1. Articles from Naresh Kumar Ravichandran

    1-13 of 13
    1. An averaged intensity difference detection algorithm for identification of human gingival sulcus in optical coherence tomography images

      An averaged intensity difference detection algorithm for identification of human gingival sulcus in optical coherence tomography images

      In the past decade, there has been an increase in the development of sensitive, highresolution, non-invasive diagnostic methods for periodontic diseases. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has attracted considerable attention in clinical settings. In this study, a reliable, robust algorithm for the detection of gingival sulcus in 2D OCT cross-sectional images is proposed. Previously, the measurement of gingival sulcus in OCT images has been performed by manual identification using two-dimensional (2D) cross-sectional images. The automated detection of gingival sulcus continuity in 2D OCT images may help medical practitioners to assess important features of gingival tissues. The Sobel and canny operators have ...

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    2. Analysis of Enamel Loss by Prophylaxis and Etching Treatment in Human Tooth Using Optical Coherence Tomography: An In Vitro Study

      Analysis of Enamel Loss by Prophylaxis and Etching Treatment in Human Tooth Using Optical Coherence Tomography: An In Vitro Study

      Bonding of braces is an essential part in contemporary orthodontic treatment. For the proper strength of bracket bonding, enamel conditioning or surface treatment on tooth surface is required. Treatment on the tooth surface such as prophylaxis smoothing with pumice and enamel etching results in considerable damages to the enamel surface of the tooth. In this study, we have proposed optical coherence tomography as a noninvasive imaging technique for the evaluation of damage induced during such treatment procedures. Using depth intensity analysis of the obtained cross-sectional images, the damage resulting to the enamel surface was studied after prophylaxis smoothening and etching ...

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    3. 3-Dimensional characterization of cortical bone microdamage following placement of orthodontic microimplants using Optical Coherence Tomography

      3-Dimensional characterization of cortical bone microdamage following placement of orthodontic microimplants using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Microimplants are being used extensively in clinical practice to achieve absolute anchorage. Success of microimplant mainly depend on its primary stability onto the cortical bone surface and the associated Microdamage of the cortical bone during insertion procedure leads to many a microimplants to fail and dislodge from the cortical bone leading to its failure. Even though, previous studies showed occurrence of microdamage in the cortical bone, they were mainly 2-dimension studies or studies that were invasive to the host. In the present study, we used a non-invasive, non-ionizing imaging technique- Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), to image and analyze the presence ...

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    4. Assessment of cortical bone microdamage following insertion of microimplants using optical coherence tomography: a preliminary study

      Assessment of cortical bone microdamage following insertion of microimplants using optical coherence tomography: a preliminary study

      Objectives: The study was done to evaluate the efficacy of optical coherence tomography (OCT), to detect and analyze the microdamage occurring around the microimplant immediately following its placement, and to compare the findings with micro-computed tomography (μCT) images of the samples to validate the result of the present study. Methods: microimplant s were inserted into bovine bone samples. Images of the samples were obtained using OCT and μCT. Visual comparisons of the images were made to evaluate whether anatomical details and microdamage induced by microimplant insertion were accurately revealed by OCT. Results: The surface of the cortical bone with its ...

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    5. Biophotonic approach for the characterization of initial bitter-rot progression on apple specimens using optical coherence tomography assessments

      Biophotonic approach for the characterization of initial bitter-rot progression on apple specimens using optical coherence tomography assessments

      The tremendous advances achieved in the biophotonics technologies have intensified the necessity for non-invasive modalities that can characterize diverse biological materials with increased sensitivity and resolution. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is one of the techniques that has been applied for biological applications in medicine and agriculture to identify structural properties. Herein, we report the successful incorporation of OCT for the identification of morphological changes that occur as a result of the bitter rot disease, through continuous detection of structural changes. Detailed inner morphological structural changes occurring in fruit specimens were precisely analyzed as a function of the disease incubation period ...

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    6. Quality assessment of the optical thin films using line field spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Quality assessment of the optical thin films using line field spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Cross-sectional and three-dimensional images show the effectiveness of the system. In this study, the industrial inspection of optical thin film on touch screen panels was demonstrated using line field spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The conventional Fourier domain optical coherence tomography system requires a single scanner for two-dimensional cross-sectional images and two scanners for volumetric images. Our developed line field spectral domain optical coherence tomography has the advantage of needing only a single scanner for volumetric images, while two-dimensional cross-sectional images are obtained by the parallel acquisition of an illuminated line on a sample using an area camera. Further, the ...

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    7. In Vivo Non-Destructive Monitoring of Capsicum Annuum Seed Growth with Diverse NaCl Concentrations Using Optical Detection Technique

      In Vivo Non-Destructive Monitoring of Capsicum Annuum Seed Growth with Diverse NaCl Concentrations Using Optical Detection Technique

      We demonstrate that optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a plausible optical tool for in vivo detection of plant seeds and its morphological changes during growth. To investigate the direct impact of salt stress on seed germination, the experiment was conducted using Capsicum annuum seeds that were treated with different molar concentrations of NaCl. To determine the optimal concentration for the seed growth, the seeds were monitored for nine consecutive days. In vivo two-dimensional OCT images of the treated seeds were obtained and compared with the images of seeds that were grown using sterile distilled water. The obtained results confirm the ...

