1. Articles from Grigory V. Gelikonov

    1-24 of 38 1 2 »
    1. Optical coefficients as tools for increasing the optical coherence tomography contrast for normal brain visualization and glioblastoma detection

      Optical coefficients as tools for increasing the optical coherence tomography contrast for normal brain visualization and glioblastoma detection

      The methods used for digital processing of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and crosspolarization (CP) OCT images are focused on improving the contrast ratio of native structural OCT images. Such advances are particularly important for the intraoperative detection of glioma margins where the visual assessment of OCT images can be difficult and lead to errors. The aim of the study was to investigate the application of optical coefficients obtained from CP OCT data for the differentiation of glial tumorous tissue from a normal brain. Pseudocolor en-face OCT maps based on two optical coefficients (the commonly used rate of attenuation in the ...

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    2. Cross-polarization optical coherence tomography for brain tumor imaging

      Cross-polarization optical coherence tomography for brain tumor imaging

      This paper considers valuable visual assessment criteria for distinguishing between tumorous and non-tumorous tissues, intraoperatively, using cross-polarization OCT (CP OCT) – OCT with a functional extension, that enables detection of the polarization properties of the tissues in addition to their conventional light scattering. Materials and methods. The study was performed on 176 ex vivo human specimens obtained from 30 glioma patients. To measure the degree to which the typical parameters of CP OCT images can be matched to the actual histology, 100 images of tumors and white matter were selected for visual analysis to be undertaken by three “single-blinded” investigators. An ...

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    3. Time-related ex vivo changes in the optical properties of normal brain tissues

      Time-related ex vivo changes in the optical properties of normal brain tissues

      The aim of the study was to observe time-related changes in the optical properties of normal brain tissues as measured using cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP OCT). 32 ex vivo tissue samples from 16 animals (rats) were monitored under different external conditions, over a period of 1 hour after excision, to measure time-related optical changes. It was found that the optical properties of white matter were quite stable over the time scales of the experiments, while the optical properties of the gray matter could change significantly. However, these changes could be minimized by using fresh sections from samples that had ...

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    4. Optical coherence angiography without motion correction preprocessing

      Optical coherence angiography without motion correction preprocessing

      The method for vessel visualization from optical coherence tomography (OCT) data is presented. The method is based on high-frequency filtration of the normalized absolute values of the scattered field measured with OCT. It is shown that in contrast with optical coherence angiography based on the processing of complex values of a scattered field, the proposed processing does not require motion correction preprocessing while providing resulting angiographic images of comparable quality.

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    5. Quantitative nontumorous and tumorous human brain tissue assessment using microstructural co- and cross-polarized optical coherence tomography

      Quantitative nontumorous and tumorous human brain tissue assessment using microstructural co- and cross-polarized optical coherence tomography

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising method for detecting cancer margins during tumor resection. This study focused on differentiating tumorous from nontumorous tissues in human brain tissues using cross-polarization OCT (CP OCT). The study was performed on fresh ex vivo human brain tissues from 30 patients with high- and low-grade gliomas. Different tissue types that neurosurgeons should clearly distinguish during surgery, such as the cortex, white matter, necrosis and tumorous tissue, were separately analyzed. Based on volumetric CP OCT data, tumorous and normal brain tissue were differentiated using two optical coefficients — attenuation and forward cross-scattering. Compared with white matter ...

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    6. Digital refocusing in optical coherence tomography using finite impulse response filters

      Digital refocusing in optical coherence tomography using finite impulse response filters

      A finite impulse response filter, which shifts the focal plane in optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, is proposed. Since several OCT images with the focal plane in various positions can be fused into one image with increased lateral resolution, such a filter facilitates the creation of an OCT system with numerically increased lateral resolution, operating in real-time, i.e. showing one OCT B-scan with increased lateral resolution while collecting data for the next B-scan. Since the proposed real-time resolution enhancement method is phase-sensitive, the method for estimating and compensating phase shifts between consecutive B-scans during data acquisition is also discussed.

