1. Articles from hsiang-chieh lee

    1-24 of 33 1 2 »
    1. Endoscopic forward-viewing optical coherence tomography and angiography with MHz swept source

      Endoscopic forward-viewing optical coherence tomography and angiography with MHz swept source

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) instruments are mostly side viewing and rely on at least one proximal scan, thus limiting accuracy of volumetric imaging and en face visualization. Previous forward-viewing OCT devices had limited axial scan speeds. We report a forward-viewing fiber scanning 3D-OCT probe with 900 μm field of view and 5 μm transverse resolution, imaging at 1 MHz axial scan rate in the human gastrointestinal tract. The probe is 3.3 mm diameter and 20 mm rigid length, thus enabling passage through the endoscopic channel. The scanner has 1.8 kHz resonant frequency, and each volumetric acquisition takes ...

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    2. Assessment of the radiofrequency ablation dynamics of esophageal tissue with optical coherence tomography

      Assessment of the radiofrequency ablation dynamics of esophageal tissue with optical coherence tomography

      Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is widely used for the eradication of dysplasia and the treatment of early stage esophageal carcinoma in patients with Barrett’s esophagus (BE). However, there are several factors, such as variation of BE epithelium (EP) thickness among individual patients and varying RFA catheter-tissue contact, which may compromise RFA efficacy. We used a high-speed optical coherence tomography (OCT) system to identify and monitor changes in the esophageal tissue architecture from RFA. Two different OCT imaging/RFA application protocols were performed using an ex vivo swine esophagus model: (1) post-RFA volumetric OCT imaging for quantitative analysis of the coagulum ...

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    3. Integrated Local Binary Pattern Texture Features for Classification of Breast Tissue Imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy

      Integrated Local Binary Pattern Texture Features for Classification of Breast Tissue Imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy

      This paper proposes a texture analysis technique that can effectively classify different types of human breast tissue imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy (OCM). OCM is an emerging imaging modality for rapid tissue screening and has the potential to provide high resolution microscopic images that approach those of histology. OCM images, acquired without tissue staining, however, pose unique challenges to image analysis and pattern classification. We examined multiple types of texture features and found Local Binary Pattern (LBP) features to perform better in classifying tissues imaged by OCM. In order to improve classification accuracy, we propose novel variants of LBP features ...

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    4. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular features associated with dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus: a pilot study (with video)

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular features associated with dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus: a pilot study (with video)

      Background and Aims Angiogenesis is associated with neoplastic progression of Barrett’s esophagus (BE). Volumetric optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) visualizes subsurface microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents. We investigated the association of OCTA microvascular features with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD). Methods Fifty-two patients undergoing BE surveillance or endoscopic eradication therapies for dysplasia were imaged using volumetric OCTA and corresponding histological diagnoses obtained, to yield 97 data sets (non-dysplastic BE (NDBE): N=74; LGD: N=10; HGD: N=13). After evaluating OCTA image quality, 54 datasets (NDBE: N=35; LGD: N=8; HGD: N=11) from 32 patients ...

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    5. Cubic meter volume optical coherence tomography

      Cubic meter volume optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a powerful three-dimensional (3D) imaging modality with micrometer-scale axial resolution and up to multi-GigaVoxel/s imaging speed. However, the imaging range of high-speed OCT has been limited. Here, we report 3D OCT over cubic meter volumes using a long coherence length, 1310 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser and silicon photonic integrated circuit dual-quadrature receiver technology combined with enhanced signal processing. We achieved 15 μm depth resolution for tomographic imaging at a 100 kHz axial scan rate over a 1.5 m range. We show 3D macroscopic imaging examples of a human mannequin, bicycle, machine shop gauge ...

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    6. Volumetric Mapping of Barrett’s Esophagus and Dysplasia With en face Optical Coherence Tomography Tethered Capsule

      Volumetric Mapping of Barrett’s Esophagus and Dysplasia With en face Optical Coherence Tomography Tethered Capsule

      To the Editor: Dysplasia in Barrett’s Esophagus (BE) is patchy ( 1 ) and sometimes missed by random biopsies. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can image large areas of the esophagus; however, slow imaging speeds in earlier studies limited visualization to cross-sections. Cross-sectional OCT detected high-grade dysplasia with sensitivity / specificity of ~80 % ( 2 , 3 ). Tethered OCT capsules were demonstrated for cross-sectional imaging in unsedated screening to detect BE ( 4 , 5 ). Our group recently developed ultrahigh-speed OCT for en face and angiographic imaging, using micromotor probes in patients ( 6 , 7 ) and large field-of-view tethered capsule devices in swine ( 8 ). Narrow-band imaging (NBI) visualizes ...

