1. Articles from jannick p. rolland

    1-24 of 57 1 2 3 »
    1. Imaging Techniques for the Visualization and Evaluation of Tear Film Dynamics (Book Chapter)

      Imaging Techniques for the Visualization and Evaluation of Tear Film Dynamics (Book Chapter)

      Significant efforts have been made with the development of various imaging techniques to visualize and understand the tear film dynamics. This chapter reviews three imaging techniques with established impact on imaging the tear film dynamics: fluorescent imaging, interferometry, and optical coherence tomography.

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    2. Absolute linear-in-k spectrometer designs enabled by freeform optics

      Absolute linear-in-k spectrometer designs enabled by freeform optics

      Linear-in-wavenumber, k , spectrometers have the merits of saving signal processing time and improving the sensitivity of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) by avoiding post- k -interpolation. We report on an approach leveraging freeform optics to linearize spectrometers in k to achieve an extremely low residual k -nonlinearity in design. A freeform lens reduced the k -nonlinearity from 2.47% for a benchmark spectrometer to 2.79 × 10 −5 % and 3.36 × 10 −9 % using the Fringe Zernike coefficients up to the 16 th term and 37 th term, respectively. A simulation model was developed to evaluate the performance of SD-OCT ...

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    3. Reverberant 3D optical coherence elastography maps the elasticity of individual corneal layers

      Reverberant 3D optical coherence elastography maps the elasticity of individual corneal layers

      The elasticity mapping of individual layers in the cornea using non-destructive elastography techniques advances diagnosis and monitoring of ocular diseases and treatments in ophthalmology. However, transient Lamb waves, currently used in most dynamic optical coherence and ultrasound elastography techniques, diminish the translation of wave speed into shear/Young’s modulus. Here, we present reverberant 3D optical coherence elastography (Rev3D-OCE), a novel approach leveraging the physical properties of diffuse fields in detecting elasticity gradients not only in the lateral direction, but also along the depth axis of the cornea. A Monte Carlo analysis, finite element simulations, and experiments in layered phantoms ...

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    4. Quantitative assessment of human donor corneal endothelium with Gabor domain optical coherence microscopy

      Quantitative assessment of human donor corneal endothelium with Gabor domain optical coherence microscopy

      We report on a pathway for Gabor domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM)-based metrology to assess the donor’s corneal endothelial layers ex vivo . Six corneas from the Lions Eye Bank at Albany and Rochester were imaged with GD-OCM. The raw 3-D images of the curved corneas were flattened using custom software to enhance the 2-D visualization of endothelial cells (ECs); then the ECs within a circle of 500-μm-diameter were analyzed using a custom corner method and a cell counting plugin in ImageJ. The EC number, EC area, endothelial cell density (ECD), and polymegethism (CV) were quantified in five ...

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    5. Capabilities of Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy for the assessment of corneal disease

      Capabilities of Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy for the assessment of corneal disease

      To identify the microstructural modification of the corneal layers during the course of the disease, optical technologies have been pushing the boundary of innovation to achieve cellular resolution of deep layers of the cornea. Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM), an optical coherence tomography-based technique that can achieve an isotropic of ∼2-μm resolution over a volume of 1  mm  ×  1  mm  ×  1.2  mm, was developed to investigate the microstructural modifications of corneal layers in four common corneal diseases. Since individual layer visualization without cutting through several layers is challenging due to corneal curvature, a flattening algorithm was developed to ...

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    6. Telecentric broadband objective lenses for optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the context of low uncertainty metrology of freeform optical components: from design to testing for wavefront and telecentricity

      Telecentric broadband objective lenses for optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the context of low uncertainty metrology of freeform optical components: from design to testing for wavefront and telecentricity

      Freeform optical components enable significant advances for optical systems. A major challenge for freeform optics is the current lack of metrology methods with measurement uncertainty on the order of tens of nanometers or less. Towards addressing this challenge, optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a viable technique. In the context of low uncertainty metrology, the design requirements pertaining to the sample arm of an OCT metrology system are explicitly addressed in this paper. Two telecentric, broadband, diffraction limited, custom objective lens designs are presented with their design strategies. One objective lens was fabricated and experimentally tested for wavefront performance and telecentricity ...

