1. Articles from junya shite

    1-24 of 44 1 2 »
    1. Early and mid-term vascular responses to optical coherence tomography guided everolimus-eluting stent implantation in stable coronary artery disease

      Early and mid-term vascular responses to optical coherence tomography guided everolimus-eluting stent implantation in stable coronary artery disease

      Background Analysis of pooled clinical data has shown the safety of 3 months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with everolimus-eluting cobalt–chromium stents (Co-Cr EESs). This study evaluated early and mid-term vascular responses to Co-Cr EESs in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods The MECHANISM-Elective trial (NCT02014818) is a multicenter optical coherence tomography (OCT) registry. Enrolled patients were evaluated by OCT immediately after EES implantation (post), were prospectively allocated to either 1 month (n = 50) or 3 months (n = 50) OCT follow-up, and then received a 12 months OCT evaluation. The incidences of intrastent thrombus (IS-Th) and irregular ...

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    2. Efficacy of the proximal optimization technique on crossover stenting in coronary bifurcation lesions in the 3D-OCT bifurcation registry

      Efficacy of the proximal optimization technique on crossover stenting in coronary bifurcation lesions in the 3D-OCT bifurcation registry

      Aim We sought to investigate the efficacy of the proximal optimization technique (POT) on crossover stenting followed by side branch (SB) dilation under optical coherence tomography guidance in a multicenter registry study. Methods and results A total of 135 bifurcation lesions in 134 patients were divided into POT (n = 52) and non-POT groups (n = 83). The POT was performed before SB dilatation (pre-POT; n = 26), finally (final-POT; n = 12), at both timing (re-POT; n = 13), and uncertain (n = 1). There were no significant intergroup differences in the success rate of guide wire re-crossing (GWR) into the optimal cell (72% vs ...

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    3. Favorable early vessel healing after everolimus-eluting stent implantation: 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up of optical coherence tomography

      Favorable early vessel healing after everolimus-eluting stent implantation: 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up of optical coherence tomography

      Background Although a prospective randomized control study revealed that 3-month dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) is safe and does not compromise the efficacy of everolimus-eluting stent (EES) in selected patients, detailed vessel healing at early phase after EES implantation has yet to be investigated in Japanese patients. Methods and results A total of 27 lesions in 19 patients treated with EES were serially evaluated by using optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 3, 6, and 12 months after stent implantation. In addition to standard quantitative OCT parameters, the percentage of stents with peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA, a region around stent struts homogenously ...

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    4. Comparison between Optical COherence tomography guidance and Angiography guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention (COCOA): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Comparison between Optical COherence tomography guidance and Angiography guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention (COCOA): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is increasingly used as an adjunct to coronary angiography for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The current consensus on PCI is that the large final stent area offers the best chance of a good late clinical outcome. Since OCT provides more accurate information about the coronary artery and implanted stents, OCT-guided stent implantation is expected to achieve greater stent expansion than angiography guidance alone. Therefore, we designed the COCOA (Comparison between Optical COherence tomography guidance and Angiography guidance in percutaneous coronary intervention) study to evaluate whether OCT-guided stent implantation would result in a minimum stent ...

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    5. Data on two- and three-dimensional optical coherence tomography guidance for the treatment for the bifurcation lesion

      Data on two- and three-dimensional optical coherence tomography guidance for the treatment for the bifurcation lesion

      This article comprised the data related to the research article entitled “Feasibility and usefulness of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography guidance for optimal side branch treatment in coronary bifurcation stenting” (Nagoshi et al., In press) [1] . In this article we reports details about two patterns of guide wire (GW) recrossing position after crossover stenting in bifurcation lesion classified with three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) (Okamura et al., 2014) [2] and follow-up data about the treatment with percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) for bifurcation lesion in terms of the two- (2D) or 3D-OCT guidance. Subgroup analysis about differences in the parameters between the ...

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    6. Impact of Guidewire Recrossing Point into Stent Jailed Side Branch for Optimal Kissing Balloon Dilatation - Corelab 3D Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis

      Impact of Guidewire Recrossing Point into Stent Jailed Side Branch for Optimal Kissing Balloon Dilatation - Corelab 3D Optical Coherence Tomography Analysis

      AIMS: We investigated the influence of the guidewire recrossing point on the incidence of incomplete stent apposition (ISA) after kissing balloon dilatation (KBD), and clinical and angiographic outcome at 9 months in a prospective multicenter registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred five patients underwent single crossover stenting across the side branch (SB) and subsequent KBD. Jailing configuration of the SB orifice and the guidewire recrossing position were assessed by off-line 3D-OCT in the corelab. We defined the cases that achieved both Link-Free carina configuration and the distal recrossing as the LFD group (54 cases), and the other cases were defined ...