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    7. Circumferential optical coherence tomography angiography imaging of the swine esophagus using a micromotor balloon catheter

      Circumferential optical coherence tomography angiography imaging of the swine esophagus using a micromotor balloon catheter

      We demonstrate a micromotor balloon imaging catheter for ultrahigh speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) which provides wide area, circumferential structural and angiographic imaging of the esophagus without contrast agents. Using a 1310 nm MEMS tunable wavelength swept VCSEL light source, the system has a 1.2 MHz A-scan rate and ~8.5 µm axial resolution in tissue. The micromotor balloon catheter enables circumferential imaging of the esophagus at 240 frames per second (fps) with a ~30 µm (FWHM) spot size. Volumetric imaging is achieved by proximal pullback of the micromotor assembly within the balloon at 1.5 mm/sec ...

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    8. Silicon photonic integrated circuit swept-source optical coherence tomography receiver with dual polarization, dual balanced, in-phase and quadrature detection

      Silicon photonic integrated circuit swept-source optical coherence tomography receiver with dual polarization, dual balanced, in-phase and quadrature detection

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a widely used three-dimensional (3D) optical imaging method with many biomedical and non-medical applications. Miniaturization, cost reduction, and increased functionality of OCT systems will be critical for future emerging clinical applications. We present a silicon photonic integrated circuit swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) coherent receiver with dual polarization, dual balanced, in-phase and quadrature (IQ) detection. We demonstrate multiple functional capabilities of IQ polarization resolved detection including: complex-conjugate suppressed full-range OCT, polarization diversity detection, and polarization-sensitive OCT. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a silicon photonic integrated receiver for OCT. The integrated coherent receiver provides ...

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    9. Feature Of The Week 03/08/2015: Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Feature Of The Week 03/08/2015: Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic imaging technologies such as confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) and narrowband imaging (NBI) have been used to investigate vascular changes as hallmarks of early cancer in the GI tract. However, the limited frame rate and field of view make CLE imaging sensitive to motion artifacts, whereas NBI has limited resolution and visualizes only the surface vascular pattern. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables high speed volumetric imaging of subsurface features at near-microscopic resolution, and can image microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents such as fluorescein, which obliterates the image in areas of bleeding, or after biopsies and resections. OCT has been ...

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    10. Ultrahigh speed en face OCT capsule for endoscopic imaging

      Ultrahigh speed en face OCT capsule for endoscopic imaging

      Depth resolved and en face OCT visualization in vivo may have important clinical applications in endoscopy. We demonstrate a high speed, two-dimensional (2D) distal scanning capsule with a micromotor for fast rotary scanning and a pneumatic actuator for precision longitudinal scanning. Longitudinal position measurement and image registration were performed by optical tracking of the pneumatic scanner. The 2D scanning device enables high resolution imaging over a small field of view and is suitable for OCT as well as other scanning microscopies. Large field of view imaging for screening or surveillance applications can also be achieved by proximally pulling back or ...

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    11. Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic imaging technologies such as confocal laser endomicroscopy1 and narrow band imaging (NBI)2 have been used to investigate vascular changes as hallmarks of early cancer in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the limited frame rate and field of view make confocal laser endomicroscopy imaging sensitive to motion artifacts, whereas NBI has limited resolution and visualizes only the surface vascular pattern. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables high-speed volumetric imaging of subsurface features at near-microscopic resolution,3, 4 and can image microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents,5 such as fluorescein, which obliterates the image in areas of bleeding, or after ...

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    12. Ultrahigh speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography for gastroenterology

      Ultrahigh speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography for gastroenterology

      We describe an ultrahigh speed endoscopic swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) system for clinical gastroenterology using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and micromotor imaging catheter. The system had a 600 kHz axial scan rate and 8 µm axial resolution in tissue. Imaging was performed with a 3.2 mm diameter imaging catheter at 400 frames per second with a 12 µm spot size. Three-dimensional OCT (3D-OCT) imaging was performed in patients with a cross section of pathologies undergoing upper and lower endoscopy. The use of distally actuated imaging catheters enabled OCT imaging with more flexibility, such as volumetric imaging ...