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    7. Point-cloud noncontact metrology of freeform optical surfaces

      Point-cloud noncontact metrology of freeform optical surfaces

      Full Article Figures (16) Tables (2) Equations (14) References (52) Cited By (0) Back to Top Get PDF Abstract In this paper, we demonstrate the development of a point-cloud metrology method for the noncontact, high resolution, high precision testing of freeform surfaces. The method leverages swept source optical coherence tomography together with a common-path setup in the sample arm configured to mitigate the axial jitter caused by scanning and environmental perturbations. The lateral x-y scanning field was also rigorously evaluated for the sampling step, linearity, straightness, and orthogonality. Based on the finely engineered system hardware, a comprehensive system model was ...

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    8. Viscoelastic characterization of dispersive media by inversion of a general wave propagation model in optical coherence elastography

      Viscoelastic characterization of dispersive media by inversion of a general wave propagation model in optical coherence elastography

      Determining the mechanical properties of tissue such as elasticity and viscosity is fundamental for better understanding and assessment of pathological and physiological processes. Dynamic optical coherence elastography uses shear/surface wave propagation to estimate frequency-dependent wave speed and Young’s modulus. However, for dispersive tissues, the displacement pulse is highly damped and distorted during propagation, diminishing the effectiveness of peak tracking approaches. The majority of methods used to determine mechanical properties assume a rheological model of tissue for the calculation of viscoelastic parameters. Further, plane wave propagation is sometimes assumed which contributes to estimation errors. To overcome these limitations, we ...

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    9. Measurement of the lipid and aqueous layers of a tear film

      Measurement of the lipid and aqueous layers of a tear film

      Systems and methods for determining thickness of lipid and aqueous layers of a tear film in which a spectrum array is generated from optical coherence tomography and input into a statistical estimator, which determines the thickness of the lipid and/or aqueous layers at a nanometer resolution based on the inputted spectrum and other information, such as information about a laser intensity noise, Poisson noise, and dark noise associated with the OCT.

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    10. Comparative study of shear wave-based elastography techniques in optical coherence tomography

      Comparative study of shear wave-based elastography techniques in optical coherence tomography

      We compare five optical coherence elastography techniques able to estimate the shear speed of waves generated by one and two sources of excitation. The first two techniques make use of one piezoelectric actuator in order to produce a continuous shear wave propagation or a tone-burst propagation (TBP) of 400 Hz over a gelatin tissue-mimicking phantom. The remaining techniques utilize a second actuator located on the opposite side of the region of interest in order to create three types of interference patterns: crawling waves, swept crawling waves, and standing waves, depending on the selection of the frequency difference between the two ...

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    11. 3D wide field-of-view Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy advancing real-time in-vivo imaging and metrology

      3D wide field-of-view Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy advancing real-time in-vivo imaging and metrology

      Real-time volumetric high-definition wide-field-of-view in-vivo cellular imaging requires micron-scale resolution in 3D. Compactness of the handheld device and distortion-free images with cellular resolution are also critically required for onsite use in clinical applications. By integrating a custom liquid lens-based microscope and a dual-axis MEMS scanner in a compact handheld probe, Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM) breaks the lateral resolution limit of optical coherence tomography through depth, overcoming the tradeoff between numerical aperture and depth of focus, enabling advances in biotechnology. Furthermore, distortion-free imaging with no post-processing is achieved with a compact, lightweight handheld MEMS scanner that obtained a 12-fold reduction ...

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    12. Optical Assessment of Soft Contact Lens Edge-Thickness

      Optical Assessment of Soft Contact Lens Edge-Thickness

      Purpose: To assess the edge shape of soft contact lenses using Gabor-Domain Optical Coherence Microscopy (GD-OCM) with a 2-μm imaging resolution in three dimensions and to generate edge-thickness profiles at different distances from the edge tip of soft contact lenses. Methods: A high-speed custom-designed GD-OCM system was used to produce 3D images of the edge of an experimental soft contact lens (Bausch + Lomb, Rochester, NY) in four different configurations: in air, submerged into water, submerged into saline with contrast agent, and placed onto the cornea of a porcine eyeball. An algorithm to compute the edge-thickness was developed and applied ...

