1. Stabilizing the phase of swept-source optical coherence tomography by a wrapped Gaussian mixture model

    Stabilizing the phase of swept-source optical coherence tomography by a wrapped Gaussian mixture model

    The phase of an optical coherence tomography (OCT) signal carries critical information about particle micro-displacements. However, swept-source OCT (SSOCT) suffers from phase instability problems due to trigger jitters from the swept source. In this Letter, a wrapped Gaussian mixture model (WGMM) is proposed to stabilize the phase of SSOCT systems. A closed-form iteration solution of the WGMM is derived using the expectation-maximization algorithm. Necessary approximations are made for real-time graphic processing unit implementation. The performance of the proposed method is demonstrated through ex vivo, in vivo, and flow phantom experiments. The results show the robustness of the method in different ...

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