1. Articles from Giuseppe Querques

    1-24 of 100 1 2 3 4 5 »
    1. Appearance of cysts and capillary non perfusion areas in diabetic macular edema using two different OCTA devices

      Appearance of cysts and capillary non perfusion areas in diabetic macular edema using two different OCTA devices

      The aim of this paper was to distinguish the appearance of cysts and non-perfusion areas (NPAs) in diabetic macular edema (DME) using two different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) devices. In this study, patients underwent OCTA using the AngioVue XR Avanti Spectral Domain (SD) OCTA and the PLEX Elite 9000 Swept-Source (SS) OCTA. Foveal and extrafoveal regions of interest (ROI), defined as any area with an altered flow signal comparing to the surrounding retina, were selected in superficial and deep capillary plexus (SCP and DCP). ROI reflectivity were classified as hypo-reflective or hyper-reflective. Foveal ROI were analyzed to detect suspended ...

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    2. OCTA characterisation of microvascular retinal alterations in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy

      OCTA characterisation of microvascular retinal alterations in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy

      Purpose This study aimed to describe the characteristics of microvascular retinal alterations in eyes with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) employing optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) analysis. Methods We collected data from 472 eyes with chronic CSC from 336 patients who had OCTA obtained. Each OCTA image was graded by two readers to assess the presence of microvascular retinal alterations, including regions of vascular rarefaction/retinal hypoperfusion, enlargement of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and presence of telangiectasias or microaneurysms. Volume spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans were obtained through the macula and the OCT was correlated with the ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetes: A review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetes: A review

      Diabetic retinopathy is a common diabetes complication representing a heavy burden in terms of visual impairment and heath expenditure. Optical coherence tomography angiography is a relatively new imaging method and has proven to be a powerful tool in the analysis of diabetic retinopathy common features, including microaneurysms, intraretinal microvascular abnormalities, or neovascularization, as well as in research field, challenging the gold standard of fluorescein angiography. Many studies underlined the vascular impairment observed through optical coherence tomography angiography and its typical parameters such as vessel length density, foveal avascular zone, and fractal dimension. Choriocapillaris involvement in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy ...

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    4. An optical coherence tomography-based grading of diabetic maculopathy proposed by an international expert panel: The European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology classification

      An optical coherence tomography-based grading of diabetic maculopathy proposed by an international expert panel: The European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology classification

      Aims: To present an authoritative, universal, easy-to-use morphologic classification of diabetic maculopathy based on spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Methods: The first draft of the project was developed based on previously published classifications and a literature search regarding the spectral domain optical coherence tomography quantitative and qualitative features of diabetic maculopathy. This draft was sent to an international panel of retina experts for a first revision. The panel met at the European School for Advanced Studies in Ophthalmology headquarters in Lugano, Switzerland, and elaborated the final document. Results: Seven tomographic qualitative and quantitative features are taken into account and scored ...

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    5. Optical Coherence Tomography Parameters as Predictors of Treatment Response to Eplerenone in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

      Optical Coherence Tomography Parameters as Predictors of Treatment Response to Eplerenone in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

      Purpose : To present data on clinical response to eplerenone over a 1-year period in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), and to evaluate optical coherence tomography (OCT) variables as predictors of treatment response at 3- and 12-month follow-up visits. Methods : Patients with acute or chronic CSC treated with eplerenone were retrospectively included. Clinical and imaging characteristics were recorded at baseline and at the 3-month and 12-month follow-up visits. Changes from baseline in quantitative measurements were calculated at each follow-up. Logistic regression analysis was computed to correlate clinical and OCT parameters at baseline with response to treatment at 3 and 12 ...

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    6. MULTIMODAL IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF SYPHILITIC CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION

      MULTIMODAL IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF SYPHILITIC CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION

      Purpose: To report a rare case of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) developed 2 years after successful treatment of ocular syphilis , identified by optical coherence tomography angiography . Methods: Case report. Results: A 31-year-old man with a history of syphilitic chorioretinitis developed a CNV 2 years after clinical remission of the infection. Structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography were helpful in providing detailed evidence of an extrafoveal CNV in an easy and noninvasive way. In comparison, the identification of CNV on fluorescein angiography was difficult because of the retinal blood barrier breakdown and intense choroidal background fluorescence for diffuse ...