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    7. Optical Frequency Domain Imaging Versus Intravascular Ultrasound in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (OPINION Trial) : Results From the OPINION Imaging Study

      Optical Frequency Domain Imaging Versus Intravascular Ultrasound in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (OPINION Trial) : Results From the OPINION Imaging Study

      Objectives We sought to clarify how intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography affect percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with current-generation drug-eluting stents in a pre-specified substudy of the OPINION (OPtical frequency domain imaging versus INtravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary interventiON) trial, a multicenter, prospective, randomized, noninferiority trial comparing optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI)-guided PCI with IVUS-guided PCI. Background The impact of these 2 imaging modalities in guiding PCI remains unknown. Methods Of 829 patients enrolled in the OPINION trial, 106 were included in the present imaging substudy. Their PCI was guided by either IVUS or OFDI, but all patients ...

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    8. Feasibility and usefulness of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography guidance for optimal side branch treatment in coronary bifurcation stenting

      Feasibility and usefulness of three-dimensional optical coherence tomography guidance for optimal side branch treatment in coronary bifurcation stenting

      Background For the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions, optimal guidewire (GW) recrossing after main vessel stenting is important for good stent apposition at the side branch (SB) orifice in kissing balloon inflation (KBI). Methods We analyzed 150 bifurcation lesions treated with single stenting following KBI in the three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) bifurcation registry study (2015–16) and a single center experience (2012–16). OCT examination was performed after GW recrossing to the SB and after KBI. Patients were divided into two-dimensional (2D, n = 78) and 3D groups ( n = 72) according to 2D- or 3D-OCT guidance. GW recrossing position, jailing ...

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    9. Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results

      Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): one-year angiographic and clinical results

      Aims Optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) is a recently developed, light-based, high-resolution intravascular imaging technique. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a widely used, conventional imaging technique for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to demonstrate the non-inferiority of OFDI-guided PCI compared with IVUS-guided PCI in terms of clinical outcomes. Methods and results We did a prospective, multicentre, randomized (ratio 1:1), active-controlled, non-inferiority study to compare head-to-head OFDI vs. IVUS in patients undergoing PCI with a second generation drug-eluting stent. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure defined as a composite of cardiac death, target-vessel related myocardial infarction, and ischaemia-driven ...

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    10. Morphological and pharmacological determinants of peri-procedural myocardial infarction following elective stent implantation: Optical coherence tomography sub-analysis of the PRASFIT-Elective study

      Morphological and pharmacological determinants of peri-procedural myocardial infarction following elective stent implantation: Optical coherence tomography sub-analysis of the PRASFIT-Elective study

      Background Previous studies have suggested that peri-procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with adverse short- and long-term outcomes, and several morphological predictors of PMI have been studied. However, the determinants of PMI under novel anti-platelet therapy are not fully elucidated. Methods and results PRASFIT-Elective is a multicenter, parallel-group study of PCI patients in non-acute settings receiving either prasugrel or clopidogrel in addition to aspirin. Among 742 study patients, 94 (116 lesions) underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate the area of intra-stent tissue (IST, which comprises tissue protrusion and thrombus) after stenting in addition to ...

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    11. Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Optical frequency domain imaging vs. intravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary intervention (OPINION trial): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

      Background Optical coherence tomography is becoming increasingly widespread as an adjunctive intravascular diagnostic technique in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), because of its ability to visualize coronary structures at high resolution. Several studies have reported that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance in PCI might be helpful to reduce subsequent stent thrombosis, restenosis, repeat revascularization, myocardial infarction, and cardiac death. The OPtical frequency domain imaging vs. INtravascular ultrasound in percutaneous coronary InterventiON (OPINION) trial is aimed at evaluating the impact of optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) guidance in PCI on clinical outcomes compared with IVUS guidance. Methods and design The OPINION trial is ...

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    12. Comparison of Stent Expansion Guided by Optical Coherence Tomography Versus Intravascular Ultrasound : The ILUMIEN II Study (Observational Study of Optical Coherence Tomography [OCT] in Patients Undergoing Fractional Flow Reserve [FFR] and Percutaneous Co

      Comparison of Stent Expansion Guided by Optical Coherence Tomography Versus Intravascular Ultrasound : The ILUMIEN II Study (Observational Study of Optical Coherence Tomography [OCT] in Patients Undergoing Fractional Flow Reserve [FFR] and Percutaneous Co

      Background The most important predictor of adverse outcomes (thrombosis and restenosis) after stent implantation with IVUS guidance is the degree of stent expansion achieved. Methods We compared the relative degree of stent expansion (defined as the minimal stent area divided by the mean of the proximal and distal reference lumen areas) after OCT-guided stenting in patients in the ILUMIEN (Observational Study of Optical Coherence Tomography [OCT] in Patients Undergoing Fractional Flow Reserve [FFR] and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) (N = 354) and IVUS-guided stenting in patients in the ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents) study (N = 586). Stent expansion ...

