1. Articles from Peng Zhou

    1-14 of 14
    1. High-Risk Culprit Plaque Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes Independently of Plaque Rupture in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insight From Optical Coherence Tomography

      High-Risk Culprit Plaque Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes Independently of Plaque Rupture in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insight From Optical Coherence Tomography

      The present study explored the predictive value of culprit high-risk plaque (HRP) detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT) for predicting major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). HRP was defined as the simultaneous presence of four criteria: minimum lumen area <3.5 mm 2 , fibrous cap thickness <75 μm, lipid plaque with lipid arc extension >180°, and presence of macrophages. Patients (n = 274) were divided into non-HRP group (n = 206) and HRP group (n = 68). MACEs were defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and revascularization. During a mean follow-up of ...

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    2. Association Between Preinfarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphology in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Association Between Preinfarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphology in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background: Previous studies reported the cardiac protection effect of preinfarction angina (PIA) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to identify culprit-plaque morphology and clinical outcomes associated with PIA in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results: A total of 279 patients with STEMI between March 2017 and March 2019 who underwent intravascular OCT of the culprit lesion were prospectively included. Of them, 153 (54.8%) patients were presented with PIA. No differences were observed in clinical and angiographic data between the two groups, except STEMI onset with exertion was ...

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    3. Prognostic value of characteristics of plaque combined with residual syntax score among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Prognostic value of characteristics of plaque combined with residual syntax score among patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Aim: The present study aimed to explore these characteristics, particularly thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), in relation to residual syntax score (rSS) in patients who presented with acute MI. Methods and outcomes: A total of 434 consecutive patients with MI aged ≥18 years who had STEMI underwent primary PCI. Notably, compared with other subgroups, the presence of TCFA in culprit lesions and a higher level of rSS, were significantly associated with MACE. When rSS was divided into three groups, high rSS levels were associated with a higher incidence of MACE, in the subgroups of without TCFA (P = 0.005), plaque erosion (P ...

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    4. Culprit-Plaque Morphology and Residual SYNTAX Score Predict Cardiovascular Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Culprit-Plaque Morphology and Residual SYNTAX Score Predict Cardiovascular Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Aims: Culprit-plaque morphology [plaque rupture (PR) and plaque erosion (PE)] and high-risk plaques (HRP) identified by optical coherence tomography (OCT) and residual SYNTAX score (rSS) have been reported to influence clinical outcomes. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic implication of culprit-plaque morphology and rSS for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: Based on plaque morphology and rSS, 274 STEMI patients were divided into 4 groups: PE/low-rSS (n=61), PE/high-rSS (n=58), PR/low-rSS (n=55), and PR/high-rSS (n=100). According to HRP and rSS, patients ...

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    5. Plasma Pentraxin-3 Combined with Plaque Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Risk in ST-Segment Elevated Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Plasma Pentraxin-3 Combined with Plaque Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Risk in ST-Segment Elevated Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background: Culprit‑plaque morphology [plaque rupture (PR) and plaque erosion (PE) identified by optical coherence tomography (OCT)] and biomarker of vascular inflammation, pentraxin-3 (PTX3), have been reported to influence clinical outcomes in coronary diseases. We aimed to investigate the prognostic implication of culprit-plaque morphology and plasma PTX3 for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: A total of 236 patients were enrolled and divided into four groups: PE/low-PTX3 (n = 57), PE/high-PTX3 (n = 47), PR/low-PTX3 (n = 78) and PR/high-PTX3 (n = 54). MACE was defined as the composite of all-cause death ...

