1. Evaluation of Optical Coherence Tomography to Detect Elevated Intracranial Pressure in Children

    Evaluation of Optical Coherence Tomography to Detect Elevated Intracranial Pressure in Children

    Importance Detecting elevated intracranial pressure in children with subacute conditions, such as craniosynostosis or tumor, may enable timely intervention and prevent neurocognitive impairment, but conventional techniques are invasive and often equivocal. Elevated intracranial pressure leads to structural changes in the peripapillary retina. Spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) can noninvasively quantify retinal layers to a micron-level resolution. Objective To evaluate whether retinal measurements from OCT can serve as an effective surrogate for invasive intracranial pressure measurement. Design, Setting, and Participants This cross-sectional study included patients undergoing procedures at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia from September 2014 to June 2015 ...

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