1. Articles from Mathias Maier

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    1. Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates subclinical retinal disease in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders

      Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates subclinical retinal disease in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders

      Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are neuroinflammatory diseases of the central nervous system. Patients suffer from recurring relapses and it is unclear whether relapse-independent disease activity occurs and whether this is of clinical relevance. Objective: To detect disease-specific alterations of the retinal vasculature that reflect disease activity during NMOSD. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 16 patients with NMOSD, 21 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and 21 healthy controls using retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A), measurement of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) serum levels, and assessment of visual acuity. Results: Patients with NMOSD but not multiple ...

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    2. Functional recovery after macula involving retinal detachment and its correlation with preoperative biomarkers in optical coherence tomography

      Functional recovery after macula involving retinal detachment and its correlation with preoperative biomarkers in optical coherence tomography

      To introduce an ETDRS grid-based classification for macula involving retinal detachment (MIRD) with or without center (foveal) involvement and to identify biomarkers in preoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) associated with a favorable postoperative functional outcome in eyes with center involving retinal detachment (CIRD). One hundred and two eyes of 102 consecutive patients (f/m: 35/67) with primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, preoperative evidence of MIRD (perifoveal involvement of ≤ 6.0 mm), and successful retinal surgery were included in this retrospective cohort study. Eyes were assigned to 5 grades of MIRD (G1-G5), based on the extent of detachment in the ETDRS ...

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    3. Machine Learning Techniques for Ophthalmic Data Processing: A Review

      Machine Learning Techniques for Ophthalmic Data Processing: A Review

      Machine learning and especially deep learning techniques are dominating medical image and data analysis. This article reviews machine learning approaches proposed for diagnosing ophthalmic diseases during the last four years. Three diseases are addressed in this survey, namely diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. The review covers over 60 publications and 25 public datasets and challenges related to the detection, grading, and lesion segmentation of the three considered diseases. Each section provides a summary of the public datasets and challenges related to each pathology and the current methods that have been applied to the problem. Furthermore, the recent machine ...

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    4. Choriocapillaris Flow Density Negatively Correlates With Advancing Age on Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Choriocapillaris Flow Density Negatively Correlates With Advancing Age on Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To correlate subfoveal choriocapillaris (CC) flow density with age using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD-OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred eighty-three eyes of 94 subjects (66 female, 28 male) were enrolled. Included were healthy subjects between the ages of 21 and 82 years without any history of vitreoretinal disease. Measurements were obtained with software from the OCT device. Significance was defined as a P value of less than .05. RESULTS: The mean age was 43.43 years ± 17.63 years. Correlation between decreasing CC flow density and increasing age was significant ( P < .001), with a mean ...

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    5. Choriocapillary Blood Flow in Myopic Subjects Measured With OCT Angiography

      Choriocapillary Blood Flow in Myopic Subjects Measured With OCT Angiography

      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate choriocapillary blood flow in myopic eyes using optical coherence tomography angiography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight myopic and 79 age-matched healthy eyes were included in this study, with myopia defined as a spherical equivalent refraction (SER) between −1 diopters (D) and −6 D. Quantitative measurements of the choriocapillaris were obtained using the Avanti RTVue XR with AngioVue. Choroidal thickness (CT) was assessed using the single-line enhanced high-definition scan of the same device. RESULTS: CT correlated positively with SER ( P = .017) and negatively with bulbus axial length (AL) ( P = .180). Subfoveal choriocapillary blood flow did not show ...

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    6. Towards Robotic Eye Surgery: Marker-free, Online Hand-eye Calibration using Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Towards Robotic Eye Surgery: Marker-free, Online Hand-eye Calibration using Optical Coherence Tomography Images

      Ophthalmic microsurgery is known to be a challenging operation, which requires very precise and dexterous manipulation. Image guided robot-assisted surgery (RAS) is a promising solution that brings significant improvements in outcomes and reduces the physical limitations of human surgeons. However, this technology must be further developed before it can be routinely used in clinics. One of the problems is the lack of proper calibration between the robotic manipulator and appropriate imaging device. In this work, we developed a flexible framework for hand-eye calibration of an ophthalmic robot with a microscope-integrated Optical Coherence Tomography (MI-OCT) without any markers. The proposed method ...

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    7. Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis

      Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis

      Background: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) may show alterations of retinal layer architecture as measured by optical coherence tomography. Little is known about changes in the retinal vascular network during MS. Objective: To characterize retinal vessel structures in patients with MS and CIS and to test for associations with MS disease activity. Method: In all, 42 patients with MS or CIS and 50 healthy controls underwent retinal optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) with analysis of the superficial and deep vascular plexuses and the choriocapillaries. We tested OCT-A parameters for associations with retinal layer volumes, history ...

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    8. Needle Segmentation in Volumetric Optical Coherence Tomography Images for Ophthalmic Microsurgery

      Needle Segmentation in Volumetric Optical Coherence Tomography Images for Ophthalmic Microsurgery

      Needle segmentation is a fundamental step for needle reconstruction and image-guided surgery. Although there has been success stories in needle segmentation for non-microsurgeries, the methods cannot be directly extended to ophthalmic surgery due to the challenges bounded to required spatial resolution. As the ophthalmic surgery is performed by finer and smaller surgical instruments in micro-structural anatomies, specifically in retinal domains, difficulties are raised for delicate operation and sensitive perception. To address these challenges, in this paper we investigate needle segmentation in ophthalmic operation on 60 Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) cubes captured during needle injection surgeries on ex-vivo pig eyes. Furthermore ...

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    1-8 of 8
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    Needle Segmentation in Volumetric Optical Coherence Tomography Images for Ophthalmic Microsurgery Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis Towards Robotic Eye Surgery: Marker-free, Online Hand-eye Calibration using Optical Coherence Tomography Images Choriocapillary Blood Flow in Myopic Subjects Measured With OCT Angiography Choriocapillaris Flow Density Negatively Correlates With Advancing Age on Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Machine Learning Techniques for Ophthalmic Data Processing: A Review Functional recovery after macula involving retinal detachment and its correlation with preoperative biomarkers in optical coherence tomography Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates subclinical retinal disease in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders Structural abnormalities associated with glaucoma using swept-source optical coherence tomography in patients with systemic sclerosis Clinical presentation does not affect acute mechanical performance of the Novolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold as assessed by optical coherence tomography Evaluating optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings as potential biomarkers in central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma with or without ocular involvement Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography with single input for imaging depth-resolved collagen organizations