A Case of Progressive Diabetic Retinopathy Related to Pregnancy Followed on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
A 27-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus had mild diabetic retinopathy (DR) during the early gestation period. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) showed microaneurysms and small capillary nonperfusion with little change until before delivery. The patient later developed pregnancy-induced hypertension, which continued after delivery, and the DR worsened markedly. OCTA showed onset and recovery of paracentral acute middle maculopathy. Macular edema (ME) also developed, and OCTA showed irregular dilation in the radial peripapillary capillaries. After starting antihypertensive therapy, the capillary dilation and ME decreased. OCTA enables close follow-up of DR related to pregnancy during the perinatal period.