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    13. Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT

      Depth-encoded all-fiber swept source polarization sensitive OCT

      Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) is a functional extension of conventional OCT and can assess depth-resolved tissue birefringence in addition to intensity. Most existing PS-OCT systems are relatively complex and their clinical translation remains difficult. We present a simple and robust all-fiber PS-OCT system based on swept source technology and polarization depth-encoding. Polarization multiplexing was achieved using a polarization maintaining fiber. Polarization sensitive signals were detected using fiber based polarization beam splitters and polarization controllers were used to remove the polarization ambiguity. A simplified post-processing algorithm was proposed for speckle noise reduction relaxing the demand for phase stability. We ...

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    14. Correction of rotational distortion for catheter-based en face OCT and OCT angiography

      Correction of rotational distortion for catheter-based en face OCT and OCT angiography

      We demonstrate a computationally efficient method for correcting the nonuniform rotational distortion (NURD) in catheter-based imaging systems to improve endoscopic en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography. The method performs nonrigid registration using fiducial markers on the catheter to correct rotational speed variations. Algorithm performance is investigated with an ultrahigh-speed endoscopic OCT system and micromotor catheter. Scan nonuniformity is quantitatively characterized, and artifacts from rotational speed variations are significantly reduced. Furthermore, we present endoscopic en face OCT and OCT angiography images of human gastrointestinal tract in vivo to demonstrate the image quality improvement using the correction algorithm.

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    15. Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables 3-Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables 3-Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic imaging technologies such as confocal laser endomicroscopy 1 and narrow band imaging (NBI) 2 have been used to investigate vascular changes as hallmarks of early cancer in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the limited frame rate and field of view make confocal laser endomicroscopy imaging sensitive to motion artifacts, whereas NBI has limited resolution and visualizes only the surface vascular pattern. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables high-speed volumetric imaging of subsurface features at near-microscopic resolution, 3,4 and can image microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents, 5 such as fluorescein, which obliterates the image in areas of bleeding, or after ...

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    16. Ultrahigh speed endoscopic swept source optical coherence tomography using a VCSEL light source and micromotor catheter

      Ultrahigh speed endoscopic swept source optical coherence tomography using a VCSEL light source and micromotor catheter

      We developed an ultrahigh speed endoscopic swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) system for clinical gastroenterology using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and micromotor based imaging catheter, which provided an imaging speed of 600 kHz axial scan rate and 8 μm axial resolution in tissue. The micromotor catheter was 3.2 mm in diameter and could be introduced through the 3.7 mm accessory port of an endoscope. Imaging was performed at 400 frames per second with an 8 μm spot size using a pullback to generate volumetric data over 16 mm with a pixel spacing of 5 μm in ...

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    17. Compact piezoelectric transducer fiber scanning probe for optical coherence tomography

      Compact piezoelectric transducer fiber scanning probe for optical coherence tomography

      We developed a compact, optical fiber scanning piezoelectric transducer (PZT) probe for endoscopic and minimally invasive optical coherence tomography (OCT). Compared with previous forward-mount fiber designs, we present a reverse-mount design that achieves a shorter rigid length. The fiber was mounted at the proximal end of a quadruple PZT tube and scanned inside the hollow PZT tube to reduce the probe length. The fiber resonant frequency was 338 Hz using a 17-mm-long fiber. A 0.9 mm fiber deflection was achieved with a driving amplitude of 35 V. Using a GRIN lens-based optical design with a 1.3 × magnification, a ...

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    18. Structural markers observed with endoscopic 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography correlating with Barrett's esophagus radiofrequency ablation treatment response (with videos)

      Structural markers observed with endoscopic 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography correlating with Barrett's esophagus radiofrequency ablation treatment response (with videos)

      Background Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is effective for treating Barrett's esophagus (BE) but often involves multiple endoscopy sessions over several months to achieve complete response. Objective Identify structural markers that correlate with treatment response by using 3-dimensional (3-D) optical coherence tomography (OCT; 3-D OCT). Design Cross-sectional. Setting Single teaching hospital. Patients Thirty-three patients, 32 male and 1 female, with short-segment (<3 cm) BE undergoing RFA treatment. Intervention Patients were treated with focal RFA, and 3-D OCT was performed at the gastroesophageal junction before and immediately after the RFA treatment. Patients were re-examined with standard endoscopy 6 to 8 weeks later ...

