1. Articles from Pierre Lane

    1-16 of 16
    1. PhD Studentship in The Optical Cancer Imaging Lab at the British Columbia Cancer Agency

      PhD Studentship in The Optical Cancer Imaging Lab at the British Columbia Cancer Agency

      The Optical Cancer Imaging Lab (OCIL) at the British Columbia Cancer Agency (BCCA) in Vancouver, Canada, has an opening for a PhD student (September 2017 start). The OCIL develops and validates non-invasive high-resolution optical tools for the early detection and management of cancer. Our research includes all aspects of optical imaging and spectroscopy for the in vivo , ex vivo , and in silica evaluation of tissues from different organ sites including lung, cervix, oral cavity, skin and colon. Further information is available online ( www.biophotonics.bccrc.ca ). The successful candidate will receive his/her degree from Simon Fraser University ( www.sfu ...

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    2. Reproducibility of optical coherence tomography airway imaging

      Reproducibility of optical coherence tomography airway imaging

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising imaging technique to evaluate small airway remodeling. However, the short-term insertion-reinsertion reproducibility of OCT for evaluating the same bronchial pathway has yet to be established. We evaluated 74 OCT data sets from 38 current or former smokers twice within a single imaging session. Although the overall insertion-reinsertion airway wall thickness (WT) measurement coefficient of variation (CV) was moderate at 12%, much of the variability between repeat imaging was attributed to the observer; CV for repeated measurements of the same airway (intra-observer CV) was 9%. Therefore, reproducibility may be improved by introduction of automated ...

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    3. Endoscopic Doppler optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence imaging of peripheral pulmonary nodules and vasculature

      Endoscopic Doppler optical coherence tomography and autofluorescence imaging of peripheral pulmonary nodules and vasculature

      We present the first endoscopic Doppler optical coherence tomography and co-registered autofluorescence imaging (DOCT-AFI) of peripheral pulmonary nodules and vascular networks in vivo using a small 0.9 mm diameter catheter. Using exemplary images from volumetric data sets collected from 31 patients during flexible bronchoscopy, we demonstrate how DOCT and AFI offer complementary information that may increase the ability to locate and characterize pulmonary nodules. AFI offers a sensitive visual presentation for the rapid identification of suspicious airway sites, while co-registered OCT provides detailed structural information to assess the airway morphology. We demonstrate the ability of AFI to visualize vascular ...

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    4. Systems For Optical Imaging Of Biological Tissues

      Systems For Optical Imaging Of Biological Tissues

      A fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) system uses a new polarization diversity detection (PDD) scheme and requires no active polarization modulating components. Retardation of the sample can be determined from amplitudes of arbitrarily-oriented x- and y-components of the reflected light. A hybrid custom 50/50 coupler with single-mode fiber inputs and polarization maintaining (PM) fiber outputs combines light from sample and reference arms of an interferometer. Another embodiment provides a system adapted to provide co-registered autofluorescence-optical coherence tomography (AF-OCT) imaging. AF excitation light is introduced and collected AF light is extracted at a fiber optic rotary joint (FORJ ...

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    5. Bronchial thermoplasty in asthma: 2-year follow-up using optical coherence tomography

      Bronchial thermoplasty in asthma: 2-year follow-up using optical coherence tomography

      Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a novel, nonpharmacological procedure for treatment of severe asthma. Recently, the Asthma Intervention Research 2 clinical trial demonstrated asthmatics had fewer hospitalisations following BT, which persisted 5 years after therapy [1]. However, it is well recognised that asthma is a heterogeneous disease with distinct asthma phenotypes and, not surprisingly, not all asthmatics in that trial benefited from BT [2].

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    6. Passive endoscopic polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with completely fiber based optical components

      Passive endoscopic polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with completely fiber based optical components

      Polarization Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography (PSOCT) is a functional extension of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) that is sensitive to well-structured, birefringent tissue such as scars, smooth muscle and cartilage. In this work, we present a novel completely fiber based swept source PSOCT system using a fiber-optic rotary pullback catheter. This PSOCT implementation uses only passive optical components and requires no calibration while adding minimal additional cost to a standard structural OCT imaging system. Due to its complete fiber construction, the system can be made compact and robust, while the fiber-optic catheter allows access to most endoscopic imaging sites. The 1 ...