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    13. Volumetric rendering and metrology of spherical gradient refractive index lens imaged by angular scan optical coherence tomography system

      Volumetric rendering and metrology of spherical gradient refractive index lens imaged by angular scan optical coherence tomography system

      In this paper, we develop the methodology, including the refraction correction, geometrical thickness correction, coordinate transformation, and layer segmentation algorithms, for 3D rendering and metrology of a layered spherical gradient refractive index (S-GRIN) lens based on the imaging data collected by an angular scan optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. The 3D mapping and rendering enables direct 3D visualization and internal defect inspection of the lens. The metrology provides assessment of the surface geometry, the lens thickness, the radii of curvature of the internal layer interfaces, and the misalignment of the internal S-GRIN distribution with respect to the lens surface. The ...

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    14. MEMS-based handheld scanning probe with pre-shaped input signals for distortion-free images in Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy

      MEMS-based handheld scanning probe with pre-shaped input signals for distortion-free images in Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy

      High-speed scanning in optical coherence tomography (OCT) often comes with either compromises in image quality, the requirement for post-processing of the acquired images, or both. We report on distortion-free OCT volumetric imaging with a dual-axis micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS)-based handheld imaging probe. In the context of an imaging probe with optics located between the 2D MEMS and the sample, we report in this paper on how pre-shaped open-loop input signals with tailored non-linear parts were implemented in a custom control board and, unlike the sinusoidal signals typically used for MEMS, achieved real-time distortion-free imaging without post-processing. The MEMS mirror was ...

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    15. In vivo thickness dynamics measurement of tear film lipid and aqueous layers with optical coherence tomography and maximum-likelihood estimation

      In vivo thickness dynamics measurement of tear film lipid and aqueous layers with optical coherence tomography and maximum-likelihood estimation

      Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ophthalmic condition that is characterized by tear film instability and leads to ocular surface discomfort and visual disturbance. Advancements in the understanding and management of this condition have been limited by our ability to study the tear film secondary to its thin structure and dynamic nature. Here, we report a technique to simultaneously estimate the thickness of both the lipid and aqueous layers of the tear film in vivo using optical coherence tomography and maximum-likelihood estimation. After a blink, the lipid layer was rapidly thickened at an average rate of 10    nm / s ...

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    16. Experimental classification of surface waves in optical coherence elastography

      Experimental classification of surface waves in optical coherence elastography

      Various types of waves are produced when a harmonic force is applied to a semi-infinite half space elastic medium. In particular, surface waves are perturbations with transverse and longitudinal components of displacement that propagate in the boundary region at the surface of the elastic solid. Shear wave speed estimation is the standard for characterizing elastic properties of tissue in elastography; however, the penetration depth of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is typically measured in millimeters constraining the measurement region of interest to be near the surface. Plane harmonic Rayleigh waves propagate in solid-vacuum interfaces while Scholte waves exist in solid-fluid interfaces ...

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    17. Spectral fusing Gabor domain optical coherence microscopy

      Spectral fusing Gabor domain optical coherence microscopy

      Gabor domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM) is one of many variations of optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques that aims for invariant high resolution across a 3D field of view by utilizing the ability to dynamically refocus the imaging optics in the sample arm. GD-OCM acquires multiple cross-sectional images at different focus positions of the objective lens, and then fuses them to obtain an invariant high-resolution 3D image of the sample, which comes with the intrinsic drawback of a longer processing time as compared to conventional Fourier domain OCT. Here, we report on an alternative Gabor fusing algorithm, the spectral-fusion technique ...

