1. Retinal Neurovascular Impairment in Patients with Essential Hypertension: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

    Retinal Neurovascular Impairment in Patients with Essential Hypertension: An Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Study

    Purpose : To investigate retinal neurovascular structural changes in patients with essential hypertension. Methods : This observational cross-sectional study consisted of 199 right eyes from 169 nondiabetic essential hypertensive patients, divided into groups as follows: group A, 113 patients with hypertensive retinopathy (HTNR); group B, 56 patients without HTNR; and a control group of 30 healthy subjects. Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), radial peripapillary segmented (RPC), ganglion cell–inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL), and superficial (SVP) and deep (DVP) vascular plexus density at the macula (6 × 6 mm 2 ) were measured by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Results : DVP density was significantly ...

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