1. Articles from Bingyao Tan

    1-24 of 43 1 2 »
    1. Line-scanning SD-OCT for in-vivo, non-contact, volumetric, cellular resolution imaging of the human cornea and limbus

      Line-scanning SD-OCT for in-vivo, non-contact, volumetric, cellular resolution imaging of the human cornea and limbus

      In-vivo , non-contact, volumetric imaging of the cellular and sub-cellular structure of the human cornea and limbus with optical coherence tomography (OCT) is challenging due to involuntary eye motion that introduces both motion artifacts and blur in the OCT images. Here we present the design of a line-scanning (LS) spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography system that combines 2 × 3 × 1.7 µm (x, y, z) resolution in biological tissue with an image acquisition rate of ∼2,500 fps, and demonstrate its ability to image in-vivo and without contact with the tissue surface, the cellular structure of the human anterior segment tissues ...

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    2. The New Era of Retinal Imaging in Hypertensive Patients

      The New Era of Retinal Imaging in Hypertensive Patients

      Structural and functional alterations in the microcirculation by systemic hypertension can cause significant organ damage at the eye, heart, brain, and kidneys. As the retina is the only tissue in the body that allows direct imaging of small vessels, the relationship of hypertensive retinopathy signs with development of disease states in other organs have been extensively studied; large-scale epidemiological studies using fundus photography and advanced semi-automated analysis software have reported the association of retinopathy signs with hypertensive end-organ damage includes the following: stroke, dementia, and coronary heart disease. Although yielding much useful information, the vessels assessed from fundus photographs remain ...

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    3. A multi-regression approach to improve optical coherence tomography diagnostic accuracy in multiple sclerosis patients without previous optic neuritis

      A multi-regression approach to improve optical coherence tomography diagnostic accuracy in multiple sclerosis patients without previous optic neuritis

      Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a retinal imaging system that may improve the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) persons, but the evidence is currently equivocal. To assess whether compensating the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness for ocular anatomical features as well as the combination with macular layers can improve the capability of OCT in differentiating non-optic neuritis eyes of relapsing-remitting MS patients from healthy controls. Methods: 74 MS participants (n = 129 eyes) and 84 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n = 149 eyes) were enrolled. Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) thickness was extracted and pRNFL measurement was compensated ...

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    4. A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      Background Diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains limited. We assessed whether compensating the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness for multiple demographic and anatomical factors as well as the combination of macular layers improves the detection of MCI and AD. Methods This cross-sectional study of 62 AD ( n  = 92 eyes), 108 MCI ( n  = 158 eyes), and 55 cognitively normal control ( n  = 86 eyes) participants. Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) thickness was extracted. Circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) measurement was compensated for several ocular factors. Thickness ...

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    5. Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Following Trabecular Bypass Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery

      Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Following Trabecular Bypass Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery

      Objective: To assess anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) imaging of the episcleral vessels before and after trabecular bypass minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS). Design: A prospective, clinical, single-centre, single-arm pilot feasibility study conducted at National University Hospital, Singapore. Subjects: Patients with primary glaucomatous optic neuropathy undergoing Hydrus Microstent (Ivantis Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) implantation, who require at least one intra-ocular pressure-lowering medication. One or two eyes per patient may be enrolled. Methods: We performed AS-OCTA (Nidek RS-3000 Advance 2, Gamagori, Japan) pre- and up to 6 months post-MIGS implantation using a standard protocol in all cornealimbal quadrants, to ...

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    6. A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      A multi-regression framework to improve diagnostic ability of optical coherence tomography retinal biomarkers to discriminate mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

      Background: Diagnostic performance of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remains limited. We assessed whether compensating the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) thickness for multiple demographic and anatomical factors as well as the combination of macular layers improves the detection of MCI and AD. Methods: This cross-sectional study of 62 AD (n = 92 eyes), 108 MCI (n = 158 eyes), and 55 cognitively normal control (n = 86 eyes) participants. Macular ganglion cell complex (mGCC) thickness was extracted. Circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (cpRNFL) measurement was compensated for several ocular factors. Thickness ...

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    7. Outcome Measures for Disease Monitoring in Intraocular Inflammatory and Infectious Diseases (OCTOMERIA): Understanding the Choroid in Uveitis with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

      Outcome Measures for Disease Monitoring in Intraocular Inflammatory and Infectious Diseases (OCTOMERIA): Understanding the Choroid in Uveitis with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

      Purpose: To compare imaging modalities for the choroid of the eye, and evaluate various choroidal changes in uveitides entities. Methods: A comprehensive systematic literature review was conducted looking at current imaging modalities available to assess choroid architecture and commonly used parameters available to qualify and quantify choroidal changes, before looking at specific uveitides entities with choroidal involvement which have been broadly separated into non-infectious and infectious in etiology. Results: We describe the various modalities currently available to evaluate the choroid of the eye such as Ultrasound B Scan, ICGA, and OCT. Choroidal changes in various ocular and systemic diseases such ...

