1. Articles from Don D. Sin

    1-5 of 5
    1. Sex Differences in Airway Remodeling in a Mouse Model of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

      Sex Differences in Airway Remodeling in a Mouse Model of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

      Rationale: Adjusting for the amount of smoking, women have a 50% increased risk of COPD compared with men. It is not known what the anatomic basis/mechanism(s) of these sex-related differences in COPD might be. Objective: To characterize the impact of female sex hormones on chronic cigarette smoke-induced airway remodeling and emphysema in a mouse model of COPD. Methods: Airway remodeling and emphysema were determined morphometrically in male, female, and ovariectomized mice exposed to 6 months of cigarette smoke. Antioxidant- and transforming growth factor (TGFβ)-related genes were profiled in airway tissues. The selective estrogen receptor modulator, tamoxifen, was ...

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    2. Sex differences in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease evaluated using optical coherence tomography

      Sex differences in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease evaluated using optical coherence tomography

      Although there are more women than men dying of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the United States and elsewhere, we still do not have a clear understanding of the differences in the pathophysiology of airflow obstruction between the sexes. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging imaging technology that has the capability of imaging small bronchioles with resolution approaching histology. Therefore, our objective was to compare OCT-derived airway wall measurements between males and females matched for lung size and in anatomically matched small airways. Subjects 50-80 yrs were enrolled in the British Columbia Lung Health Study and underwent OCT ...

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    3. Phenotyping Airways Disease With Optical Coherence Tomography

      Phenotyping Airways Disease With Optical Coherence Tomography

      Airway diseases are a major concern around the world. However, the pace of new drug and biomarker discovery has lagged behind those of other common disorders such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. One major barrier in airways research has been the inability to accurately visualize large and small airway remodeling or dysplastic/neoplastic (either pre or early cancerous) changes using non or minimally invasive instruments. The advent of optical coherence tomography (OCT) has the potential to revolutionize airway research and management by allowing investigators and clinicians to visualize the airway with resolution approaching histology without exposing patients to harmful effects ...

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    4. New and Current Clinical Imaging Techniques To Study Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

      Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease, characterized by both small airway and parenchymal abnormalities. There is increasing evidence to suggest that these two morphologic phenotypes, while related, may have different clinical presentations, prognosis and therapeutic responses to medications. With the advent of novel imaging modalities, it is now possible to evaluate these two morphologic phenotypes in large clinical studies using non or minially invasive methods such as computed tomography (CT), magentic resonance imaging (MRI) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). In this paper, we provide a pictorial overview of these modalities in the context of COPD and discuss ...

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    5. Airway Wall Thickness Assessed Using Computed Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography

      Airway Wall Thickness Assessed Using Computed Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography

      Rationale: Computed tomography (CT) has been shown to reliably measure the airway wall dimensions of medium to large airways. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising new micron-scale resolution imaging technique that can image small airways 2 mm in diameter or less. Objectives: To correlate OCT measurements of airway dimensions with measurements assessed using CT scans and lung function. Methods: Forty-four current and former smokers received spirometry, CT scans, and OCT imaging at the time of bronchoscopy. Specific bronchial segments were identified and measured using the OCT images and three-dimensional reconstructions of the bronchial tree using CT. Measurements and Main ...

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    1-5 of 5
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (5 articles) Harvey O. Coxson
    2. (4 articles) University of British Columbia
    3. (4 articles) Stephen Lam
    4. (3 articles) British Columbia Cancer Agency
    5. (1 articles) Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital
    6. (1 articles) University of Western Australia
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    13. (1 articles) University of Miami
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    16. (1 articles) Srinivas R. Sadda
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    Airway Wall Thickness Assessed Using Computed Tomography and Optical Coherence Tomography Phenotyping Airways Disease With Optical Coherence Tomography Sex differences in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease evaluated using optical coherence tomography Sex Differences in Airway Remodeling in a Mouse Model of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Optical Coherence Tomography: Critical Tool to Manage Expectations after Cataract Extraction Improving the characterization of ex vivo human brain optical properties using high numerical aperture optical coherence tomography by spatially constraining the confocal parameters Choroidal, macular and ganglion cell layer thickness assessment in Caucasian children measured with spectral domain optical coherence tomography Examination of retinal vascular density changes via optical coherence tomography angiography in patients with glaucoma 3D reconstruction of coronary artery bifurcations from coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography: feasibility, validation, and reproducibility Age- and refraction-related changes in anterior segment anatomical structures measured by swept-source anterior segment OCT The evaluation of juvenile ocular hypertension by optical coherence tomography angiography Superficial capillary perfusion on optical coherence tomography angiography differentiates moderate and severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy