1. Articles from Marcin Sylwestrzak

    1-25 of 25
    1. Non-invasive Survey of Rubens’ Ceiling Paintings at the Banqueting House Whitehall, London, by Means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Non-invasive Survey of Rubens’ Ceiling Paintings at the Banqueting House Whitehall, London, by Means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      This article presents the results of the examination by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) of two of the nine monumental ceiling paintings by Peter Paul Rubens and his studio, still located in their original location at the Banqueting House, the only surviving building of the former Whitehall Palace in London. OCT is a non-invasive technique of structural imaging of layers semi-permeable to infrared light. The aim of the 2018 research campaign at the Banqueting House, conducted within the MOLAB programme under the IPERION CH project, was to determine the present condition of the paintings and thus inform decisions about ...

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    2. Blood flow rate estimation in optic disc capillaries and vessels using Doppler optical coherence tomography with 3D fast phase unwrapping

      Blood flow rate estimation in optic disc capillaries and vessels using Doppler optical coherence tomography with 3D fast phase unwrapping

      The retinal volumetric flow rate contains useful information not only for ophthalmo-logy but also for the diagnosis of common civilization diseases such as diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, or cerebrovascular diseases. Non-invasive optical methods for quantitative flow assessment, such as Doppler optical coherence tomography (OCT), have certain limitations. One is the phase wrapping that makes simultaneous calculations of the flow in all human retinal vessels impossible due to a very large span of flow velocities. We demonstrate that three-dimensional Doppler OCT combined with three-dimensional four Fourier transform fast phase unwrapping (3D 4FT FPU) allows for the calculation of the volumetric blood ...

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    3. Laser cleaning of paintings: in situ optimization of operative parameters through non-invasive assessment by optical coherence tomography (OCT), reflection FT-IR spectroscopy and laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIF)

      Laser cleaning of paintings: in situ optimization of operative parameters through non-invasive assessment by optical coherence tomography (OCT), reflection FT-IR spectroscopy and laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIF)

      Nowadays the use of laser technology as a highly precise tool for the cleaning of paintings is gaining ground. The development of a non-invasive analytical protocol aimed at thorough assessment of the treated surfaces and real time monitoring of the laser cleaning action is thus becoming imperative. This ensures that no side effects (e.g. discoloration, darkening, blackening) will occur on the painting surfaces due to laser ablation. In the present study the potential of the combined use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and reflection FT-IR spectroscopy for in situ non-invasive assessment of laser cleaning procedures has been investigated on ...

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    4. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Examination of Artworks (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Examination of Artworks (Book Chapter)

      his book details the application of advanced characterisation techniques and diagnostic tools to heritage science, including the evaluation of heritage assets’ condition, their preservation and restoration. It examines the use of electrochemical techniques in conservation science, with a particular focus on how to solve problems in taking on-site measurements. Specifically, it introduces readers to a new gel polymer (GPE) electrochemical cell developed by the authors for the characterisation of metallic heritage objects. Other techniques used to characterise and monitor reinforced concrete objects in more modern buildings are also covered, including non-destructive electrochemical techniques that allow steel corrosion to be assessed ...

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    5. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Examination of Artworks (Book Chapter)

      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for Examination of Artworks (Book Chapter)

      Optical coherence tomography is a fast, non-invasive technique of structural analysis utilising near-infrared radiation. Examples of using OCT, for obtaining cross-sectional images of objects of craftsmanship and an easel painting have been shown. Issues regarding the technique of execution and destruction phenomena were resolved non-invasively. In some cases, the secondary alterations can be identified and localised within the object’s structure which helps in authentication of the artwork.

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    6. Non-invasive survey of pre-restoration condition of the ceiling paintings by Peter Paul Rubens at the Banqueting House Whitehall, London, by means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      Non-invasive survey of pre-restoration condition of the ceiling paintings by Peter Paul Rubens at the Banqueting House Whitehall, London, by means of Optical Coherence Tomography

      This article presents the results of the examination by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) of two of the nine monumental ceiling paintings by Peter Paul Rubens and his studio, still located in their original location at the Banqueting House, the only surviving building of the former Whitehall Palace in London. OCT is a non-invasive technique of structural imaging of layers semi-permeable to the infra-red radiation. The aim of the 2018 research campaign at the Banqueting House, conducted within the MOLAB programme under the IPERION CH project, was to determine the present condition of the paintings and thus inform decisions ...