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    7. Medium chromatic dispersion calculation and correction in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      Medium chromatic dispersion calculation and correction in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography

      A method for determining and correcting distortions in spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images caused by medium dispersion was developed. The method is based on analysis of the phase distribution of the interference signal recorded by an optical coherence tomography device using an iterative approach to find and compensate for the effect of a medium’s chromatic dispersion on point-spread function broadening in optical coherence tomography. This enables compensation of the impact of medium dispersion to an accuracy of a fraction of a radian (units of percent) while avoiding additional measurements and solution of the optimization problem. The robustness of the ...

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    8. Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      Optical coherence elastography for strain dynamics measurements in laser correction of cornea shape

      We describe the use of elastographic processing in phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing dynamics of strain and tissue-shape changes during laser-induced photothermal corneal reshaping, for applications in the emerging field of non-destructive and non-ablative (non-LASIK) laser vision correction. The proposed phase-processing approach based on fairly sparse data acquisition enabled rapid data processing and near-real-time visualization of dynamic strains. The approach avoids conventional phase unwrapping, yet allows for mapping strains even for significantly supra-wavelength inter-frame displacements of scatterers accompanied by multiple phase-wrapping. These developments bode well for real-time feedback systems for controlling the dynamics of corneal deformation with 10 ...

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    9. Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping

      Multiparameter thermo-mechanical OCT-based characterization of laser-induced cornea reshaping

      Phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) is used for visualizing dynamic and cumulative strains and corneashape changes during laser-produced tissue heating. Such non-destructive (non-ablative) cornea reshaping can be used as a basis of emerging technologies of laser vision correction. In experiments with cartilaginous samples, polyacrilamide phantoms and excised rabbit eyes we demonstrate ability of the developed OCT system to simultaneously characterize transient and cumulated strain distributions, surface displacements, scattering tissue properties and possibility of temperature estimation via thermal-expansion measurements. The proposed approach can be implemented in perspective real-time OCT systems for ensuring safety of new methods of laser reshaping of cornea.

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    10. Optical coherence tomography for visualizing transient strains and measuring large deformations in laser-induced tissue reshaping

      Optical coherence tomography for visualizing transient strains and measuring large deformations in laser-induced tissue reshaping

      In the context of the development of emerging laser-assisted thermo-mechanical technologies for non-destructive reshaping of avascular collagenous tissues (cartilages and cornea), we report the first application of phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography (OCT) for visualizing transient strains involving supra-wavelength inter-frame displacements of scatterers. Usually phase-sensitive OCT assumes the visualization of sub-pixel and even sub-wavelength displacements of scatterers and fairly small strains (say, <10 −3 ), which conventionally implies the necessity of averaging for enhancing the effective signal-to-noise ratio and, correspondingly, the application of small-amplitude actuators producing periodic deformations. The original approach used here allows for direct estimation of elevated strains ~10 −2 ...

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    11. Vessel-contrast enhancement in label-free optical coherence angiography based on phase and amplitude speckle variability

      Vessel-contrast enhancement in label-free optical coherence angiography based on phase and amplitude speckle variability

      Recently proposed in vivo label-free optical coherence angiography techniques based on phase and amplitude speckle variability often require additional signal pre- and post processing operations to enhance vessel-contrast. We observe here 1) contrast enhancement by optimizing the signal normalization/weighing before processing; 2) algorithm based on Kasai estimator for phase compensation between processed A-scans to reduce masking role of motion artifacts; and 3) image projection through the imaging depth for en face plotting. We demonstrate the efficiency of proposed additional algorithms as for the microcirculation imaging of hamsters cheek in vivo as for the preliminary microcirculation imaging of patients after ...

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    12. Robust strain mapping in optical coherence elastography by combining local phase-resolved measurements and cumulative displacement tracking

      Robust strain mapping in optical coherence elastography by combining local phase-resolved measurements and cumulative displacement tracking

      We report a novel hybrid method of robust strain mapping in compressional optical coherence elastography using combined phase measurements on sub-wavelength-scale and cumulative pixel-scale displacement tracking. This hybrid nature significantly extends the range of measurable displacements and strains in comparison with conventional direct phase-resolved measurements. As a result, the proposed strain-mapping method exhibits significantly increased robustness with respect to both additive noise and decorrelation noise produced by displacements and strains. The main advantages of the proposed approach are illustrated by numerical simulations. Experimental examples of obtained strain maps for phantoms and real biological tissues are also presented

