1. Featured Articles

    1-24 of 48 1 2 »
    1. University of Washington Received a 2014 NIH Grant for Needle Biopsy Preservation and Preparation for Rapid 3D Pathology of Pancreas

      University of Washington Received a 2014 NIH Grant for Needle Biopsy Preservation and Preparation for Rapid 3D Pathology of Pancreas

      University of Washington Received a 2014 NIH Grant For $232,550 for Needle Biopsy Preservation and Preparation for Rapid 3D Pathology of Pancreas. The principal investigator is Eric Seibel. The program began in 2014 and ends in 2017. Below is a summary of the proposed work. There are over three million needle biopsies performed every year in the USA, typically for the diagnosis of breast, prostate, thyroid, lung, liver, and pancreatic cancers. Because needle biopsies are less invasive than surgical biopsies, they are much more cost-effective. However, a major limitation for all needle biopsies are that the pathologist or cytologist ...

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    2. Utilizing Optical Coherence Tomography in the Nondestructive and Noncontact Measurement of Egg Shell Thickness

      Utilizing Optical Coherence Tomography in the Nondestructive and Noncontact Measurement of Egg Shell Thickness

      The goal of this study was to measure the thickness of egg shells without any contact and by utilizing a nondestructive method that sends infrared light beam on the egg. We obtain measurement resolutions on the order of 7  μ m up to a penetration depth of 1.7 mm from the actual surface of the egg shell. The measurement results we obtained show that optical coherence tomography can be used to accurately determine the egg shell thickness. Scanning the light beam over the surface allows for measuring the egg profile and monitoring the variations of shell thickness. Since this information ...

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    3. Postdoctoral Opening at Biophotonics Laboratory at Yale University

      Postdoctoral Opening at Biophotonics Laboratory at Yale University

      There is an immediate opening at Yale University for a postdoctoral associate to work on a newly-funded research project entitled “Massively parallel interferometric confocal microscopy using degenerate lasers.” The postdoctoral associate will be supervised by Michael A. Choma, MD, PhD (Yale Diagnostic Radiology) in collaboration with Hui Cao, PhD (Yale Applied Physics). The postdoctoral associate will work in a highly collaborative and interdisciplinary environment to develop next-generation laser technologies to enable new kinds of biomedical optical imaging systems. We are particularly interested in candidates who have experience in designing and building solid-state lasers, but candidates with excellent skills in designing ...

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    4. Fiber-optic catheter-based polarization-sensitive OCT for radio-frequency ablation monitoring

      Fiber-optic catheter-based polarization-sensitive OCT for radio-frequency ablation monitoring

      An all-fiber optic catheter-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system is demonstrated. A novel multiplexing method was used to illuminate the sample, splitting the light from a 58.5 kHz Fourier-domain mode-locked laser such that two different polarization states, alternated in time, are generated by two semiconductor optical amplifiers. A 2.3 mm forward-view cone-scanning catheter probe was designed, fabricated, and used to acquire sample scattering intensity and phase retardation images. The system was first verified with a quarter-wave plate and then by obtaining intensity and phase retardation images of high-birefringence plastic, human skin in vivo , and untreated and thermally ablated ...

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    5. Optical biopsy approaches in Barrett’s esophagus with next-generation optical coherence tomography

      Optical biopsy approaches in Barrett’s esophagus with next-generation optical coherence tomography

      During endoscopic surveillance and treatment in Barrett’s esophagus, the endoscopist may use a combination of tools to assist in targeting biopsies and endoscopic resections in order to diagnose and treat Barrett’s esophagus–associated neoplasia. There is a concern for subepithelial metaplasia or neoplasia in both naïve and previously treated Barrett’s esophagus. Tools to characterize so-called buried disease may allow for improved detection of occult disease. Optical biopsy with volumetric laser endomicroscopy, or VLE, is based on optical coherence tomography.

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    6. High definition live 3D-OCT in vivo: design and evaluation of a 4D OCT engine with 1 GVoxel/s

      High definition live 3D-OCT in vivo: design and evaluation of a 4D OCT engine with 1 GVoxel/s

      We present a 1300 nm OCT system for volumetric real-time live OCT acquisition and visualization at 1 billion volume elements per second. All technological challenges and problems associated with such high scanning speed are discussed in detail as well as the solutions. In one configuration, the system acquires, processes and visualizes 26 volumes per second where each volume consists of 320 x 320 depth scans and each depth scan has 400 usable pixels. This is the fastest real-time OCT to date in terms of voxel rate. A 51 Hz volume rate is realized with half the frame number. In both ...

