1. Articles from Yuankai K. Tao

    1-24 of 49 1 2 »
    1. Photothermal optical coherence tomography of indocyanine green in ex vivo eyes

      Photothermal optical coherence tomography of indocyanine green in ex vivo eyes

      Indocyanine green (ICG) is routinely used during surgery to stain the inner limiting membrane (ILM) and provide contrast on white light surgical microscopy. While translation of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for intraoperative imaging during ophthalmic surgery has enhanced visualization, the ILM remains difficult to distinguish from underlying retinal structures and ICG does not provide additional OCT contrast. We present photothermal OCT (PT-OCT) for high-specificity detection of ICG on retinal OCT images. We demonstrate our technique by performing an ILM peel in ex vivo eyes using low ICG concentrations and laser powers. These results establish the feasibility of PT-OCT for intraoperative ...

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    2. Spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry: Simultaneous en face and cross‐sectional imaging at 2 gigapixels per second

      Spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry: Simultaneous en face and cross‐sectional imaging at 2 gigapixels per second

      Non‐invasive biological imaging is crucial for understanding in vivo structure and function. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and reflectance confocal microscopy are two of the most widely used optical modalities for exogenous contrast‐free, high‐resolution, three‐dimensional imaging in non‐fluorescent scattering tissues. However, sample motion remains a critical barrier to raster‐scanned acquisition and reconstruction of wide‐field anatomically accurate volumetric datasets. We introduce spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (SECTR), a high‐speed, multimodality system for simultaneous OCT and spectrally encoded reflectance (SER) imaging. SECTR utilizes a robust system design consisting of shared optical relays, scanning mirrors ...

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    3. Non-destructive geometric and refractive index characterization of single and multi-element lenses using optical coherence tomography

      Non-destructive geometric and refractive index characterization of single and multi-element lenses using optical coherence tomography

      Design of optical imaging systems requires careful balancing of lens aberrations to optimize the point-spread function (PSF) and minimize field distortions. Aberrations and distortions are a result of both lens geometry and glass material. While most lens manufacturers provide optical models to facilitate system-level simulation, these models are often not reflective of true system performance because of manufacturing tolerances. Optical design can be further confounded when achromatic or proprietary lenses are employed. Achromats are ubiquitous in systems that utilize broadband sources due to their superior performance in balancing chromatic aberrations. Similarly, proprietary lenses may be custom-designed for optimal performance, but ...

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    4. Resolution and throughput optimized intraoperative spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (iSECTR) for multimodal imaging during ophthalmic microsurgery

      Resolution and throughput optimized intraoperative spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (iSECTR) for multimodal imaging during ophthalmic microsurgery

      Limited visualization of semi-transparent structures in the eye remains a critical barrier to improving clinical outcomes and developing novel surgical techniques. While increases in imaging speed has enabled intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) imaging of surgical dynamics, several critical barriers to clinical adoption remain. Specifically, these include (1) static field-of-views (FOVs) requiring manual instrument-tracking; (2) high frame-rates require sparse sampling, which limits FOV; and (3) small iOCT FOV also limits the ability to co-register data with surgical microscopy. We previously addressed these limitations in image-guided ophthalmic microsurgery by developing microscope-integrated multimodal intraoperative swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical ...

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    5. Multimodal ophthalmic imaging using handheld spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (SECTR)

      Multimodal ophthalmic imaging using handheld spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (SECTR)

      Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) provides high-speed, noninvasive en face imaging of the retinal fundus. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is the current “gold-standard” for ophthalmic diagnostic imaging and enables depth-resolved visualization of ophthalmic structures and image-based surrogate biomarkers of disease. We present a compact optical and mechanical design for handheld spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (SECTR) for multimodality en face spectrally encoded reflectometry (SER) and cross-sectional OCT imaging. We custom-designed a double-pass telecentric scan lens, which halves the size of 4-f optical relays and allowed us to reduce the footprint of our SECTR scan-head by a factor of >2.7x ...

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    6. Multimodality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in a zebrafish model of retinal vascular occlusion and remodeling

      Multimodality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in a zebrafish model of retinal vascular occlusion and remodeling

      Neovascularization in diabetic retinopathy (DR) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) result in severe vision-loss and are two of the leading causes of blindness. The structural, metabolic, and vascular changes underlying retinal neovascularization are unknown and, thus, there is an unmet need to identify mechanisms of pathogenesis and novel anti-angiogenic therapies. Zebrafish is a robust ophthalmological model because its retina has comparable structure to the human retina and its fecundity and life-cycle enable development of mutant phenotypes of human pathologies. Here, we perform multimodal imaging with OCT and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) to identify changes in retinal structure and ...

