1. Featured Articles

    1-22 of 22
    1. Near-IR and CP-OCT imaging of suspected occlusal caries lesions

      Near-IR and CP-OCT imaging of suspected occlusal caries lesions

      Introduction Radiographic methods have poor sensitivity for occlusal lesions and by the time the lesions are radiolucent they have typically progressed deep into the dentin. New more sensitive imaging methods are needed to detect occlusal lesions. In this study, cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) and near-IR imaging were used to image questionable occlusal lesions (QOC's) that were not visible on radiographs but had been scheduled for restoration on 30 test subjects. Methods Near-IR reflectance and transillumination probes incorporating a high definition InGaAs camera and near-IR broadband light sources were used to acquire images of the lesions before restoration. The ...

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    2. Opportunity Research Assistant/Associate in Biophotonics and Endoscopic Imaging at Imperial College London

      Opportunity Research Assistant/Associate in Biophotonics and Endoscopic Imaging at Imperial College London

      Research Assistant/Associate in Biophotonics and Endoscopic Imaging Department/Division/Faculty The Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery in association with Department of Computing, Faculty of Engineering Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine Advert Research Assistant salary: £31,740 to £33,370 per annum Research Associate salary: £36,070 to £43,350 per annum South Kensington Campus Fixed term appointment until 31 st May 2019 Applicants are invited to apply for a new vacancy at either Research Assistant (pre-doctoral) or Research Associate (post-doctoral) level for biophotonics and endoscopic imaging. The Hamlyn Centre is dedicated to developing safe, effective and ...

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    3. MedLumics Secures 34.4 Million Euros in Series B Funding for OCT Guided Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

      MedLumics Secures 34.4 Million Euros in Series B Funding for OCT Guided Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

      MedLumics, a cardiac device company specializing in optically guided minimally invasive instruments, announced today that it has raised 34.4 million Euros in financing that will be used to help advance the product and clinical development of the company’s AblaView catheter, intended for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) and other arrhythmias. This financing is the largest in the history of medtech in Spain and one of the largest in Europe this year. Led by Edmond de Rothschild Investment Partners (EdRIP), the Series B round included funding from new investors Seroba Life Sciences, Innogest Capital and a strategic investor ...

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    4. Handheld optical coherence tomography angiography

      Handheld optical coherence tomography angiography

      We developed a handheld optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) system using a 100-kHz swept-source laser. The handheld probe weighs 0.4 kg and measures 20.6 × 12.8 × 4.6 cm 3 . The system has dedicated features for handheld operation. The probe is equipped with a mini iris camera for easy alignment. Real-time display of the en face OCT and cross-sectional OCT images in the system allows accurately locating the imaging target. Fast automatic focusing was achieved by an electrically tunable lens controlled by a golden-section search algorithm. An extended axial imaging range of 6 mm allows easy alignment. A ...

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    5. Intraoperative optical coherence tomography for soft tissue sarcoma differentiation and margin identification

      Intraoperative optical coherence tomography for soft tissue sarcoma differentiation and margin identification

      Background and Objective Sarcomas are rare but highly aggressive tumors, and local recurrence after surgical excision can occur in up to 50% cases. Therefore, there is a strong clinical need for accurate tissue differentiation and margin assessment to reduce incomplete resection and local recurrence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and a novel image texture-based processing algorithm to differentiate sarcoma from muscle and adipose tissue. Study Design and Methods In this study, tumor margin delineation in 19 feline and canine veterinary patients was achieved with intraoperative OCT to help validate tumor ...

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    6. In vivo optophysiology reveals that G-protein activation triggers osmotic swelling and increased light scattering of rod photoreceptors

      In vivo optophysiology reveals that G-protein activation triggers osmotic swelling and increased light scattering of rod photoreceptors

      The light responses of rod and cone photoreceptors have been studied electrophysiologically for decades, largely with ex vivo approaches that disrupt the photoreceptors’ subretinal microenvironment. Here we report the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to measure light-driven signals of rod photoreceptors in vivo. Visible light stimulation over a 200-fold intensity range caused correlated rod outer segment (OS) elongation and increased light scattering in wild-type mice, but not in mice lacking the rod G-protein alpha subunit, transducin (Gα t ), revealing these responses to be triggered by phototransduction. For stimuli that photoactivated one rhodopsin per Gα t the rod OS swelling ...

