1. Featured Articles

    1-18 of 18
    1. An open-source robotic platform that enables automated monitoring of replicate biofilm cultivations using optical coherence tomography

      An open-source robotic platform that enables automated monitoring of replicate biofilm cultivations using optical coherence tomography

      The paper introduces a fully automated cultivation and monitoring tool to study biofilm development in replicate experiments operated in parallel. To gain a fundamental understanding of the relation between cultivation conditions and biofilm characteristics (e.g., structural, mechanical) a monitoring setup allowing for the standardization of methods is required. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging modality ideal for biofilms since it allows for the monitoring of structure in real time. By integrating an OCT device into the open-source robotic platform EvoBot, a fully automated monitoring platform for investigating biofilm development in several flow cells at once was realized. Different ...

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    2. Spectroscopic optical coherence refraction tomography

      Spectroscopic optical coherence refraction tomography

      In optical coherence tomography (OCT), the axial resolution is often superior to the lateral resolution, which is sacrificed for long imaging depths. To address this anisotropy, we previously developed optical coherence refraction tomography (OCRT), which uses images from multiple angles to computationally reconstruct an image with isotropic resolution, given by the OCT axial resolution. On the other hand, spectroscopic OCT (SOCT), an extension of OCT, trades axial resolution for spectral resolution and hence often has superior lateral resolution. Here, we present spectroscopic OCRT (SOCRT), which uses SOCT images from multiple angles to reconstruct a spectroscopic image with isotropic spatial resolution ...

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    3. NIR-II dual-modal optical coherence tomography and photoacoustic imaging-guided dose-control cancer chemotherapy

      NIR-II dual-modal optical coherence tomography and photoacoustic imaging-guided dose-control cancer chemotherapy

      In this study, an organic nano-drug delivery platform was constructed as a biocompatible cancer chemotherapeutic system, in which clini-cally approved sorafenib was loaded in the redox-responsive polymeric micelles, enabling dose-control release of drug to cancer tissues. In addition, visualizing tumor microenvironment changes is also essential for cancer chemotherapy, which can provide a priori and feedback control of drug delivery with reduced side effect. Therefore, second near-infrared window (NIR-II) dual-modal optical coherence tomogra-phy (OCT) and photoacoustic imaging were performed for real-time visualizing tumor microenvironment changes in vivo during chemo-therapy. In particular, the tumor angiogenesis, the vascular networks density change, and the ...

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    4. Open Rank Tenure Track Faculty Position in Retina Research, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY

      Open Rank Tenure Track Faculty Position in Retina Research, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY

      Open Rank Tenure Track Faculty Position in Retina Research, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY The University of Rochester Flaum Eye Institute has a tenure-track position available for scientists working in retina research with a desire to utilize high resolution retinal imaging. A strategic goal of the Flaum Eye Institute is to develop and apply innovative new capabilities to study the structure and function of the retina in healthy and diseased eyes. This includes basic research on a number of animal model systems including (but not limited to) mouse and non-human primate systems. Research may also involve human imaging and the ...

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    5. NTU scientists develop handheld, high-resolution medical imaging device

      NTU scientists develop handheld, high-resolution medical imaging device

      NTU scientists develop handheld, high-resolution medical imaging device with potential for bedside scanning Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed the prototype of a handheld medical imaging device that can produce images down to resolutions of 1 to 2 micrometres. This is detailed enough to spot the first signs of tumours in specific cells and is about 100 times higher resolution than what X-Ray, computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines can provide. The technology behind the device is a result of six years of optical imaging research and was jointly developed by a team ...

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    6. COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

      COMPARISON OF POST STENT OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY FINDINGS AMONG THREE SUBTYPES OF CALCIFIED CULPRIT PLAQUES IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

      Background Recently, three subtypes of calcified plaques at the culprit lesion were reported in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS): eruptive calcified nodule, superficial calcific sheet, and calcified protrusion. Methods A total of 157 patients with ACS and calcified plaque at the culprit lesion were selected from our database. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings at index procedure and after stent implantation were compared among the three subgroups. Results In the final analysis, 92 cases were included. Pre-procedural OCT showed eruptive calcified nodules in 20 (21.7%) cases, superficial calcific sheets in 66 (71.7%), and calcified protrusion in 6 (6 ...