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    13. Correction of aberrations in digital holography using the phase gradient autofocus technique

      Correction of aberrations in digital holography using the phase gradient autofocus technique

      We propose a method for correcting aberrations in digital holography based on the principles of computational adaptive optics using the phase gradient autofocus technique that demands no reference measurements. The method requires a priori information on the relative positions of the elements of the optical setup. It is applicable for sufficiently smooth optical aberrations. This technique does not impose any restrictions on the magnitude of the scattered optical field phase distortions caused by the object structure. The efficacy of the proposed method is demonstrated through numerical simulation and experimental verification.

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    14. Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography

      Deformation-induced speckle-pattern evolution and feasibility of correlational speckle tracking in optical coherence elastography

      Feasibility of speckle tracking in optical coherence tomography (OCT) based on digital image correlation (DIC) is discussed in the context of elastography problems. Specifics of applying DIC methods to OCT, compared to processing of photographic images in mechanical engineering applications, are emphasized and main complications are pointed out. Analytical arguments are augmented by accurate numerical simulations of OCT speckle patterns. In contrast to DIC processing for displacement and strain estimation in photographic images, the accuracy of correlational speckle tracking in deformed OCT images is strongly affected by the coherent nature of speckles, for which strain-induced complications of speckle “blinking” and ...

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    15. Scan-pattern and signal processing for microvasculature visualization with complex SD-OCT: tissue-motion artifacts robustness and decorrelation time - blood vessel characteristics

      Scan-pattern and signal processing for microvasculature visualization with complex SD-OCT: tissue-motion artifacts robustness and decorrelation time - blood vessel characteristics

      We propose a modification of OCT scanning pattern and corresponding signal processing for 3D visualizing blood microcirculation from complex-signal B-scans. We describe the scanning pattern modifications that increase the methods’ robustness to bulk tissue motion artifacts, with speed up to several cm/s. Based on these modifications, OCT-based angiography becomes more realistic under practical measurement conditions. For these scan patterns, we apply novel signal processing to separate the blood vessels with different decorrelation times, by varying of effective temporal diversity of processed signals. 

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    16. Hybrid M-mode-like OCT imaging of 3D microvasculature in vivo using reference-free processing of complex-valued B-scans

      Hybrid M-mode-like OCT imaging of 3D  microvasculature in vivo using reference-free  processing of complex-valued B-scans

      We propose a novel OCT-based method for visualizing microvasculature in 3D using reference-free processing of individual complex-valued B-scans with highly overlapped A-scans. In the lateral direction of such a B-scan, the amplitude and phase of speckles corresponding to vessel regions exhibit faster variability, and thus can be detected without comparison with other B-scans recorded in the same plane. This method combines elements of several existing OCT angiographic approaches, and exhibits: (i) enhanced robustness with respect to bulk tissue motion with frequencies up to tens of Hz; (ii) resolution of microcirculation images equal to that of structural images and (iii) possibility ...

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    17. Combining the correlation-stability approach to OCT elastography with the speckle-variance evaluation for quantifying the stiffness differences

      Combining the correlation-stability approach to OCT elastography with the speckle-variance evaluation for quantifying the stiffness differences

      We discuss an advanced variant of the correlation-stability (CS) approach to OCT elastography that is capable of quantifying the stiffness differences. The modified variant is based on natural combination of CS approach with the speckle-variance (SV) approach. It allows one to determine the strain dependence of the normalized speckle intensity variance function for two compared subsets taken from the OCT images corresponding to the initial and deformed states of the tissue. In previous studies we considered the basic dependence of the normalized speckle intensity variance function on the tissue strain under the assumption that the influence of translational displacements can ...

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    18. Towards free-hand implementation of OCT elastography: displacement-based approaches versus correlation-stability ones

      Towards free-hand implementation of OCT elastography: displacement-based approaches versus correlation-stability ones

      In this report, we present a comparative discussion of a recently proposed method of elastographic mapping based on comparison of correlation stability (CS) of different parts of sequentially obtained OCT images of the strained tissue and more conventional correlation approaches to elastographic mapping based on the initial reconstruction of the displacement field. The performed study is based on numerical simulations of speckle patterns generated by reproducing main features of image formation in real OCT scanners. Distortions of such speckle patterns caused by either translational motion of the studied sample or its straining are also incorporated in the developed simulation method ...