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    7. Multimodality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy for image-guided feedback of intraocular injections in mouse models

      Multimodality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy for image-guided feedback of intraocular injections in mouse models

      Rodent models are robust tools for understanding human retinal disease and function because of their similarities with human physiology and anatomy and availability of genetic mutants. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been well-established for ophthalmic imaging in rodents and enables depth-resolved visualization of structures and image-based surrogate biomarkers of disease. Similarly, fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) has demonstrated utility for imaging endogenous and exogenous fluorescence and scattering contrast in the mouse retina. Complementary volumetric scattering and en face fluorescence contrast from OCT and cSLO, respectively, enables cellular-resolution longitudinal imaging of changes in ophthalmic structure and function. We present a ...

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    8. Image-guided intraocular injection using multimodality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in rodent ophthalmological models

      Image-guided intraocular injection using multimodality optical coherence tomography and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in rodent ophthalmological models

      Intraocular injections are routinely performed for delivery of anti-VEGF and anti-inflammatory therapies in humans. While these injections are also performed in mice to develop novel models of ophthalmic diseases and screen novel therapeutics, the injection location and volume are not well-controlled and reproducible. We overcome limitations of conventional injections methods by developing a multimodality, long working distance, non-contact optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescence confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) system for retinal imaging before and after injections. Our OCT+cSLO system combines a custom-built spectraldomain OCT engine (875±85 nm) with 125 kHz line-rate with a modified commercial cSLO with ...

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    9. Spectrally Encoded Coherence Tomography and Reflectometry (SECTR): simultaneous en face and cross-sectional imaging at 2 gigapixels-per-second

      Spectrally Encoded Coherence Tomography and Reflectometry (SECTR): simultaneous en face and cross-sectional imaging at 2 gigapixels-per-second

      Non-invasive biological imaging is crucial for understanding in vivo structure and function. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and reflectance confocal microscopy are two of the most widely used optical modalities for exogenous contrast-free high-resolution three-dimensional imaging in non-fluorescent scattering tissues. However, sample motion remains a critical barrier to raster-scanned acquisition and reconstruction of wide-field anatomically accurate volumetric datasets. We introduce spectrally encoded coherence tomography and reflectometry (SECTR), a high-speed multimodality system for simultaneous OCT and spectrally-encoded reflectance (SER) imaging. SECTR utilizes a robust system design consisting of shared optical relays, scanning mirrors, swept-laser, and digitizer to achieve the fastest reported in ...

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    10. Advances in intraoperative optical coherence tomography for surgical guidance

      Advances in intraoperative optical coherence tomography for surgical guidance

      Translation of optical coherence tomography (OCT) technologies for intraoperative visualization enables in vivo micron-resolution imaging of subsurface tissue structures and image-guided clinical decision-making. Over the last decade, intraoperative OCT has evolved from two-dimensional imaging using handheld probes to include biopsy-needles for minimally invasive deep-tissue imaging, surgical instrumentation using optical feedback for tremor dampening and stabilization, and stereomicroscope integrated systems that provide real-time three- and four-dimensional visualization of surgical maneuvers. In addition, several preliminary studies have demonstrated the feasibility and utility of combining intraoperative OCT imaging with novel image-processing and display methods to implement augmented/virtual reality and robotic surgical guidance ...

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    11. Multimodal swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography at 400 kHz

      Multimodal swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography at 400 kHz

      Multimodal imaging systems that combine scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have demonstrated the utility of concurrent en face and volumetric imaging for aiming, eye tracking, bulk motion compensation, mosaicking, and contrast enhancement. However, this additional functionality trades off with increased system complexity and cost because both SLO and OCT generally require dedicated light sources, galvanometer scanners, relay and imaging optics, detectors, and control and digitization electronics. We previously demonstrated multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept-source spectrally encoded SLO and OCT (SS-SESLO-OCT). Here, we present system enhancements and a new optical design that increase our SS-SESLO-OCT data throughput ...

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    12. Multi-volumetric registration and mosaicking using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Multi-volumetric registration and mosaicking using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Ophthalmic diagnostic imaging using optical coherence tomography (OCT) is limited by bulk eye motions and a fundamental trade-off between field-of-view (FOV) and sampling density. Here, we introduced a novel multi-volumetric registration and mosaicking method using our previously described multimodal swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and OCT (SS-SESLO-OCT) system. Our SS-SESLO-OCT acquires an entire en face fundus SESLO image simultaneously with every OCT cross-section at 200 frames-per-second. In vivo human retinal imaging was performed in a healthy volunteer, and three volumetric datasets were acquired with the volunteer moving freely and refixating between each acquisition. In post-processing, SESLO frames were used ...