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    8. Feature Of The Week 09/17/2017: Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      Feature Of The Week 09/17/2017: Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography

      The study of mosquitoes and analysis of their behavior are of crucial importance in the on-going efforts to control the alarming increase in mosquito-borne diseases. Furthermore, a non-destructive and real-time imaging technique to study the anatomical features of mosquito specimens can greatly aid the study of mosquitoes. In this study, we demonstrate the three-dimensional imaging capabilities of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for structural analysis of Anopheles sinensis mosquitoes. The anatomical features of An. sinensis head, thorax, and abdominal regions, along with the morphology of internal structures, such as foregut, midgut, and hindgut, were studied using OCT imaging. Two-dimensional and three-dimensional ...

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    9. Application of wearable optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) techniques for In situ real-time field inspection of apple Marssonina blotch disease

      Application of wearable optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) techniques for In situ real-time field inspection of apple Marssonina blotch disease

      Here we describe the possible application of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to inspect Marssonina coronaria infected apple blotch disease of in situ apple leaves. To fulfill the in situ field inspection requirement, we developed a compact wearable OCT system. For the confirmation of OCT results, simultaneous experiment was performed in realtime using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), which is frequently used in agriculture. LAMP method was developed as an alternative approach for the inspection of disease. We performed field inspection for 30 consecutive days, and all the acquired results from both OCT and lamp were compared to confirm the correlation. A ...

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    10. Dual illumination for cornea and retina imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      Dual illumination for cornea and retina imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography

      A dual illumination system is proposed for cornea and retina imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). The system is designed to acquire cornea and retina imaging with dual illumination with limited optics and using a single spectrometer. The beam propagation for cornea and retina imaging in dual illumination enables to acquire the images of different segments. This approach will reduce the imaging time for separate corneal and retinal imaging. The in vivo imaging of both the cornea and retina of a health volunteer shows the feasibility of the system for clinical applications.

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    11. Optical coherence tomography-integrated, wearable (backpack-type), compact diagnostic imaging modality for in situ leaf quality assessment

      Optical coherence tomography-integrated, wearable (backpack-type), compact diagnostic imaging modality for in situ leaf quality assessment

      We developed a compact, wearable diagnostic imaging modality employing optical coherence tomography for in situ plant leaf quality assessments. This system is capable of diagnosing infected leaves at the initial disease stages. Our system is a versatile backpack-type imaging modality with a compact spectrometer, miniature computer, rechargeable power source, and handheld inspection probe. This method enhances real-time in situ specimen inspection through direct implementation of the imaging modality in a plantation. To evaluate the initial performance, field experiments were conducted in apple, pear, and persimmon plantations. Based on the obtained results, we can conclude that the developed imaging modality can ...

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    12. Dual-path handheld system for cornea and retina imaging using optical coherence tomography

      Dual-path handheld system for cornea and retina imaging using optical coherence tomography

      A dual-path handheld system is proposed for cornea and retina imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The handheld sample arm is designed to acquire two images simultaneously. Both eyes of a person can be imaged at the same time to obtain the images of the cornea of one eye and the retina of the other eye. Cornea, retina, and optic disc images are acquired with the proposed sample arm. Experimental results demonstrate the usefulness of this system for imaging of different eye segments. This system reduces the time required for imaging of the two eyes and is cost effective.

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    13. Depth enhancement in spectral domain optical coherence tomography using bidirectional imaging modality with a single spectrometer

      Depth enhancement in spectral domain optical coherence tomography using bidirectional imaging modality with a single spectrometer

      A method for depth enhancement is presented using a bidirectional imaging modality for spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Two precisely aligned sample arms along with two reference arms were utilized in the optical configuration to scan the samples. Using exemplary images of the optical resolution target, Scotch tape, a silicon sheet with two needles, and a leaf, we demonstrated how the developed bidirectional SD-OCT imaging method increases the ability to characterize depth-enhanced images. The results of the developed system were validated by comparing the images with the standard OCT configuration (single-sample arm setup). Given the advantages of higher resolution ...

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    1-13 of 13
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (13 articles) Mansik Jeon
    2. (13 articles) Jeehyun Kim
    3. (12 articles) Kyungpook National University
    4. (12 articles) Naresh Kumar Ravichandran
    5. (10 articles) Ruchire Eranga Wijesinghe
    6. (1 articles) University of Ulsan
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    Depth enhancement in spectral domain optical coherence tomography using bidirectional imaging modality with a single spectrometer Dual-path handheld system for cornea and retina imaging using optical coherence tomography Optical coherence tomography-integrated, wearable (backpack-type), compact diagnostic imaging modality for in situ leaf quality assessment Dual illumination for cornea and retina imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography Application of wearable optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) techniques for In situ real-time field inspection of apple Marssonina blotch disease Feature Of The Week 09/17/2017: Non-Destructive Analysis of the Internal Anatomical Structures of Mosquito Specimens Using Optical Coherence Tomography In Vivo Non-Destructive Monitoring of Capsicum Annuum Seed Growth with Diverse NaCl Concentrations Using Optical Detection Technique Quality assessment of the optical thin films using line field spectral domain optical coherence tomography Biophotonic approach for the characterization of initial bitter-rot progression on apple specimens using optical coherence tomography assessments An averaged intensity difference detection algorithm for identification of human gingival sulcus in optical coherence tomography images Skin Imaging to Inform Laser Treatments Diabetes and Fundus OCT: 1st Edition (Textbook)