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    7. Volumetric Analysis of Vascularized Serous Pigment Epithelial Detachment Progression in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Volumetric Analysis of Vascularized Serous Pigment Epithelial Detachment Progression in Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose : To analyze the evolution of type 1 neovascularization associated with vascularized serous pigment epithelial detachment (vsPED) using three-dimensional, volumetric, en face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods : This was a retrospective case series from four tertiary medical centers. OCTA images were analyzed at baseline and at the 3-, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up visit when available. Visual acuity, number of injections, PED maximal height and PED area and volume, and choroidal neovascularization (CNV) flow area and progression were determined at each visit. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of CNV progression (including CNV/PED flow area) and final PED morphology ...

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    8. Prognostic role of optical coherence tomography after switch to dexamethasone in diabetic macular edema

      Prognostic role of optical coherence tomography after switch to dexamethasone in diabetic macular edema

      Aims To analyze the visual outcome after early switch to dexamethasone (DEX) in eyes with diabetic macular edema previously treated with ranibizumab (RNB), based on structural spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) features. Methods Retrospective study of data from 28 eyes which underwent a loading dose of three monthly RNB injections and were then shifted to DEX implant injection. SD-OCT analysis was performed before switch to DEX (week 12, 12W) according to the presence of integrity of ellipsoid zone (EZ) and external limiting membrane (ELM), disorganization of retinal inner layers (DRIL), and quantity of hyper-reflective spots (HRS). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA ...

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    9. Correspondence: Impact of Binarization Thresholding and Brightness/Contrast Adjustment Methodology on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Quantification

      Correspondence: Impact of Binarization Thresholding and Brightness/Contrast Adjustment Methodology on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Quantification

      We read with interest the article by Mehta and colleagues titled “Impact of Binarization Thresholding and Brightness/Contrast Adjustment Methodology on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Image Quantification.” 1 The authors tested 5 methods to binarize optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) en face angiocubes at the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and choriocapillaris (CC) on a small cohort of healthy subjects. They found significant differences among the methods for the parameters studied, and the differences were more pronounced at the CC level.

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    10. Early response to the treatment of choroidal neovascularization complicating central serous chorioretinopathy: a OCT-angiography study

      Early response to the treatment of choroidal neovascularization complicating central serous chorioretinopathy: a OCT-angiography study

      Purpose To analyze the quantitative and qualitative early changes of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) after treatment using optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A). Methods Charts of consecutive patients with diagnosis of chronic CSC complicated by CNV were retrospectively reviewed. Included patients were divided in photodynamic therapy (PDT) or aflibercept group on the basis of the treatment received (half-fluence PDT or aflibercept 2.0 mg/0.05 ml intravitreal injection). Main outcome measures included the changes between baseline and 1-month follow-up in CNV vessel density (VD) and area on OCT-A images after thresholding and binarization. Results A ...

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    11. Subretinal pseudocyst: A novel optical coherence tomography finding in age-related macular degeneration

      Subretinal pseudocyst: A novel optical coherence tomography finding in age-related macular degeneration

      Purpose: To report the presence of a new structural optical coherence tomography finding, namely, subretinal pseudocysts, in a patient affected by age-related macular degeneration. Methods: Case report including multimodal imaging discussion. Case Report: We report a case of a 77-year-old woman affected by age-related macular degeneration from 7 years. Best corrected visual acuity was counting fingers and 20/40 in the right and left eye, respectively. The left eye was affected by type 1 macular neovascularization treated by 34 intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (22 ranibizumab and 12 aflibercept injections). Interestingly, structural optical coherence tomography showed the persistence ...

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    12. Progression of Diabetic Microaneurysms According to the Internal Reflectivity on Structural Optical Coherence Tomography and Visibility on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Progression of Diabetic Microaneurysms According to the Internal Reflectivity on Structural Optical Coherence Tomography and Visibility on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Purpose To investigate the progression of diabetic microaneurysms (MAs) according to the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA) characteristics and to evaluate their influence on the retinal extracellular fluid accumulation at 1 year follow-up in patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). Design Prospective, observational case series. Methods Fourteen patients with NPDR underwent SD-OCT and OCTA at the baseline and at 1 year follow-up. For all the selected MAs the visibility, the changes of internal reflectivity, graded as hyporeflective, moderate, or hyperreflective, and the extracellular fluid accumulation surrounding each MA on SD-OCT at 1 year were evaluated. The ...