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    13. Optical coherence tomography study of chronic-phase vessel healing after implantation of bare metal and paclitaxel-eluting self-expanding nitinol stents in the superficial femoral artery

      Optical coherence tomography study of chronic-phase vessel healing after implantation of bare metal and paclitaxel-eluting self-expanding nitinol stents in the superficial femoral artery

      Background This study aimed to assess chronic-phase suppression of neointimal proliferation and arterial healing following paclitaxel-coated (PTX) and bare metal stent (BMS) implantation in the superficial femoral artery using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Twenty-five patients with 68 stents underwent an 8-month OCT follow-up. Besides standard OCT variables, neointimal characterization and frequencies of peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA), macrophage accumulation, and in-stent thrombi were evaluated. Results The mean neointimal thickness was significantly less with PTX stents (544.9 ± 202.2 μm vs. 865.0 ± 230.6 μm, p < 0.0001). The covered and uncovered strut frequencies were significantly smaller and larger ...

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    14. Optical coherence tomography imaging during percutaneous coronary intervention impacts physician decision-making: ILUMIEN I Study

      Optical coherence tomography imaging during percutaneous coronary intervention impacts physician decision-making: ILUMIEN I Study

      Aims ILUMIEN I is the largest prospective, non-randomized, observational study of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedural practice in patients undergoing intra-procedural pre- and post-PCI fractional flow reserve (FFR) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). We report on the impact of OCT on physician decision-making and the association with post-PCI FFR values and early clinical events. Methods and results Optical coherence tomography and documentary FFR were performed pre- and post-PCI in 418 patients (with 467 stenoses) with stable or unstable angina or NSTEMI. Based on pre-PCI OCT, the procedure was altered in 55% of patients (57% of all stenoses) by selecting different ...

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    15. Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Evaluation at 6, 12, and 24 months Following Biolimus A9-Eluting Biodegradable Polymer Coated Stent Implantation

      Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Evaluation at 6, 12, and 24 months Following Biolimus A9-Eluting Biodegradable Polymer Coated Stent Implantation

      Background Nobori is a biolimus A9-eluting stent (BES) featured with a biodegradable polymer coated on the abluminal side only. We previously reported that favorable vessel healing was achieved at 6-12 months after BES implantation. However, detailed long-term vessel reaction post-BES deployment is unclear. Methods Twenty-two BESs were serially evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 6, 12, and 24 months post-stenting. Average neointimal thickness, uncovered struts and neointimal unevenness score (NUS: each cross section as maximum neointimal thickness in one cross section divided by the average neointimal thickness of the same cross-section) were manually measured. In addition, we evaluated the ...

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    16. Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Assessment After Implantation of First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in a Porcine Coronary Model

      Optical Coherence Tomography and Histopathology Assessment After Implantation of First- and Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stents in a Porcine Coronary Model

      Background: This study directly compared optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histopathology for the assessment of vascular response to first- and second-generation drug-eluting stents. Methods and Results: Sirolimus-, everolimus-, and biolimus-eluting stents (SES, EES, and BES, respectively) were randomly implanted into the coronary arteries of 12 porcine. OCT was conducted after implantation: at 1, 3, and 6 months; histopathology was assessed at 3 and 6 months. At 1-month OCT, EES had the highest neointimal area (NA) and lowest neointimal unevenness score (NUS). At 6 months, NA and NUS were equivalent among the stent types. ∆NA from 1 to 6 months was ...

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    17. Stabilizing effect of combined eicosapentaenoic acid and statin therapy on coronary thin-cap fibroatheroma

      Stabilizing effect of combined eicosapentaenoic acid and statin therapy on coronary thin-cap fibroatheroma

      Background The addition of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to statin therapy prevents cardiovascular events. However, the impact of this treatment on vulnerable plaques remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of adding EPA to a standard statin therapy on vulnerable plaques by serial optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Forty-nine non-culprit thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) lesions in 30 patients with untreated dyslipidemia were included. Patients were randomly assigned to EPA (1800 mg/day) + statin (23 TCFA, 15 patients) or statin only (26 TCFA, 15 patients) treatment. The statin (rosuvastatin) dose was adjusted to achieve a target ...