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    6. Prognostic Value of Characteristics of Plaque Combined With Residual Syntax Score Among Patients With STEMI Undergoing Primary PCI: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Prognostic Value of Characteristics of Plaque Combined With Residual Syntax Score Among Patients With STEMI Undergoing Primary PCI: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Aim The present study aimed to explore these characteristics, particularly thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), in relation to residual syntax score (rSS) in patients who presented with acute MI. Methods and outcomes A total of 434 consecutive patients with MI aged ≥18 years who had STEMI underwent primary PCI. Notably, compared with other subgroups, the presence of TCFA in culprit lesions and a higher level of rSS, were significantly associated with MACE. When rSS was divided into three groups, high rSS levels were associated with a higher incidence of MACE, in the subgroups of without TCFA ( P = 0.005), plaque erosion ( P ...

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    7. Residual SYNTAX Score in Relation to Coronary Culprit Plaque Characteristics and Cardiovascular Risk in ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Residual SYNTAX Score in Relation to Coronary Culprit Plaque Characteristics and Cardiovascular Risk in ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      This study aimed to investigate the association of high-risk culprit plaque features by optical coherence tomography (OCT) with residual SYNTAX score (rSS) and the predictive value of rSS for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We included 274 patients and divided them into 3 groups - rSS=0 (n=72), 0<rSS≤8 (n=134), and rSS>8 (n=68). There were significant differences in plaque characteristics among three groups (plaque rupture: 44.4% versus 59.0% versus 64.7%, lowest to highest rSS, p=0.040; OCT-defined high-risk plaques: 16.7% versus ...

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    8. Triglyceride glucose index combined with plaque characteristics as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevated myocardial infarction patients: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Triglyceride glucose index combined with plaque characteristics as a novel biomarker for cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-elevated myocardial infarction patients: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Abstract Background and aim This prospective study explored plaque morphology according to the underlying culprit lesion pathology (rupture versus erosion) in relation to the triglyceride glucose (TyG) index in patients with acute ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for culprit lesions to elucidate the effects of the TyG index and type of plaque on the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Methods and outcomes A total of 274 patients with STEMI aged ≥ 18 years who underwent pre-intervention OCT imaging of culprit lesions between March 2017 and March 2019 ...

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    9. Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide Levels and Calcification in Culprit Lesion Segments in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide Levels and Calcification in Culprit Lesion Segments in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography

      The presence of calcified plaques is one of the pathological phenotypes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and can be frequently found in culprit lesion segments. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is reported to be involved in vascular calcification and plaque instability. This study investigated the relationship between plasma TMAO levels and calcified lesions in culprit lesion segments in STEMI patients. A prospective series of 179 patients with STEMI were enrolled, and calcified lesions from 127 patients were analyzed by OCT. The plasma TMAO levels were measured by using stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Patients were divided into two groups ...

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    10. Mean Platelet Volume/Platelet Count Ratio and Culprit Plaque Morphologies: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study in Patients with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

      Mean Platelet Volume/Platelet Count Ratio and Culprit Plaque Morphologies: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study in Patients with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

      This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of mean platelet volume/platelet count ratio (MPR) for coronary plaque features in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 275 STEMI patients undergoing preintervention optical coherence tomography examination were included, with 142 categorized as plaque rupture (PR) and 133 as plaque erosion (PE). Multivariable logistic regression showed higher MPR was an independent predictor of PR (tertile 3 vs tertile 1, odds ratio: 6.257, 95% confidence interval: 1.586–24.686, P = 0.009). MPR showed better diagnostic performance than other platelet indices. The optimal MPR threshold ...

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    11. Association of plasma trimethylamine N-Oxide level with healed culprit plaques examined by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction

      Association of plasma trimethylamine N-Oxide level with healed culprit plaques examined by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction

      Background and aims: Healed plaque is a hallmark of previous regional plaque rupture or erosion. We hypothesized that the plasma level of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is related to healed culprit plaque in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Methods and results: A prospective cohort of 206 patients with STEMI, who were examined by optical coherence tomography (OCT) was enrolled in our study. After exclusion, 156 patients were categorized into healed plaque (n = 54) and nonhealed plaque (n = 102) groups. Plasma TMAO levels were detected by stable isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in these two groups. Increased age and ...

