1. Convective Nozaki-Bekki holes in a long cavity OCT laser

    Convective Nozaki-Bekki holes in a long cavity OCT laser

    We show, both experimentally and theoretically, that the loss of coherence of a long cavity optical coherence tomography (OCT) laser can be described as a transition from laminar to turbulent flows. We demonstrate that in this strongly dissipative system, the transition happens either via an absolute or a convective instability depending on the laser parameters. In the latter case, the transition occurs via formation of localised structures in the laminar regime, which trigger the formation of growing and drifting puffs of turbulence. Experimentally, we demonstrate that these turbulent bursts are seeded by appearance of Nozaki-Bekki holes, characterised by the zero ...

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