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    18. Analysis of Long-term Arterial Healing Following Implantation of Different Types of Stents by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Analysis of Long-term Arterial Healing Following Implantation of Different Types of Stents by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Background Although drug-eluting stents have significantly reduced the mid-term incidence of target lesion revascularization, however, in vivo studies on long-term vessel healing of sirolimus-eluting and paclitaxel-eluting stents (SES and PES) are limited. So the aim of this study was to compare long-term arterial healing in SES and PES. Methods We evaluated 27 SES (23 patients) and 21 PES (20 patients) by serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 6 months (mid-phase) and ≥3 years (late-phase) after stenting and evaluated the change of neointimal thickness (NIT), the percentages of uncovered and malapposed struts, peri-strut low intensity area (region around stent struts homogenously ...

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    19. Neoatherosclerosis and Mural Thrombus Detection After Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Neoatherosclerosis and Mural Thrombus Detection After Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation

      Background:  Although both optical coherence tomography (OCT) and angioscopy are robust tools for detecting intrastent thrombi and neoatherosclerosis in vivo, whether OCT findings are comparable with angioscopy findings remains unclear. Methods and Results:  22 patients presenting with de novo lesions underwent 26 sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantations, with follow-up OCT and angioscopy at 10 months post-implantation for segmental assessment of the proximal, mid-, and distal SES segments (66 segments). The mean signal intensity index (signal intensity of the neointima/signal intensity of fibrous intimal hyperplasia) was quantified for angioscopically detected in-stent yellow and white segments. The detection rate for red thrombi ...

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    20. Optical coherence tomography and histopathological assessment of delayed arterial healing after drug-eluting stent implant in a pig coronary model

      Optical coherence tomography and histopathological assessment of delayed arterial healing after drug-eluting stent implant in a pig coronary model

      Background Delayed healing, such as persistent inflammation and fibrin deposition, and vascular dysfunction after drug-eluting stent has been reported. Histological validation of coronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) morphology has not yet been done. Methods Sirolimus eluting stents (SES, n = 8) and bare metal stents (BMS n = 8) were implanted in pig coronary arteries. One month after implantation, an acetylcholine challenge test and OCT were performed. The OCT texture pattern of the neointima was classified into one of the three categories; Layered type, Homo type, and Hetero type. Hearts were harvested for histopathological scoring of inflammation and intramural thrombus. Results Inflammation ...

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    21. OCT Compared With IVUS in a Coronary Lesion Assessment The OPUS-CLASS Study

      OCT Compared With IVUS in a Coronary Lesion Assessment The OPUS-CLASS Study

      The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) for coronary measurements compared with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Background Accurate luminal measurement is expected in FD-OCT because this technology offers high resolution and excellent contrast between lumen and vessel wall. Methods In 5 medical centers, 100 patients with coronary artery disease were prospectively studied by using angiography, FD-OCT, and IVUS. In addition, 5 phantom models of known lumen dimensions (lumen diameter 3.08 mm; lumen area 7.45 mm 2 ) were examined using FD-OCT and IVUS. Quantitative image ...

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    22. Potential Benefit of Final Kissing Balloon Inflation After Single Stenting for the Treatment of Bifurcation Lesions – Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography Observation

      Potential Benefit of Final Kissing Balloon Inflation After Single Stenting for the Treatment of Bifurcation Lesions – Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography Observation

      Background:  Treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions using a single stenting strategy is preferable over that using a 2-stent technique. The benefit of final kissing inflation (FKI), however, has not been established. Methods and Results:  Seventy-two patients (76 lesions) with true bifurcation lesions treated with a single drug-eluting stent with FKI (n=33 lesions) or without FKI (non-FKI, n=43 lesions) were enrolled in this study. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed at 6–12 months after implantation. Based on the OCT findings, the percentage of jailing struts (number of jailing struts/total number of struts at the bifurcation lesion) was ...

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    23. Natural consequence of post-intervention stent malapposition, thrombus, tissue prolapse, and dissection assessed by optical coherence tomography at mid-term follow-up

      Natural consequence of post-intervention stent malapposition, thrombus, tissue prolapse, and dissection assessed by optical coherence tomography at mid-term follow-up

      Aims We performed this study to clarify natural consequences of abnormal structures (stent malapposition, thrombus, tissue prolapse, and stent edge dissection) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results Thirty-five patients treated with 40 drug-eluting stents underwent serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging immediately after PCI and at the 8-month follow-up. Among a total of 73 929 struts in every frame, 431 struts (26 stents) showed malapposition immediately after PCI. Among these, 49 remained malapposed at the follow-up examination. The mean distance between the strut and vessel wall (S–V distance) of persistent malapposed struts on post-stenting OCT images was ...

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    1-24 of 44 1 2 »
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    1. (42 articles) Junya Shite
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