1. Articles from Corrado Tamburino

    1-24 of 43 1 2 »
    1. Clinical outcomes of calcified nodules detected by optical coherence tomography

      Clinical outcomes of calcified nodules detected by optical coherence tomography

      Aims: The goal of the present post hoc analysis of the CLIMA registry was to establish the relationship between calcified nodules (CNs) with (CND) or without (CNWD) disruption of the superficial intimal fibrous layer and one-year occurrence of target lesion myocardial infarction (MI) and/or cardiac death. Methods and results: CND and CNWD were identified based on the presence or absence of superficial irregularities indicative of disruption of the intimal fibrous layer, with possible overlying local thrombus. In total, 222 CNs were found in the 1,776 non-culprit LAD plaques. CND had larger maximum calcific arc and smaller lumen area ...

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    2. Prevalence and quantitative assessment of macrophages in coronary plaques

      Prevalence and quantitative assessment of macrophages in coronary plaques

      Although optical coherence tomography (OCT) proved to be able to identify macrophage clusters, there are no available data on the possibility to obtain reproducible measurements of their circumferential extension and location. The purpose of the present post-hoc analysis of the CLIMA study was to revise the clinical and demographic variables of patients having coronary plaques with macrophages and to investigate the reproducibility of their quantitative assessment. A total of 577 patients out of 1003 undergoing OCT showed macrophage accumulation. Three groups were identified; group 1 (426 patients) without macrophages, group 2 (296) patients with low macrophage content (less than median ...

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    3. Female sex impact on culprit plaque at optical coherence tomography analysis in the setting of acute coronary syndrome in OCT-FORMIDABLE registry

      Female sex impact on culprit plaque at optical coherence tomography analysis in the setting of acute coronary syndrome in OCT-FORMIDABLE registry

      Aim: To evaluate sex difference in culprit plaque features at optical coherence tomography (OCT) and major adverse cardiovascular events at follow-up. Patients and methods: We analyse data from the OCT-FORMIDABLE (OCT-Features Of moRphology, coMposItion anD instABility of culprit and pLaquE in acute coronary syndrome [ACS] patients) registry. A total of 285 patients (20%, 58 females) were included. Results: Females with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction showed a longer ruptured area of the plaque (8.6 ± 7.6 vs 4.6 ± 5.4; p = 0.003) and a major necrotic core macrophage infiltration (43 vs 17%; p = 0.017). Females with ...

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    4. Cracking the Plaque With Coronary Lithotripsy: Mechanistic Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography

      Cracking the Plaque With Coronary Lithotripsy: Mechanistic Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography

      A 38-year-old male underwent successful recanalization of a chronic total occlusion (CTO) in a bare-metal stented segment of the mid right coronary artery (RCA) via retrograde approach. However, the in-stent restenotic lesion was undilatable despite pressure up to 35 atm with non-compliant (NC) OPN balloons (SIS Medical AG). The patient was discharged with plans for a future attempt. Six months later, coronary angiography revealed patency of the RCA with residual severe in-stent restenosis. Predilation with a 2.5 x 15 mm OPN NC balloon up to 35 atm confirmed the undilatable restenotic lesion with dog-boning effect. Therefore, coronary lithoplasty with ...

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    5. Prospective evaluation of drug eluting self‐apposing stent for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease: 1‐year results of the TRUNC study

      Prospective evaluation of drug eluting self‐apposing stent for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease: 1‐year results of the TRUNC study

      Objectives To assess long‐term safety and efficacy of the Xposition S self‐apposing stent in the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. Background Percutaneous intervention with stents has emerged as a valid alternative to surgical revascularization to treat ULMCA disease. Conventional balloon‐expandable stents face technical challenges, particularly in large left main diameter requiring extensive optimization and side branch access in distal bifurcation. Xposition S allows for optimal apposition, bridging diameter differences, and allows expansion to vessel diameters up to 6.0 mm. Methods Between June 2016 and July 2017, 205 patients were enrolled in this ...

