1. Early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by OCT analysis using Cohen's d method and a neural network as classifier

    Early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis by OCT analysis using Cohen's d method and a neural network as classifier

    Background The consequences of inflammation, demyelination, axonal degeneration and neuronal loss in the central nervous system, typical of the development of multiple sclerosis (MS), are manifested in thinning of the retina and optic nerve. The purpose of this work is to diagnose early-stage MS patients based on analysis of retinal layer thickness obtained by swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Method OCT (Triton® SS-OCT device -Topcon, Tokyo, Japan-) recordings were obtained from 48 control subjects and 48 recently diagnosed MS patients. The following thicknesses were measured on a 45 × 60 grid: retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL+), GCL ...

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