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    7. Optical Coherence Tomography angiography reveals laminar microvascular hemodynamics in the rat somatosensory cortex during activation

      Optical Coherence Tomography angiography reveals laminar microvascular hemodynamics in the rat somatosensory cortex during activation

      The BOLD (blood-oxygen-level dependent) fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) signal is shaped, in part, by changes in red blood cell (RBC) content and flow across vascular compartments over time. These complex dynamics have been challenging to characterize directly due to a lack of appropriate imaging modalities. In this study, making use of infrared light scattering from RBCs, depth-resolved Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) angiography was applied to image laminar functional hyperemia in the rat somatosensory cortex. After defining and validating depth-specific metrics for changes in RBC content and speed, laminar hemodynamic responses in microvasculature up to cortical depths of > 1 mm ...

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    8. Senior Scientist Position Open at Carl Zeiss Meditec in Dublin California

      Senior Scientist Position Open at Carl Zeiss Meditec in Dublin California

      The Senior Scientist is responsible for the initiation, design, development, and implementation of scientific research projects to explore technology for future platform concepts and support the development and execution of product roadmaps. Will investigate the feasibility of applying scientific principles and concepts to potential inventions and products. Maintains substantial knowledge of state-of the-art principles and theories and may contribute to scientific literature and conferences. May participate in development of intellectual property and visit clinical sites and interact with the market to provide inputs to the R&D teams about various possible system design improvements. May identify and work with external ...

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    9. Novel endoscopic diagnosis for bladder cancer

      Novel endoscopic diagnosis for bladder cancer

      A dvances in endoscopic imaging technology may improve sensitivity for the detection of bladder cancer and provide a more complete understanding of the urothelial landscape, and it also may lead to improved short-term and long-term cancer control. Fluorescence cystoscopy requires intravesical administration of a photosensitizing agent (5-aminolevulinic acid or hexaminolevulinate), and imaging with a blue-light endoscopy system demonstrably improves the detection of papillary and flat bladder lesions compared with conventional white-light cystoscopy. Prospective phase 3 clinical trials have demonstrated improved diagnostic ability, enhanced tumor resection, and a small but significant reduction in recurrence-free survival. Optical coherence tomography delineates subsurface microarchitecture ...

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    10. Volcano Corporation to Divest Axsun and Settle All Ongoing Litigation with St. Jude

      Volcano Corporation to Divest Axsun and Settle All Ongoing Litigation with St. Jude

      In the recent Volcano Corporation Security and Exchange Commission Form 10-Q it appears St. Jude and Volcano have made progress at settling most or all of their on going litigation related OCT. Below is an excerpt from page 19 of Form 10-Q . "On August 7, 2014, Volcano Corporation (“Volcano”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Axsun Technologies, Inc. (“Axsun” and together with Volcano, the “Volcano Parties”), entered into a Settlement, Release, License Agreement, and Covenants Not To Sue (the “Agreement”) with St. Jude Medical, Inc. (“St. Jude”) and its affiliates St. Jude Medical, Cardiology Division, Inc., St. Jude Medical Systems AB, St ...

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    11. Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field optical coherence tomography

      Full-depth epidermis tomography using a Mirau-based full-field optical coherence tomography

      With a Gaussian-like broadband light source from high brightness Ce 3+ :YAG single-clad crystal fiber, a full-field optical coherence tomography using a home-designed Mirau objective realized high quality images of in vivo and excised skin tissues. With a 40 × silicone-oil-immersion Mirau objective, the achieved spatial resolutions in axial and lateral directions were 0.9 and 0.51 μm, respectively. Such a high spatial resolution enables the separation of lamellar structure of the full epidermis in both the cross-sectional and en face planes. The number of layers of stratum corneum and its thickness were quantitatively measured. This label free and non-invasive ...

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    12. Two research scientist positions are available in the Vision Science and Advanced Retinal Imaging Laboratory at the University of California, Davis

      Two research scientist positions are available in the Vision Science and Advanced Retinal Imaging Laboratory at the University of California, Davis

      Two research scientist positions are available in the Vision Science and Advanced Retinal Imaging Laboratory at the University of California, Davis. One position will be filled by someone with background in vision science while the other will be for a person with experience in a high-resolution imaging modality such as OCT, adaptive optics or scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Strong skills in programming or image processing would be an asset. The positions will be open until filled. Salary will be based on experience and salary scales of the UC. The University of California is committed to diversity. Minorities, women, veterans and persons ...