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    8. Combining retinal and choroidal microvascular metrics improves discriminative power for diabetic retinopathy

      Combining retinal and choroidal microvascular metrics improves discriminative power for diabetic retinopathy

      Purpose To use optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) parameters from both the retinal and choroidal microvasculature to detect the presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Method This is a cross-sectional case–control study. OCTA parameters from retinal vasculature, fovea avascular zone (FAZ) and choriocapillaris were evaluated from 3×3 mm 2 fovea-centred scans. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to compare the discriminative power on the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), the presence of DR and need for referral: group 1 (no DM vs DM no DR), group 2 (no DR vs any DR) and ...

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    9. Effect of hyperoxia and hypoxia on retinal vascular parameters assessed with optical coherence tomography angiography

      Effect of hyperoxia and hypoxia on retinal vascular parameters assessed with optical coherence tomography angiography

      Purpose: To investigate the response of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses to hyperoxia and hypoxia using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) and retinal vessel analyzer. Methods: Twenty-four healthy volunteers participated in this randomized, double-masked, cross-over study. For each subject, two study days were scheduled: on one study day, hyperoxia was induced by breathing 100% oxygen whereas on the other study day, hypoxia was induced by breathing a mixture of 88% nitrogen and 12% oxygen. Perfusion density was calculated in the superficial vascular plexus (SVP) and the deep capillary plexus (DCP), using OCT-A before (normal breathing) and during breathing of ...

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    10. Combining OCT and OCTA for Focal Structure-Function Modeling in Early Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

      Combining OCT and OCTA for Focal Structure-Function Modeling in Early Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

      Purpose: To investigate modeling of the focal visual field (VF) loss by combining structural measurements and vascular measurements in eyes with early primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, subjects with early glaucoma (VF mean deviation, ≥-6 dB) underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging, and Humphrey 24-2 VF tests. Capillary perfusion densities (CPDs) were calculated after the removal of large vessels in the OCTA images. Focal associations between VF losses at the individual VF test locations, circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measurements from OCT, and CPDs were determined using nerve ...

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    11. Ultrawide field, distortion-corrected ocular shape estimation with MHz optical coherence tomography (OCT)

      Ultrawide field, distortion-corrected ocular shape estimation with MHz optical coherence tomography (OCT)

      Ocular deformation may be associated with biomechanical alterations in the structures of the eye, especially the cornea and sclera in conditions such as keratoconus, congenital glaucoma, and pathological myopia. Here, we propose a method to estimate ocular shape using an ultra-wide field MHz swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) with a Fourier Domain Mode-Locked (FDML) laser and distortion correction of the images. The ocular biometrics for distortion correction was collected by an IOLMaster 700, and localized Gaussian curvature was proposed to quantify the ocular curvature covering a field-of-view up to 65°×62°. We achieved repeatable curvature shape measurements (intraclass coefficient = 0 ...

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    12. Role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography in the assessment of acute chemical ocular injury: a pilot animal model study

      Role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography in the assessment of acute chemical ocular injury: a pilot animal model study

      To examine the use of anterior segment-optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) in the assessment of limbal ischemia in an animal model chemical ocular injury. We conducted a prospective study using an established chemical ocular injury model in 6 rabbits (12 eyes), dividing the cornea limbus into 4 quadrants. Chemical injury grade was induced based on extent of limbal injury (0 to 360 degrees) and all eyes underwent serial slit-lamp with AS-OCTA imaging up to one month. Main outcome measure was changes in AS-OCTA vessel density (VD) comparing injured and control cornea limbal quadrants within 24 h and at one month ...

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    13. Developing a normative database for retinal perfusion using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Developing a normative database for retinal perfusion using optical coherence tomography angiography

      Visualizing and characterizing microvascular abnormalities with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has deepened our understanding of ocular diseases, such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration. Two types of microvascular defects can be detected by OCTA: focal decrease because of localized absence and collapse of retinal capillaries, which is referred to as the non-perfusion area in OCTA, and diffuse perfusion decrease usually detected by comparing with healthy case-control groups. Wider OCTA allows for insights into peripheral retinal vascularity, but the heterogeneous perfusion distribution from the macula, parapapillary area to periphery hurdles the quantitative assessment. A normative database for OCTA ...

