1. Articles from vito ramazzotti

    1-15 of 15
    1. Reproducibility of serial optical coherence tomography measurements for lumen area and plaque components in humans (The CLI-VAR [Centro per la Lotta Contro l’Infarto-variability] II study)

      Reproducibility of serial optical coherence tomography measurements for lumen area and plaque components in humans (The CLI-VAR [Centro per la Lotta Contro l’Infarto-variability] II study)

      Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) is a promising intracoronary imaging technique to study atherosclerosis. Indeed, its unprecedented spatial resolution allows the assessment of fibrous cap thickness, lipid pool and features of plaque vulnerability. Aim of this study was to determine the reproducibility of the in vivo FD-OCT measurements of lumen area and plaque components in serial studies. Twenty-six patients undergoing FD-OCT assessment of intermediate lesion during coronary angiography were included in this study. FD-OCT pullbacks were acquired twice from the same coronary segment at interval of 5 min without additional intervention and analyzed off-line at an independent imaging core laboratory ...

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      Mentions: Francesco Prati
    2. Suboptimal stent deployment is associated with subacute stent thrombosis: Optical Coherence Tomography insights from a multicenter matched study. From the CLI Foundation investigators: the CLI-THRO study

      Suboptimal stent deployment is associated with subacute stent thrombosis: Optical Coherence Tomography insights from a multicenter matched study. From the CLI Foundation investigators: the CLI-THRO study

      Background Acute or sub-acute stent thrombosis (ST) is a well described complication usually causing acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and in the worst case scenario sudden cardiac death. In this study we aimed at exploring the potential role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the understanding of the mechanism of ST. Methods Twenty-one consecutive patients, after ACS due to a definite sub-acute ST, were assessed with OCT and matched 1:2 with 42 patients undergoing OCT for scheduled follow-up. OCT assessment was focused on features indicative of non-optimal stent deployment: under-expansion, malapposition, edge dissection and reference lumen narrowing. Results OCT revealed ...

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    3. Quantification of manual thrombus removal in patients with acute coronary syndromes: a study exploiting serial frequency domain-optical coherence tomography

      Quantification of manual thrombus removal in patients with acute coronary syndromes: a study exploiting serial frequency domain-optical coherence tomography

      Aims: Thrombus aspiration is useful in improving myocardial reperfusion in comparison to conventional percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Nonetheless, assessment of thrombus aspiration efficacy is lacking. Aim of this study was to quantify by frequency domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) the amount of thrombus removal in patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing manual thrombus aspiration, correlating it with the actual size of the retrieved material. Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome were enrolled. OCT assessment of thrombotic lesions was performed before and after thrombus aspiration and repeated after stent deployment. OCT thrombus assessment was ...

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      Mentions: Francesco Prati
    4. Randomized trial of standard versus ClearWay-infused abciximab and thrombectomy in myocardial infarction: rationale and design of the COCTAIL II study

      Randomized trial of standard versus ClearWay-infused abciximab and thrombectomy in myocardial infarction: rationale and design of the COCTAIL II study

      Background: Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are at substantial risk of suboptimal procedural results and late adverse events. Angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies have identified residual coronary thrombus and microcirculatory injury as potential culprits for these adverse outcomes. We hypothesized that coronary thrombectomy and local infusion of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors by means of a dedicated infusion device can synergistically improve results of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI, as appraised by OCT. Methods: A total of 128 patients with STEMI will be randomized, to one of the following: abciximab infusion with the ClearWay coronary catheter (C ...

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    5. Optical coherence tomography guided in-stent thrombus removal in patients with acute coronary syndromes

      Optical coherence tomography guided in-stent thrombus removal in patients with acute coronary syndromes

      The persistence of thrombus inside stent struts is a frequent event in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and this phenomenon might be associated with an increased risk of stent thrombosis. We sought to quantify by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) the presence of in-stent thrombus after achievement of an optimal angiographic result in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. In addition, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of an OCT-guided strategy of in-stent thrombus removal. Eighty consecutive patients with ACS undergoing PCI were treated with two different strategies equally divided into two groups: angio-guided ...

