1. Articles from Jason J. Chen

    1-8 of 8
    1. Dynamic programming and automated segmentation of optical coherence tomography images of the neonatal subglottis: enabling efficient diagnostics to manage subglottic stenosis

      Dynamic programming and automated segmentation of optical coherence tomography images of the neonatal subglottis: enabling efficient diagnostics to manage subglottic stenosis

      Subglottic stenosis (SGS) is a challenging disease to diagnose in neonates. Long-range optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an optical imaging modality that has been described to image the subglottis in intubated neonates. A major challenge associated with OCT imaging is the lack of an automated method for image analysis and micrometry of large volumes of data that are acquired with each airway scan (1 to 2 Gb). We developed a tissue segmentation algorithm that identifies, measures, and conducts image analysis on tissue layers within the mucosa and submucosa and compared these automated tissue measurements with manual tracings. We noted small ...

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    2. Multimodal endoscopy for colorectal cancer detection by optical coherence tomography and near-infrared fluorescence imaging

      Multimodal endoscopy for colorectal cancer detection by optical coherence tomography and near-infrared fluorescence imaging

      While colonoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis and classification of colorectal cancer (CRC), its sensitivity and specificity are operator-dependent and are especially poor for small and flat lesions. Contemporary imaging modalities, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence, have been investigated to visualize microvasculature and morphological changes for detecting early stage CRC in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In our study, we developed a multimodal endoscopic system with simultaneous co-registered OCT and NIR fluorescence imaging. By introducing a contrast agent into the vascular network, NIR fluorescence is able to highlight the cancer-suspected area based on significant change ...

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    3. Visualization and Detection of Ciliary Beating Pattern and Frequency in the Upper Airway using Phase Resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography

      Visualization and Detection of Ciliary Beating Pattern and Frequency in the Upper Airway using Phase Resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography

      Ciliary motion plays a critical role in the overall respiratory health of the upper airway. These cilia beat at a native frequency and in a synchronized pattern to continuously transport foreign particulate trapped in a layer of mucous out of the upper airway. Disruption of ciliary motion can lead to severe respiratory diseases and compromised respiratory function. Currently, the study of cilia requires expensive high speed cameras and high powered microscopes which is unsuitable for in vivo imaging and diagnosis. Doppler based optical coherence tomography has the potential to visualize the microscopic motion of cilia during their beating cycle. We ...

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    4. Association of Electrochemical Therapy With Optical, Mechanical, and Acoustic Impedance Properties of Porcine Skin

      Association of Electrochemical Therapy With Optical, Mechanical, and Acoustic Impedance Properties of Porcine Skin

      Importance The classic management of burn scars and other injuries to the skin has largely relied on soft-tissue transfer to resurface damaged tissue with local tissue transfer or skin graft placement. In situ generation of electrochemical reactions using needle electrodes and an application of current may be a new approach to treat scars and skin. Objective To examine the changes in optical, mechanical, and acoustic impedance properties in porcine skin after electrochemical therapy. Design, Setting, and Participants This preclinical pilot study, performed from August 1, 2015, to November 1, 2016, investigated the effects of localized pH-driven electrochemical therapy of ex ...

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    5. Diagnosis of subglottic stenosis in a rabbit model using long-range optical coherence tomography

      Diagnosis of subglottic stenosis in a rabbit model using long-range optical coherence tomography

      Objectives/Hypothesis Current imaging modalities lack the necessary resolution to diagnose subglottic stenosis. The aim of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate nascent subglottic mucosal injury and characterize mucosal thickness and structural changes using texture analysis in a simulated intubation rabbit model. Study Design Prospective animal study in rabbits. Methods Three-centimeter-long sections of endotracheal tubes (ETT) were endoscopically placed in the subglottis and proximal trachea of New Zealand White rabbits (n = 10) and secured via suture. OCT imaging and conventional endoscopic video was performed just prior to ETT segment placement (day 0), immediately after tube ...

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    6. Measurement of ciliary beat frequency using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography

      Measurement of ciliary beat frequency using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography

      Ciliated epithelial cells populate up to 80% of the surface area of the human airway and are responsible for mucociliary transport, which is the key protective mechanism that provides the first line of defense in the respiratory tract. Cilia beat in a rhythmic pattern and may be easily affected by allergens, pollutants, and pathogens, altering ciliary beat frequency (CBF) subsequently. Diseases including cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and primary ciliary dyskinesia may also decrease CBF. CBF is therefore a critical component of respiratory health. The current clinical method of measuring CBF is phase-contrast microscopy, which involves a tissue biopsy ...

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    7. In vivo cross-sectional imaging of the phonating larynx using long-range Doppler optical coherence tomography

      In vivo cross-sectional imaging of the phonating larynx using long-range Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Diagnosis and treatment of vocal fold lesions has been a long-evolving science for the otolaryngologist. Contemporary practice requires biopsy of a glottal lesion in the operating room under general anesthesia for diagnosis. Current in-office technology is limited to visualizing the surface of the vocal folds with fiber-optic or rigid endoscopy and using stroboscopic or high-speed video to infer information about submucosal processes. Previous efforts using optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been limited by small working distances and imaging ranges. Here we report the first full field, high-speed, and long-range OCT images of awake patients’ vocal folds as well as cross-sectional ...

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    8. Measurement of ciliary beat frequency using Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Measurement of ciliary beat frequency using Doppler optical coherence tomography

      Background Measuring ciliary beat frequency (CBF) is a technical challenge and difficult to perform in vivo. Doppler optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) is a mesoscopic noncontact imaging modality that provides high-resolution tomographic images and detects micromotion simultaneously in living tissues. In this work we used D-OCT to measure CBF in ex vivo tissue as the first step toward translating this technology to clinical use. Methods Fresh ex vivo samples of rabbit tracheal mucosa were imaged using both D-OCT and phase-contrast microscopy (n = 5). The D-OCT system was designed and built to specification in our lab (1310-nm swept source vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser ...

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    1-8 of 8
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  2. Topics in the News

    1. (8 articles) UC Irvine
    2. (8 articles) Zhongping Chen
    3. (7 articles) Brian J. F. Wong
    4. (6 articles) Joseph C. Jing
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    Measurement of ciliary beat frequency using Doppler optical coherence tomography In vivo cross-sectional imaging of the phonating larynx using long-range Doppler optical coherence tomography Measurement of ciliary beat frequency using ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography Diagnosis of subglottic stenosis in a rabbit model using long-range optical coherence tomography Association of Electrochemical Therapy With Optical, Mechanical, and Acoustic Impedance Properties of Porcine Skin Visualization and Detection of Ciliary Beating Pattern and Frequency in the Upper Airway using Phase Resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography Multimodal endoscopy for colorectal cancer detection by optical coherence tomography and near-infrared fluorescence imaging Dynamic programming and automated segmentation of optical coherence tomography images of the neonatal subglottis: enabling efficient diagnostics to manage subglottic stenosis Measurement of the Shrinkage of Natural and Simulated Lesions on Root Surfaces using CP-OCT Optic-Net: A Novel Convolutional Neural Network for Diagnosis of Retinal Diseases from Optical Tomography Images Double layer sign: A new optical coherence tomography finding in active tubercular serpiginous-like choroiditis to monitor activity Influence of Epiretinal Membranes on the Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness Measured by Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography in Glaucoma