1. Articles from Hugang Ren

    1-14 of 14
    1. Subtractive en face optical coherence tomography imaging

      Subtractive en face optical coherence tomography imaging

      En face or 3D volumetric OCT imaging during ophthalmic surgery may be performed with an OCT scanning controller that interfaces to an OCT scanner used with a surgical microscope. The OCT scanner may generate en face images before and after surgical operations, such as retinal membrane peeling, are performed. Using digital subtraction on the en face images, an overlay image indicative of the changes from the surgical operations to the eye may be generated and overlaid onto an optical image displayed to a user of the surgical microscope.

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      Mentions: Lingfeng Yu
    2. Optical coherence tomography guided epiretinal membrane peeling

      Optical coherence tomography guided epiretinal membrane peeling

      An epiretinal membrane (ERM) visualization system includes an OCT system operable to generate an OCT image of a region of a patient's eye, the region of the patient's eye including an ERM. The ERM visualization system further includes an image processing unit operable to process the OCT image to identify the ERM by differentiating the ERM from other structures within the region of the patient's eye and generate an ERM map depicting one or more characteristics (including at least a location of a portion of the ERM within the region of the patient's eye) of the ...

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      Mentions: Lingfeng Yu
    3. Surgical microscope with integrated optical coherence tomography and display systems

      Surgical microscope with integrated optical coherence tomography and display systems

      An ophthalmic surgical microscope includes a beam coupler positioned along an optical path of the surgical microscope between a first eyepiece and magnifying/focusing optics, the beam coupler operable to direct the OCT imaging beam along a first portion of the optical path of the surgical microscope between the beam coupler and a patient's eye (an OCT image being generated based on a reflected portion of the OCT imaging beam). The surgical microscope additionally includes a real-time data projection unit operable to project the OCT image generated by the OCT system and a beam splitter positioned along the optical ...

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      Mentions: Lingfeng Yu
    4. Location indicator for optical coherence tomography in ophthalmic visualization

      Location indicator for optical coherence tomography in ophthalmic visualization

      An ophthalmic visualization system can include a computing device in communication with an OCT system configured to scan a surgical field to generate an OCT image. The computing device can be configured to determine locations within the surgical field corresponding to locations within the OCT image. The ophthalmic visualization system can also include an indicator mechanism in communication with the computing device and a surgical microscope configured to image the surgical field. The indicator mechanism can be configured to cause a location indicator to be positioned within a field of view of the surgical microscope. The location indicator can graphically ...

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      Mentions: Lingfeng Yu
    5. OCT image modification

      OCT image modification

      According to some examples, a method for Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) image modification includes receiving an OCT image of a region of interest of patient tissue from an OCT imaging system configured to direct an OCT beam at the region of interest and determining that an OCT transparent instrument is within the OCT image. The method further includes detecting an artifact in the OCT image, the artifact resulting from the OCT transparent instrument being within a path of the OCT beam. In response to detecting the artifact, the method further includes creating an image modification plan to remove the artifact ...

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    6. Cerebral blood flow imaged with ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence angiography and Doppler tomography

      Cerebral blood flow imaged with ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence angiography and Doppler tomography

      Speckle contrast based optical coherence angiography (OCA) and optical coherence Doppler tomography (ODT) have been applied to image cerebral blood flow previously. However, the contrast mechanisms of these two methods are not fully studied. Here, we present both flow phantom and in vivo animal experiments using ultrahigh-resolution OCA (μOCA) and ODT (μODT) to investigate the flow sensitivity differences between these two methods. Our results show that the high sensitivity of μOCA for visualizing minute vasculature (e.g., slow capillary beds) is due to the enhancement by random Brownian motion of scatterers (e.g., red and white blood cells) within the ...

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    7. Characterization of dynamic physiology of the bladder by optical coherence tomography

      Characterization of dynamic physiology of the bladder by optical coherence tomography

      Because of its high spatial resolution and noninvasive imaging capabilities, optical coherence tomography has been used to characterize the morphological details of various biological tissues including urinary bladder and to diagnose their alternations (e.g., cancers). In addition to static morphology, the dynamic features of tissue morphology can provide important information that can be used to diagnose the physiological and functional characteristics of biological tissues. Here, we present the imaging studies based on optical coherence tomography to characterize motion related physiology and functions of rat bladder detrusor muscles and compared the results with traditional biomechanical measurements. Our results suggest that ...