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    19. Comparison of Tissue Architectural Changes between Radiofrequency Ablation and Cryospray Ablation in Barrett’s Esophagus Using Endoscopic Three-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Comparison of Tissue Architectural Changes between Radiofrequency Ablation and Cryospray Ablation in Barrett’s Esophagus Using Endoscopic Three-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Two main nonsurgical endoscopic approaches for ablating dysplastic and early cancer lesions in the esophagus have gained popularity, namely, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and cryospray ablation (CSA). We report a uniquely suited endoscopic and near-microscopic imaging modality, three-dimensional (3D) optical coherence tomography (OCT), to assess and compare the esophagus immediately after RFA and CSA. The maximum depths of architectural changes were measured and compared between the two treatment groups. RFA was observed to induce 230~260 

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    20. Cervical inlet patch-optical coherence tomography imaging and clinical significance

      Cervical inlet patch-optical coherence tomography imaging and clinical significance

      AIM: To demonstrate the feasibility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging in differentiating cervical inlet patch (CIP) from normal esophagus, Barrett’s esophagus (BE), normal stomach and duodenum. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System (VABHS). Patients undergoing standard esophagogastroduodenoscopy at VABHS, including one patient with CIP, one representative patient with BE and three representative normal subjects were included. White light video endoscopy was performed and endoscopic 3D-OCT images were obtained in each patient using a prototype OCT system. The OCT imaging probe passes through the working channel of the endoscope to enable simultaneous video ...

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    21. Characterization of buried glands before and after radiofrequency ablation by using 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography (with videos)

      Characterization of buried glands before and after radiofrequency ablation by using 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography (with videos)

      Background: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an endoscopic technique used to eradicate Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, such ablation can commonly lead to neosquamous epithelium overlying residual BE glands not visible by conventional endoscopy and may evade detection on random biopsy samples.Objective: To demonstrate the capability of endoscopic 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) for the identification and characterization of buried glands before and after RFA therapy.Design: Cross-sectional study.Setting: Single teaching hospital.Patients: Twenty-six male and 1 female white patients with BE undergoing RFA treatment.Interventions: 3D-OCT was performed at the gastroesophageal junction in 18 patients before attaining complete ...

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    22. Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Microscopy Imaging of Ex Vivo Human Renal Tissues

      Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Microscopy Imaging of Ex Vivo Human Renal Tissues

      Purpose We evaluated the feasibility of using optical coherence tomography and optical coherence microscopy technology to assess human kidney morphology. Materials and Methods A total of 35 renal specimens from 19 patients, consisting of 12 normal tissues and 23 tumors (16 clear cell renal cell carcinomas, 5 papillary renal cell carcinomas and 2 oncocytomas) were imaged ex vivo after surgical resection. Optical coherence tomography and optical coherence microscopy images were compared to corresponding hematoxylin and eosin histology to identify characteristic features of normal and pathological renal tissues. Three pathologists blinded to histology evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of optical coherence ...

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    23. Method for analyzing mucosa samples with optical coherence tomography

      Method for analyzing mucosa samples with optical coherence tomography

      A method for analyzing mucosa structure with optical coherence tomography (OCT) is provided, and includes: (a) scanning a mucosa sample with optical coherence tomography; (b) choosing a lateral range from a two- or three-dimensional OCT image and analyzing all the A-scan intensity profiles in the lateral range; (c) calculating three indicators in each A-scan intensity profile, including the standard deviation for a certain depth range below the sample surface, the exponential decay constant of the spatial-frequency spectrum and the epithelium thickness under the condition that the basement membrane is identifiable; and (d) using the three indicators of each A-scan intensity ...

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    1-24 of 33 1 2 »
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    1. (33 articles) Hsiang-Chieh Lee
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    Effective indicators for diagnosis of oral cancer using optical coherence tomography Integrated optical coherence tomography and optical coherence microscopy imaging of human pathology Endoscopic 3D-OCT reveals buried glands following radiofrequency ablation of Barrett's esophagus Features of Sub-Epithelial Glandular Structures on Three-Dimensional Endoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography (3D-EOCT) After Endoscopic Mucosal Ablation Integrated Optical Coherence Tomography and Optical Coherence Microscopy Imaging of Ex Vivo Human Renal Tissues Characterization of buried glands before and after radiofrequency ablation by using 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography (with videos) Comparison of Tissue Architectural Changes between Radiofrequency Ablation and Cryospray Ablation in Barrett’s Esophagus Using Endoscopic Three-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography Impact of Guidewire Recrossing Point into Stent Jailed Side Branch for Optimal Kissing Balloon Dilatation - Corelab 3D Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis Statistical Models of Signal and Noise and Fundamental Limits of Segmentation Accuracy in Retinal Optical Coherence Tomography Parafoveolar retinoblastoma regression with foveal preservation following intra-arterial chemotherapy documented on hand-held optical coherence tomography in a newborn Deformation velocity imaging using optical coherence tomography and its applications to the cornea Multi-directional optical coherence tomography for retinal imaging