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    7. Fiber-Based Polarization Diversity Detection for Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      Fiber-Based Polarization Diversity Detection for  Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography

      We present a new fiber-based polarization diversity detection (PDD) scheme for polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PSOCT). This implementation uses a new custom miniaturized polarization-maintaining fiber coupler with single mode (SM) fiber inputs and polarization maintaining (PM) fiber outputs. The SM fiber inputs obviate matching the optical lengths of the two orthogonal OCT polarization channels prior to interference while the PM fiber outputs ensure defined orthogonal axes after interference. Advantages of this detection scheme over those with bulk optics PDD include lower cost, easier miniaturization, and more relaxed alignment and handling issues. We incorporate this PDD scheme into a galvanometer-scanned ...

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    8. A high-efficiency fiber-based imaging system for co-registered autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography

      A high-efficiency fiber-based imaging system for co-registered autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography

      We present a power-efficient fiber-based imaging system capable of co-registered autofluorescence imaging and optical coherence tomography (AF/OCT). The system employs a custom fiber optic rotary joint (FORJ) with an embedded dichroic mirror to efficiently combine the OCT and AF pathways. This three-port wavelength multiplexing FORJ setup has a throughput of more than 83% for collected AF emission, significantly more efficient compared to previously reported fiber-based methods. A custom 900 µm diameter catheter ‒ consisting of a rotating lens assembly, double-clad fiber (DCF), and torque cable in a stationary plastic tube ‒ was fabricated to allow AF/OCT imaging of small airways ...

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    9. Validation of Airway Wall Measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography in Porcine Airways

      Validation of Airway Wall Measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography in Porcine Airways

      Examining and quantifying changes in airway morphology is critical for studying longitudinal pathogenesis and interventions in diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Here we present fiber-optic optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a nondestructive technique to precisely and accurately measure the 2-dimensional cross-sectional areas of airway wall substructure divided into the mucosa (WA muc ), submucosa (WA sub ), cartilage (WA cart ), and the airway total wall area (WAt). Porcine lung airway specimens were dissected from freshly resected lung lobes (N = 10). Three-dimensional OCT imaging using a fiber-optic rotary-pullback probe was performed immediately on airways greater than 0.9 mm ...

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    10. Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography

      Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography

      We report a polarization diversity detection scheme for optical coherence tomography with a new, custom, miniaturized fiber coupler with single mode (SM) fiber inputs and polarization maintaining (PM) fiber outputs. The SM fiber inputs obviate matching the optical lengths of the X and Y OCT polarization channels prior to interference and the PM fiber outputs ensure defined X and Y axes after interference. Advantages for this scheme include easier alignment, lower cost, and easier miniaturization compared to designs with free-space bulk optical components. We demonstrate the utility of the detection system to mitigate the effects of rapidly changing polarization states ...

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    11. High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part IV): split spectrum processing in rotary catheter probes

      High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part IV): split spectrum processing in rotary catheter probes

      We report a technique for blood flow detection using split spectrum Doppler optical coherence tomography (ssDOCT) that shows improved sensitivity over existing Doppler OCT methods. In ssDOCT, the Doppler signal is averaged over multiple sub-bands of the interferogram, increasing the SNR of the Doppler signal. We explore the parameterization of this technique in terms of number of sub-band windows, width and overlap of the windows, and their effect on the Doppler signal to noise in a flow phantom. Compared to conventional DOCT, ssDOCT processing has increased flow sensitivity. We demonstrate the effectiveness of ssDOCT in-vivo for intravascular flow detection within ...

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    12. Automated segmentation of porcine airway wall layers using optical coherence tomography: comparison with manual segmentation and histology

      Automated segmentation of porcine airway wall layers using optical coherence tomography: comparison with manual segmentation and histology

      The objective was to develop an automated optical coherence tomography (OCT) segmentation method. We evaluated three ex-vivo porcine airway specimens; six non-sequential OCT images were selected from each airway specimen. Histology was also performed for each airway and histology images were co-registered to OCT images for comparison. Manual segmentation of the airway luminal area, mucosa area, submucosa area and the outer airway wall area were performed for histology and OCT images. Automated segmentation of OCT images employed a despecking filter for pre-processing, a hessian-based filter for lumen and outer airway wall area segmentation, and K-means clustering for mucosa and submucosa ...

