness (MCT) and choroidal vascular index (CVI) of two vessel layers at five different locations. Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA ...

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    17. Longitudinal Changes in Macular Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Metrics in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma With High Myopia: A Prospective Study

      Longitudinal Changes in Macular Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Metrics in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma With High Myopia: A Prospective Study

      Purpose : To characterize longitudinal changes in macular microvasculature as quantified from optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) metrics in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes with and without high myopia. Methods : In total, 63 and 61 POAG eyes with and without high myopia, respectively, underwent swept-source OCTA imaging in at least four follow-up visits at an ophthalmic center, with a scanning protocol of 3- × 3-mm centered at the fovea. The foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, FAZ circularity, and vessel density (VD) in both the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexuses (DCP) were measured. The rate of change in macular OCTA metrics over ...

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    18. Improved Automated Foveal Avascular Zone Measurement in Cirrus Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Using the Level Sets Macro

      Improved Automated Foveal Avascular Zone Measurement in Cirrus Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Using the Level Sets Macro

      Purpose : To evaluate automated measurements of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) using the Level Sets macro (LSM) in ImageJ as compared with the Cirrus optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) inbuilt algorithm and the Kanno–Saitama macro (KSM). Methods : The eyes of healthy volunteers were scanned four times consecutively on the Zeiss Cirrus HD-OCT 5000 system. The FAZ metrics (area, perimeter, and circularity) were measured manually and automatically by the Cirrus inbuilt algorithm, the KSM, and the LSM. The accuracy and repeatability of all methods and agreement between automated and manual methods were evaluated. Results : The LSM segmented the FAZ with ...

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    19. Comparison of Peripapillary Vessel Density of Acute Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy and Other Optic Neuropathies With Disc Swelling Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography: A Pilot Study

      Comparison of Peripapillary Vessel Density of Acute Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy and Other Optic Neuropathies With Disc Swelling Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography: A Pilot Study

      Background: The purpose of this study is to quantitatively compare the peripapillary vessel density (PPVD), measured with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A), between acute nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and other causes of disc swelling ("others"). Methods: In this prospective comparative case series, patients with unilateral disc swelling due to acute NAION (n = 7) and "others" (n = 7) underwent OCT-A scanning of the optic nerve head with a swept-source OCT (Triton DRI-OCT), in addition to functional assessment. OCT-A images were analyzed using an automated customized MATLAB program. Comparison was made between total and 6 sectoral PPVD (radial peripapillary capillary ...

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    20. Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy: an updated review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy: an updated review

      Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has been developed to visualize the retinal microvasculature and choriocapillaris based on the motion contrast of circulating blood cells. Depth-resolved ability and non-invasive nature of OCTA allow for repeated examinations and visualization of microvasculature at the retinal capillary plexuses and choriocapillaris. OCTA enables quantification of microvascular alterations in the retinal capillary network, in addition to the detection of classical features associated with DR, including microaneurysms, intraretinal microvascular abnormalities, and neovascularization. OCTA has a promising role as an objective tool for quantifying extent of microvascular ...

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    21. Deep learning in glaucoma with optical coherence tomography: a review

      Deep learning in glaucoma with optical coherence tomography: a review

      Deep learning (DL), a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) based on deep neural networks, has made significant breakthroughs in medical imaging, particularly for image classification and pattern recognition. In ophthalmology, applying DL for glaucoma assessment with optical coherence tomography (OCT), including OCT traditional reports, two-dimensional (2D) B-scans, and three-dimensional (3D) volumetric scans, has increasingly raised research interests. Studies have demonstrated that using DL for interpreting OCT is efficient, accurate, and with good performance for discriminating glaucomatous eyes from normal eyes, suggesting that incorporation of DL technology in OCT for glaucoma assessment could potentially address some gaps in the current practice ...

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    22. Different Effect of Media Opacity on Vessel Density Measured by Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Algorithms

      Different Effect of Media Opacity on Vessel Density Measured by Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Algorithms

      Abstract Purpose : Several studies show that media opacity reduces vessel density (VD) measured by image processing algorithms of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). However, different models of OCTA designed their own algorithms and computational methods, which may have different effects of opacity on VD. This study is aimed to investigate the impact of a simulated model of media opacity on quantitative measurement of two OCTA devices. Methods : A spectral-domain based OCTA (Cirrus 5000; Carl Zeiss Meditec) and a swept-source based OCTA (Triton DRI-OCT, Topcon Inc.) were used to image retinal microvasculature at the macula using 3 × 3 mm scanning protocol ...

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    23. Association of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Metrics With Detection of Impaired Macular Microvasculature and Decreased Vision in Amblyopic Eyes

      Association of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Metrics With Detection of Impaired Macular Microvasculature and Decreased Vision in Amblyopic Eyes

      Importance Microvascular abnormalities in amblyopia are becoming evident with high-resolution imaging, such as optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A); however, to our knowledge, the clinical significance and use of these findings are unknown. Objective To assess changes in quantitative OCT-A metrics in amblyopic eyes and explore their association with visual acuity in children. Design, Setting, and Participants This population-based nested case-control study included children aged 6 to 8 years who were consecutively recruited between January 2016 and July 2017 from the population-based Hong Kong Children Eye Study (HKCES) at the Chinese University of Hong Kong Eye Centre. All participants underwent OCT-A ...

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    24. Assessment of retinal neurodegeneration with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography: a systematic review and meta-analysis

      Assessment of retinal neurodegeneration with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography: a systematic review and meta-analysis

      Objectives To comprehensively assess diabetic retinopathy neurodegeneration (DRN) as quantified by retinal neuronal and axonal layers measured with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in subjects with diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods Articles on the topic of examining macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (m-GCIPL), macular retinal nerve fibre layer (m-RNFL), macular ganglion cell complex (m-GCC), and peripapillary RNFL (p-RNFL) measured with SD-OCT in DM subjects without DR (NDR) or with non-proliferative DR (NPDR) were searched in PubMed and Embase up to November 31, 2019. Standardized mean difference (SMD) as effect size were pooled using random-effects model. Results Thirty-six studies searched from online ...

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    1-24 of 57 1 2 3 »
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