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    6. Relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and 12 months clinical outcome: the CLIMA study

      Relationship between coronary plaque morphology of the left anterior descending artery and 12 months clinical outcome: the CLIMA study

      Aims The CLIMA study, on the relationship between c oronary p l aque morphology of the left anter i or descending artery and twelve m onths clinic a l outcome, was designed to explore the predictive value of multiple high-risk plaque features in the same coronary lesion [minimum lumen area (MLA), fibrous cap thickness (FCT), lipid arc circumferential extension, and presence of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined macrophages] as detected by OCT. Composite of cardiac death and target segment myocardial infarction was the primary clinical endpoint. Methods and results From January 2013 to December 2016, 1003 patients undergoing OCT evaluation ...

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    7. Clinical impact of optical coherence tomography findings on culprit plaque in acute coronary syndrome: The OCT‐FORMIDABLE study registry

      Clinical impact of optical coherence tomography findings on culprit plaque in acute coronary syndrome: The OCT‐FORMIDABLE study registry

      Background Aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of the culprit plaque features assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods The OCT‐FORMIDABLE register enrolled retrospectively all consecutive patients who perform OCT on culprit plaque in patients with ACS in nine European centres. The primary endpoint was the prevalence of culprit plaque rupture (CPR) in patients experiencing major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Secondary endpoint was the prevalence necrotic core with macrophage infiltrations (NCMI) in the patients experiencing MACEs. Results Two‐hundred and nine patients were included in the study. Mean ...

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    8. Long-term consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Long-term consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Aims: The role of intra-procedural Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) on long-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) remains undefined. Methods and results: In the context of the multicenter Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) registry, we compared long-term PCI outcome of 1211 patients from 13 independent OCT-experienced centers according to end-procedural OCT findings. OCT assessment revealed suboptimal stent implantation in 30.9% of lesions, with increased prevalence in patients experiencing device-oriented cardiovascular events (DoCE) (52.8% vs. 28.0%, p<0.001). At median follow-up of 833 (quartiles 415-1447) days, in-stent minimum lumen ...

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    9. Long-tem consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Long-tem consequences of optical coherence tomography findings during percutaneous coronary intervention: the centro per la lotta contro l\'infarto - optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention (cli-opci) late study

      Aims: The role of intra-procedural Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) on long-term clinical outcome of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) remains undefined. Methods and results: In the context of the multicenter Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto-Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CLI-OPCI) registry, we compared long-term PCI outcome of 1211 patients from 13 independent OCT-experienced centers according to end-procedural OCT findings. OCT assessment revealed suboptimal stent implantation in 30.9% of lesions, with increased prevalence in patients experiencing device-oriented cardiovascular events (DoCE) (52.8% vs. 28.0%, p<0.001). At median follow-up of 833 (quartiles 415-1447) days, in-stent minimum lumen ...

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    10. Clinical Outcomes Following Intravascular Imaging-Guided Versus Coronary Angiography–Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Stent Implantation

      Clinical Outcomes Following Intravascular Imaging-Guided Versus Coronary Angiography–Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Stent Implantation

      Objectives The authors sought to explore the comparative clinical efficacy of different imaging modalities for guiding percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Background Coronary angiography (CA) is the standard imaging modality for intraprocedural guidance of PCI. Intracoronary imaging techniques, including intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), can overcome some limitations of CA. Methods Comprehensive hierarchical Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials and adjusted observational studies comparing clinical outcomes of PCI with stent implantation guided by CA, IVUS, or OCT. Results A total of 31 studies encompassing 17,882 patients were included. Compared with CA guidance, the risks of all-cause ...

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    11. Vascular response and healing profile of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds for percutaneous treatment of chronic total coronary occlusions: A one-year optical coherence tomography analysis from the GHOST-CTO registry

      Vascular response and healing profile of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds for percutaneous treatment of chronic total coronary occlusions: A one-year optical coherence tomography analysis from the GHOST-CTO registry

      Background Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) have been heralded with potential benefits that are especially desired in long lesions, including chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Procedural feasibility and mid-term outcomes of BVS in CTOs have been reported. However, there is still a paucity of data regarding the vascular and healing response to BVS in CTOs evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods This study included prospectively 21 patients who had a CTO lesion treated with a BVS. Angiography and OCT scan were recorded at either post-implantation and 1-year follow-up. Quantitative coronary angiography and OCT analyses were performed by an independent core laboratory ...