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    13. Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT of the human retina with correction of system polarization distortions

      Fiber-based polarization-sensitive OCT of the human retina with correction of system polarization distortions

      In polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) the use of single-mode fibers causes unpredictable polarization distortions which can result in increased noise levels and erroneous changes in calculated polarization parameters. In the current paper this problem is addressed by a new Jones matrix analysis method that measures and corrects system polarization distortions as a function of wavenumber by spectral analysis of the sample surface polarization state and deeper located birefringent tissue structures. This method was implemented on a passive-component depth-multiplexed swept-source PS-OCT system at 1040 nm which was theoretically modeled using Jones matrix calculus. High-resolution B-scan images are presented of the ...

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    14. Bioptigen Receives New US Patent for Intrasurgical OCT System

      Bioptigen Receives New US Patent for Intrasurgical OCT System

      Foundational patent for intrasurgical OCT marks the company's focus on emerging market for ophthalmic surgical imaging MORRISVILLE, NC August 5, 2014 Bioptigen Inc. announces today that it has received a new US Patent presenting innovative concepts integrating Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Systems to Surgical Microscopes. The patent, US 8,777,412 Surgical Microscopes Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Related Methods, by Buckland E.L., et. al. includes claims for independent OCT focus and zoom control for optimizing images from the cornea to the retina, and puts forward key elements of Bioptigen's approach for incorporating OCT into new and ...

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    15. Relationship between cholesterol crystals and culprit lesion characteristics in patients with stable coronary artery disease: an optical coherence tomography study

      Relationship between cholesterol crystals and culprit lesion characteristics in patients with stable coronary artery disease: an optical coherence tomography study

      Aims Some recent studies have reported the role of cholesterol crystals (ChCs) in plaque rupture in patients with coronary artery disease. We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to investigate the characteristics of coronary plaques that were associated with derived ChCs. Methods We evaluated 101 subjects with stable coronary artery disease who underwent OCT. We compared the OCT findings of the culprit lesions with ChCs to those without ChCs and investigated the background characteristics. Results ChCs were observed in culprit lesions of 39 patients. The frequencies of spotty calcification, microchannel structure, and lipid-rich plaque were significantly higher in patients with ChCs ...

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    16. A high-efficiency fiber-based imaging system for co-registered autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography

      A high-efficiency fiber-based imaging system for co-registered autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography

      We present a power-efficient fiber-based imaging system capable of co-registered autofluorescence imaging and optical coherence tomography (AF/OCT). The system employs a custom fiber optic rotary joint (FORJ) with an embedded dichroic mirror to efficiently combine the OCT and AF pathways. This three-port wavelength multiplexing FORJ setup has a throughput of more than 83% for collected AF emission, significantly more efficient compared to previously reported fiber-based methods. A custom 900 µm diameter catheter ‒ consisting of a rotating lens assembly, double-clad fiber (DCF), and torque cable in a stationary plastic tube ‒ was fabricated to allow AF/OCT imaging of small airways ...

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    17. Morphologic Characteristics of Eroded Coronary Plaques: A Combined Angiographic, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Intravascular Ultrasound Study

      Morphologic Characteristics of Eroded Coronary Plaques: A Combined Angiographic, Optical Coherence Tomography, and Intravascular Ultrasound Study

      Plaque erosion accounts for about one-third of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) [1]. Systemic milieu such as high inflammatory and/or thrombogenic status may be an essential precondition for the occurrence of plaque erosion [2]. However, ACS patients frequently have multiple lesions and not all plaques develop erosion resulting in occlusive thrombus formation. Since the systemic milieu is the same, we hypothesized that plaque morphological features would be different between eroded culprit plaques (ECP) and non-eroded, non-culprit plaques (NENCP).

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    18. Stability in computed optical interferometric tomography (Part II): in vivo stability assessment

      Stability in computed optical interferometric tomography (Part II): in vivo stability assessment

      Stability is of utmost importance to a wide range of phase-sensitive processing techniques. In Doppler optical coherence tomography and optical coherence elastography, in addition to defocus and aberration correction techniques such as interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy and computational/digital adaptive optics, a precise understanding of the system and sample stability helps to guide the system design and choice of imaging parameters. This article focuses on methods to accurately and quantitatively measure the stability of an imaging configuration in vivo . These methods are capable of partially decoupling axial from transverse motion and are compared against the stability requirements for computed optical ...

