1. Articles from Qi Fang

    1-15 of 15
    1. Quantitative Micro-Elastography Enables In Vivo Detection of Residual Cancer in the Surgical Cavity during Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Quantitative Micro-Elastography Enables In Vivo Detection of Residual Cancer in the Surgical Cavity during Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is commonly used for the treatment of early-stage breast cancer. Following BCS, approximately 20% to 30% of patients require reexcision because postoperative histopathology identifies cancer in the surgical margins of the excised specimen. Quantitative micro-elastography (QME) is an imaging technique that maps microscale tissue stiffness and has demonstrated a high diagnostic accuracy (96%) in detecting cancer in specimens excised during surgery. However, current QME methods, in common with most proposed intraoperative solutions, cannot image cancer directly in the patient, making their translation to clinical use challenging. In this proof-of-concept study, we aimed to determine whether a handheld ...

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    2. Method of volumetric imaging of a sample

      Method of volumetric imaging of a sample

      The present disclosure provides a method of volumetric imaging of a sample. The method comprises providing a plurality of depth images of a region of interest of the sample using a volumetric imaging system. The region of interest is below a surface area of interest of the sample. Each depth image is associated with a layer or slice of the region of interest and the plurality of depth images together forming a volumetric image of the region of interest. The method further comprises providing a surface image of the surface area of interest of the sample and identifying a surface ...

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      Mentions: OncoRes Medical
    3. Multi-class classification of breast tissue using optical coherence tomography and attenuation imaging combined via deep learning

      Multi-class classification of breast tissue using optical coherence tomography and attenuation imaging combined via deep learning

      We demonstrate a convolutional neural network (CNN) for multi-class breast tissue classification as adipose tissue, benign dense tissue, or malignant tissue, using multi-channel optical coherence tomography (OCT) and attenuation images, and a novel Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC)-based loss function that correlates more strongly with performance metrics than the commonly used cross-entropy loss. We hypothesized that using multi-channel images would increase tumor detection performance compared to using OCT alone. 5,804 images from 29 patients were used to fine-tune a pre-trained ResNet-18 network. Adding attenuation images to OCT images yields statistically significant improvements in several performance metrics, including benign dense ...

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    4. Coherence function-encoded optical palpation

      Coherence function-encoded optical palpation

      Optical palpation maps stress at the surface of biological tissue into 2D images. It relies on measuring surface deformation of a compliant layer, which to date has been performed with optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT-based optical palpation holds promise for improved clinical diagnostics; however, the complexity and cost hinder broad adoption. In this Letter, we introduce coherence function-encoded optical palpation (CFE-OP) using a novel optical profilometry technique that exploits the envelope of the coherence function rather than its peak position, which is typically used to retrieve depth information. CFE-OP utilizes a Fabry–Perot laser diode (bandwidth, 2.2 nm) and ...

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    5. Optical palpation for tumor margin assessment in breast-conserving surgery

      Optical palpation for tumor margin assessment in breast-conserving surgery

      Intraoperative margin assessment is needed to reduce the re-excision rate of breast-conserving surgery. One possibility is optical palpation, a tactile imaging technique that maps stress (force applied across the tissue surface) as an indicator of tissue stiffness. Images (optical palpograms) are generated by compressing a transparent silicone layer on the tissue and measuring the layer deformation using optical coherence tomography (OCT). This paper reports, for the first time, the diagnostic accuracy of optical palpation in identifying tumor within 1 mm of the excised specimen boundary using an automated classifier. Optical palpograms from 154 regions of interest (ROIs) from 71 excised ...

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    6. Camera-based optical palpation

      Camera-based optical palpation

      Optical elastography is undergoing extensive development as an imaging tool to map mechanical contrast in tissue. Here, we present a new platform for optical elastography by generating sub-millimetre-scale mechanical contrast from a simple digital camera. This cost-effective, compact and easy-to-implement approach opens the possibility to greatly expand applications of optical elastography both within and beyond the field of medical imaging. Camera-based optical palpation (CBOP) utilises a digital camera to acquire photographs that quantify the light intensity transmitted through a silicone layer comprising a dense distribution of micro-pores (diameter, 30–100 µm). As the transmission of light through the micro-pores increases ...

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    7. Feature Of The Week 04.26.2020: Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Feature Of The Week 04.26.2020: Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Inadequate margins in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) are associated with an increased likelihood of local recurrence of breast cancer. Currently, approximately 20% of BCS patients require repeat surgery due to inadequate margins at the initial operation. Implementation of an accurate, intraoperative margin assessment tool may reduce this re-excision rate. This study determined, for the first time, the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative micro-elastography (QME), an optical coherence tomography (OCT)–based elastography technique that produces images of tissue microscale elasticity, for detecting tumor within 1 mm of the margins of BCS specimens. Simultaneous OCT and QME were performed on the margins of intact ...

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    8. Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery

      Inadequate margins in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) are associated with an increased likelihood of local recurrence of breast cancer. Currently, approximately 20% of BCS patients require repeat surgery due to inadequate margins at the initial operation. Implementation of an accurate, intraoperative margin assessment tool may reduce this re-excision rate. This study determined, for the first time, the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative micro-elastography (QME), an optical coherence tomography (OCT)–based elastography technique that produces images of tissue microscale elasticity, for detecting tumor within 1 mm of the margins of BCS specimens. Simultaneous OCT and QME were performed on the margins of intact ...

