Background Stent restenosis is an infrequent but poorly understood clinical problem in the drug-eluting stent era. The aim of the study was to evaluate the morphologic characteristics of stent restenosis by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Methods Patients (n = 24, 25 vessels) presenting with angiographically documented stent restenosis were included. Quantitative OCT analysis consisted of lumen and stent area measurement and calculation of restenotic tissue area and burden. Qualitative restenotic tissue analysis included assessment of tissue structure, backscattering and symmetry, visible microvessels, lumen shape, and presence of intraluminal material. Results By angiography, restenosis was classified as diffuse, focal, and at the ...