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    6. Association Between Proximal Stent Edge Positioning on Atherosclerotic Plaques Containing Lipid Pools and Postprocedural Myocardial Infarction (from the CLI-POOL Study)

      Association Between Proximal Stent Edge Positioning on Atherosclerotic Plaques Containing Lipid Pools and Postprocedural Myocardial Infarction (from the CLI-POOL Study)

      Postprocedural myocardial infarction is an ominous complication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Despite several patient, lesion, and procedural factors that may affect its occurrence and severity, it is unclear if implanting a stent edge on a coronary lipid pool, as appraised by optical coherence tomography (OCT), adversely affects outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the association between postprocedural myocardial infarction and the implantation of a stent edge on a lipid pool, as assessed by OCT. A database was screened for patients without ongoing myocardial infarctions; who underwent PCI with stenting for single, native, de novo lesions; without ...

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    7. Angiography alone versus angiography plus optical coherence tomography to guide decision-making during percutaneous coronary intervention: the Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) study

      Angiography alone versus angiography plus optical coherence tomography to guide decision-making during percutaneous coronary intervention: the Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) study

      Aims: Angiographic guidance for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has substantial limitations. The superior spatial resolution of optical coherence tomography (OCT) could translate into meaningful clinical benefits. We aimed to compare angiographic guidance alone versus angiographic plus OCT guidance for PCI. Methods and results: Patients undergoing PCI with angiographic plus OCT guidance (OCT group) were compared with matched patients undergoing PCI with angiographic only guidance (Angio group) within 30 days. The primary endpoint was the one-year rate of cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI). A total of 670 patients were included, 335 in the OCT group and 335 in the Angio ...

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    8. Early vessel healing of the Avantgarde cobalt-chromium coronary stent: the ON-GARDE OCT study

      Early vessel healing of the Avantgarde cobalt-chromium coronary stent: the ON-GARDE OCT study

      Introduction: Uncoverage and malapposition of stent struts at optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been associated with stent thrombosis. Stent uncoverage by OCT is being used as a surrogate to address the propensity of a stent to develop thrombosis. We aimed to appraise early vessel healing in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with the novel Avantgarde stent. Methods: Patients with STEMI and multivessel disease were enrolled. The stent deployed on the infarct-related artery was imaged by frequency domain-OCT during deferred intervention (4-7 days apart). The primary end-point was the percentage of uncovered struts. Secondary end-points were the percentage of ...

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    9. High Levels of Systemic Myeloperoxidase Are Associated With Coronary Plaque Erosion in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Clinicopathological Study

      High Levels of Systemic Myeloperoxidase Are Associated With Coronary Plaque Erosion in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Clinicopathological Study

      Background— Systemic levels of myeloperoxidase predict prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes and are considered a marker of plaque vulnerability. It is not known whether myeloperoxidase is associated with different coronary morphologies (ie, rupture or erosion of the culprit lesion) in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Methods and Results— Twenty-five consecutive patients (aged 67±11 years; 15 men [60%]; 13 [52%] with non–ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome and 12 [48%] with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) were enrolled. Optical coherence tomography classified the culprit lesion as ruptured in 18 (72%) or eroded in 7 patients (28%) and detected ...

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    10. Safety and feasibility of frequency domain optical coherence tomography to guide decision making in percutaneous coronary intervention

      Safety and feasibility of frequency domain optical coherence tomography to guide decision making in percutaneous coronary intervention
      The purpose of this single centre registry is to assess safety and feasibility of the frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) system during coronary interventions. Ninety patients with unstable or stable coronary artery disease were included in this study
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    11. Local Delivery Versus Intracoronary Infusion of Abciximab in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes