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    12. Culprit plaque characteristics in younger versus older patients with acute coronary syndromes: An optical coherence tomography study from the FORMIDABLE registry

      Culprit plaque characteristics in younger versus older patients with acute coronary syndromes: An optical coherence tomography study from the FORMIDABLE registry

      Objectives Culprit plaque characteristics in young patients who experience an Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) evaluated by OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) have to be defined. The OCT-FORMIDABLE is a multicentre retrospective registry enrolling consecutive patients with ACS who performed OCT in 9 European centres. Methods Patients were divided in two groups according to age at presentation: juvenile-ACS (age ≤ 50 years) and not juvenile-ACS (age > 50 years). Primary end-point was the prevalence of plaque rupture (PR). Secondary end point was the prevalence of thin cap fibro atheroma (TCFA), fibrocalcific and fibrotic plaque. Results 285 patients were included, 71 (24.9%) in juvenile-ACS ...

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    13. Effects of statins on plaque rupture assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes: insights from the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-FORMIDABLE registry

      Effects of statins on plaque rupture assessed by optical coherence tomography in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes: insights from the optical coherence tomography (OCT)-FORMIDABLE registry

      Aims Chronic pre-treatment with statins may reduce mortality and morbidity in patients experiencing acute coronary syndromes (ACS), but mechanisms accounting for these findings are not completely understood. Methods and results The optical coherence tomography (OCT)-Formidable registry retrospectively enrolled 285 consecutive patients with ACS undergoing OCT in 9 European centres. Mean age was 60.4 ± 12.8 years, 148 (51.9%) patients had hyperlipemia, 45 (15.8%) diabetes mellitus and 142 (49.8%) presented with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Patients were stratified according to statin prescription: 150 (52.6%) were on chronic pre-treatment with statins before ACS and ...

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    14. Optical coherence tomography compared with fractional flow reserve guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis

      Optical coherence tomography compared with fractional flow reserve guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis

      Aim To compare in patients with ACS (Acute Coronary Syndromes) a PCI (Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) approach based on FFR (Fractional Flow Reserve) vs. one based on OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography). Methods and Results Consecutive patients admitted for ACS and treated with a PCI approach based on OCT or on FFR (recruited in two different studies) were compared and matched with propensity score analysis. Target Lesion revascularization (TLR) was the primary end point, while major adverse cardiovascular events [MACEs defined as the composite of death from cardiac causes, non- fatal MI, clinically driven target vessel revascularization (TVR), or re-hospitalization due to ...

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    15. Late self-apposition with one-year persisting uncoverage of malapposed bioresorbable polymeric struts

      Late self-apposition with one-year persisting uncoverage of malapposed bioresorbable polymeric struts

      This case reports the fate of a post-procedural incomplete struts apposition (ISA) of an Absorb bioresorbable scaffold. The 12-month optical coherence tomography showed the complete ISA resolution, apparently mediated by the passive reclining of struts from the lumen to the vessel wall. The lastly apposed struts appeared still uncovered, persisting a potential procedure-related mechanism of very late scaffold thrombosis.

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    16. Impact of an optical coherence tomography guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis from the international FORMIDABLE-CARDIOGROUP IV and USZ registry

      Impact of an optical coherence tomography guided approach in acute coronary syndromes: A propensity matched analysis from the international FORMIDABLE-CARDIOGROUP IV and USZ registry

      Aim. To determine the potential clinical impact of OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients presenting with ACS (Acute Coronary Syndrome). Methods and Results. FORMIDABLE is a multicentre retrospective registry enrolling all patients presenting with ACS and treated with an OCT-guided approach, while the USZ registry enrolled patients treated with a standard angiography guided approach. Multivariate adjustment was performed via a propensity score matching. The number stents useds was the primary outcome, while the incidence of MACE (a composite of death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stent thrombosis) was the secondary endpoint. A total of ...