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    13. Pearls and Pitfalls of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Imaging: A Review

      Pearls and Pitfalls of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Imaging: A Review

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has significantly expanded our knowledge of the ocular vasculature. Furthermore, this imaging modality has been widely adopted to investigate different ocular and systemic diseases. In this review, a discussion of the fundamental principles of OCTA is followed by the application of this imaging modality to study the retinal and choroidal vessels. A proper comprehension of this imaging modality is essential for the interpretation of OCTA imaging applications in retinal and choroidal disorders.

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    14. Early hydroxychloroquine retinopathy: optical coherence tomography abnormalities preceding Humphrey visual field defects

      Early hydroxychloroquine retinopathy: optical coherence tomography abnormalities preceding Humphrey visual field defects

      Background/Aims Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy may result in severe and irreversible vision loss, emphasising the importance of screening and early detection. The purpose of this study is to report the novel finding of early optical coherence tomography (OCT) abnormalities due to HCQ toxicity that may develop in the setting of normal Humphrey visual field (HVF) testing. Methods Data from patients with chronic HCQ exposure was obtained from seven tertiary care retina centres. Ten patients with HCQ-associated OCT abnormalities and normal HVF testing were identified. Detailed analysis of the OCT findings and ancillary tests including colour fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, multifocal ...

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    15. SWEPT-SOURCE AND SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY VERSUS DYE ANGIOGRAPHY IN THE MEASUREMENT OF TYPE 1 NEOVASCULARIZATION

      SWEPT-SOURCE AND SPECTRAL DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY VERSUS DYE ANGIOGRAPHY IN THE MEASUREMENT OF TYPE 1 NEOVASCULARIZATION

      Purpose: To compare the area of Type 1 neovascularization in patients with age-related macular degeneration calculated on spectral domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD-OCTA), swept-source OCTA, and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Methods: Cross-sectional study enrolling patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration with Type 1 neovascularization . During the same visit, ICGA (Spectralis HRA, Heidelberg, Germany), 3 × 3-mm or 6 × 6-mm SD-OCTA (CIRRUS AngioPlex model 5000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc, Dublin, OH), and 3 × 3-mm or 6 × 6-mm swept-source OCTA (Plex Elite 9000; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc) were performed. Neovascularization areas were compared among the three instruments. The degree of consistency between ...

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    16. Peripapillary versus macular combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium: Imaging characteristics

      Peripapillary versus macular combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium: Imaging characteristics

      Purpose To compare clinical, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) characteristics of peripapillary versus (vs.) macular variants of combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (combined hamartoma). Design Retrospective observational, comparative case series Methods:Setting Multicentre collaborative study Study Population 50 eyes with a clinical diagnosis of combined hamartoma Observational Analysis A comparative analysis of color fundus photographs (CFPs), OCT and FAF was performed for peripapillary and macular variants of combined hamartoma. Main Outcome Measures Pigmentation and OCT features of macular and peripapillary combined hamartoma Results The review of imaging from 50 eyes of 49 patients ...

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    17. CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULAR AREA AND VESSEL DENSITY COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO SWEPT-SOURCE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY DEVICES

      CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULAR AREA AND VESSEL DENSITY COMPARISON BETWEEN TWO SWEPT-SOURCE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY DEVICES

      Purpose: To compare choroidal neovascularization (CNV) area and vessel density (VD) measurements between two different swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) devices. Methods: En face optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images of patients affected by neovascular age-related macular degeneration were collected prospectively from two devices: Zeiss PLEX Elite 9000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA) and Topcon DRI OCT Triton SS-OCTA (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan). Choroidal neovascularization area and VD of images were measured and analyzed with ImageJ software by two readers to evaluate the agreement between two devices, with respect to different image size (3 × 3 and 6 × 6 mm) and ...

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    18. Comparison of methods to quantify macular and peripapillary vessel density in optical coherence tomography angiography

      Comparison of methods to quantify macular and peripapillary vessel density in optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose To compare macular and peripapillary vessel density values calculated on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) images with different algorithms, elaborate conversion formula, and compare the ability to discriminate healthy from affected eyes. Methods Cross-sectional study of healthy subjects, patients with diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma patients (44 eyes in each group). Vessel density in the macular superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP), and the peripapillary radial capillary plexus (RCP) were calculated with seven previously published algorithms. Systemic differences, diagnostic properties, reliability, and agreement of the methods were investigated. Results Healthy eyes exhibited higher vessel density values in all ...