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    7. Three‐dimensional mapping of the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography to enhance breast tissue micro‐architecture contrast

      Three‐dimensional mapping of the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography to enhance breast tissue micro‐architecture contrast

      Effective intraoperative tumor margin assessment is needed to reduce re‐excision rates in breast‐conserving surgery (BCS). Mapping the attenuation coefficient in optical coherence tomography (OCT) throughout a sample to create an image (attenuation imaging) is one promising approach. For the first time, three‐dimensional OCT attenuation imaging of human breast tissue micro‐architecture using a wide‐field (up to ~45 × 45 × 3.5 mm) imaging system is demonstrated. Representative results from three mastectomy and one BCS specimen (from 31 specimens) are presented with co‐registered postoperative histology. Attenuation imaging is shown to provide substantially improved contrast over OCT, delineating ...

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    8. Novel Tunable Lasers for Optical Coherence Tomography: Marie Curie Early Stage Positions to train towards PhD in an European Innovative Training Network

      Novel Tunable Lasers for Optical Coherence Tomography: Marie Curie Early Stage Positions to train towards PhD in an European Innovative Training Network

      We are recruiting for a PhD Studentship in the fields of Optics and Laser Physics, with emphasis on optical coherence tomography for a period of 36 months starting up to 31 January 2021, within the Applied Optics Group, School of Physical Sciences. These are supported by the Marie Curie Innovative Training Network scheme, 860807, EU funded, jointly organised with 14 other universities, companies and hospitals in Europe. You will spend time at the University of Kent and at the other beneficiaries or associated partners. Supervision will be provided in an European setting where specialized and complementary training will be provided ...

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    9. ZEISS Medical Technology Announces Changes in Ophthalmic Devices Executive Leadership

      ZEISS Medical Technology Announces Changes in Ophthalmic Devices Executive Leadership

      Effective 1 May 2020, Jim Mazzo will retire from his position as President Ophthalmic Devices and Head of the Ophthalmic Devices Strategic Business Unit for ZEISS. He will continue to support ZEISS as an advisor. With over forty years in the ophthalmic industry, Jim has successfully transformed ZEISS Global Ophthalmic Devices as the number two industry leader in Ophthalmology by creating a strong customer focused organization within his three plus years with ZEISS. "I am very proud of what we have accomplished for customers and employees and pleased to hand over responsibility to Euan and the team. With this team ...

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    10. Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Idiopathic Foveal Hypoplasia and Its Correlation With Visual Acuity

      Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography of Idiopathic Foveal Hypoplasia and Its Correlation With Visual Acuity

      SIGNIFICANCE Foveal hypoplasia is described clinically by the absence of a foveal pit and subsequent reduction in visual acuity. Optical coherence tomography angiography provides precise segmentation of the retinal vascular supply demonstrating the vascular perfusion in affected patients. Preservation of perfusion is linked to visual acuity and function. PURPOSE This case report describes a patient with foveal hypoplasia and preservation of visual acuity with preserved retinal capillary density of the superficial and deep capillary plexuses on optical coherence tomography angiography. In addition, the diagnostic findings of foveal hypoplasia as seen on optical coherence tomography angiography will be described. CASE REPORT ...

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    11. Optical coherence tomography/angiography-guided tumor ablation with a continuous-wave laser diode

      Optical coherence tomography/angiography-guided tumor ablation with a continuous-wave laser diode

      Laser ablation can be an effective modality for treatment, but it is complicated to apply continuous-wave (CW) light sources for laser ablation because of the unpredictable photothermal damage. In this study, an integrated theranostic system combining a low-cost CW laser diode with optical coherence tomography (OCT)/angiography (OCTA) was utilized for the in vivo ablation of tumor tissues. To examine the effect of laser exposure on tissue scattering characteristics, the OCT backscattering intensities of non-ablated and ablated tissues were analyzed, and the effect on the skin microvasculature produced by laser ablation was quantitatively evaluated. Moreover, the integrated system and the ...

