1. Articles from Bernhard Hemmer

    1-7 of 7
    1. Normative Data and Conversion Equation for Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in an International Healthy Control Cohort

      Normative Data and Conversion Equation for Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in an International Healthy Control Cohort

      Background: Spectral-domain (SD-) optical coherence tomography (OCT) can reliably measure axonal (peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer [pRNFL]) and neuronal (macular ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer [GCIPL]) thinning in the retina. Measurements from 2 commonly used SD-OCT devices are often pooled together in multiple sclerosis (MS) studies and clinical trials despite software and segmentation algorithm differences; however, individual pRNFL and GCIPL thickness measurements are not interchangeable between devices. In some circumstances, such as in the absence of a consistent OCT segmentation algorithm across platforms, a conversion equation to transform measurements between devices may be useful to facilitate pooling of data. The ...

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    2. The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography Criteria and Machine Learning in Multiple Sclerosis and Optic Neuritis Diagnosis

      The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography Criteria and Machine Learning in Multiple Sclerosis and Optic Neuritis Diagnosis

      Background and objectives: Recent studies have suggested that inter-eye differences (IEDs) in peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) or ganglion cell+inner plexiform (GCIPL) thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) may identify people with a history of unilateral optic neuritis (ON). However, this requires further validation. Machine learning classification may be useful for validating thresholds for OCT IEDs and for examining added utility for visual function tests, such as low-contrast letter acuity (LCLA), in the diagnosis of people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and for unilateral ON history. Methods: Participants were from 11 sites within the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual ...

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    3. Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates subclinical retinal disease in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders

      Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates subclinical retinal disease in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders

      Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are neuroinflammatory diseases of the central nervous system. Patients suffer from recurring relapses and it is unclear whether relapse-independent disease activity occurs and whether this is of clinical relevance. Objective: To detect disease-specific alterations of the retinal vasculature that reflect disease activity during NMOSD. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 16 patients with NMOSD, 21 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and 21 healthy controls using retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT), optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A), measurement of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) serum levels, and assessment of visual acuity. Results: Patients with NMOSD but not multiple ...

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    4. Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study

      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for intereye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell + inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multicenter international study at 11 sites, optical coherence tomography was measured for patients and healthy controls as part of the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium. High‐ and low‐contrast acuity were also collected in a subset ...

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    5. Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study

      Objective To determine the optimal thresholds for inter‐eye differences in retinal nerve fiber and ganglion cell+inner plexiform layer thicknesses for identifying unilateral optic nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis. Background Current international diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis do not include the optic nerve as a lesion site despite frequent involvement. Optical coherence tomography detects retinal thinning associated with optic nerve lesions. Methods In this multi‐center international study at 11 sites, optical coherence tomography was measured for patients and healthy controls as part of the International Multiple Sclerosis Visual System Consortium. High‐ and low‐contrast acuity were also collected ...

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    6. Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis

      Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis

      Background: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) may show alterations of retinal layer architecture as measured by optical coherence tomography. Little is known about changes in the retinal vascular network during MS. Objective: To characterize retinal vessel structures in patients with MS and CIS and to test for associations with MS disease activity. Method: In all, 42 patients with MS or CIS and 50 healthy controls underwent retinal optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) with analysis of the superficial and deep vascular plexuses and the choriocapillaries. We tested OCT-A parameters for associations with retinal layer volumes, history ...

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    7. Optical coherence tomography indicates disease activity prior to clinical onset of central nervous system demyelination

      Optical coherence tomography indicates disease activity prior to clinical onset of central nervous system demyelination

      Background: Establishing biomarkers for predicting disease activity in demyelinating disease of the central nervous system is crucial for designing appropriate disease modifiying treatment strategies. Objective: To investigate retinal findings and disease activity in patients with radiologically isolated and clinically isolated syndromes. Methods: We performed retinal optical coherence tomography and cerebral magnetic resonance imaging in healthy control individuals ( n =19), in individuals with non-specific white matter lesions ( n =18), and in patients with clinically isolated syndromes ( n =18) and radiologically isolated syndromes ( n =20). Results: Reduced volume of retinal nerve fibre layer and increased volume of inner nuclear layer at baseline ...

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    1-7 of 7
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    Optical coherence tomography indicates disease activity prior to clinical onset of central nervous system demyelination Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates associations of the retinal vascular network and disease activity in multiple sclerosis Optimal Inter‐Eye Difference Thresholds by OCT in MS: An International Study Optimal intereye difference thresholds by optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis: An international study Optical coherence tomography angiography indicates subclinical retinal disease in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders The Role of Optical Coherence Tomography Criteria and Machine Learning in Multiple Sclerosis and Optic Neuritis Diagnosis Normative Data and Conversion Equation for Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in an International Healthy Control Cohort The truth about invisible posterior vitreous structures Increased Macrophage-like Cell Density in Retinal Vein Occlusion as Characterized by en Face Optical Coherence Tomography The Influence of Eyelid Position and Environmental Conditions on the Corneal Changes in Early Postmortem Interval: A Prospective, Multicentric OCT Study The Use of Optical Coherence Tomography for Gross Examination and Sampling of Fixed Breast Specimens: A Pilot Study The Role of Widefield and Ultra Widefield Optical Coherence Tomography in the Diagnosis and Management of Vitreoretinal Diseases