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    19. Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy Imaged With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Familial Exudative Vitreoretinopathy Imaged With Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      The authors present a case of a 29-year-old man who presented to the Department of Ophthalmology at their institution to complete a peripheral laser treatment in his left eye for familial exudative vitreoretinopathy complicated by tractional macular edema.

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    20. OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTICS OF POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY SECONDARY TO CHRONIC CENTRAL SEROUS CHORIORETINOPATHY

      OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY CHARACTERISTICS OF POLYPOIDAL CHOROIDAL VASCULOPATHY SECONDARY TO CHRONIC CENTRAL SEROUS CHORIORETINOPATHY

      Purpose: To report diagnostic capability of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in detecting polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and its morphologic characteristics in white patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy . Methods: Retrospective consecutive series of 20 eyes (17 consecutive patients) with a diagnosis of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy secondary to chronic central serous chorioretinopathy based on clinical and multimodal imaging were included. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-correct visual acuity, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography , spectral-domain optical coherence tomography , and OCTA. Results: In all eyes (100%), OCTA revealed the branching vascular network as a hyperflow lesion in both ...

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    21. Reproducibility of Vessel Density, Fractal Dimension, and Foveal Avascular Zone Using 7 Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Devices

      Reproducibility of Vessel Density, Fractal Dimension, and Foveal Avascular Zone Using 7 Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Devices

      We applaud Corvi and associates for their well-powered study entitled “Reproducibility of vessel density, fractal dimension, and foveal avascular zone using 7 different optical coherence tomography angiography devices.”1 In this paper the authors compared quantitative retinal vascular parameters obtained with 7 different optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) devices. Although we certainly appreciate this study, the authors failed to comment on some technical aspects that should be kept in mind when interpreting these results.

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    22. Choroidal Caverns: A Previously Unreported Optical Coherence Tomography Finding in Best Vitelliform Dystrophy

      Choroidal Caverns: A Previously Unreported Optical Coherence Tomography Finding in Best Vitelliform Dystrophy

      Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) is an autosomal dominant inherited dystrophy, most frequently caused by mutations in the BEST1 gene. The authors describe “choroidal caverns,” a previously unreported optical coherence tomography finding in the choriocapillary and choroid of Best VMD. Histopathologic examination in eyes with Best VDM shows extensive deposition of lipofuscin in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) throughout the retina and accumulation of fibrillar material under the RPE and in the choroid. This supports the hypothesis that choroidal caverns could be a sign of the degenerative process involving the choroid in eyes with Best VMD.

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    23. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography versus Dye Angiography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Sensitivity and Specificity Analysis

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography versus Dye Angiography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Sensitivity and Specificity Analysis

      Introduction . Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) could be a valid tool to detect choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), allowing the analysis of the type, the morphology, and the extension of CNV in most of the cases. Purpose . To determine the sensitivity and specificity of OCTA in detecting CNV secondary to nAMD, compared to fluorescein angiography (FA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Methods . Prospective observational study. Patients with suspected nAMD were recruited between May and December 2016. Patients underwent FA, ICGA, spectral domain OCT, and OCTA (AngioVue, Optovue, Inc.). Sensitivity and specificity of FA, with or without ...

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    24. PROGRESSION OF RETINAL ISCHEMIA IN A CASE OF MACULAR TELANGIECTASIA TYPE 1 AFTER RANIBIZUMAB INJECTION: OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FINDINGS

      PROGRESSION OF RETINAL ISCHEMIA IN A CASE OF MACULAR TELANGIECTASIA TYPE 1 AFTER RANIBIZUMAB INJECTION: OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FINDINGS

      Purpose: To describe a case of a 68-year-old man with macular telangiectasia (MacTel) Type 1 in the right eye, showing an increase in capillary ischemia after intravitreal ranibizumab. Methods: The patient underwent complete ophthalmologic evaluation, including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, anterior segment and fundus examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCT angiography at baseline and on each visit. Fluorescein angiography was performed at baseline. The patient was followed up on monthly bases for 22 months. Results: The patient presented a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/80 in the right eye and of 20/25 in the left eye at ...

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    1. (99 articles) Giuseppe Querques
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