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    7. Optimization-based adaptive optics for optical coherence tomography (Thesis)

      Optimization-based adaptive optics for optical coherence tomography (Thesis)

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a technique for non-invasive imaging based on low coherence interferometry. Its main application is found in ophthalmology, where it is used for 3D in vivo imaging of the cornea and the retina. OCT has evolved over the past decade as one of the most important ancillary tests in ophthalmic practice, providing great diagnostic value for disease screening and monitoring. In retinal OCT imaging, the lateral resolution is not determined by the pupil size, but instead it is limited by optical wavefront aberrations of the cornea and lens. These aberrations reduce the OCT image resolution and ...

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    8. 2nd Canterbury Conference on Optical Coherence Tomography (emphasis on broadband optical sources) September 2017

      2nd Canterbury Conference on Optical Coherence Tomography (emphasis on broadband optical sources) September 2017

      This 3 day conference will be dedicated to recent advances in measurement and imaging conditioned by progress in enlarging the spectrum of the optical source. The larger the bandwidth of the broadband optical source used in spectrometer based OCT, and of the tuning bandwidth of swept lasers used in swept source OCT, the better the axial resolution. However, an increase in the source bandwidth brings with it other problems that the research community have tried to address in the last decade. The conference is dedicated to discussing these problems along several avenues, such as: Optical configurations, fibre based or full ...

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    9. IDx and IBM Watson Health Forge Alliance for Eye Health

      IDx and IBM Watson Health Forge Alliance for Eye Health

      IBM Watson Health and IDx, LLC today announced a five-year strategic alliance to advance eye health through cognitive computing applications. The alliance aims to help primary care providers, hospitals, health systems, and integrated delivery networks deliver value-based care to patients with diabetic retinopathy and other serious eye conditions such as glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration . The alliance expands IBM Watson Health’s focus on eye health. The alliance leverages more than a decade of IDx’s ophthalmic image analysis work and IBM’s cognitive healthcare offerings and global reach. As part of the alliance, IBM Watson Health has the option ...

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    10. €4m project to speed diagnosis of esophageal cancer

      €4m project to speed diagnosis of esophageal cancer

      The Institute of Biological and Medical Imaging at Helmholtz Zentrum München , Germany, is heading a research project entitled ”Hybrid optical and optoacoustic endoscope for esophageal tracking” or ESOTRAC . This four-year, €4 million, pan-European project will bring together engineers and physicians to develop a novel hybrid endoscopic instrument for early diagnosis and staging of esophageal cancer. The finished device is expected to reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies and, importantly, facilitate early-disease detection leading to earlier start of therapy, which will improve therapeutic efficacy over late-disease treatment and, ultimately, cost-savings for health care systems. ESOTRAC was awarded the €4 million ...

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    11. Integrated Local Binary Pattern Texture Features for Classification of Breast Tissue Imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy

      Integrated Local Binary Pattern Texture Features for Classification of Breast Tissue Imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy

      This paper proposes a texture analysis technique that can effectively classify different types of human breast tissue imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy (OCM). OCM is an emerging imaging modality for rapid tissue screening and has the potential to provide high resolution microscopic images that approach those of histology. OCM images, acquired without tissue staining, however, pose unique challenges to image analysis and pattern classification. We examined multiple types of texture features and found Local Binary Pattern (LBP) features to perform better in classifying tissues imaged by OCM. In order to improve classification accuracy, we propose novel variants of LBP features ...

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    12. Optical coherence tomography in biofilm research: A comprehensive review

      Optical coherence tomography in biofilm research: A comprehensive review

      Imaging of biofilm systems is a prerequisite for a better understanding of both structure and its function. The review aims to critically discuss the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the visualization of the biofilm structure as well as its dynamic behavior. A short overview on common and well-known, established imaging techniques for biofilms such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), Raman microscopy (RM), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) paves the way to imaging biofilms at the mesoscale, which is perfectly covered by means of OCT. Principle, resolution, imaging velocity and limitations of OCT are ...

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    13. Comparison Between Spectral-Domain and Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiographic Imaging of Choroidal Neovascularization

      Comparison Between Spectral-Domain and Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiographic Imaging of Choroidal Neovascularization

      Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare imaging of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) using swept-source (SS) and spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods : Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed using a 100-kHz SS-OCT instrument and a 68-kHz SD-OCTA instrument (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.). Both 3 × 3- and 6 × 6-mm 2 scans were obtained on both instruments. The 3 × 3-mm 2 SS-OCTA scans consisted of 300 A-scans per B-scan at 300 B-scan positions, and the SD-OCTA scans consisted of 245 A-scans at 245 B-scan positions. The 6 × 6-mm 2 SS-OCTA scans consisted of 420 A-scans per B-scan at ...