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    14. Framework for quantitative three-dimensional choroidal vasculature analysis using optical coherence tomography

      Framework for quantitative three-dimensional choroidal vasculature analysis using optical coherence tomography

      Choroidal vasculature plays an important role in the pathogenesis of retinal diseases, such as myopic maculopathy, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, central serous chorioretinopathy, and ocular inflammatory diseases. Current optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology provides three-dimensional visualization of the choroidal angioarchitecture; however, quantitative measures remain challenging. Here, we propose and validate a framework to segment and quantify the choroidal vasculature from a prototype swept-source OCT (PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec, USA) using a 3×3 mm scan protocol centered on the macula. Enface images referenced from the retinal pigment epithelium were reconstructed from the volumetric data. The boundaries of ...

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    15. Segregation of neuronal-vascular components in a retinal nerve fiber layer for thickness measurement using OCT and OCT angiography

      Segregation of neuronal-vascular components in a retinal nerve fiber layer for thickness measurement using OCT and OCT angiography

      Assessment of the circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) provides crucial knowledge on the status of the optic nerve. Current circumpapillary RNFL measurements consider only thickness, but an accurate evaluation should also consider blood vessel contribution. Previous studies considered the presence of major vessels in RNFL thickness measurements from optical coherence tomography (OCT). However, such quantitative measurements do not account for smaller vessels, which could also affect circumpapillary RNFL measurements. We present an approach to automatically segregate the neuronal and vascular components in circumpapillary RNFL by combining vascular information from OCT angiography (OCTA) and structural data from OCT. Automated segmentation ...

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    16. Role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography in assessing limbal vasculature in acute chemical injury of the eye

      Role of anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography in assessing limbal vasculature in acute chemical injury of the eye

      Purpose: To study the role of two anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) systems in eyes with acute chemical injury. Methods: Prospective study in subjects with unilateral chemical injuries. Sequential slit-lamp assessment with spectral domain (SD) (AngioVue, Optovue, USA) and swept source (SS) (Plex Elite, Zeiss, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California, USA) AS-OCTA was performed in both eyes within 24-48 hours of injury. Subjects were managed with a standard clinical protocol and followed-up for 3 months. We assessed limbal disruption (loss of normal limbal vessel architecture), limbal vessel density measurements and agreement (kappa coefficient, κ) between masked assessors of limbal ...

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    17. A pilot study investigating anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography as a non-invasive tool in evaluating corneal vascularisation

      A pilot study investigating anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography as a non-invasive tool in evaluating corneal vascularisation

      The current assessment of corneal vascularisation (CV) relies on slit-lamp examination, which may be subjective. Dye-based angiographies, like indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), allows for good visualisation of anterior segment blood vessels. However, ICGA is invasive and can be associated with systemic adverse effects. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) is a non-invasive tool that has been shown to successfully delineate CV. However, there are no previous studies that have reported if AS-OCTA can determine CV stage and activity. We used an established CV model in rabbits to examine serial AS-OCTA scans of CV development and regression following treatment with ...

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    18. Quantitative OCT angiography of the retinal microvasculature and choriocapillaris in highly myopic eyes with myopic macular degeneration

      Quantitative OCT angiography of the retinal microvasculature and choriocapillaris in highly myopic eyes with myopic macular degeneration

      Purpose: To quantify retinal and choriocapillaris (CC) microvasculature in highly myopic (HM) eyes with myopic macular degeneration (MMD) using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Methods: 162 HM eyes (spherical equivalent ≤ -6.0 dioptres or axial length (AL) ≥26.5 mm) from 98 participants were enrolled, including 60 eyes (37.0%) with tessellated fundus, 54 eyes (33.3%) with peripapillary diffuse chorioretinal atrophy (PDCA), 27 eyes (16.7%) with macular diffuse chorioretinal atrophy (MDCA) and 21 eyes (13.0%) with patchy or macular atrophy. PLEX Elite 9000 SS-OCTA was performed to obtain perfusion densities (PD) of the superficial and deep ...

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    19. Focal Structure-Function Relationships in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Using OCT and OCT-A Measurements

      Focal Structure-Function Relationships in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Using OCT and OCT-A Measurements

      Purpose: To evaluate the focal structure-function associations among visual field (VF) loss, optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) vascular measurements, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) structural measurements in glaucoma. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, subjects underwent standard automated perimetry, OCT-based nerve fiber thickness measurements, and OCT-A imaging. Mappings of focal VF test locations with OCT and OCT-A measurements were defined using anatomically adjusted nerve fiber trajectories and were studied using multivariate mixed-effects analysis. Segmented regression analysis was used to determine the presence of breakpoints in the structure-function associations. Results: The study included 119 eyes from 86 Chinese subjects with primary open-angle ...

