1. Articles from hideaki kataiwa

    1-9 of 9
    1. Relation of Microchannel Structure Identified by Optical Coherence Tomography to Plaque Vulnerability in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

      Relation of Microchannel Structure Identified by Optical Coherence Tomography to Plaque Vulnerability in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
      Increased neovascularization in atherosclerotic plaques is associated with plaque vulnerability. The high resolution of optical coherence tomography (OCT) might provide a chance to directly visualize plaque neovascularization in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between microchannels in culprit plaques identified by OCT and plaque vulnerability in patients with coronary artery disease. A total of 63 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease who had undergone both OCT and intravascular ultrasound before any interventions to examine culprit lesion morphologies were enrolled. Microchannel was defined as a no-signal tubuloluminal structure on the cross-sectional optical coherence tomographic image ...
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    2. Feasibility of Noninvasive Assessment of Thin-Cap Fibroatheroma by Multidetector Computed Tomography

      Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate whether multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) can noninvasively help assess thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA). Background Plaque rupture and thrombus formation play key roles in the onset of acute coronary syndrome. TCFA is recognized as a precursor lesion for plaque rupture, and MDCT angiography can potentially help identify plaques prone to rupture. Methods We enrolled 105 patients with coronary artery disease (acute coronary syndromes, n = 31; stable angina pectoris, n = 74). Culprit lesions were assessed by both MDCT and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Patients were divided into a TCFA and a non-TCFA group according ...
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    3. Head to head comparison between the conventional balloon occlusion method and the non-occlusion method for optical coherence tomography

      Abstract: Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been introduced as a high-resolution imaging modality for the coronary arteries. The current OCT system, however, has a serious limitation in that the image acquisition method requires a soft balloon occlusion to avoid signal scattering from red blood cells.Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare OCT images from the conventional balloon occlusion method and a non-occlusion image acquisition method, the continuous-flushing method, in the clinical setting.Methods: OCT was performed with the conventional balloon occlusion method and the continuous-flushing method sequentially in 23 patients with stable angina. The image quality ...
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    4. Relationship Between Coronary Arterial Remodeling, Fibrous Cap Thickness and High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Levels in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

      Thin-capped fibroatheroma (TCFA) is a recognized precursor lesion for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Positive remodeling (PR) is the predominant pattern of arterial remodeling in patients with ACS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coronary arterial remodeling, fibrous cap thickness and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentration in patients with ACS. Methods and Results: The 47 consecutive ACS patients were enrolled in this study. Arterial remodeling of culprit plaque was assessed by intravascular ultrasound, and fibrous cap thickness was measured by optical coherence tomography. The remodeling index (RI) was calculated as lesion divided by the reference external ...
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    5. Lipid-rich plaque and myocardial perfusion after successful stenting in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: an optical coherence tomography study

      Aims: Although some recent guidelines recommend an early invasive strategy for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), several studies have failed to identify any benefit for very early intervention for NSTEACS. The no-reflow phenomenon may inhibit the expected benefit from very early recanalization for NSTEACS subjects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether optical coherence tomography (OCT) could predict no-reflow in patients with NSTEACS. Methods and results: This study comprised 83 consecutive patients with NSTEACS who underwent OCT and successful emergent primary stenting. On the basis of post-stent TIMI flow, patients were divided into two groups: no-reflow group ...
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    6. Morphology of Exertion-Triggered Plaque Rupture in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome. An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background—Plaque rupture and secondary thrombus formation play key roles in the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). One pathological study suggested that the morphologies of plaque rupture differed between rest-onset and exertion-triggered rupture in men who experienced sudden death. The aim of the present study was to use optical coherence tomography to investigate the relationship in patients with ACS between the morphology of a ruptured plaque and the patient's activity at the onset of ACS. Methods and Results—The study population was drawn from 43 consecutive ACS patients (with or without ST-segment elevation) who underwent optical coherence tomography ...
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    7. Relationship between Coronary Arterial Remodeling and Fibrous Cap Thickness in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome

      The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coronary arterial remodeling and the thickness of fibrous cap in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Thin-capped fibroatheroma is recognized as a precursor lesion for ACS. Positive remodeling (PR) is predominant pattern of arterial remodeling in patients with ACS. However, the relationship between PR and the thickness of fibrous cap has not been elucidated in vivo. We enrolled 41 patients with ACS who underwent both intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). The arterial remodeling was assessed by IVUS and the thickness of fibrous cap was measured by ...
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    8. Distribution and Frequency of Thin-Capped Fibroatheromas and Ruptured Plaques in the Entire Culprit Coronary Artery in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome as Determined by Optical Coherence Tomography

      The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and frequency of thin-capped fibroatheromas (TCFAs) within the entire length of culprit coronary arteries in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Our population was drawn from 43 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (with or without ST-segment elevation) who underwent optical coherence tomography to visualize the entire culprit coronary artery using a nonocclusive optical coherence tomographic technique. Patients were categorized divided into a TCFA group or a no-TCFA group on the basis of the optical coherence tomographic findings. There were no differences in baseline characteristics or angiographic findings between the 2 ...
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    9. Safety and Usefulness of Non-Occlusion Image Acquisition Technique for Optical Coherence Tomography

      Safety and Usefulness of Non-Occlusion Image Acquisition Technique for Optical Coherence Tomography
      Background Because optical coherence tomography (OCT) requires balloon-occlusion to overcome image attenuation by blood, the present study investigated the safety and usefulness of a new non-occlusive technique. Methods and Results The 40 angina patients were assigned to the continuous-flushing method or the balloon-occlusion method group. The continuous-flushing method was superior for observing proximal lesions compared with the balloon-occlusion method (94% vs 55%, p=0.01). There were no differences between groups in the visible length and image quality. There were no major complications during OCT. Conclusions The continuous-flushing method is safe and useful for OCT. (Circ J 2008; 72: 1536 ...
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    1-9 of 9
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    1. (9 articles) Wakayama Medical University
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