1. Articles from Bernhard Hemmer

    1-4 of 4
    1. Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for intereye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multicenter international study at 11 sites, optical coherence tomography was measured for patients and healthy controls as part of the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium. High‐ and low‐contrast acuity were also collected in a subset ...

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    2. Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for inter‐eye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell+inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Background Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multi‐center international study at 11 sites, optical coherence tomography was measured for patients and healthy controls as part of the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium. High‐ and low‐contrast acuity were also collected ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis

      Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis

      Background: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) may show alterations of retinal layer architecture as measured by optical coherence tomography. Little is known about changes in the retinal vascular network during MS. Objective: To characterize retinal vessel structures in patients with MS and CIS and to test for associations with MS disease activity. Method: In all, 42 patients with MS or CIS and 50 healthy controls underwent retinal optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) with analysis of the superficial and deep vascular plexuses and the choriocapillaries. We tested OCT-A parameters for associations with retinal layer volumes, history ...

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    4. Optical coherence tomography indicates disease activity prior to clinical onset of central nervous system demyelination

      Optical coherence tomography indicates disease activity prior to clinical onset of central nervous system demyelination

      Background: Establishing biomarkers for predicting disease activity in demyelinating disease of the central nervous system is crucial for designing appropriate disease modifiying treatment strategies. Objective: To investigate retinal findings and disease activity in patients with radiologically isolated and clinically isolated syndromes. Methods: We performed retinal optical coherence tomography and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging in healthy control individuals ( n =19), in individuals with non-specific white matter lesions ( n =18), and in patients with clinically isolated syndromes ( n =18) and radiologically isolated syndromes ( n =20). Results: Reduced volume of retinal nerve fibre layer and increased volume of inner nuclear layer at baseline ...

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    1-4 of 4
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    1. (2 articles) Johns Hopkins University
    2. (2 articles) Peter A. Calabresi
    3. (2 articles) Laura J. Balcer
    4. (2 articles) Axel Petzold
    5. (2 articles) Friedemann Paul
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