Purpose The range of subretinal hyperreflective material (SHRM) seen in macular disease includes type 2 macular neovascularization, fibrosis, exudation, vitelliform material and hemorrhage. The prognostic significance of SHRM has been evaluated retrospectively in clinical trials but discriminating SHRM subtypes traditionally requires multiple imaging modalities. The purpose of this study is to describe optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) flow characteristics and artifacts which might help to distinguish SHRM subtypes. Design Validity analysis. Methods Patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), myopia, pachychoroid disease and macular dystrophy, manifesting SHRM on optical coherence tomography (OCT), were recruited. Clinical chart review and multimodal imaging established ...