1. Signal processing in optical coherence tomography for aerospace material characterization

    Signal processing in optical coherence tomography for aerospace material characterization

    Based on a customized time-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) system, a series of signal processing approaches have been designed and reviewed. To improve demodulation accuracy and image quality, demodulation approaches such as median filter, Hilbert transform, and envelope detector were investigated with simulated as well as experimental data. Without noise, the Hilbert transform has the best performance, but after considering the narrow-band noise in the modulated signal, the envelope detector was selected as the ideal demodulation technique. To reduce noise and enhance image contrast, digital signal processing techniques such as a bandpass filtering and two-dimensional median filtering were applied before ...

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