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    14. Visualization and tissue classification of human breast cancer images using ultrahigh-resolution OCT

      Visualization and tissue classification of human breast cancer images using ultrahigh-resolution OCT

      Background and Objective Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers, and recognized as the third leading cause of mortality in women. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables three dimensional visualization of biological tissue with micrometer level resolution at high speed, and can play an important role in early diagnosis and treatment guidance of breast cancer. In particular, ultra-high resolution (UHR) OCT provides images with better histological correlation. This paper compared UHR OCT performance with standard OCT in breast cancer imaging qualitatively and quantitatively. Automatic tissue classification algorithms were used to automatically detect invasive ductal carcinoma in ex vivo human ...

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    15. Easier diagnosis of esophageal cancer

      Easier diagnosis of esophageal cancer

      The Institute of Biological and Medical Imaging at Helmholtz Zentrum München is heading the "Hybrid optical and optoacoustic endoscope for esophageal tracking" (ESOTRAC) research project, in which engineers and physicians together develop a novel hybrid endoscopic instrument for early diagnosis and staging of esophageal cancer. The device may reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies and, importantly, facilitate early-disease detection leading to earlier start of therapy, which improves therapeutic efficacy over late-disease treatment and leads to immense cost-savings for the health care system. ESOTRAC has been awarded four million Euros from Horizon 2020, the EU framework program for research and ...

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    16. Postdoctoral Research Fellowships in Optical Coherence Tomography at Massachusetts General Hosptial

      Postdoctoral Research Fellowships in Optical Coherence Tomography at Massachusetts General Hosptial

      Employer Description Until recently, visualizing the architectural and cellular morphology of human tissue has required histopathological examination. Samples would be excised from the patient, processed, sectioned, stained and viewed under a microscope. In addition to being invasive, time consuming and costly, the static nature of conventional pathology prohibits the study of biological dynamics and function. The Tearney Laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital has led the way in transforming the current diagnostic paradigm through the invention and translation of new noninvasive, high-resolution optical imaging modalities that enable disease diagnosis from living patients without excising tissues from the body. Led by Guillermo ...

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    17. Mapping in-vivo optic nerve head strains caused by intraocular and intracranial pressures

      Mapping in-vivo optic nerve head strains caused by intraocular and intracranial pressures

      Although it is well documented that abnormal levels of either intraocular (IOP) or intracranial pressure (ICP) can lead to potentially blinding conditions, such as glaucoma and papilledema, little is known about how the pressures actually affect the eye. Even less is known about potential interplay between their effects, namely how the level of one pressure might alter the effects of the other. Our goal was to measure in-vivo the pressure-induced stretch and compression of the lamina cribrosa due to acute changes of IOP and ICP. The lamina cribrosa is a structure within the optic nerve head, in the back of ...

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    18. How OCT innovations changing glaucoma care

      How OCT innovations changing glaucoma care

      Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is swiftly improving the diagnosis of glaucoma, according to Joel S. Schuman, MD, who helped invent the technology. “It’s the most rapidly adopted ophthalmic technology in history,” said Dr. Schuman, professor and chairman, Department of Ophthalmology, NYU Langone Medical Center, NY. Related: Launch of Retina World Congress unites global thought-leaders Already, OCT studies have yielded key insights into the relationships of retinal nerve fiber layer thinning and vessel density to visual field loss, Dr. Schuman said. Delivering the Drs. Henry and Frederick Sutro Memorial Lecture at the 6th Annual Glaucoma 360 New Horizons Forum, Dr ...

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    19. Endoscopic optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular features associated with dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus: a pilot study (with video)

      Endoscopic optical coherence tomography angiography microvascular features associated with dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus: a pilot study (with video)

      Background and Aims Angiogenesis is associated with neoplastic progression of Barrett’s esophagus (BE). Volumetric optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) visualizes subsurface microvasculature without exogenous contrast agents. We investigated the association of OCTA microvascular features with low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD). Methods Fifty-two patients undergoing BE surveillance or endoscopic eradication therapies for dysplasia were imaged using volumetric OCTA and corresponding histological diagnoses obtained, to yield 97 data sets (non-dysplastic BE (NDBE): N=74; LGD: N=10; HGD: N=13). After evaluating OCTA image quality, 54 datasets (NDBE: N=35; LGD: N=8; HGD: N=11) from 32 patients ...

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    1-22 of 22
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