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    12. Trimethylamine N-Oxide Was Not Associated With 30-Day Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients With a First Anterior ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction After Primary Revascularization: A Sub-analysis From an Optical Coherence Tomography R

      Trimethylamine N-Oxide Was Not Associated With 30-Day Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients With a First Anterior ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction After Primary Revascularization: A Sub-analysis From an Optical Coherence Tomography R

      Objective: Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with poor outcome. Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a gut metabolite, is linked to cardiovascular diseases but its relationship with LVSD after STEMI remains unclear. The present study therefore aimed to investigate the relationship between TMAO and LVSD at 30 days after a first anterior STEMI. Methods: This was a sub-study from the OCTAMI (Optical Coherence Tomography Examination in Acute Myocardial Infarction) registry. Eligible patients were included in current study if they: (1) presented with a first anterior STEMI; (2) had available baseline TMAO concentration; (3) completed a ...

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    13. Association between Admission Hyperglycemia and Culprit Lesion Characteristics in Nondiabetic Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Association between Admission Hyperglycemia and Culprit Lesion Characteristics in Nondiabetic Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study

      Background . Hyperglycemia is frequently observed in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and non-DM patients have different culprit lesion phenotypes and few data are available on non-DM patients with admission hyperglycemia. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between admission hyperglycemia and culprit lesion characteristics using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in AMI patients. Methods and Results . We consecutively enrolled 434 patients with AMI, and 277 patients were included in analysis: 65.7% ( ) non-DM patients and 34.3% ( ) DM patients. We measured acute blood glucose (ABG) and hemoglobin A 1c to calculate the acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio (A/C). Then ...

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    14. Relationships of coronary culprit-plaque characteristics with duration of diabetes mellitus in acute myocardial infarction: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Relationships of coronary culprit-plaque characteristics with duration of diabetes mellitus in acute myocardial infarction: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) or pre-diabetes status is closely associated with features of vulnerable coronary lesions in patients with stable coronary heart disease or acute coronary syndrome. However, the association between duration of diabetes and the morphologies and features of vulnerable plaques has not been fully investigated in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods We enrolled a total of 279 patients who presented with AMI between March 2017 and March 2019 and underwent pre-intervention optical coherence tomography imaging of culprit lesions. Patients with DM were divided into two subgroups: a Short-DM group with DM duration of < 10 years and ...

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    1-14 of 14
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    Relationships of coronary culprit-plaque characteristics with duration of diabetes mellitus in acute myocardial infarction: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study Association between Admission Hyperglycemia and Culprit Lesion Characteristics in Nondiabetic Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study Trimethylamine N-Oxide Was Not Associated With 30-Day Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Patients With a First Anterior ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction After Primary Revascularization: A Sub-analysis From an Optical Coherence Tomography R Association of plasma trimethylamine N-Oxide level with healed culprit plaques examined by optical coherence tomography in patients with ST-Segment elevation myocardial infarction Mean Platelet Volume/Platelet Count Ratio and Culprit Plaque Morphologies: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study in Patients with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Association of Trimethylamine N-Oxide Levels and Calcification in Culprit Lesion Segments in Patients With ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography Residual SYNTAX Score in Relation to Coronary Culprit Plaque Characteristics and Cardiovascular Risk in ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: an Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography Study Plasma Pentraxin-3 Combined with Plaque Characteristics Predict Cardiovascular Risk in ST-Segment Elevated Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study Culprit-Plaque Morphology and Residual SYNTAX Score Predict Cardiovascular Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction: An Optical Coherence Tomography Study High-Risk Culprit Plaque Predicts Cardiovascular Outcomes Independently of Plaque Rupture in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Insight From Optical Coherence Tomography The truth about invisible posterior vitreous structures Increased Macrophage-like Cell Density in Retinal Vein Occlusion as Characterized by en Face Optical Coherence Tomography