1. Congenital anomalies of the optic disc: insights from optical coherence tomography imaging

    Congenital anomalies of the optic disc: insights from optical coherence tomography imaging

    Purpose of review Congenital anomalies of the optic nerve are rare but significant causes of visual dysfunction in children and adults. Accurate diagnosis is dependent on a thorough funduscopic examination, but can be enhanced by imaging information garnered from optical coherence tomography (OCT). We review common congenital optic nerve anomalies, including optic disc pit, optic nerve coloboma, morning glory disc anomaly, and hypoplasia of the optic nerve, review their systemic associations, and discuss insights from OCT imaging. Recent findings Optic disc pits are a result of a defect in the lamina cribrosa and abnormal vitreomacular adhesions have been shown to ...

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