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    7. Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Reveal the Hidden History of The Landsdowne Virgin of the Yarnwinder by Leonardo da Vinci and Studio

      Using Optical Coherence Tomography to Reveal the Hidden History of The Landsdowne Virgin of the Yarnwinder by Leonardo da Vinci and Studio

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used for non‐invasive examination of a well‐known, yet complex, painting from the studio of Leonardo da Vinci in combination with routine imaging in various bands of electromagnetic radiation. In contrast with these techniques, OCT provides depth‐resolved information. Three post‐processing modalities were explored: cross‐sectional views, maps of scattering from given depths, and their 3D models. Some hidden alterations of the painting owing to past restorations were traced: retouching and overpainting with their positioning within varnish layers as well as indications of a former transfer to canvas.

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    8. Complementary use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Reflection FTIR spectroscopy for in-situ non-invasive monitoring of varnish removal from easel paintings

      Complementary use of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Reflection FTIR spectroscopy for in-situ non-invasive monitoring of varnish removal from easel paintings

      Although the solvent removal of unwanted layers (e.g. aged varnishes, overpaints, oxalate patinas, dirt from easel paintings is one of the most frequently performed restoration treatments) it is questioned regarding its controllability and safety to the artwork. There is thus a need for developing suited diagnostic methodologies able to inform restorers on the chemical, optical and morphological effects of cleaning. To this aim, we have explored the possibility of complementary use of Optical Coherent Tomography (OCT) and reflection FTIR. On the one hand, the OCT technique provides cross-sectional images with varnish layers visible and thus permits for measurement of ...

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    9. Massively parallel data processing for quantitative total flow imaging with optical coherence microscopy and tomography

      Massively parallel data processing for quantitative total flow imaging with optical coherence microscopy and tomography

      We present an application of massively parallel processing of quantitative flow measurements data acquired using spectral optical coherence microscopy (SOCM). The need for massive signal processing of these particular datasets have been a major hurdle for many applications based on SOCM. In view of this difficulty, we implemented and adapted quantitative total flow estimation algorithms on graphics processing units (GPU) and achieved a 150 fold reduction in processing time when compared to a former CPU implementation. As SOCM constitutes the microscopy counterpart to spectral optical coherence tomography (SOCT), the developed processing procedure can be applied to both imaging modalities. We ...

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    10. On the application of Optical Coherence Tomography as a complimentary tool in a analysis of the 13th century Byzantine Bessarion Reliquary

      On the application of Optical Coherence Tomography as a complimentary tool in a analysis of the 13th century Byzantine Bessarion Reliquary

      This work presents the results of an application of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to examination a 13th century Byzantine reliquary of unparalleled artistic and historical value. The aim of this work, performed at the initial stage, before the restoration, was focused on the resolution of cleaning procedures regarding both the thick, old varnish and the gold leaf details finely applied on the painted parts of the artwork by means of an integrated approach of non-invasive and invasive analyses and diagnostics. The results allow definition of the thickness of the varnishes, their inner morphology and establishes the presence (or absence) of ...

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    11. The application of macro-X-ray fluorescence and optical coherence tomography for examination of parchment manuscripts

      The application of macro-X-ray fluorescence and optical coherence tomography for examination of parchment manuscripts

      Macro-X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a newly commercially available research tool very useful in the examination of artwork. Its novelty lies in its ability to create maps of the distribution of chemical elements on scales of a few milimetres. In this contribution, its use together with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the inspection of an illuminated manuscript is reported for the first time. The former technique is used both for mapping the elemental distribution over large parts of the folios – including illuminated initials – and for quantitative analysis of the composition of the smalt pigment, as well as of changes in the ...

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    12. Depth-Resolved Multilayer Pigment Identification in Paintings: Combined Use of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

      Depth-Resolved Multilayer Pigment Identification in Paintings: Combined Use of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

      A detailed feasibility study on the combined use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with optical coherence tomography (LIBS/OCT), aiming at a realistic depth-resolved elemental analysis of multilayer stratigraphies in paintings, is presented. Merging a high spectral resolution LIBS system with a high spatial resolution spectral OCT instrument significantly enhances the quality and accuracy of stratigraphic analysis. First, OCT mapping is employed prior to LIBS analysis in order to assist the selection of specific areas of interest on the painting surface to be examined in detail. Then, intertwined with LIBS, the OCT instrument is used as a precise profilometer for the ...

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    13. OCT structural examination of Madonna dei Fusi by Leonardo da Vinc

      OCT structural examination of Madonna dei Fusi by Leonardo da Vinc

      Madonna dei Fusi (‘Madonna of the Yarnwider’) is a spectacular example of Italian Renaissance painting, attributed to Leonardo da Vinci. The aim of this study is to give an account of past restoration procedures. The evidence of a former retouching campaign will be presented with cross-sectional images obtained non-invasively with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). Specifically, the locations of overpaintings/retouchings with respect to the original paint layer and secondary varnishes will be given. Additionally, the evidence of a former transfer of the pictorial layer to the new canvas support by detecting the presence of its structure incised into paint layer ...