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    17. Embolization of Fractured Bioresorbable Scaffold Struts Insights From 2- and 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Embolization of Fractured Bioresorbable Scaffold Struts Insights From 2- and 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      A 58-year-old diabetic man underwent implantation of 3 overlapping Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) (2.5/28, 2.5/28, and 3.0/28 mm) (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) in a heavily calcified left anterior descending artery stenosis. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed multiple fractures of the 3.0/28 BVS, leading to in-scaffold implantation of a zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) ( Figures 1A and 1B ). The 4-month angiography showed a severe edge in ZES restenosis treated with another stent. The OCT revealed an unexpected disappearance of BVS struts ( Figure 1C ) in the ZES segment and a nonocclusive cluster of polymeric ...

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    18. Clinical Impact of OCT Findings During PCI: The CLI-OPCI II Study

      Clinical Impact of OCT Findings During PCI: The CLI-OPCI II Study

      Objectives The goal of this study was to assess the clinical impact of optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background OCT provides unprecedented high-definition visualization of plaque/stent structures during PCI; however, the impact of OCT findings on outcome remains undefined. Methods In the context of the multicenter CLI-OPCI (Centro per la Lotta contro l’Infarto–Optimisation of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) registry, we retrospectively analyzed patients undergoing end-procedural OCT assessment and compared the findings with clinical outcomes. Results A total of 1,002 lesions (832 patients) were assessed. Appropriate OCT assessment was obtained in 98.2 ...

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    19. Incidence and potential mechanism of resolved, persistent and newly acquired malapposition three days after implantation of self-expanding or balloon-expandable stents in a STEMI population: insights from optical coherence tomography in the APPOSITION II

      Incidence and potential mechanism of resolved, persistent and newly acquired malapposition three days after implantation of self-expanding or balloon-expandable stents in a STEMI population: insights from optical coherence tomography in the APPOSITION II

      Aims: The aim of the current study was to investigate the frequency and mechanisms of sequential incomplete stent apposition (ISA) changes such as persistent, resolved or newly acquired ISA during the first three days after primary PCI (pPCI) in a matched segment-level analysis, with the comparison between self-expanding and balloon-expandable stents assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods and results: The current analysis is a substudy of the APPOSITION II study that included 69 patients (self-expanding: 35, balloon-expandable: 34) using serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) post procedure and three days after pPCI. In order to evaluate a temporal change in ...

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    20. Cyphering the Mechanism of Late Failure of Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of the Left Main Coronary Artery

      Cyphering the Mechanism of Late Failure of Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention of the Left Main Coronary Artery

      A 48-year-old woman with history of multiple percutaneous coronary interventions and bypass grafting on the left anterior descending coronary artery presented with unstable angina. Coronary angiography showed a patent left internal mammary artery and de novo critical stenoses of the mid-shaft left main and the unprotected left circumflex coronary artery (LCX). Both lesions were treated with 2 nonoverlapping bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) (Absorb, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) 3.5 × 12 mm at 16 atm and 3.0 × 18 mm at 12 atm, respectively. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) confirmed good expansion and apposition of the BVS (Figure 1 ). A short ...

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    21. One-year coverage by optical coherence tomography of a bioresorbable scaffold neocarina: is it safe to discontinue dual antiplatelet therapy?

      One-year coverage by optical coherence tomography of a bioresorbable scaffold neocarina: is it safe to discontinue dual antiplatelet therapy?

      This is a case reporting on the 1-year coverage status of side-branch bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) struts protruding in main vessels. The 1-year optical coherence tomography demonstrated a tissue neocarina forming over protruding BVS struts, although the coverage was widely inhomogeneous and perhaps still incomplete in some portions, thus leading to cautious extension of dual antiplatelet therapy beyond one year.

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    1-24 of 43 1 2 »
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