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    8. High-resolution imaging diagnosis of human fetal membrane by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography

      High-resolution imaging diagnosis of human fetal membrane by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography
      Microscopic chorionic pseudocyst (MCP) arising in the chorion leave of the human fetal membrane (FM) is a clinical precursor for preeclampsia which may progress to fatal medical conditions (e.g., abortion) if left untreated. To examine the utility of three-dimensional (3D) optical coherence tomography (OCT) for noninvasive delineation of the morphology of human fetal membranes and early clinical detection of MCP, 60 human FM specimens were acquired from 10 different subjects undergoing term cesarean delivery for an ex vivo feasibility study. Our results showed that OCT was able to identify the four-layer architectures of human FMs consisting of high-scattering decidua ...
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    9. Enhancing Detection of Bladder Carcinoma In Situ by 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography

      Enhancing Detection of Bladder Carcinoma In Situ by 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography
      Purpose: We examined the usefulness of 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography to enhance the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma in situ.Materials and Methods: By expressing SV40T antigen with uroplakin II promoter, carcinoma in situ readily develops in SV40T transgenic mice at about ages 8 to 20 weeks and then frank high grade papillary carcinoma develops in bladder epithelium. We examined 10 control and 40 SV40T mice during weeks 8 to 20 after birth by parallel en face white light imaging and 3-dimensional optical coherence tomography, and compared results with histology findings. We applied quantitative analysis of computer aided detection to 3-dimensional ...
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    10. On the possibility of time-lapse ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography for bladder cancer grading

      has been recently demonstrated that the cellular details of bladder epithelium embedded in speckle noise can be uncovered with time-lapse ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (TL-uOCT) by proper time-lapse frame averaging that takes advantage of cellular micromotion in fresh biological tissue ex vivo. Here, spectral-domain 3-D TL-uOCT is reported to further improve the image fidelity, and new experimental evidence is presented to differentiate normal and cancerous nuclei of rodent bladder epithelia. Results of animal cancer study reveal that despite a slight overestimation (e.g., <10%) of nuclear size (DN) to histological evaluation, TL-uOCT is capable of distinguishing normal (DN7 µm) and ...
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    11. Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer With Microelectromechanical Systems-based Cystoscopic Optical Coherence Tomography

      Objectives To examine the utility and potential limitations of microelectromechanical systems-based spectral-domain cystoscopic optical coherence tomography (COCT) so as to improve the diagnosis of early bladder cancer. Methods An optical coherence tomography catheter was integrated into the single instrument channel of a 22F cystoscope to permit white-light-guided COCT over a large field of view (4.6 mm wide and 2.1 mm deep per scan at 8 frames/s) and 10-μm resolution. Intraoperative COCT diagnosis was performed in 56 patients, with a total of 110 lesions examined and compared with biopsied histology. Results The overall sensitivity of COCT (94%) was ...
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    12. Noninvasive and High-resolution Optical Monitoring of Healing of Diabetic Dermal Excisional Wounds Implanted with Biodegradable in situ Gelable Hydrogels

      Closure of diabetic dermal chronic wounds remains a clinical challenge. Implant-assisted healing is emerging as a potential class of therapy for dermal wound closure; this advancement has not been paralleled by the development in complementary diagnostic techniques to objectively monitor the wound healing process in conjunction with assessing/monitoring of implant efficacy. Biopsies provide the most objective morphological assessments of wound healing; however, they not only perpetuate the wound presence but also increase the risk of infection. A non-invasive and high-resolution imaging technique is highly desirable to provide objective longitudinal diagnosis of implant-assisted wound healing. We investigated the feasibility of ...
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    13. Enhancing Doppler Flow Imaging in Fourier-domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      Enhancing Doppler Flow Imaging in Fourier-domain Optical Coherence Tomography

      A digital frequency ramping method (DFRM) is proposed to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of Doppler flow imaging in Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FDOCT). To examine the efficacy of DFRM for enhancing flow detection, computer simulation and tissue phantom study were conducted ... [Opt. Express 17, 3951-3963 (2009)]

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    1-14 of 14
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    Enhancing Doppler Flow Imaging in Fourier-domain Optical Coherence Tomography Enhancing Detection of Bladder Carcinoma In Situ by 3-Dimensional Optical Coherence Tomography High-resolution imaging diagnosis of human fetal membrane by three-dimensional optical coherence tomography Characterization of dynamic physiology of the bladder by optical coherence tomography Cerebral blood flow imaged with ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence angiography and Doppler tomography Systems and methods for dual vitreous and retina imaging Surgical microscope with integrated optical coherence tomography and display systems In vivo evaluation of corneal biomechanical properties by optical coherence elastography at different cross-linking irradiances The Association of Optical Coherence Tomography Results With Neuroimaging Signs and Some Clinical Parameters in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Low cost scalable monolithic common path probe design for the application in endoscopic optical coherence tomography Retinal and Choroidal Vascular Changes in Eyes with Pseudoexfoliation Syndrome: a Comparative Study Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Longitudinal Detection of Radiation-Induced Peripapillary and Macular Retinal Capillary Ischemia Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography