1. Articles from Akihiro Nakajima

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    1. Predictors of Rapid Plaque Progression: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Predictors of Rapid Plaque Progression: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Objectives This study sought to identify morphological predictors of rapid plaque progression. Background Two patterns of plaque progression have been described: slow linear progression and rapid step-wise progression. The former pattern will cause stable angina when the narrowing reaches a critical threshold, whereas the latter pattern may lead to acute coronary syndromes or sudden cardiac death. Methods Patients who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging during the index procedure and follow-up angiography with a minimum interval of 6 months were selected. Nonculprit lesions with a diameter stenosis of ≥30% on index angiography were assessed. Lesion progression was defined as a ...

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    2. Relation of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level to Plaque Rupture

      Relation of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level to Plaque Rupture

      Statin therapy reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), inflammation, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We investigated the association between LDL-C and statin therapy on the prevalence of plaque rupture (PR). Patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent optical coherence tomography imaging of the culprit lesion were divided into 4 groups based on LDL-C level and statin use (Group 1: LDL-C ≤ 100 without statin; Group 2; LDL-C ≤ 100 with statin; Group 3: LDL-C >100 with statin; Group 4: LDL-C >100 without statin), and the prevalence of PR was compared between the groups. Among 896 patients, PR was diagnosed in 444 (49.6%) patients ...

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    3. Circadian variations in pathogenesis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an optical coherence tomography study

      Circadian variations in pathogenesis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an optical coherence tomography study

      Previous studies have reported a circadian variation in the onset of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, underlying mechanisms for the circadian variation have not been fully elucidated. We investigated the relationship between onset of STEMI and the underlying pathology using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Patients with a diagnosis of STEMI were selected from a multicenter OCT registry. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on the estimated time of onset (00:00–05:59, 06:00–11:59, 12:00–17:59, or 18:00–23:59). Underlying pathologies of MI (plaque rupture, plaque erosion, and calcified plaque) were ...

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    4. Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion

      Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion

      As the degree of luminal narrowing increases, shear stress increases, and high shear stress is known to activate platelets. However, the relationship between the degree of luminal narrowing and the composition of thrombus in patients with plaque erosion has not been studied. A total of 148 patients with plaque erosion and thrombus detected by optical coherence tomography were divided into tertiles based on the minimum lumen area (MLA) at the culprit lesion. Thrombus was categorized as platelet-rich or fibrin-rich. Among 148 patients, 50 (34%) were in the mild stenosis group, 49 (33%) were in the moderate stenosis group, and 49 ...

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    5. Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings: Layered versus non‐layered culprit lesions

      Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings: Layered versus non‐layered culprit lesions

      Objectives This study aimed to investigate the vascular response of lesions with a layered phenotype. Background Recent studies have shown that layered plaques at culprit lesions detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) have greater plaque burden and more inflammatory features than non‐layered plaques. Methods This is a retrospective observational study. A total of 193 target lesions from 193 patients [100 patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and 93 with stable angina pectoris (SAP)] who had undergone OCT imaging of the culprit lesion both before and after stenting were included. Layered plaques were identified by OCT as plaques with layers ...

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    6. COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

      COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

      Background Recently, three subtypes of calcified plaques at the culprit lesion were reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS): eruptive calcified nodule, superficial calcific sheet, and calcified protrusion. Methods A total of 157 patients with ACS and calcified plaque at the culprit lesion were selected from our database. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings at index procedure and after stent implantation were compared among the three subgroups. Results In the final analysis, 92 cases were included. Pre-procedural OCT showed eruptive calcified nodules in 20 (21.7%) cases, superficial calcific sheets in 66 (71.7%), and calcified protrusion in 6 (6 ...

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    7. Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings among three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome

      Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings among three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome

      Objectives To compare the postprocedural optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings and in‐hospital outcomes among the three subtypes of calcified plaques: eruptive calcified nodules, superficial calcific sheet, and calcified protrusion. Background Recently, three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques were reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). How these subtypes respond to stenting is unknown. Methods ACS patients with calcified plaque at the culprit lesion were selected from our database. OCT findings at baseline and after stent implantation were compared. Results In the final analysis, 87 cases were included. Preprocedural OCT showed eruptive calcified nodules in 19 (21.8%) cases ...

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    1-7 of 7
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    1. (7 articles) Harvard University
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    Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings among three subtypes of calcified culprit plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME Comparison of post‐stent optical coherence tomography findings: Layered versus non‐layered culprit lesions Degree of luminal narrowing and composition of thrombus in plaque erosion Circadian variations in pathogenesis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: an optical coherence tomography study Relation of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Level to Plaque Rupture Predictors of Rapid Plaque Progression: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study Correlation between optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinogram findings and visual acuity in diabetic macular edema Ciliary body length revisited by anterior segment optical coherence tomography: implications for safe access to the pars plana for intravitreal injections Evaluation of retinal vascular structure after epiretinal membrane surgery by optical coherence tomography angiography Bivalirudin vs. Heparin on Radial Artery Thrombosis during Transradial Coronary Intervention: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study Superficial Calcification With Rotund Shape Is Associated With Carotid Plaque Rupture: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study