1. Evaluation of toxic retinopathy caused by antimalarial medications with spectral domain optical coherence tomography

    Evaluation of toxic retinopathy caused by antimalarial medications with spectral domain optical coherence tomography

    Purpose: To investigate the frequency of toxic retinopathy in patients with lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis with long-term use of chloroquine diphosphate or hydroxychloroquine through spectral domain optical coherence tomography and the outcomes of ophthalmological exams (visual acuity - Snellen’s table, color vision test - Ishihara’s table, fundoscopy, and retinography - red-free). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving the ophthalmologic evaluation of patients using regular chloroquine diphosphate or hydroxychloroquine for a period of 1 year or longer. The patients completed a questionnaire on their opinions and treatment regularity. The same patients underwent ophthalmologic examination and spectral domain optical coherence ...

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