1. Articles from Rong Sun

    1-6 of 6
    1. Plasma Ceramides in Relation to Coronary Plaque Characterization Determined by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Plasma Ceramides in Relation to Coronary Plaque Characterization Determined by Optical Coherence Tomography

      Plasma ceramides (Cer), a subset of bioactive lipids, have mechanistic links to development of atherosclerosis and are related to major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Previous researches have demonstrated vulnerable plaques contribute to acute cardiovascular events and poor prognosis. This study aimed to explore the associations between Cer and culprit plaque characterizations evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT). It was found that plasma Cer are associated with culprit plaque vulnerability evaluated by OCT, providing evidence supporting proatherogenic roles and potential to act as markers for plaque vulnerability of Cer.

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    2. Pre-infarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphologies in Patients with a First ST-segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from In Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography

      Pre-infarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphologies in Patients with a First ST-segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from In Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography

      Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between pre-infarction angina (PIA) and in vivo culprit lesion characteristics as assessed by intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: A total of 305 consecutive patients with a first STEMI who underwent OCT imaging of culprit lesions during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were prospectively enrolled. OCT findings of the culprit plaque were compared between patients with (n=206) and without PIA (n=99). Patients with PIA showed lower rates of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) (62.6% vs. 80.8%, P=0 ...

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    3. Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study

      Background Raised hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) is an indicator of pre-diabetes, which is associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease. However, the detailed morphological characteristics of non-culprit plaques in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients remain largely unknown. Methods A total of 305 non-culprit plaques from 216 ACS patients were analyzed by intravascular optical coherence tomography. These patients were divided into three groups according to the serum glycosylated hemoglobin level: normal HbA1c (< 5.7%), pre-diabetes with raised HbA1c (5.7–6.4%) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Results Plaques in patients with raised HbA1c had a longer lipid length (17.0 ± 8.3 ...

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    4. Does spotty calcification attenuate the response of nonculprit plaque to statin therapy?: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      Does spotty calcification attenuate the response of nonculprit plaque to statin therapy?: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      Objectives The aim of this study was to determine if spotty calcification decreases the response of plaque progression to statin therapy. Background Previous studies showed that the presence of spotty calcification is a marker of vulnerable plaque. However, the relationship between spotty calcification and plaque progression is not clear. Methods Ninety-six nonculprit lipid-rich plaques in 69 patients who received serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging were included. Plaques were divided into three groups: spotty calcification ( n = 38), calcified ( n = 12) and noncalcified ( n = 46) plaques. Spotty calcification was identified by the presence of a lesion <4 mm in length with ...

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    5. Culprit plaque characteristics in women vs men with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: In vivo optical coherence tomography insights

      Culprit plaque characteristics in women vs men with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: In vivo optical coherence tomography insights

      Background It is unclear whether more severe coronary atherosclerosis is a prerequisite to an initial acute coronary event in women vs men. Hypothesis Women may have more severe coronary atherosclerosis than men in patients with acute coronary event. Methods We used intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate gender differences in culprit-plaque morphology in patients with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).We retrospectively enrolled 211 consecutive patients who experienced a first STEMI and underwent an OCT examination of their infarct-related artery before primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Results Of the 211 patients enrolled, 162 (76.7%) were men and ...

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    6. Impact of statins therapy on morphological changes in lipid-rich plaques stratified by 10-Year framingham risk score: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      Impact of statins therapy on morphological changes in lipid-rich plaques stratified by 10-Year framingham risk score: A serial optical coherence tomography study

      The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of statins therapy on morphological changes of lipid-rich plaques by OCT (optical coherence tomography) in patients with known CHD (coronary heart disease), stratified by FRS. Ninety-seven lipid-rich plaques from sixty-nine patients who received statins therapy and underwent serial OCT images (baseline, 6-month and 12-month) were divided into 2 groups according to the FRS (framingham risk score): low risk group A (FRS<10%, N=35, n=45), moderate to high risk group B (FRS≥10%, N=34, n=52). Fibrous cap thickness (FCT) was measured at its thinnest part 3 times ...

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    1-6 of 6
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    Impact of statins therapy on morphological changes in lipid-rich plaques stratified by 10-Year framingham risk score: A serial optical coherence tomography study Culprit plaque characteristics in women vs men with a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: In vivo optical coherence tomography insights Does spotty calcification attenuate the response of nonculprit plaque to statin therapy?: A serial optical coherence tomography study Non-culprit plaque characteristics in acute coronary syndrome patients with raised hemoglobinA1c: an intravascular optical coherence tomography study Pre-infarction Angina and Culprit Lesion Morphologies in Patients with a First ST-segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from In Vivo Optical Coherence Tomography Plasma Ceramides in Relation to Coronary Plaque Characterization Determined by Optical Coherence Tomography Postdoctoral opening in optical instrumentation and retinal imaging at University of Illinois at Chicago Detection of intracranial hypertension in children using optical coherence tomography: a systematic review protocol Optical coherence tomography versus intravascular ultrasound for culprit lesion assessment in patients with acute myocardial infarction Insulin-like growth factor-1 levels predict myocardial injury and infarction after elective percutaneous coronary intervention: an optical coherence tomography study Short-term healing response after implantation of the thin-strut, fast-releasing sirolimus-eluting biodegradable polymer-coated Alex Plus stent: optical coherence tomography study Connector sensors for permittivity-based thrombus monitoring in extracorporeal life support