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    12. Dual-band infrared optical coherence tomography using a single supercontinuum source

      Dual-band infrared optical coherence tomography using a single supercontinuum source

      Recent developments and commercial availability of low-noise and bright infrared (IR) supercontinuum sources initiated intensive applied research in the last few years. Covering a significant part of near- and mid-infrared spectral ranges, supercontinuum radiation opened up unique possibilities and alternatives for the well-established imaging technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT). In this contribution, we demonstrate the development, performance, and maturity of a cost-efficient dual-band Fourier-domain IR OCT system (2 µm and 4 µm central wavelengths). The proposed OCT setup is elegantly employing a single supercontinuum source and a pyroelectric linear array. We discuss adapted application-oriented approaches to signal acquisition and ...

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    13. Mirau-based line-field confocal optical coherence tomography

      Mirau-based line-field confocal optical coherence tomography

      Line-field confocal optical coherence tomography (LC-OCT) is an imaging technique in which A-scans are acquired in parallel through line illumination with a broadband laser and line detection with a line-scan camera. B-scan imaging at high spatial resolution is achieved by dynamic focusing in a Linnik interferometer. This paper presents an LC-OCT device based on a custom-designed Mirau interferometer that offers similar spatial resolution and detection sensitivity. The device has the advantage of being more compact and lighter. In vivo imaging of human skin with a resolution of 1.3 µm × 1.1 µm (lateral × axial) is demonstrated over a field ...

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    14. Dynamic contrast in scanning microscopic OCT

      Dynamic contrast in scanning microscopic OCT

      While optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides a resolution down to 1 micrometer it has difficulties to visualize cellular structures due to a lack of scattering contrast. By evaluating signal fluctuations, a significant contrast enhancement was demonstrated using time-domain full-field OCT (FF-OCT), which makes cellular and subcellular structures visible. The putative cause of the dynamic OCT signal is ATP-dependent motion of cellular structures in a sub-micrometer range, which provides histology-like contrast. Here we demonstrate dynamic contrast with a scanning frequency-domain OCT (FD-OCT). Given the inherent sectional imaging geometry, scanning FD-OCT provides depth-resolved images across tissue layers, a perspective known from histopathology ...

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    15. Long-term in vivo Monitoring of Gliotic Sheathing of Ultrathin Entropic Coated Brain Microprobes with Fiber-based Optical Coherence Tomography

      Long-term in vivo Monitoring of Gliotic Sheathing of Ultrathin Entropic Coated Brain Microprobes with Fiber-based Optical Coherence Tomography

      Microfabricated neuroprosthetic devices have made possible important observations on neuron activity; however, long-term high-fidelity recording performance of these devices has yet to be realized. Tissue-device interactions appear to be a primary source of lost recording performance. The current state of the art for visualizing the tissue response surrounding brain implants in animals is Immunohistochemistry + Confocal Microscopy, which is mainly performed after sacrificing the animal. Monitoring the tissue response as it develops could reveal important features of the response which may inform improvements in electrode design. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), an imaging technique commonly used in ophthalmology, has already been adapted ...

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    16. Comparative study of deep learning models for optical coherence tomography angiography

      Comparative study of deep learning models for optical coherence tomography angiography

      Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a promising imaging modality for microvasculature studies. Meanwhile, deep learning has achieved rapid development in image-to-image translation tasks. Some studies have proposed applying deep learning models to OCTA reconstruction and have obtained preliminary results. However, current studies are mostly limited to a few specific deep neural networks. In this paper, we conducted a comparative study to investigate OCTA reconstruction using deep learning models. Four representative network architectures including single-path models, U-shaped models, generative adversarial network (GAN)-based models and multi-path models were investigated on a dataset of OCTA images acquired from rat brains. Three ...

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    17. Optical coherence tomography imaging of plant root growth in soil

      Optical coherence tomography imaging of plant root growth in soil

      Complex interactions between roots and soil provide the nutrients and physical support required for robust plant growth. Yet, visualizing the root–soil interface is challenged by soil’s opaque scattering characteristics. Herein, we describe methods for using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to provide non-destructive 3D and cross-sectional root imaging not available with traditional bright-field microscopy. OCT is regularly used for bioimaging, especially in ophthalmology, where it can detect retinal abnormalities. Prior use of OCT in plant biology has focused on surface defects of above-ground tissues, predominantly in food crops. Our results show OCT is also viable for detailed, in situ ...

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    1-18 of 18
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