      Local Delivery Versus Intracoronary Infusion of Abciximab in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes
      Objectives We investigated whether local abciximab delivery to the site of intracoronary thrombus is more effective than intracoronary bolus infusion in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and downstream clopidogrel administration. Background The intracoronary route of administration does not allow an optimal contact between the plaque components and abciximab, which is rapidly washed out by the coronary flow. Methods A total of 50 patients with ACS and a significant lesion in the culprit artery indicative of local thrombosis were randomly assigned to receive local intracoronary delivery of abciximab through a dedicated perfusion catheter or intracoronary infusion ...
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    12. The artery under the lens (Editorial by Francesco Prati and Vito Ramazzotti)

      The artery under the lens  (Editorial by Francesco Prati and Vito Ramazzotti)
      Coronary angiography and histology form the pillars upon which our present knowledge about coronary atherosclerosis and stenting procedures is based; despite the obvious limitations of both techniqu3es, with angiography being just an imaging modality showing the cast of treated arteries and histology a post mortem assessment that cannot provide in vivo findings… OCT opened a new window for the theatre of coronary interventions.
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      Mentions: Francesco Prati
    13. How should I treat a complex Post-CABG patient?

      How should I treat a complex Post-CABG patient?
      A 69 year old man was admitted with unstable angina (Class IIB). He had a history of chronic renal impairment, diabetes melltus, hypertension and coronary bypass surgery in 1997 (LIMA graft to the LAD and diagonal branch, saphenous vein grafts to the RCA and first marginal branch of LCx). Diagnostic coronary angiogram revealed: occlusion of the proximal LCx and RCA.
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    14. ClearWayRX System to reduce intracoronary thrombus in patients with acute coronary syndromes according to Optical Coherence Tomography after Abciximab Intracoronary Local infusion trial (COCTAIL): study rationale and design

      Background and objective: Prompt reperfusion with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the setting of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) improves clinical outcomes through salvage of myocardial tissue. Although use of intracoronary glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition with PCI can result in improved rates of normal epicardial flow and myocardial perfusion, several unmet needs remain. The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intracoronary bolus of abciximab delivered using the ClearWayRX Therapeutic Perfusion Catheter followed by a dosing regimen of intravenous abciximab infusion after PCI, compared with intracoronary abciximab infusion, via the guiding catheter, followed by a ...
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    15. From Bench to Bedside - A Novel Technique of Acquiring OCT Images

      Background Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a high resolution intravascular imaging technique, requires blood displacement for reliable image acquisition and the current technique uses a soft occlusion balloon plus saline injection in the coronary artery. A non-occlusive technique based on manual infusion of a viscous iso-osmolar solution has been developed and tested and validated through a 2-phase study. Methods and Results OCT assessment was performed with the M2 LightLab OCT (LightLab Imaging, Westford, MA, USA) image-wire in 3 swine by infusing 30 ml of each of 3 solutions differing in viscosity, osmolarity and electrolytic composition (A: iodixanol 320 and Lactated Ringer ...
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    1-15 of 15
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    1. (15 articles) Francesco Prati
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    How should I treat a complex Post-CABG patient? The artery under the lens  (Editorial by Francesco Prati and Vito Ramazzotti) Local Delivery Versus Intracoronary Infusion of Abciximab in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes Safety and feasibility of frequency domain optical coherence tomography to guide decision making in percutaneous coronary intervention High Levels of Systemic Myeloperoxidase Are Associated With Coronary Plaque Erosion in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Clinicopathological Study Early vessel healing of the Avantgarde cobalt-chromium coronary stent: the ON-GARDE OCT study Angiography alone versus angiography plus optical coherence tomography to guide decision-making during percutaneous coronary intervention: the Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) study Association Between Proximal Stent Edge Positioning on Atherosclerotic Plaques Containing Lipid Pools and Postprocedural Myocardial Infarction (from the CLI-POOL Study) Comparative study between intravitreal ranibizumab and triamcinolone treatment of diabetic macular edema as regard to optical coherence tomography changes and visual acuity What’s New in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography for Glaucoma (Book Chapter) Looking into the Future: Optical Coherence Tomography for the Assessment of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy Effects of Age on Peripapillary and Macular Vessel Density Determined Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography in Healthy Eyes