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    13. Image-guided feedback for ophthalmic microsurgery using multimodal intraoperative swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Image-guided feedback for ophthalmic microsurgery using multimodal intraoperative swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Surgical interventions for ocular diseases involve manipulations of semi-transparent structures in the eye, but limited visualization of these tissue layers remains a critical barrier to developing novel surgical techniques and improving clinical outcomes. We addressed limitations in image-guided ophthalmic microsurgery by using microscope-integrated multimodal intraoperative swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography (iSS-SESLO-OCT). We previously demonstrated in vivo human ophthalmic imaging using SS-SESLO-OCT, which enabled simultaneous acquisition of en face SESLO images with every OCT cross-section. Here, we integrated our new 400 kHz iSS-SESLO-OCT, which used a buffered Axsun 1060 nm swept-source, with a surgical microscope and ...

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    14. Automated feature extraction for retinal vascular biometry in zebrafish using OCT angiography

      Automated feature extraction for retinal vascular biometry in zebrafish using OCT angiography

      Zebrafish have been identified as an ideal model for angiogenesis because of anatomical and functional similarities with other vertebrates. The scale and complexity of zebrafish assays are limited by the need to manually treat and serially screen animals, and recent technological advances have focused on automation and improving throughput. Here, we use optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCT-A) to perform noninvasive, in vivo imaging of retinal vasculature in zebrafish. OCT-A summed voxel projections were low pass filtered and skeletonized to create an en face vascular map prior to connectivity analysis. Vascular segmentation was referenced to the optic nerve ...

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    15. Modular multimodal swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography scan-head for surgical microscope-integrated and slit-lamp imaging

      Modular multimodal swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography scan-head for surgical microscope-integrated and slit-lamp imaging

      anning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) enable noninvasive in vivo diagnostic imaging and provide complementary en face and depth-resolved visualization of ophthalmic structures, respectively. We previously demonstrated concurrent multimodal swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and OCT (SS-SESLO-OCT) at 1060 nm using a swept-source and double clad fiber coupler. Here, we present system enhancements and novel designs for a modular SS-SESLO-OCT scan-head that can be coupled to ophthalmic surgical microscope-integrated and slit-lamp imaging optics. Multimodal SS-SESLO-OCT was demonstrated using a custom-built swept-source OCT engine with a 200 kHz 1060 nm source that was optically buffered for concurrent ...

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    16. Simultaneous multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Simultaneous multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) benefits diagnostic imaging and therapeutic guidance by allowing for high-speed en face imaging of retinal structures. When combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT), SLO enables real-time aiming and retinal tracking and provides complementary information for post-acquisition volumetric co-registration, bulk motion compensation, and averaging. However, multimodality SLO-OCT systems generally require dedicated light sources, scanners, relay optics, detectors, and additional digitization and synchronization electronics, which increase system complexity. Here, we present a multimodal ophthalmic imaging system using swept-source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography (SS-SESLO-OCT) for in vivo human retinal imaging. SESLO reduces the complexity ...

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    17. The Feasibility of Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Grading of Anterior Chamber Inflammation in a Rabbit Model of Anterior Uveitis

      The Feasibility of Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Grading of Anterior Chamber Inflammation in a Rabbit Model of Anterior Uveitis

      Purpose : To determine the feasibility and accuracy of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) based grading of anterior chamber cell, using aqueous sampling as a standard, in a rabbit model of anterior uveitis. Methods : Adult Dutch-belted rabbits were preimmunized with M. tuberculosis (Tb) H37RA antigen, 1 week prior to induction of anterior uveitis with an intracameral injection of Tb antigen. The anterior chamber was imaged with SD-OCT, followed by a slit lamp examination. Two independent, trained graders recorded their estimate of anterior chamber cell count using the Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature (SUN) scores for each eye prior to performing an anterior ...

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    18. Multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Multimodal ophthalmic imaging using swept source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography

      Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) benefit clinical diagnostic imaging in ophthalmology by enabling in vivo noninvasive en face and volumetric visualization of retinal structures, respectively. Spectrally encoding methods enable confocal imaging through fiber optics and reduces system complexity. Previous applications in ophthalmic imaging include spectrally encoded confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SECSLO) and a combined SECSLO-OCT system for image guidance, tracking, and registration. However, spectrally encoded imaging suffers from speckle noise because each spectrally encoded channel is effectively monochromatic. Here, we demonstrate in vivo human retinal imaging using a swept source spectrally encoded scanning laser ophthalmoscope and ...

