1. Optical coherence tomography angiography findings of neurovascular changes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy

    Optical coherence tomography angiography findings of neurovascular changes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients without clinical diabetic retinopathy

    Aims To evaluate the effect of early screening with OCTA in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients without clinical DR (NDR). Methods This was a cross-sectional case–control clinical study. Eighty-four eyes of 84 patients (44 T2DM and 40 control subjects) were included. Images were obtained using AngioVue software 2.0 of the OCTA device. Foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, FAZ perimeter (PERIM), choriocapillary flow area (CCF), acircularity index (AI), foveal vessel density in a 300-µm-wide region around FAZ (FD), macular-associated vessel density (VD) and optic disc-associated capillary density (CD) were compared between the T2DM and control groups. In ...

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