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    14. Feature Of The Week 11/25/12: Nicolaus Copernicus University Presents Work on Four-Dimensional OCT Imaging Using Graphics Processing Units

      Feature Of The Week 11/25/12: Nicolaus Copernicus University Presents Work on Four-Dimensional OCT Imaging Using Graphics Processing Units

      Nicolaus Copernicus University present the application of graphics processing unit (GPU) programming for real-time three-dimensional (3-D) Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FdOCT) imaging with implementation of flow visualization algorithms. One of the limitations of FdOCT is data processing time, which is generally longer than data acquisition time. Utilizing additional algorithms, such as Doppler analysis, further increases computation time. The general purpose computing on GPU (GPGPU) has been used successfully for structural OCT imaging, but real-time 3-D imaging of flows has so far not been presented. NCU has developed software for structural and Doppler OCT processing capable of visualization of two-dimensional ...

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    15. Four-dimensional structural and Doppler optical coherence tomography imaging on graphics processing units

      Four-dimensional structural and Doppler optical coherence tomography imaging on graphics processing units

      The authors present the application of graphics processing unit (GPU) programming for real-time three-dimensional (3-D) Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FdOCT) imaging with implementation of flow visualization algorithms. One of the limitations of FdOCT is data processing time, which is generally longer than data acquisition time. Utilizing additional algorithms, such as Doppler analysis, further increases computation time. The general purpose computing on GPU (GPGPU) has been used successfully for structural OCT imaging, but real-time 3-D imaging of flows has so far not been presented. We have developed software for structural and Doppler OCT processing capable of visualization of two-dimensional (2-D ...

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    16. Efficient reduction of speckle noise in Optical Coherence Tomography

      Efficient reduction of speckle noise in Optical Coherence Tomography
      Speckle pattern, which is inherent in coherence imaging, influences significantly axial and transversal resolution of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) instruments. The well known speckle removal techniques are either sensitive to sample motion, require sophisticated and expensive sample tracking systems, or involve sophisticated numerical procedures. As a result, their applicability to in vivo real-time imaging is limited. In this work, we propose to average multiple A-scans collected in a fully controlled way to reduce the speckle contrast. This procedure involves non-coherent averaging of OCT A-scans acquired from adjacent locations on the sample. The technique exploits scanning protocol with fast beam deflection ...
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    17. Application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for real time monitoring of consolidation of the paint layer in Hinterglasmalerei objects

      Application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for real time monitoring of consolidation of the paint layer in Hinterglasmalerei objects
      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a fast non-contact and non-invasive technique for examination of objects consisting of transparent or semitransparent layers. Since it is a useful tool for inspection of Hinterglasmalerei paintings, the aim of the experiment was to explore its feasibility for monitoring of the consolidation process, which plays the most important role in the conservation treatment of such artefacts.
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    18. Real-time massively parallel processing of spectral optical coherence tomography data on graphics processing units

      Real-time massively parallel processing of spectral optical coherence tomography data on graphics processing units
      In this contribution we describe a specialised data processing system for Spectral Optical Coherence Tomography (SOCT) biomedical imaging which utilises massively parallel data processing on a low-cost, Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). One of the most significant limitations of SOCT is the data processing time on the main processor of the computer (CPU), which is generally longer than the data acquisition. Therefore, real-time imaging with acceptable quality is limited to a small number of tomogram lines (A-scans). Recent progress in graphics cards technology gives a promising solution of this problem. The newest graphics processing units allow not only for a very ...
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    19. Feature Of The Week 10/31/10: Nicolaus Copernicus University Researchers Describe Work on Massively Parallel Data Processing for OCT

      Feature Of The Week 10/31/10: Nicolaus Copernicus University Researchers Describe Work on Massively Parallel Data Processing for OCT

      Feature Of The Week 10/31/10: One of the significant limitations of the Fourier domain OCT is the time of data processing on main processor of the computer (CPU), which is longer than the acquisition time. As a result, the real-time 3D volume rendering is possible only for volumes imaged with a little amount of OCT data. Recent progress in massively parallel processing gives a promising solution to this problem. Recently developed graphic processing units (GPUs) allow not only for a very high speed of 3D rendering, but also, for general purpose parallel numerical calculations with efficiency higher than ...