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    18. Crawling wave optical coherence elastography

      Crawling wave optical coherence elastography

      Elastography is a technique that measures and maps the local elastic property of biological tissues. Aiming for detection of micron-scale inclusions, various optical elastography, especially optical coherence elastography (OCE), techniques have been investigated over the past decade. The challenges of current optical elastography methods include the decrease in elastographic resolution as compared with its parent imaging resolution, the detection sensitivity and accuracy, and the cost of the overall system. Here we report for the first time, we believe, on an elastography technique—crawling wave optical coherence elastography (CRW-OCE)—which significantly lowers the requirements on the imaging speed and opens the ...

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    19. Simultaneous estimation of thickness and refractive index of layered gradient refractive index optics using a hybrid confocal-scan swept-source optical coherence tomography system

      Simultaneous estimation of thickness and refractive index of layered gradient refractive index optics using a hybrid confocal-scan swept-source optical coherence tomography system

      A hybrid confocal-scan swept-source optical coherence tomography metrology system was conceived for simultaneous measurements of the refractive index and thickness profiles of polymeric layered gradient refractive index (GRIN) optics. An uncertainty analysis predicts the metrology capability of the system and guides the selection of an optimum working numerical aperture. Experimental results on both a monolithic and a GRIN layered sheet are demonstrated to be in close agreement with theoretical predictions. Index measurement precision reached 0.0001 and 0.0008 for measuring 2.8 mm and ~300 µm thick layers, respectively. The thicknesses of these layers were simultaneously measured with a ...

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    20. Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy with integrated dual-axis MEMS scanner for fast 3D imaging and metrology

      Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy with integrated dual-axis MEMS scanner for fast 3D imaging and metrology

      Fast, robust, nondestructive 3D imaging is needed for characterization of microscopic structures in industrial and clinical applications. A custom micro-electromechanical system (MEMS)-based 2D scanner system was developed to achieve 55 kHz A-scan acquisition in a Gabor-domain optical coherence microscopy (GD-OCM) instrument with a novel multilevel GPU architecture for high-speed imaging. GD-OCM yields high-definition volumetric imaging with dynamic depth of focusing through a bio-inspired liquid lens-based microscope design, which has no moving parts and is suitable for use in a manufacturing setting or in a medical environment. A dual-axis MEMS mirror was chosen to replace two single-axis galvanometer mirrors; as ...

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    21. Freeform metrology using swept-source optical coherence tomography with custom pupil-relay precision scanning configuration

      Freeform metrology using swept-source optical coherence tomography with custom pupil-relay precision scanning configuration

      The recent advances in the optics manufacturing industry to achieve the capability of fabricating rotationally nonsymmetric optical quality surfaces have considerably stimulated the optical designs with freeform components. This opens up new horizons for novel optical systems with larger fields of view and higher performance, or significantly more compact in volume at equal performance compared to conventional systems. A bottleneck to the broad industrial applications of freeform optics remains the lack of a high performance optical metrology tool capable of measuring significant surface departures and slopes of the parts. To address this issue, we have developed a fiber-based swept-source optical ...

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    22. Performance analysis of optical coherence tomography in the context of a thickness estimation task

      Performance analysis of optical coherence tomography in the context of a thickness estimation task

      Thickness estimation is a common task in optical coherence tomography (OCT). This study discusses and quantifies the intensity noise of three commonly used broadband sources, such as a supercontinuum source, a superluminescent diode (SLD), and a swept source. The performance of the three optical sources was evaluated for a thickness estimation task using both the fast Fourier transform (FFT) and maximum-likelihood (ML) estimators. We find that the source intensity noise has less impact on a thickness estimation task compared to the width of the axial point-spread function (PSF) and the trigger jittering noise of a swept source. Findings further show ...

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    23. Measurement Of The Lipid And Aqueous Layers Of A Tear Film

      Measurement Of The Lipid And Aqueous Layers Of A Tear Film

      Systems and methods for determining thickness of lipid and aqueous layers of a tear film in which a spectrum array is generated from optical coherence tomography and input into a statistical estimator, which determines the thickness of the lipid and/or aqueous layers at a nanometer resolution based on the inputted spectrum and other information, such as information about a laser intensity noise, Poisson noise, and dark noise associated with the OCT

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    1-24 of 57 1 2 3 »
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    1. (57 articles) Jannick P. Rolland
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