1. Can ocular changes be detected early in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus without retinopathy by using optical biometry and optical coherence tomography?

    Can ocular changes be detected early in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus without retinopathy by using optical biometry and optical coherence tomography?

    Purpose To determine early ocular changes in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus without retinopathy (T1DM-woR) by optical biometry (OB) and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Seventy children and adolescents with T1DM-woR (patient group) and 72 healthy children and adolescents (control group) were included. Demographic data, anthropometric measurements and anterior–posterior segment parameters of groups were compared. Correlations between ocular parameters and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, age at diabetes mellitus (DM) onset and DM duration were evaluated. Results Patients with T1DM-woR had significantly shallower anterior chambers (3.50 ± 0.12 vs 3.67 ± 0.11 mm, p  < 0 ...

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