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    20. Real-time imaging for Spectral Optical Coherence Tomography with massively parallel data processing

      Real-time imaging for Spectral Optical Coherence Tomography with massively parallel data processing
      In this paper the application of massively parallel processing of Spectral Optical Coherence Tomography (SOCT) data with the aid of a low-cost Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) is presented. The reported system may be used for real-time imaging of high resolution 2D tomograms or for presenting volume data. The overall imaging speed is over 100 frames/second for 2D tomograms built of 1024 A-scans and 9 frames/second for 3D volume images containing 100 slices of 100 A-scans. This includes t he acquisition of 2048 pixels from a CCD camera per A-scan, data transfer to the processor, all necessary processing and ...
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    21. Structural Examination of Easel Paintings with Optical Coherence Tomography

      Structural Examination of Easel Paintings with Optical Coherence Tomography
      Identification of the order, thickness, composition, and possibly the origin of the paint layers forming the structure of a painting, that is, its stratigraphy, is important in confirming its attribution and history as well as planning conservation treatments. The most common method of examination is analysis of a sample collected from the art object, both visually with a microscope and instrumentally through a variety of sophisticated, modern analytical tools. Because of its invasiveness, however, sampling is less than ideally compatible with conservation ethics; it is severely restricted with respect to the amount of material extirpated from the artwork. Sampling is ...
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    22. Picosecond laser ablation system with process control by optical coherence tomography

      In this contribution we describe an apparatus for precise laser ablation of delicate layers, like varnish on pictures. This specific case is very demanding. First of all any changes in colour of remaining varnish layer as well as underneath paint layers are unacceptable. This effect may be induced photochemically or thermically. In the first case strong absorption of the radiation used will eliminate its influence on underlying strata. The thermal effect is limited to so called heat affected zone (HAZ). In addition to colour change, a mechanical damage caused by overheating of the structure adjacent to ablated region should be ...
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    23. Absolute LIBS stratigraphy with optical coherence tomography

      In this contribution preliminary studies on the application of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to absolute depth calibration of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) data in application to revealing stratigraphy of easel paintings are presented. The procedure of in-situ monitoring of LIBS by means of OCT is described. Numerical method developed for precise extraction of the depth of the LIBS ablation crater is explained. Results obtained with model paintings are discussed.
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    24. Application of graphically oriented programming to imaging of structure deterioration of historic glass by optical coherence tomography

      Application of graphically oriented programming to imaging of structure deterioration of historic glass by optical coherence tomography
      Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an interferometric method utilising light of low temporal coherence for noninvasive structural imaging of objects weakly absorbing and scattering light. In this contribution, using various examples of images of objects made of glass affected by the atmospheric corrosion and/or by crizzling, we demonstrate a software developed in our laboratory specifically for 3D OCT imaging of samples with a fine structure. For this task we employed the OpenGL platform (Open Graphics Library), an Application Programming Interface (API) for writing applications dedicated to interactive 3D computer graphics. In our application we have utilized texture rendering with ...
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    25. Optical Coherence Tomography for non-destructive investigations of structure of easel paintings

      In this contribution the application of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) for non-invasive structural imaging of easel paintings will be presented. Since the technique permits imaging semi-transparent layers accessible for infrared light, the varnish and glaze layers are usually under investigation ... [Proc. SPIE 7139, 713916 (2008)] published Tue Dec 30, 2008.
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    Application of graphically oriented programming to imaging of structure deterioration of historic glass by optical coherence tomography Structural Examination of Easel Paintings with Optical Coherence Tomography Real-time imaging for Spectral Optical Coherence Tomography with massively parallel data processing Feature Of The Week 10/31/10: Nicolaus Copernicus University Researchers Describe Work on Massively Parallel Data Processing for OCT Real-time massively parallel processing of spectral optical coherence tomography data on graphics processing units Application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for real time monitoring of consolidation of the paint layer in Hinterglasmalerei objects Four-dimensional structural and Doppler optical coherence tomography imaging on graphics processing units Depth-Resolved Multilayer Pigment Identification in Paintings: Combined Use of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Intravascular Imaging-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Universal Approach for Optimization of Stent Implantation Clinical Usefulness of a Novel Optical Coherence Tomography Procedure, “Low Molecular Weight Dextran Infusion Followed by Catheter PUSH (D-PUSH)” Optical Coherence Tomography to Guide Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of the Left Main Coronary Artery: the LEMON study Impact of optical coherence tomography findings on clinical outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients: a MATRIX (Minimizing Adverse Hemorrhagic Events by Trans-radial Access Site and angioX) OCT sub-study