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    19. Noniterative method of reconstruction optical coherence tomography images with improved lateralresolution in semitransparent media

      Noniterative method of reconstruction optical coherence tomography images with improved lateralresolution in semitransparent media

      A method of OCT imaging with a resolution throughout the investigated volume equal to the resolution in the best-focused region is described. It is based on summation of three-dimensional scattered field distributions at the wavelengths determined by OCT source spectral decomposition. A method of finding parameters needed for algorithmic realization of the summation is also proposed. The proposed approaches are tested on several model media, including biological ones.

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    20. Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability

      Elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography using an unconventional approach based on correlation stability

      An approach to elastographic mapping in optical coherence tomography (OCT) using comparison of correlation stability of sequentially obtained intensity OCT images of the studied strained tissue is discussed. The basic idea is that for stiffer regions, the OCT image is distorted to a smaller degree. Consequently, cross-correlation maps obtained with compensation of trivial translational motion of the image parts using a sliding correlation window can represent the spatial distribution of the relative tissue stiffness. An important advantage of the proposed approach is that it allows one to avoid the stage of local-strain reconstruction via error-sensitive numerical differentiation of experimentally determined ...

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    21. Optical coherence tomography device and method having improved boundary control and distortion correction

      Optical coherence tomography device and method having improved boundary control and distortion correction

      Variants of an interferometric device are developed for examining internal structures of objects by means of optical coherence tomography, which allow for controlling a boundary location of the observation range. The device also allows for correcting a distortion of the tomographic image of the object under study, caused by lateral scanning, due to aberrations of the optical path length for the low-coherence optical radiation directed towards the object. Embodiments of the device include either one, or two fiber-optic controlled scanners, which in different combinations perform a function of in-depth scanning of the coherence window of low-coherence optical radiation within the ...

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    22. Feature Of The Week 4/1/12: Russian Institute of Applied Physics Investigates Digital Refocusing in Optical Coherence Tomography Systems

      Feature Of The Week 4/1/12: Russian Institute of Applied Physics Investigates Digital Refocusing in Optical Coherence Tomography Systems

      Over the past few years using electronic post optical detection processing to create a synthetic receiver field-of-view has become a very promising technique for offering improved performance in biomedical optical imaging systems. Various approaches around this basic theme have been used in OCT and non-OCT systems such as synthetic aperture radar, digital holography, and other microscopy techniques.  The approach not only allows for improving the classic depth-of-focus vs lateral resolution tradeoff in OCT systems but offers other promising performance enhancement such as eliminating the need for deformable mirrors in adaptive optics ophthalmic imaging and application benefits in other fields such ...

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    23. Single-shot full complex spectrum spectrometer-based OCT with a single-line photodiode array

      Single-shot full complex spectrum spectrometer-based OCT with a single-line photodiode array

      An efficient technique of simultaneous obtaining of quadrature spectral components of interference signal in spectrometer-based OCT using a single-line linear photodiode array is proposed. The components are obtained in air-spaced non-polarization interferometer by partition of reference beam onto two parts and using an achromatic phase shifter. Several setups are described and compared.

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    24. Digital refocusing in optical coherence tomography

      Digital refocusing in optical coherence tomography

      The problem of restoration Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) images, acquired with tightly focused probing beam, in out-of-focus region for improving lateral resolution of the OCT has been considered. Phase stability issue has been discussed and phase equalization algorithm has been proposed. After phase equalization, the algorithm of digital refocusing, based on some methods from the DH, have been applied to the simulated as well as to experimental OCT data, acquired with tightly focused scanning beam to restore micrometer lateral resolution in the whole investigated volume.

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    1-24 of 38 1 2 »
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    1. (38 articles) Grigory V. Gelikonov
    2. (34 articles) Institute of Applied Physics
    3. (26 articles) Valentin M. Gelikonov
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    5. (11 articles) Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy
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