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    19. Image-guided modified deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) corneal transplant using intraoperative optical coherence tomography

      Image-guided modified deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) corneal transplant using intraoperative optical coherence tomography

      Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) is an alternative to full-thickness corneal transplant and has advantages including the absence of allograft rejection; shortened duration of topical corticosteroid treatment and reduced associated risk of glaucoma, cataract, or infection; and enables use of grafts with poor endothelial quality. DALK begins by performing a trephination of approximately 80% stromal thickness, as measured by pachymetry. After removal of the anterior stoma, a needle is inserted into the residual stroma to inject air or viscoelastic to dissect Descemet’s membrane. These procedures are inherently difficult and intraoperative rates of Descemet’s membrane perforation between 4-39% have ...

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    20. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using an optimized reflective optical relay, real-time heads-up display, and semitransparent surgical instrumentation

      Intraoperative optical coherence tomography using an optimized reflective optical relay, real-time heads-up display, and semitransparent surgical instrumentation

      Ophthalmic surgical maneuvers are currently limited by the ability of surgeons to visualize and manipulate semitransparent tissue layers as thin as tens of microns. We describe several iterative advances in iOCT technology, including a novel iOCT system, real-time heads-up display (HUD) feedback, visualization of intraoperative maneuvers, and OCT-compatible surgical instrumentation. Simulated surgical maneuvers were performed on freshly enucleated porcine eyes. Subretinal space cannulation with injection was performed and imaged using spatial compounding. The optical properties of semitransparent materials were quantified to identify OCT-compatible substrates, and surgical instrument prototypes were machined, including corneal, surgical picks, and retinal forceps

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    21. Feature Of The Week 03/08/2015: Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Feature Of The Week 03/08/2015: Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic imaging technologies such as confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) and narrowband imaging (NBI) have been used to investigate vascular changes as hallmarks of early cancer in the GI tract. However, the limited frame rate and field of view make CLE imaging sensitive to motion artifacts, whereas NBI has limited resolution and visualizes only the surface vascular pattern. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables high speed volumetric imaging of subsurface features at near-microscopic resolution, and can image microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents such as fluorescein, which obliterates the image in areas of bleeding, or after biopsies and resections. OCT has been ...

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    22. Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic Optical Coherence Angiography Enables Three Dimensional Visualization of Subsurface Microvasculature

      Endoscopic imaging technologies such as confocal laser endomicroscopy1 and narrow band imaging (NBI)2 have been used to investigate vascular changes as hallmarks of early cancer in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the limited frame rate and field of view make confocal laser endomicroscopy imaging sensitive to motion artifacts, whereas NBI has limited resolution and visualizes only the surface vascular pattern. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables high-speed volumetric imaging of subsurface features at near-microscopic resolution,3, 4 and can image microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents,5 such as fluorescein, which obliterates the image in areas of bleeding, or after ...

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    23. Ultrahigh speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography for gastroenterology

      Ultrahigh speed endoscopic optical coherence tomography for gastroenterology

      We describe an ultrahigh speed endoscopic swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) system for clinical gastroenterology using a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and micromotor imaging catheter. The system had a 600 kHz axial scan rate and 8 µm axial resolution in tissue. Imaging was performed with a 3.2 mm diameter imaging catheter at 400 frames per second with a 12 µm spot size. Three-dimensional OCT (3D-OCT) imaging was performed in patients with a cross section of pathologies undergoing upper and lower endoscopy. The use of distally actuated imaging catheters enabled OCT imaging with more flexibility, such as volumetric imaging ...

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    24. Retinal Regeneration Following OCT-guided Laser Injury in Zebrafish

      Retinal Regeneration Following OCT-guided Laser Injury in Zebrafish

      Purpose: Establish a focal injury/regeneration model in zebrafish using laser photocoagulation guided by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods: Adult zebrafish were imaged by OCT and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) in room air through a contact lens. Using a beam combiner, 532nm laser photocoagulation was applied using the OCT C-scan image for targeting. Laser spots of 42-47mW were delivered to the retina. At multiple intervals post-injury, fish were imaged using both OCT and cSLO to follow the progression of each lesion. Histologic sections and TUNEL staining were performed to monitor the injury response. Results: Round lesions (26057 ± 621μm2 ...

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    1-24 of 49 1 2 »
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    1. (49 articles) Yuankai K. Tao
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