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    9. Three‐dimensional mapping of the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography to enhance breast tissue micro‐architecture contrast

      Three‐dimensional mapping of the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography to enhance breast tissue micro‐architecture contrast

      Effective intraoperative tumor margin assessment is needed to reduce re‐excision rates in breast‐conserving surgery (BCS). Mapping the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography (OCT) throughout a sample to create an image (attenuation imaging) is one promising approach. For the first time, three‐dimensional OCT attenuation imaging of human breast tissue micro‐architecture using a wide‐field (up to ~45 × 45 × 3.5 mm) imaging system is demonstrated. Representative results from three mastectomy and one BCS specimen (from 31 specimens) are presented with co‐registered postoperative histology. Attenuation imaging is shown to provide substantially improved contrast over OCT, delineating ...

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    10. Handheld volumetric manual compression‐based quantitative micro‐elastography

      Handheld volumetric manual compression‐based quantitative micro‐elastography

      Compression optical coherence elastography typically requires a mechanical actuator to impart a controlled uniform strain to the sample. However, for handheld scanning, this adds complexity to the design of the probe and the actuator stroke limits the amount of strain that can be applied. In this work, we present a new volumetric imaging approach that utilises bidirectional manual compression via the natural motion of the user's hand to induce strain to the sample, realising compact, actuator‐free, handheld compression optical coherence elastography. In this way, we are able to demonstrate rapid acquisition of three‐dimensional quantitative micro‐elastography (QME ...

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    11. Handheld probe for quantitative micro-elastography

      Handheld probe for quantitative micro-elastography

      Optical coherence elastography (OCE) has been proposed for a range of clinical applications. However, the majority of these studies have been performed using bulky, lab-based imaging systems. A compact, handheld imaging probe would accelerate clinical translation, however, to date, this had been inhibited by the slow scan rates of compact devices and the motion artifact induced by the user’s hand. In this paper, we present a proof-of-concept, handheld quantitative micro-elastography (QME) probe capable of scanning a 6 × 6 × 1 mm volume of tissue in 3.4 seconds. This handheld probe is enabled by a novel QME acquisition protocol that ...

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    12. Handheld optical palpation of turbid tissue with motion-artifact correction

      Handheld optical palpation of turbid tissue with motion-artifact correction

      Handheld imaging probes are needed to extend the clinical translation of optical elastography to in vivo applications, yet such probes have received little attention. In this paper, we present the first demonstration of optical palpation using a handheld probe. Optical palpation is a variant of optical elastography that uses three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (3D-OCT) to provide maps of stress at the tissue surface under static compression. Using this technique, stiff features present beneath the surface of turbid tissues are identified, providing mechanical contrast complementary to the optical contrast provided by OCT. However, during handheld operation, relative motion between the probe ...

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    13. Clinical feasibility of optical coherence micro-elastography for imaging tumor margins in breast-conserving surgery

      Clinical feasibility of optical coherence micro-elastography for imaging tumor margins in breast-conserving surgery

      It has been demonstrated that optical coherence micro-elastography (OCME) provides additional contrast of tumor compared to optical coherence tomography (OCT) alone. Previous studies, however, have predominantly been performed on mastectomy specimens. Such specimens typically differ substantially in composition and geometry from the more clinically relevant wide-local excision (WLE) specimens excised during breast-conserving surgery. As a result, it remains unclear if the mechanical contrast observed is maintained in WLE specimens. In this manuscript, we begin to address this issue by performing a feasibility study of OCME on 17 freshly excised, intact WLE specimens. In addition, we present two developments required to ...

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    14. Wide-field quantitative micro-elastography of human breast tissue

      Wide-field quantitative micro-elastography of human breast tissue

      Currently, 20-30% of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery require a second surgery due to insufficient surgical margins in the initial procedure. We have developed a wide-field quantitative micro-elastography system for the assessment of tumor margins. In this technique, we map tissue elasticity over a field-of-view of ~46 × 46 mm. We performed wide-field quantitative micro-elastography on thirteen specimens of freshly excised tissue acquired from patients undergoing a mastectomy. We present wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, qualitative (strain) micro-elastograms and quantitative (elasticity) micro-elastograms, acquired in 10 minutes. We demonstrate that wide-field quantitative micro-elastography can extend the range of tumors visible using OCT-based ...

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    15. Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography for simultaneous volumetric imaging of two tissue faces

      Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography for simultaneous volumetric imaging of two tissue faces

      Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography (OCE) enables simultaneous acquisition of two three-dimensional (3D) elastograms from opposite sides of a sample. By the choice of suitable path-length differences in each of two interferometers, the detected carrier frequencies are separated, allowing depth-ranging from each interferometer to be performed simultaneously using a single spectrometer. We demonstrate depth-encoded OCE on a silicone phantom and a freshly excised sample of mouse liver. This technique minimizes the required spectral detection hardware and halves the total scan time. Depth-encoded OCE may expedite clinical translation in time-sensitive applications requiring rapid 3D imaging of multiple tissue surfaces, such as tumor ...

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    1-15 of 15
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    1. (12 articles) University of Western Australia
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    Depth-encoded optical coherence elastography for simultaneous volumetric imaging of two tissue faces Wide-field quantitative micro-elastography of human breast tissue Clinical feasibility of optical coherence micro-elastography for imaging tumor margins in breast-conserving surgery Handheld optical palpation of turbid tissue with motion-artifact correction Handheld probe for quantitative micro-elastography Handheld volumetric manual compression‐based quantitative micro‐elastography Three‐dimensional mapping of the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography to enhance breast tissue micro‐architecture contrast Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery Feature Of The Week 04.26.2020: Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Micro-Elastography for Margin Assessment in Breast-Conserving Surgery Camera-based optical palpation Asynchronous feature regularization and cross-modal distillation for OCT based glaucoma diagnosis Developments and Clinical Applications of Noninvasive Optical Technologies for Skin Cancer Diagnosis