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    20. Effect of vessel enhancement filters on the repeatability of measurements obtained from widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography

      Effect of vessel enhancement filters on the repeatability of measurements obtained from widefield swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography

      We assessed the inter-visit repeatability of 15 × 9-mm 2 swept-source OCTA (SS-OCTA; PLEX Elite 9000, Carl Zeiss Meditec) metrics in 14 healthy participants. We analysed the perfusion density (PD) of large vessels, superficial capillary plexus (SCP), and deep capillary plexus (DCP) as well as choriocapillaris flow voids in 2 different regions: the macular region and peripheral region. Also, retinal plexus metrics were processed further using different filters (Hessian, Gabor and Bayesian) while choriocapillaris flow voids were calculated with 1 and 1.25 standard deviation (SD) thresholding algorithms. We found excellent repeatability in the perfusion densities of large vessels (ICC > 0 ...

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    21. Plexus-Specific Effect of Flicker-Light Stimulation on the Retinal Microvasculature Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      Plexus-Specific Effect of Flicker-Light Stimulation on the Retinal Microvasculature Assessed with Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

      In neural tissues, the coupling between neural activity and blood flow is a physiological key principle in blood flow regulation. We used optical coherence tomography angiography to investigate stimulus-evoked hemodynamic responses in different microvascular layers of the human retina. Twenty-two healthy subjects were included. Vessel density before and during light stimulation was measured using optical coherence tomography angiography and assessed for the superficial, intermediate and deep capillary plexus of the retinal circulation. Volumetric blood flow was measured using a custom-built Doppler optical coherence tomography system. Our results show that flicker stimulation induced a significant increase in the vessel density of ...

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    22. Approaches to quantify optical coherence tomography angiography metrics

      Approaches to quantify optical coherence tomography angiography metrics

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has revolutionized the field of ophthalmology in the last three decades. As an OCT extension, OCT angiography (OCTA) utilizes a fast OCT system to detect motion contrast in ocular tissue and provides a three-dimensional representation of the ocular vasculature in a non-invasive, dye-free manner. The first OCT machine equipped with OCTA function was approved by U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2016 and now it is widely applied in clinics. To date, numerous methods have been developed to aid OCTA interpretation and quantification. In this review, we focused on the workflow of OCTA-based interpretation, beginning ...

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      Mentions: FDA
    23. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography for iris vasculature in pigmented eyes

      Anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography for iris vasculature in pigmented eyes

      Purpose To compare anterior segment optical coherence tomography angiography (AS-OCTA) systems in delineating normal iris vessels and iris neovascularisation (NVI) in eyes with pigmented irides. Methods Prospective study from January 2019 to June 2019 of 10 consecutive patients with normal pigmented iris, had AS-OCTA scans with a described illumination technique, before using the same protocol in five eyes with NVI (clinical stages 1–3). All scans were sequentially performed using a spectral-domain OCTA (SD-OCTA), and a swept-source OCTA (SS-OCTA, Plex Elite 9000). Images were graded by two masked observers for visibility, artefacts and NVI characteristics. The main outcome measure was ...

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    24. Novel Approaches for Imaging-Based Diagnosis of Ocular Surface Disease

      Novel Approaches for Imaging-Based Diagnosis of Ocular Surface Disease

      Imaging has become indispensable in the diagnosis and management of diseases in the posterior part of the eye. In recent years, imaging techniques for the anterior segment are also gaining importance and are nowadays routinely used in clinical practice. Ocular surface disease is often synonymous with dry eye disease, but also refers to other conditions of the ocular surface, such as Meibomian gland dysfunction or keratitis and conjunctivitis with different underlying causes, i.e., allergies or infections. Therefore, correct differential diagnosis and treatment of ocular surface diseases is crucial, for which imaging can be a helpful tool. A variety of ...

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    1. (24 articles) Singapore Eye Research Institute
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    Axial resolution improvement in spectral domain optical coherence tomography using a depth-adaptive maximum-a-posterior framework Depth Compensated Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography via Digital Compensation In Vivo Imaging and Morphometry of the Human Pre-Descemet's Layer and Endothelium With Ultrahigh-Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography Sub-micrometer axial resolution OCT for in-vivo imaging of the cellular structure of healthy and keratoconic human corneas In-vivo imaging of the palisades of Vogt and the limbal crypts with sub-micrometer axial resolution optical coherence tomography Evaluation and Correlation of Morphological, Blood Flow and Physiological Retinal Changes in a Rat Model of Glaucoma with a Combined Optical Coherence Tomography and Electroretinography System (Thesis) Dense concentric circle scanning protocol for measuring pulsatile retinal blood flow in rats with Doppler optical coherence tomography Comparative Study of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Phase-Resolved Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography for Measurement of Retinal Blood Vessels Caliber 250 kHz, 1.5 µm resolution SD-OCT for in-vivo cellular imaging of the human cornea Quantitative analysis of choriocapillaris in non-human primates using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA) The truth about invisible posterior vitreous structures The Influence of Eyelid Position and Environmental Conditions on the Corneal Changes in Early Postmortem Interval: A Prospective, Multicentric OCT Study