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    13. In vivo lung microvasculature visualized in three dimensions using fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography

      In vivo lung microvasculature visualized in three dimensions using fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography

      For the first time, the use of fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography (CDOCT) to map in vivo the three-dimensional (3-D) vascular network of airway segments in human lungs is demonstrated. Visualizing the 3-D vascular network in the lungs may provide new opportunities for detecting and monitoring lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer. Our CDOCT instrument employs a rotary fiber-optic probe that provides simultaneous two-dimensional (2-D) real-time structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and CDOCT imaging at frame rates up to 12.5 frames per second. Controlled pullback of the probe allows 3-D vascular mapping ...

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    14. Research Assistant OCT Engineer at The Integrative Oncology Imaging Unit at the British Columbia Cancer

      Research Assistant OCT Engineer at The Integrative Oncology Imaging Unit at the British Columbia Cancer

      The Integrative Oncology – Imaging Unit at the British Columbia Cancer Agency (Vancouver, BC) has an opening for a Research Assistant. The Integrative Oncology department develops optical instrumentation and software tools for the early detection of cancer. Our research includes all aspects of optical imaging and spectroscopy for the in vivo, ex vivo, and in silico analysis of tissues from the lung, cervix, oral cavity, skin and colon. Many of the tools we have developed have gone on to become commercial products.   We are seeking a qualified individual to assist in the design, development, construction, and troubleshooting of prototype devices and ...

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    15. Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Integrative Oncolog Department at The Integrative Oncology Department at the British Columbia Cancer Agency

      Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Integrative Oncolog Department at The Integrative Oncology Department at the British Columbia Cancer Agency

      The Integrative Oncology Department at the British Columbia Cancer Agency (Vancouver, BC) has an immediate opening for a Post-doctoral fellow. The Integrative Oncology Department develops optical instrumentation and software tools for the early detection of cancer. Our research includes all aspects of optical imaging and spectroscopy for the in vivo, ex vivo, and in silica evaluation of tissues from different organ sites including lung, cervix, oral cavity, skin and colon.   We are seeking a qualified individual to work on a project recently funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). The project involves the development of instrumentation and endoscope-compatible ...

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    16. Optical coherence tomography imaging of preneoplastic lung lesion

      Although autofluorescence bronchoscopy improves the detection rate of high grade dysplasia and carcinoma in-situ compares to white-light examination, the natural history of preneoplastic bronchial lesions is still poorly understood because the biopsy procedure for histological confirmation can mechanically remove these small lesions. The lack of accurate information regarding the spontaneous progression and regression rates of preneoplastic lesions make if difficult to assess the effect of chemoprevention agents. It is therefore important to develop non-biopsy methods that can characterize preneoplastic lesions in the bronchial epithelium. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging method that can visualize cellular and extra-cellular structures ...

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    1-16 of 16
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    1. (13 articles) British Columbia Cancer Agency
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    Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Integrative Oncolog Department at The Integrative Oncology Department at the British Columbia Cancer Agency Research Assistant OCT Engineer at The Integrative Oncology Imaging Unit at the British Columbia Cancer In vivo lung microvasculature visualized in three dimensions using fiber-optic color Doppler optical coherence tomography Automated segmentation of porcine airway wall layers using optical coherence tomography: comparison with manual segmentation and histology High speed, wide velocity dynamic range Doppler optical coherence tomography (Part IV): split spectrum processing in rotary catheter probes Fiber-optic polarization diversity detection for rotary probe optical coherence tomography Validation of Airway Wall Measurements by Optical Coherence Tomography in Porcine Airways A high-efficiency fiber-based imaging system for co-registered autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography PhD Studentship in The Optical Cancer Imaging Lab at the British Columbia Cancer Agency Early microvascular retinal changes in optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus Computational optical coherence tomography OCT imaging of retina useful in detecting glaucoma ‘masqueraders’