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    19. Longitudinal vascular dynamics following cranial window and electrode implantation measured with speckle variance optical coherence angiography

      Longitudinal vascular dynamics following  cranial window and electrode implantation  measured with speckle variance optical  coherence angiography

      Speckle variance optical coherence angiography (OCA) was used to characterize the vascular tissue response from craniotomy, window implantation, and electrode insertion in mouse motor cortex. We observed initial vasodilation ~40% greater than original diameter 2-3 days post-surgery (dps). After 4 weeks, dilation subsided in large vessels (>50 µm diameter) but persisted in smaller vessels (25-50 µm diameter). Neovascularization began 8-12 dps and vessel migration continued throughout the study. Vasodilation and neovascularization were primarily associated with craniotomy and window implantation rather than electrode insertion. Initial evidence of capillary re-mapping in the region surrounding the implanted electrode was manifest in OCA image ...

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    20. Two-year vessel healing after everolimus-eluting stent implantation: Serial assessment by optical coherence tomography

      Two-year vessel healing after everolimus-eluting stent implantation: Serial assessment by optical coherence tomography

      Background Previous reports have suggested the importance of delayed arterial healing and the development of neoatherosclerosis as major contributors to stent thrombosis and delayed restenosis. The difference of in vivo assessment of long-term vessel healing between first-generation drug-eluting stents and current generation everolimus-eluting stents (EESs) is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term arterial healing in EES in comparison with the first generation sirolimus-eluting stents (SES). Methods We evaluated 31 EES (23 patients) and 8 SES (7 patients) by serial optical coherence tomography at 12 months (mid-phase) and 24 months (late-phase) after stenting and evaluated the change ...

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    21. Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality

      Optical coherence tomography today: speed, contrast, and multimodality

      In the last 25 years, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has advanced to be one of the most innovative and most successful translational optical imaging techniques, achieving substantial economic impact as well as clinical acceptance. This is largely owing to the resolution improvements by a factor of 10 to the submicron regime and to the imaging speed increase by more than half a million times to more than 5 million A-scans per second, with the latter one accomplished by the state-of-the-art swept source laser technologies that are reviewed in this article. In addition, parallelization of OCT detection, such as line-field and ...

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    22. Automated assessment of the remineralization of artificial enamel lesions with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Automated assessment of the remineralization of artificial enamel lesions with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography

      Accurate measurement of the highly mineralized transparent surface layer that forms on caries lesions is important for diagnosis of the lesion activity because chemical intervention can slow or reverse the caries process via remineralization. Previous in-vitro and in-vivo studies have demonstrated that polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) can nondestructively image the subsurface lesion structure and the highly mineralized transparent surface zone of caries lesions. The purpose of this study was to develop an approach to automatically process 3-dimensional PS-OCT images and to accurately assess the remineralization process in simulated enamel lesions. Artificial enamel lesions were prepared on twenty bovine enamel ...

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    23. Dermascope guided multiple reference optical coherence tomography

      Dermascope guided multiple reference optical coherence tomography

      In this paper, we report the feasibility of integrating a novel low cost optical coherence tomography (OCT) system with a dermascope for point-of-care applications. The proposed OCT system is based on an enhanced time-domain optical coherence tomographic system, called multiple reference OCT (MR-OCT), which uses a single miniature voice coil actuator and a partial mirror for extending the axial scan range. The system can simultaneously register both the superficial dermascope image and the depth-resolved OCT sub-surface information by an interactive beam steering method. A practitioner is able to obtain the depth resolved information of the point of interest by simply ...

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    24. Terahertz imaging based on optical coherence tomography

      Terahertz imaging based on optical coherence tomography

      Three-dimensional (3D) terahertz (THz) imaging or THz tomography has recently proven to be useful for nondestructive testing of industrial materials and structures. In place of previous imaging techniques such as THz pulsed/continuous-wave radar and THz computed tomography, we propose a THz optical coherence tomography using photonics- and electronics-based THz sources, and demonstrate thickness measurement and tomographic imaging in frequency regions from 400 to 800 GHz.

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      Mentions: Osaka University
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